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Describe in dot points explaining your reasons for the menu changes you made based on the AGHE in Assessment 2

I need you to Give reasons / justify your choices in designing your presentation (including the five points listed above) 

You should use peer reviewed literature to support the arguments in your rationale.


Communicating simple and clear nutrition messages that are well suited to a target population is essential to support individuals to make informed choices about dietary intake.

Reasons for Menu Changes Based on Nutritional Guidelines

Reasons for the menu changes based on the AGHE in Assessment 2

  1. According to the AGHE guidelines the food chart that had been provided is not sufficient.
  2. The grains that are recommended in the range of 5-12 serve per day, but the person is getting only 4 serves. The grains are the main sources of many nutrients. It includes fibers, vitamin B and minerals.
  3. The vegetables are needed in the range of 4-5 serve per day, but the person is getting only 2 which are insufficient. The vegetables are the important sources of potassium, folic acid, vitamin C and vitamin A.
  4. The fruit is needed as 2 serve per day, while the intake of the person is only 1. Fruits are the main sources of the essential nutrients that are not consumed, including potassium, dietary fiber, vitamin C, and folic acid.
  5. As these requirements are not fulfilled so it is needed to change the diet chart, so that
  6. The diet chart must follow the rules of AGHE guidelines to get the proper diet.
  7. As the receiving amount of food content is low, therefore the missing foods are added.

Combining the foods is not a difficult task. The basic foods must contain water about 70%, fat about 25% and 5% sugar. The six basic principles are:

A sufficient eating routine gives the human body vitality and supplements for ideal development, support and repair of the organs. Water, sugars, fats, proteins, vitamins and a few minerals contain the six supplement classes depended upon for execution of basic capacities and exercises. These supplements must be supplanted through eating regimen to keep the body working productively. A sufficient eating routine incorporates nourishments containing appropriate measures of these supplements to avoid lacks, pallor, cerebral pains, weariness and general shortcoming (Castro-Quezada et al., 2014).

An adjusted eating routine incorporates nourishments containing adequate measures of each class of supplements. The U.S. Bureau of Agriculture gives an incredible plan to an adjusted eating routine with its five nutrition classes - grains, proteins, vegetables, leafy foods. Devouring the best possible measure of servings from every classification guarantees a proportional eating routine (Castro-Quezada et al., 2014).

It is conceivable to eat sound nourishments and still enjoy. Along these lines, a sensible calorie stipend must be set up. The measure of vitality the body gets from approaching nourishment needs to coordinate the measure of vitality required for the body to support its organic and physiological exercises. As such, input needs to coordinate yield, the unevenness prompts weight reduction or weight gain (Dwivedi et al., 2017) .

Eating admirably without gorging is frequently testing. You should choose nourishments that pack the most supplements into minimal measure of calories. For instance, 1 ounce of cheddar and some sans fat drain contain a similar measure of calcium. While the two sustenances are sufficient wellsprings of calcium, the drain is more calcium-thick than the cheddar since you get a similar measure of calcium with one-a large portion of the calories and no fat (Gazan et al., 2016). In another case, calorie stipend isn't a valuable apparatus by number alone. Despite the fact that grapes and lozenge are containing generally a similar number of calories, the grapes contain much a bigger number of supplements than the lozenges.

Socrates once said "Everything with some restraint; nothing in abundance." The individuals who put extreme limitations on what they can or can't eat regularly think that its hard to adhere to an example of sensible eating. Denying yourself of nourishments rich in fat and sugar isn't fundamental. At the point when eaten now and again, these treats are not impeding to your wellbeing and frequently give enough pleasure to keep one persuaded to precede good dieting habit (Guenther et al. 2013).

The Six Basic Principles of a Sufficient and Balanced Diet

It's workable for an eating routine to have all the previously mentioned attributes, yet at the same time need assortment. While a few people are animals of propensity and wouldn't fret eating similar suppers consistently, the greater part of us long for a wide exhibit of decisions and tastes. Great nourishment does not need to exhaust. The USDA's nutrition classes enable you to get the best possible supplements while having an incredible determination of nourishments to pick and browse. All things considered, assortment is the flavor of life (Guenther et al., 2014)..

The foods can be classified on the basis of nutrition according to the nourishment, human health, the physical world and biosphere. The United Nations had declared the years from 2016-2025as the decade of nutrition by the help of the sustainable development goals of the UN. For the success of these activities, it is important to know which nourishments add to wellbeing and prosperity, and which are undesirable. The present critique traces the NOVA arrangement of sustenance order in light of the nature, degree and reason for nourishment handling (Habte & Krawinkel, 2016). A solitary component of NOVA is its distinguishing proof of ultra-handled sustenance and drink items. These are not altered nourishments, but rather definitions for the most part of modest mechanical wellsprings of dietary vitality and supplements in addition to added substances, utilizing a progression of procedures. Ultra-handled items are made to be hyper-agreeable and alluring, with long timeframe of realistic usability, and ready to be devoured anyplace, whenever. Their detailing, introduction and showcasing regularly advance overconsumption. The proof so far demonstrates that dislodging of insignificantly handled nourishments and newly arranged dishes and suppers by ultra-prepared items is related with undesirable dietary supplement profiles and a few eating routine related non-transmittable infections. Ultra-handled items are likewise troublesome from social, social, financial, political and natural perspectives. We reason that the regularly expanding generation and utilization of these items is a world emergency, to be stood up to, checked and turned around as a major aspect of crafted by the UN Sustainable Development Goals and its Decade of Nutrition (Habte & Krawinkel, 2016)..

According to the nutrients provided the grouping are being classified into:

  • Milk and dairy products
  • Fruits and fruit product
  • Vegetable group
  • Meat and poultry
  • Cereals and pulses

Specific dietary plans are likewise given to deal with the particular needs amid pregnancy, lactation, kids and for sports people.

Be it for pregnancy times, we deal with the particular needs amid those critical periods of a mother by contriving particular eating regimen for not just the sufficient development and improvement of the infant in the womb yet in addition for the strength of the expecting mother (Parmenter & Wardle, 2010)..

How to Enjoy Healthy Foods with a Reasonable Calorie Intake

During the lactation time frame, which we comprehend is one of the vital parts of another mother, our eating routine arrangement are conceived to deal with the additional interest for nourishment which is totally fundamental and required amid this period.

We likewise comprehend that the dietary prerequisites of kids continue changing quickly with their developing age and physical action. Our nutritionists attempt to teach adhering to good diet propensities in youngsters and build up their enthusiasm for it so it turns out to be simple for the guardians to influence them to take after the eating routine arrangement (Sánchez-Tainta et al. 2016).

Sports individual all in all request additional nourishment to adapt up to the anxiety of the amusement and thus our eating routine designs are exceptionally intended to oblige the high force physical movement continued by the general population associated with dynamic games (Poti, Duffey, & Popkin, 2014)..

An adhering to a good diet design gives your body the supplements it needs each day while remaining inside your every day calorie objective for weight reduction. An adhering to a good diet design likewise will bring down your hazard for coronary illness and other wellbeing conditions (Patel et al., 2016).

Thus we can state that Nutrition training is a fundamental segment in enhancing dietary propensities and nourishment decisions, keeping in mind the end goal to turn around the under sustenance and enhance the healthful conclusion. As per Wunderlich (2013), as the number of inhabitants in more seasoned grown-ups keeps on expanding, there is considerably more earnestness to set up sustenance appraisal norms to assess the healthful status of this helpless populace, and to give fitting nourishment training and mediation. There is a high pervasiveness of under nutrition among seniors and the instances of lacking vitality or miniaturized scale and macronutrients are disturbing (van Dooren et al., 2014). Shockingly, this nourishing state is regularly misdiagnosed on account of wrong evaluation. The sustenance analysis should be precise keeping in mind the end goal to give compelling mediation. The sustenance evaluation of more established individuals is here and there testing in light of the fact that more seasoned grown-ups are regularly managing constant medicinal conditions that require different pharmaceuticals for treatment. Along these lines, tranquilize supplement co-operations are a prime worry among this populace gathering (van Dooren et al., 2014).

Poor dietary habits and absence of physical action can be the principle explanation behind poor wholesome status among more seasoned grown-ups. The positive effect of nourishment training on the nutritious status of more seasoned grown-ups has been affirmed by many investigations. An investigation led among the senior Korean people group demonstrated that after nourishment instruction was conveyed, wholesome learning, nutritious states of mind and dietary propensities were expanded essentially (Wennberg et al., 2015).

Specific Dietary Plans for Pregnant Women, Lactating Women, Children, and Sportspeople

The joint position paper by the American Dietetic Association, American Society for Nutrition and Society for Nutrition Education energizes the arrangement of government supported sustenance and nourishment programs for screening, evaluation, sustenance training, guiding and treatment, to guarantee more fortifying maturing. This thus will be a practical approach that rebalances long haul mind far from nursing homes to home-and group based administrations (Sanou et al., 2014). The position paper demonstrates that there is prove that more seasoned grown-ups advantage from wellbeing advancement and nourishment instruction essentially, and that compelling evaluation, training and intercession projects can empower more seasoned grown-ups to keep up their wellbeing, appreciate sustenance and above all, have a higher personal satisfaction. To expand the constructive effect of such projects, more research needs to concentrate on and underline the advancement of suitable healthful evaluation instruments for application to more seasoned individuals, meaning to enhance and distinguish under sustenance and forestall and decrease the pervasiveness of incessant clinical conditions previously they happen (Sanou et al., 2014).


Castro-Quezada, I., Román-Viñas, B., & Serra-Majem, L. (2014). The Mediterranean diet and nutritional adequacy: a review. Nutrients, 6(1), 231-248.

Castro-Quezada, I., Román-Viñas, B., & Serra-Majem, L. (2014). The Mediterranean diet and nutritional adequacy: a review. Nutrients, 6(1), 231-248.

Dwivedi, S. L., van Bueren, E. T. L., Ceccarelli, S., Grando, S., Upadhyaya, H. D., & Ortiz, R. (2017). Diversifying food systems in the pursuit of sustainable food production and healthy diets. Trends in Plant Science, 22(10), 842-856.

Gazan, R., Barré, T., Perignon, M., Maillot, M., Darmon, N., & Vieux, F. (2016). A methodology to compile food metrics related to diet sustainability into a single food database: Application to the French case. Food Chemistry.

Guenther, P. M., Casavale, K. O., Reedy, J., Kirkpatrick, S. I., Hiza, H. A., Kuczynski, K. J., ... & Krebs-Smith, S. M. (2013). Update of the healthy eating index: HEI-2010. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, 113(4), 569-580.

Guenther, P. M., Kirkpatrick, S. I., Reedy, J., Krebs-Smith, S. M., Buckman, D. W., Dodd, K. W., ... & Carroll, R. J. (2014). The Healthy Eating Index-2010 is a valid and reliable measure of diet quality according to the 2010 Dietary Guidelines for Americans. The Journal of nutrition, jn-113.

Habte, T. Y., & Krawinkel, M. (2016). Dietary Diversity Score: A Measure of Nutritional Adequacy or an Indicator of Healthy Diet. J Nutr Health Sci, 3(3), 303.

Parmenter, K., & Wardle, J. (2010). Evaluation and design of nutrition knowledge measures. Journal of Nutrition Education, 32(5), 269-277.

Patel, C., Omer, E., Diamond, S. J., & McClave, S. A. (2016). Can nutritional assessment tools predict response to nutritional therapy? Current gastroenterology reports, 18(4), 15.

Poti, J. M., Duffey, K. J., & Popkin, B. M. (2014). The association of fast food consumption with poor dietary outcomes and obesity among children: is it the fast food or the remainder of the diet? The American journal of clinical nutrition, 99(1), 162-171.

Sánchez-Tainta, A., Zazpe, I., Bes-Rastrollo, M., Salas-Salvadó, J., Bullo, M., Sorlí, J. V., ... & Fiol, M. (2016). Nutritional adequacy according to carbohydrates and fat quality. European journal of nutrition, 55(1), 93-106.

Sanou, D., O’Reilly, E., Ngnie-Teta, I., Batal, M., Mondain, N., Andrew, C., ... & Bourgeault, I. L. (2014). Acculturation and nutritional health of immigrants in Canada: a scoping review. Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health, 16(1), 24-34.

van Dooren, C., Marinussen, M., Blonk, H., Aiking, H., & Vellinga, P. (2014). Exploring dietary guidelines based on ecological and nutritional values: A comparison of six dietary patterns. Food Policy, 44, 36-46.

Wennberg, M., Gustafsson, P. E., Wennberg, P., & Hammarström, A. (2015). Poor breakfast habits in adolescence predict the metabolic syndrome in adulthood. Public health nutrition, 18(1), 122-129.

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