Get Instant Help From 5000+ Experts For
question

Writing: Get your essay and assignment written from scratch by PhD expert

Rewriting: Paraphrase or rewrite your friend's essay with similar meaning at reduced cost

Editing:Proofread your work by experts and improve grade at Lowest cost

And Improve Your Grades
myassignmenthelp.com
loader
Phone no. Missing!

Enter phone no. to receive critical updates and urgent messages !

Attach file

Error goes here

Files Missing!

Please upload all relevant files for quick & complete assistance.

Guaranteed Higher Grade!
Free Quote
wave

1. Write the finite-difference equation of the differential equation. The report must clearly provide the detailed derivation of the technique

2. Plot the nondimensional temperature versus nondimensional length for a few typical values of nondimensional times, which can demonstrate the evolution of the tempeature at different time.

Need for friction stir welding of the Magnesium based alloys

This literature review discusses about the requirements and characteristics of the friction stir welding of the Magnesium based alloys. There is always a need of strong and efficient alloys especially in the automobile and aerospace sectors and the Magnesium consisted alloys are increasingly used as the important engineering products in that field. Those kinds of alloys have certain qualities like the high value of damping capacity and the property to be recycled, lower value of density and the higher value of the strength-to-weight ratio [6]. These alloys have two third of the density of that of the Aluminium alloys and it is significantly used due to the usability of it in case of consumption of the fuel in the automotive industry. There is also an issue related to the usability of the Magnesium based alloys and that is its high chemical reactivity. It can lead to the lower quality of the welding property of the alloy and it also reduces the corrosion resistance characteristics of the alloy [23]. There are many issues related to the fusion welding of the Magnesium based alloys and those are porosity, loss of alloying elements and the liquation and the solidification cracking and oxide inclusion and many more. To overcome these issues the main idea of making this alloy more efficient is to improve mechanical properties of the multiplayer alloy plates using friction stir welding for industrial uses. The friction stir welding (FSW) process is more advanced as this does not consisted of the welding defects which can be produced during the conventional fusion welding process [24]. The FSW technique is more useful in case of the Magnesium based alloys as that has relatively lower melting point and lower strength.

There are many issues related to the fusion welding of the Magnesium based alloys and those are porosity, loss of alloying elements and the liquation and the solidification cracking and oxide inclusion and many more [3]. To overcome these issues the main idea of making this alloy more efficient is to improve mechanical properties of the multiplayer alloy plates using friction stir welding for industrial uses. The friction stir welding (FSW) process is more advanced as this does not consisted of the welding defects which can be produced during the conventional fusion welding process [11]. The FSW technique is more useful in case of the Magnesium based alloys as that has relatively lower melting point and lower strength.

Advantages and Characteristics of the friction stir welding

The author has investigated lots of FS welded Magnesium alloys which can be studied here in order to understand the main characteristics of the friction stir welding mechanism [22]. The author said that the parameters related to the mechanical properties of the substances are improved to a huge extent due to the FSW technique [21]. The FSW technique is better in every aspect in comparison with the conventional fusion welding technique. Another author said that there are certain advantages which are achieved in case of the FSW technique and that is with respect to the β intermetallic phase which is disappeared in the stir portion of the AZ91D Magnesium alloy and the main factor behind this is the frictional heat input. The significant effect of particular parameters like the probe length and the rotational speed are noted in several review of the author [12]. The parameters are observed in the stir lap joint of the AZ31B-H24 Magnesium which has the thickness of 2 mm. The author also says that with the increasing speed of the rotation the shear load rises up to a huge extent. The main advantage of making the system more advanced with respect to the FSW technique is that with further increase in the speed of rotation the tensile shear load starts to decrease. The author says that in case of the friction stir butt-welding the thickness of the Magnesium alloy is taken 4 mm and the author also said that amount of the total amount of strength is almost 93% of base metal which is attained for the FSW [13]. The main advantage of making the system more advanced with respect to the parameters of the alloy is that the quality and utility both are increased. The author says that the heat affected area of the alloy is the main fracture portion [20]. The essayist researched Friction Stir Welded AZ31B Magnesium combination and detailed that grains in the blend zone and thermo-mechanically affected zone experienced recrystallization and development and the state of the grain progressed toward becoming equated, having littler estimations of both fractal measurement and viewpoint proportion. The authors have explored the impact of grating blend handling (FSP) on super-plastic nature of AZ91 magnesium compound and revealed that it showed great pliable and quality properties because of fine structure by handling course at room temperature when contrasted with base metal [1]. The authors have explored the impact of FSP on business AZ31 magnesium amalgam and announced that micro structural homogenization and refinement of grain are accomplished in a solitary FSP ignore the surface of base metal [7]. The author explored impact of FSW on AM50 magnesium compound and announced that microstructure was recrystallized having littler size of equated grains containing α-Mg network and β stage. The author researched the impact of hub constrain on amid FSW of AZ61A Mg composite and revealed that it has noteworthy impact on the arrangement of imperfections, grain measure, hardness of mix zone and rigidity. The author announced that weariness life of the rubbing blend handled AZ91 magnesium compound was expanded amid preparing [2]. The author examined submerged rubbing blend handled AZ91 magnesium compound and revealed many handling coarse β Mg17Al12 stage organize changed into particles stuck on the grain limits. The author discovered surface and stream design in erosion mix welded AZ61 Mg composite and detailed that onion ring structure in mix zone and piece shape is related with the nearness of (0002) basal plane having curved follow surface. The authors have explored FSW of thixomolded Mg combination AZ91D and announced that microstructure containing essential strong particles is changed to fine equated grains of α-Mg stage amid welding [3]. Hardness of blend zone was expanded with diminishing grain measure in connection to Hall-Petch condition. A broad writing overview uncovered that just constrained measure of work has been completed on the FSW of magnesium based combinations when contrasted with Al amalgams [15]. The present paper reports our essential outcomes on FSW of gravity kick the bucket cast AZ91 Mg combination, generally considered for use in vehicle and aviation enterprises. There are many issues related to the fusion welding of the Magnesium based alloys and those are porosity, loss of alloying elements and the liquation and the solidification cracking and oxide inclusion and many more. To overcome these issues the main idea of making this alloy more efficient is to improve mechanical properties of the multiplayer alloy plates using friction stir welding for industrial uses [10]. The friction stir welding (FSW) process is more advanced as this does not consisted of the welding defects which can be produced during the conventional fusion welding process. The FSW technique is more useful in case of the Magnesium based alloys as that has relatively lower melting point and lower strength [7]. There is always a need of strong and efficient alloys especially in the automobile and aerospace sectors and the Magnesium consisted alloys are increasingly used as the important engineering products in that field. Those kinds of alloys have certain qualities like the high value of damping capacity and the property to be recycled, lower value of density and the higher value of the strength-to-weight ratio[18]. These alloys have two third of the density of that of the Aluminium alloys and it is significantly used due to the usability of it in case of consumption of the fuel in the automotive industry. There is also an issue related to the usability of the Magnesium based alloys and that is its high chemical reactivity. It can lead to the lower quality of the welding property of the alloy and it also reduces the corrosion resistance characteristics of the alloy [5]. The author has investigated lots of FS welded Magnesium alloys which can be studied here in order to understand the main characteristics of the friction stir welding mechanism [14]. The author said that the parameters related to the mechanical properties of the substances are improved to a huge extent due to the FSW technique. The FSW technique is better in every aspect in comparison with the conventional fusion welding technique. Another author said that there are certain advantages which are achieved in case of the FSW technique and that is with respect to the β intermetallic phase which is disappeared in the stir portion of the AZ91D Magnesium alloy and the main factor behind this is the frictional heat input. The significant effect of particular parameters like the probe length and the rotational speed are noted in several review of the author. The parameters are observed in the stir lap joint of the AZ31B-H24 Magnesium which has the thickness of 2 mm [13]. The author also says that with the increasing speed of rotation shear load rises up to a huge extent and the main advantage of making the system more advanced with respect to the FSW technique is that with further increase in the speed of rotation the tensile shear load starts to decrease. The author says that for the FSW technique the thickness of the Magnesium alloy is taken 4 mm and the author says that it is almost 93% of the base metal which is attained in case of the welding of the alloy. In this project the alloy plates having 3mm of thickness are taken for the friction stir welding in case of several process parameters like the speed of the welding and rotation. The author says that the rotational and the welding speed are changed in the range of 1025 to 1525 rpm and 25 to 75 mm/min respectively. According to the author it is seen from the project that the proper quality of the welds were extracted at the speed of 1025 rpm and the range of required welding speed is 25 to 75 mm/min. There are primary α-phase, eutectic α-phase and eutectic β-phase in the deduced form of the microstructure of the alloy. The hardness was increased due to the recrystallized grain formation and strength was constant independent of the variable travelling speed [19]. According to the authors it can be said that there was also less amount of defect in the welds at the proper range of welding and rotational speed of the experiment. The author also says that in case of friction stir welding the longevity, tensile strength, elongation and the hardness of the alloy is increased in comparison with the conventional fusion welding process [11].

The research question is about the improving mechanical properties of the multilayer alloy plates using friction stir welding for industrial uses. Friction stir welding is one of the most useful and efficient techniques which are applied specially in case of the Magnesium and Aluminium alloys which cannot be easily fusion weld [4]. There are many issues related to the fusion welding of the Magnesium based alloys and those are porosity, loss of alloying elements and the liquation and the solidification cracking and oxide inclusion and many more. To overcome these issues the main idea of making this alloy more efficient is to improve mechanical properties of the multiplayer alloy plates using friction stir welding for industrial uses.

The author says that the first process is related to the Friction Stir Welding of AZ91D Mg composite plates [9]. Before welding, surface oxides of plates are evacuated by stainless steel brush, and afterward the 3mm thick plates were cleaned with (CH3)2CO keeping in mind the end goal to expel any surface toxin. At various travel speeds fluctuated from 1025 to 1525 rpm and welding speeds changed from 25 to 75 mm/min the rubbing mix welding operations were performed. Butt joint welds, 3mm thick, were delivered utilizing an economically accessible vertical processing machine at IIT, Roorkee. The dive profundity changed from 0.2 mm to 0.1 mm overabundance of stick length for make a trip speeds 1025 to 1525 rpm. There are primary α-phase, eutectic α-phase and eutectic β-phase in the deduced form of the microstructure of the alloy. The hardness was increased due to the recrystallized grain formation and strength was constant independent of the variable travelling speed. According to the authors it can be said that there was also less amount of defect in the welds at the proper range of welding and rotational speed of the experiment. The author also says that in case of friction stir welding the longevity, tensile strength, elongation and the hardness of the alloy is increased in comparison with the conventional fusion welding process [24].

The author says that the transverse way, the cross sectional welded examples were readied by standard metallographic cleaning methodology. The weld examples were scratched with acidic glycol for 10-15 s preceding examination utilizing optical and filtering electron microscopy. Acidic glycol etchant is made out of 60 ml ethylene glycol, 20 ml acidic corrosive, 20 ml refined water and 1 ml nitric corrosive. Micro structural and essential examination of the welding and cracked surfaces was investigated utilizing a VEGA 3 TESCAN filtering electron magnifying instrument. Micro structural perception of the welding was examined utilizing a QUASMO. Transverse tractable tests were performed to decide the joint quality of the welds. Test examples were set up as indicated by the standard ASTM E8 with a wire cut EDM. The tractable tests were led at room temperature utilizing Instron Model no. S500 testing machine, at cross head speed of 2mm/min. Micro hardness was measured utilizing Shimadzu small scale hardness analyzer. The heap of 200 g was connected for 15 s. The author also says that with the increasing rotational speed the tensile shear load is also increased to a huge extent and the main advantage of making the system more advanced with respect to the FSW technique is that with further increase in the speed of rotation the tensile shear load starts to decrease [19].

The experimental design is used for the validation of the improving mechanical properties of the multilayer alloy plates using friction stir welding for industrial uses. The author said that there are certain advantages which are achieved in case of the FSW technique and that is with respect to the β inter metallic phase which is disappeared in the stir portion of the AZ91D Magnesium alloy and the main factor behind this is the frictional heat input. The significant effect of particular parameters like the probe length and the rotational speed are noted in several review of the author. The parameters are observed in the stir lap joint of the AZ31B-H24 Magnesium which has the thickness of 2 mm [24]. The author also says that with the increasing speed of rotation shear load rises up to a huge extent and the main advantage of making the system more advanced with respect to the FSW technique is that with further increase in the speed of rotation the tensile shear load starts to decrease. The author says that for the FSW the thickness of the Magnesium alloy is taken 4 mm and the author also reported that the amount of the tensile strength is almost 93% of the base metal which is attained in case of the welding of the alloy. In this project the alloy plates having 3mm of thickness are taken for the friction stir welding in case of several process parameters like the welding speed and the speed of rotation. The author says that the rotational and the welding speed are changed in the range of 1025 to 1525 rpm and 25 to 75 mm/min respectively. According to the author it is seen from the project that the proper quality of the welds were extracted at the speed of 1025 rpm and the range of required welding speed is 25 to 75 mm/min [6]. There are primary α-phase, eutectic α-phase and eutectic β-phase in the deduced form of the microstructure of the alloy. The hardness was increased due to the recrystallized grain formation and strength was constant independent of the variable travelling speed. According to the authors it can be said that there was also less amount of defect in the welds at the proper range of welding and rotational speed of the experiment. The author also says that in case of friction stir welding the longevity, tensile strength, elongation and the hardness of the alloy is increased in comparison with the conventional fusion welding process [2]. 

References

[1] K. L. Harikrishna, J. J. S. Dilip, K. Ramaswamy Choudary, V. V. Subba Rao, S. R. Koteswara Rao, G. D. Janaki Ram, N. Sridhar, G. Madhusudhan Reddy: Trans Indian Inst Met, 63 (2010) 807-811.

[2] S. F. Su, H. K. Lin, J. C. Huang, N. J. Ho: Metall Mater Trans A, 33 (2002) 1461- 1473.

[3] A. Benartzy, A. Munitz, G. Kohn, B. Brining, A. Shtechman, In: Proceedings Magnesium Technology, Seattle, WA, USA: TMS, 2010, p. 295−302.

[4] L. Liu, Welding and joining of magnesium alloys, 1st ed. Woodhead Publishing, 2010.

[5] X. Cao, M. Jahazi, J. P. Immarigeon, W. Wallace: J Mater Process Technol, 171(2006) 188-204.

[6] J. Marzbanrad, M. Akbari, P. Asadi, S. Safaee: Metall Mater Trans B, 45(2014) 1887-1894. [7] H. K. D. H. Bhadeshia, T. DebRoy: Sci Technol Weld Joining, 14 (2009) 193-196.

[8] G. Padmanaban, V. Balasubramanian: Mater Des 30 (2009) 2647-2656.

[9] U. F. H. R. Suhuddin, S. Mironov, Y. S. Sato, H. Kokawa, C-W. Lee: Acta Mater, 57 (2009) 5406-5418.

[10] N. Afrin, D. L. Chen, X. Cao, M. Jahazi: Mater Sci Eng A, 472 (2008) 179-186.

[11] G. M. Xie, Z. Y. Ma, L. Geng, R. S. Chen: Mater Sci Eng A, 471 (2007) 63-68.

[12] K. Nakata: Weld Int, 23 (2009) 328-332.

[13] Won-Bae Lee, Jong-Woong Kim, Yun-Mo Yeon, Seung-Boo Jung: Mater Trans, 44 (2003) 917-923.

[14] X. Cao, M. Jahazi: Mater Des, 32.1 (2011) 1-11.

[15] W. Xunhong, W. Kuaishe: Mater Sci Eng A, 431 (2006) 114-117.

[16] N. Afrin, D. L. Chen, X. Cao, M. Jahazi: Mater Sci Eng A, 472 (2008) 179-186.

[17] P. Cavaliere, P. P. De Marco: J Mater Process Technol, 184 (2007) 77-83.

[18] B. M. Darras, M. K. Khraisheh, F. K. Abu-Farha, M. A. Omar: J Mater Process Technol, 191 (2007) 77-81.

[19] R. Ch. Zeng, W. Dietzel, R. Zettler, C. H. E. N. Jun, K. U. Kainer: Trans Nonferrous Met Soc China, 18 (2008) s76-s80.

[20] A. R. Rose, K. Manisekar, V. Balasubramanian: Trans Nonferrous Met Soc China, 21 (2011) 974-984.

[21] P. Cavaliere, P. P. De Marco: Mater Charact, 58 (2007) 226-232.

[22] F. Chai, D. Zhang, Y. Li: J Magnesium Alloys, 3 (2015) 203-209.

[23] S. H. C. Park, Y. S. Sato, H. Kokawa: Metall Mater Trans A, 34 (2003) 987-994. [24] S. H. C. Park, Y. S. Sato, H. Kokawa, J Mater Sci, 38 (2003) 4379-4383.

[24] Kadigithala, N.K. and Vanitha, C., 2017. Microstructural developments and mechanical properties of friction stir welding of AZ91D magnesium alloy plates. Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, 23(2), pp.119-130.

Cite This Work

To export a reference to this article please select a referencing stye below:

My Assignment Help. (2021). Friction Stir Welding Of Magnesium Based Alloys - Requirements And Characteristics. Retrieved from https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/engg952-engineering-computing/variable-travelling.html.

"Friction Stir Welding Of Magnesium Based Alloys - Requirements And Characteristics." My Assignment Help, 2021, https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/engg952-engineering-computing/variable-travelling.html.

My Assignment Help (2021) Friction Stir Welding Of Magnesium Based Alloys - Requirements And Characteristics [Online]. Available from: https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/engg952-engineering-computing/variable-travelling.html
[Accessed 24 February 2024].

My Assignment Help. 'Friction Stir Welding Of Magnesium Based Alloys - Requirements And Characteristics' (My Assignment Help, 2021) <https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/engg952-engineering-computing/variable-travelling.html> accessed 24 February 2024.

My Assignment Help. Friction Stir Welding Of Magnesium Based Alloys - Requirements And Characteristics [Internet]. My Assignment Help. 2021 [cited 24 February 2024]. Available from: https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/engg952-engineering-computing/variable-travelling.html.

Get instant help from 5000+ experts for
question

Writing: Get your essay and assignment written from scratch by PhD expert

Rewriting: Paraphrase or rewrite your friend's essay with similar meaning at reduced cost

Editing: Proofread your work by experts and improve grade at Lowest cost

loader
250 words
Phone no. Missing!

Enter phone no. to receive critical updates and urgent messages !

Attach file

Error goes here

Files Missing!

Please upload all relevant files for quick & complete assistance.

Other Similar Samples

support
Whatsapp
callback
sales
sales chat
Whatsapp
callback
sales chat
close