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Domains of Human Service

Community service aims at helping disadvantaged communities and people of communities that are excluded. Considering social workers contact with people on a daily basis, their occupational beliefs are critical in ensuring a proper practise connection. Equality, dedication to social integration, appreciation for individual self-determination, transparency, and honesty are among the ideals that underlie community service work in Australia (Chenoweth & McAuliffe, 2017). Ethical ideals exist in the practice of social work that all social service workers should follow when practising their job. The professional ideals of human services are frequently equated with the individual value structure of the social worker. Because a person's own values may conflict with the principles of the profession, it is critical to be conscious of these distinctions in order to undertake ethical social work.

Individual’ own values might have a positive or negative impact on professional behaviour. An effective social worker is one who is mindful of their very own values while remaining open-minded to those with differing viewpoints (Cheers, 2019). The purpose of this study is to provide a careful analysis of the various human service sectors. In regards to social work and theoretical frameworks that create the foundation of community service work, community health workers and customers face a variety of obstacles. These issues will be examined in detail throughout the article.

It is important to separate between support to people, family, organizations, and societies among the several domains that exist in the field of human service. Social service workers are supposed to distinguish their customers as social entities and individuals in the first domain of implementing programs to help individual. This means that professionals should take into account people's personal growth and provide assistance that will help them survive physical and psychological.

While assisting families, the ideals of honesty and emphasis on individual self-identity, which define family connections, must be taken into consideration. A social worker's role is crucial in establishing a balancing in the family, in which learners acquire to negotiate and work together as a team (Payne, 2016).

The realm of groups entails assisting multiple people who fall into a specific category, which might be difficult to concerns about privacy, mutual understanding, and the need for social improvement. In this regard, social services workers should use ethical skills to protect clients' anonymity and safety (Webster, 2016). Simultaneously, the importance of including society appears to be important enough to encourage it in groups, resulting in emotions of togetherness and appreciation for one another's contributions.

In terms of societies, the idea of social equity can be recognized as a significant professional principle that health and social care services should highlight (Bo, 2015). The importance of social services given to groups in Australia includes increased understanding of other groups, diversity acknowledgment and inclusion, as well as better empathy. Social intervention, for example, is a tool which can be used to rectify inappropriate behaviours through psychotherapy, training, or other types of treatment.

One of the most common examples of community work is crowd fundraising. It's a type of campaigning that allows people to generate money by contacting to their peers, relatives, colleagues, friends and wider community and collecting donations. "The Riley Sandler Memorial Foundation" started a crowdsourcing initiative. It's typical for families to establish a memorial fund or trust in memory of a loved one who has passed away. Riley Sandler's parents did precisely that just after her sudden and heart-breaking death. In remembrance of their daughter's loving and joyful approach, they aimed to dedicate their foundation to promoting and fostering goodwill among primary school children. The Sandlers mounted a fantastic campaign, raising nearly $2 million in honour of their daughter and her family. There are several other examples of crowd funding approaches which are being used for raising social awareness for some social issue. This is also used for helping an individual or a group facing disadvantages in her daily living because of social or any kind of aspects. Crowdfunding is generally implemented on internet and social media as these platforms have wider reach and have capability to engage with more people in less time (Morris, 2014).

Person Centred Approach

Another case study is related to the community caring collaborative (CCC). It is a group of community service groups which are aimed on raising the living standard of individual and family members who are not financial stable in Washington County, Maine (Eddins & Joyce, 2021). The vision of the community care service is to sustain and nurture the collaboration which raises resources and increase motivation, well-being and health. This organization convinces different community providers for building trust, collaboration and relationships. Along with this, it is also focus on promoting programs for addressing developing community needs, operating programs for removing financial barrier and providing guidance and training to the partners. This organization provides services in all over the Washington County, in Atlantic Ocean and near the Canadian border of Maine. There are approximately 50 state government and non-profit organization supported by CCC including multiple service areas such as social health, early childhood education, children welfare, post-secondary education and taking care of ethical concern of workforce. The CCC's "convincing," which are regular sessions conducted by the CCC to strengthen community programs is often where partner organisations and community leaders first engage with the CCC (Eddins & Joyce, 2021). Networking or publicity is usually how organisations or new personnel at established partner organizations learn about convincing. There are four major community service provided by this organization. These are making effective communication with the partners or community groups and convincing them to help financially or in other form, incubating programs, providing training to the workers for effectively engaging in the services and removing financial problems for partners to engage in the community service.

Social equality is one of those occurrences in which the financial, judicial, political, and ethical conditions of living and humanity's progress are encompassed (Cunningham, Baines & Charlesworth, 2014). People examine their actual context of life via the lens of social fairness. The fundamental characteristics include the framework of interpersonal connections that has formed in large community, its social standing, the social division of labour, and the division of social resources. Social justice is characterised in terms of two major ethical values: inherent ethical fairness and unbiased, which are expressed in human relationships and social structures. In all interpersonal relations, honesty is crucial. Being truthful act as a compass for all a person does (Mills, 2016).

We must operate with integrity as social workers by being genuine, honest, and striving to foster justice and fairness. Any concepts of equility make sense only against backdrop of an organized social reality, according to the extent of social fairness. Its characteristics become a requirement for the search for a sensible system of inter-societal connections (Everingham, 2018). The problem of the domain of justice can be studied separately from the question of the definition of justice. However, in fact, they can only be solved by a thorough approach to all of the people involved in one or more cases. As a result, community service employees should use social justice to uphold the concepts of justice and morality (Gould & Baldwin, 2016). Social equality also encompasses how social organisations and the administration recognise and support individuals in need. As a result, incidents of inequality must be handled using the principles of equality, right protection, and protection.

Dealing with Family Members

The social dimension is made up of two viewpoints on a given scenario: first one is client and second is the social worker.

The customer is a one of a kind individual who seeks help from a specialist. Other social obstacle is stigma, which manifests as a client's fear of being viewed as a weak person as a result of concerns and complaints. Furthermore, some groups see visits to social services workers as taboo, erecting still another barrier based on cultural differences. As a result, assistance should be based on integrity, and counsellors should always operate in a truthful manner. Recognizing the essential importance of human relations involves customers in the change progression, which is built on interactions and communal endurance. The importance of human interactions offers the recovery of a client's capability, which is compatible with this philosophical model. Furthermore, an ethnic-sensitive practise approach is a beneficial viewpoint that prioritises one's distinctive history, which is particularly crucial for assisting different ethnic groups of Australia.

The social worker, on the other hand, has a professional experience, practising standards, and assisting roles (Mattsson, 2014). The perception of the transformation process is among the most significant challenges that both sides encounter. Professionals in social services, in example, have skills and approaches, although their talents and judgements may differ (Cocker & Joss, 2016). The discrepancy between both the tools of assistance and the perspectives of clients leads to confusion and inadequate community work efficacy. A community service worker may engage on an individual basis with both kids and adults who may have physical limits or psychological problems in the community service. Interacting with the families, instructors, and communities of these disadvantaged people is another critical aspect of the job (Garbarino, 2017). Chronic stress can develop as a result of being subjected to these extremely emotional situations. It's hard to remain unharmed by traumatic situations, particularly when you're dealing with them on a regular basis. Depersonalization, emotional weariness, and other more immediately recognisable signs such as migraines are common among social service providers.

It can make managing work and private life complex. However, as our general societal needs have evolved, the 9-5 work day is no longer a valid paradigm for many firms. Adult social care will witness a 3% yearly hike in demand because of older population. Along with this, as the number of persons suffers from cognitive diseases increase, it also raise demand for service workers with experience in this approach. However, Heidi McIntosh, a senior policy advisor, stated that case had decreased across the country. It's critical for not being confused during this with a decrease in workload. Most social work occupations do not operate during standard 8 hours of service from Monday to Friday. Those who have a standard contract may see that their working hours are extended beyond the time limit (Howe, et al., 2018).

Working with humiliation, discomfort, and the reluctance to publicly discuss difficulties involves considerable time and effort for both professional workers and customers (Greenslade, McAuliffe & Chenoweth, 2015). The data demonstrates a variety of hypotheses that serve as the foundation for community service projects. The human relations movement suggests the concept of human connection as a drive for creative change, which has its own essence and rewards (Greene & Schriver, 2016).

Conclusion

To sum up, this study examines the service worker’s principles that social service employees in Australia should adhere to. Honesty, social equity, dedication to social integration, privacy, and emphasis on individual self-identity are the core professional principles, according to reliable evidence. Most significantly, they are in line with contemporary theoretical approaches that highlight the ethnic specificity and evidence-based nature of social worker services. Personal relationships and interaction are seen as the driving elements that aid therapists in putting desired professionalism into reality. 

References

Bo, B. P. (2015). Social work in a multicultural society: New challenges and needs for competence. International Social Work, 58(4), 562-574.

Cocker, F., & Joss, N. (2016). Compassion fatigue among healthcare, emergency and community service workers: A systematic review. International journal of environmental research and public health, 13(6), 618.

Cheers, B. (2019). Welfare bushed: Social care in rural Australia. London, UK: Routledge.

Chenoweth, L., & McAuliffe, D. (2017). The road to social work and human service practice (5th ed.). Sydney, AU: Cengage AU.

Cunningham, I., Baines, D., & Charlesworth, S. (2014). Government funding, employment conditions, and work organization in non?profit community services: A comparative study. Public Administration, 92(3), 582-598.

Eddins, K., & Joyce, K. (2021) Case Study of a Collaborative Approach to Improving Community-Based Services for People with Low Income: Community Caring Collaborative (No. 5cc9747834944236828a1b852c796e6d). Mathematica Policy Research.

Everingham, C. (2018). Social justice and the politics of community. London, UK: Routledge.

Garbarino, J. (2017). Children and families in the social environment: Modern applications of social work. New York, NY: Routledge.

Gould, N., & Baldwin, M. (2016). Social work, critical reflection and the learning organization. New York, NY: Routledge.

Greene, R. R., & Schriver, J. M. (2016). Human behavior and the social environment: Engaging diversity and difference in practice. London, UK: Routledge.

Greenslade, L., McAuliffe, D., & Chenoweth, L. (2015). Social workers’ experiences of covert workplace activism. Australian Social Work, 68(4), 422-437.

Howe, D., Kohli, R., Smith, M., Parkinson, C., McMahon, L., Solomon, R.,… Walsh, J. (2018). Relationship-based social work: Getting to the heart of practice. London, UK: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.

Mattsson, T. (2014). Intersectionality as a useful tool: Anti-oppressive social work and critical reflection. Affilia, 29(1), 8-17.

Morris, C. (2014, October 27). 10 big crowdfunding campaigns making a difference. CNBC. https://www.cnbc.com/2014/10/27/10-big-crowdfunding-campaigns-making-a-difference.html

Mills, M., McGregor, G., Baroutsis, A., Te Riele, K., & Hayes, D. (2016). Alternative education and social justice: Considering issues of affective and contributive justice. Critical Studies in Education, 57(1), 100-115.

Payne, M. (2016). Modern social work theory (4th ed.). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Webster, M. (2016). Challenging workplace bullying: The role of social work leadership integrity. Ethics and Social Welfare, 10(4), 316-332.

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