Get Instant Help From 5000+ Experts For
question

Writing: Get your essay and assignment written from scratch by PhD expert

Rewriting: Paraphrase or rewrite your friend's essay with similar meaning at reduced cost

Editing:Proofread your work by experts and improve grade at Lowest cost

And Improve Your Grades
myassignmenthelp.com
loader
Phone no. Missing!

Enter phone no. to receive critical updates and urgent messages !

Attach file

Error goes here

Files Missing!

Please upload all relevant files for quick & complete assistance.

Guaranteed Higher Grade!
Free Quote
wave

Literature Review: Community Nursing Definition

Discuss about the Literature Review On Community Nursing.

Community nursing has been a key professional player both at the national level and at the international level. Community nursing is described as health activities other than acute hospital activities. Community nursing is necessary due to the poor health conditions that are witnessed in most communities living in Australia.  Community nursing is currently in high demand due to increasing demand for community nursing services. Safety of the community hangs on a number of factors that include geographical area, physical health conditions, organizational framework and strategies applied to tackle challenges within the community nursing environment. The following literature review explores community nursing as a profession with a major focus on the role, professional pathways, and work environment, professional organizations that support community nursing and high demand.

Goodman, Bunnell, and Posner (2014) define community nursing broadly as nursing care provided outside the acute hospital setting. This definition includes those nursing care that is provided within community hospitals, home cares, and schools or police stations. This definition does not contradict similar definition by Srivastava, Singh, Montagu and Bhattacharyya (2017), who indicates that community nursing care extends its operation to children’s home and families within their homes. Community nursing as indicated by World Health Organization (2017) comprises of activities of community health or public health. This implies that community nursing also includes public health are they both work at the community level. Community health currently majorly plays a critical role in enduring healthy leaving conditions among various communities.   

According to David and Laoingco (2017), community nursing has various roles it plays in the community settings. One of this role includes assessing the community health status based on the available community health data. This according to Mohsen (2013) includes assessing the implementing community health data to better the community healthcare. Secondly, as explained by Dee and Bridget (2015), community nursing practitioner plays an important role in forming a communication link between various stakeholders with the community healthcare fraternity. This is similar to another communication role elaborated by MOHFW Indian Public Health Standards (2012) that indicate that community nursing practitioner communicates with families on the available health problem in an effort to arrive at a lasting solution. Thirdly, National Rural Health Mission et al (2011) indicates that community nursing play role in developing public health team that works with community healthcare department for better community health. This does not contradict similar idea advanced by Putra, Petpichetchian, and Maneewat (2011), who indicated that community nursing practitioner exhibit the leadership skills in leading community health team.  Fourthly, community nursing plays another role of using health research particularly about the community they work in to study epidemiology affecting the community. As cited by MCHIP India's Reproductive et al (2014), community nursing plays an important role in utilizing research findings to monitor disease epidemiology within the community setting.

Roles of Community Nursing

Community nursing working environment entails many challenges and safety issues that affect the operation of community nursing. Firstly, according to World Health Organization (2017), community nursing working environment is characterized by the larger geographical distance between clients. Community nursing environment is influenced by a distance that limits the operation of some nursing practitioners. Secondly, as explained by Kumar et al (2011), community nursing environment is also influenced by physical environmental factors such as poor health conditions and clients poor living conditions within homes. This is similar to those conditions explained by Briton (2017) that also indicate the physical environment effect on the nursing community. The author indicates that poor living conditions coupled with poor clients lifestyle affect the nursing environment. Thirdly, community nursing environment is characterized by institutional or organizational setting that includes organizations such as community hospital setting or police station. According to ABS (2014), community nursing operates in an environment that includes various institution and organizations that sometimes require authorization before the operation. In addition, as explained by Rosenbaum, Shin, Jones, and Tolbert (2010), community nursing environment sometimes requires personal assistance to some clients in difficult organizations such as police stations.

Community nursing work environment requires compassion, especially where there is a need to assist the poor client. As indicated by Mohsen (2013), community nursing work environment requires the nursing practitioner to develop a strategy on how to assist the patient to improve on their poor health conditions. Moreover, as cited by Dee and Bridget (2015), community health sometimes encounters hostility within the community and this requires a proper way of handling clients within these environments. This does not contradict a similar study by Goodman, Bunnell, and Posner (2014) that indicate the need to cope up with hostility within the community nursing environment. To add to this environment, Srivastava, Singh, Montagu and Bhattacharyya (2017) also show the hostility as a form of the cultural environment that forms part of the community nursing working environment. One of the strategies used within the community nursing work environment includes negotiating working environments with clients mostly on the reduction of poor health conditions.   

There is high demand for community nursing practitioners as indicated by Chokshi et al (2016) when exploring the need for nursing practitioners. Studies indicate that there is high demand for community health within Australia and throughout the world. According to World Health Organization (2010), there are many factors that are driving the increasing demand for community nursing specialty. One of these factors, as explained by the author, include increasing nursing workloads make the community nursing overwhelmed with community health needs. MCHIP India's Reproductive et al (2014) explain the scenarios in the community nursing that drives such as high demand for community nurse and increasing demand for the services drives the need for more community nursing practitioners. A study conducted by World Health Organization (2017) show interplay of factors that are drivers for high-end demand for more community nursing practitioners. Moreover, the Capable theory explains the complexity of needs that are driving the demand for more community nursing practitioners. According to this theory, good community nursing practice is grounded on an evidence-based practice that helps improve the quality of nursing practice reducing nursing workloads.

Community Nursing Work Environment

Community nursing pathways require various professional qualifications that include educational background. According to Ball (2017), community nursing professional pathways normally requires completion of four-year bachelor’s degree in nursing. This is similar to another professional framework set that requires completion of community health degree program. Farsi, Dehghan-Nayeri, Negarandeh, and Broomand (2010) explains that party also include personal volunteer for community health service while still study community nursing. Tradition community setting is good for community nursing and this together with the college assist students find placement once academic completion of the degree. As indicated by Benner theory community nursing requires skill development to be effective in the health community. According to this theory, community nursing entails developing knowledge and skills in the practical aspect of community health (Briton, 2017).  

Further studies of community nursing include many different nursing options and public health options. Community nursing pathways climax by some nursing practitioners studying masters’ degree in community health with a specialty in public health. Another pathways option also includes study master of public health with health promotion option. As cited by National Rural Health Mission et al (2011), high demand for community nursing or health professional, in general, is also driving the need to further study in community nursing. To this effect, there are many different scholarships available for community nursing practitioners to peruse further education. Some of these scholarships include AACN Nursing Scholarship Fund, The Gates Millennium Scholars Program and Hispanic Heritage Youth Awards.

Considering practicing as a registered nurse requires various steps to follow as outlined by MOHFW Indian Public Health Standards (2012). According to World Health Organization (2017), passing NCLEX-RN examination allow the nursing practitioner start practicing nursing within the community. Boards of nursing (BONs) and regulatory bodies (RBs) sets the requirement for practicing nurse to obtain a license and become register nurse. Conclusively, Srivastava, Singh, Montagu and Bhattacharyya (2017) explain that community nursing courses obtain accreditation from Accreditation Commission for Education in Nursing (ACEN). Upon completion of NCLEX-RN, the nursing board evaluates and approves the result of the examination to ascertain qualifications.

There are many different professional bodies that support community nursing in Australia. Professional bodies that support community nursing can be categorized into the national and international level. Some of the national level nursing professional bodies include Nursing and Midwifery Board of Australia (NMBA), Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW), and Nursing Practitioners NPs. Firstly, Wilson et al., (2012) explain the nature and role of the nursing council in Australia. Australia Nursing Council is a professional body that draws its membership from nurses and nursing education. The organization was formed under Nursing and Midwifery Board of Australia (NMBA) Act of 1947 to include both practicing nurses in public and private sector of Australia.  The nursing council is divided based on various states and operate at the state level. Secondly, Australian Nurses Association (ANA) is another professional body formed registered nurses of Australia. The organization is formed by a registered nurse and those practicing at the community nursing level. As listed by Briton (2017), Australia Nurses Association (ANA) play a significant role in organizing various nurse strikes across Australia to push for various agenda.

Demand for Community Nursing

At the international nursing level, professional bodies include International Nursing Council is another professional nursing body that includes those working with national nursing professional bodies to foster community nursing. The body was instituted in 1899 with a focus to connect all nursing professionals throughout the world. The main objective of the nursing body is to reduce discriminations among the nursing professionals. Secondly, according to World Health Organization (2014), Red Cross Society is another important nursing professional body task to assist community nursing practitioners in the course of work. Thirdly, the World Health Organization is another professional body that also supports community nursing to carry out community healthcare. World Health Organization was formed in 1948 with the main focus on high community health for all people internationally and at the national level.

Conclusion

 In conclusion, community nursing plays an important role in community health and requires professional qualifications. Community nursing as a profession ensures that community health is up-to-date information on all the necessary health practices. Moreover, community nursing has experienced high nursing workloads increasing the demand for more nursing practitioners to help improve the quality of health in the community. Community nursing as a professional requires study of bachelors’ degree in nursing, public health and community health that is approved. Community nursing requires an individual nurse practitioner to be registered in Australia. There are many different professional organizations that support community nursing at the national level and at the international level.      

In light for all the literature findings, there are some recommendations that need to be used to improve community nursing profession. Firstly, there is need to increase enroll more nursing professionals into community nursing due to the high demand for community nurses. The community nursing as a profession has few practitioners that are overwhelm with high nursing workloads and this need more practitioners. Secondly, professional bodies need to create awareness for importance of community nursing as a way to improve the community nursing environment. More health promotion with focus of on the importance community nursing will help attract more health practitioners into the community nursing career pathways hence reducing the nursing workloads. Community health awareness campaigns also serves to create a more conducive environment for practitioners coupled with high dignity for community nursing practitioners within the community.

References

Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) (2014). Australian Health Survey: National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Measures Survey 2012–13. Canberra: ABS

Nursing Academic Pathways

Ball, J. (2017). Demands on community nurse mentors: Are new models for practice necessary? British Journal of Community Nursing, Volume 22, Issue 10, pp 504–510

Briton, H. (2017). What are community nurses experiences of assessing frailty and assisting in planning subsequent interventions? British Journal of Community Nursing, Volume 22, Issue 9

Chokshi, M. Patil, B. Khanna, R. Neogi, S. B. &   Sharma, J. Paul, V. K. and Zodpey, S. (2016). Health systems in India. Journal of Perinatology, 36(Suppl 3): S9–S12.

David, J.J.T., & Laoingco, J.R.C. (2017). Awareness of Community Health Nurses on and Relevance of Global Health Competencies. i-manager's Journal of Nursing, 7(1), 16-22.

Dee, C. & Bridget, J. (2015). Development of a questionnaire to measure the key attributes of the community palliative care specialist nurse role. International Journal of Palliative Nursing, Volume 21, Issue 2

Farsi, Z., Dehghan-Nayeri, N., Negarandeh, R, Broomand, S. (2010). Nursing profession in Iran: an overview of opportunities and challenges. Japanese Journal of Nursing Science, 7(1):9–18.

Goodman, R.A., Bunnell, R. & Posner S.F. (October 2014). What is "community health"? Examining the meaning of an evolving field in public health. Preventive Medicine, 67 Suppl 1: S58–61.

Jilani, A.Z., Azhar, G.S., Jilani, N.Z. & Siddiqui A.A. (2009). Private providers of Healthcare in India: A policy analysis. The Internet Journal of Third World Medicine, Volume 8 

Kumar, et al (2011). Financing Healthcare for All: Challenges and Opportunities, the Lancet; 377: 668–679  

MOHFW Indian Public Health Standards (2012). Revised guidelines New Delhi Directorate General of Health Services, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Govt. of India. Available at: https://nrhm.gov.in/nhm/nrhm/guidelines/indian-public-health-standards.html (accessed on 3 April 2016).

MCHIP India's Reproductive, Maternal, Newborn, Child, and Adolescent Health (RMNCH+A) Strategy-A Case of Extraordinary Government Leadership. The Maternal and Child Health Integrated Program (MCHIP), USAID 2014.

Mohsen, A.H., (2013).Nurses Role in the Community.  Nursing and  Midwifery Stud, v.2(2)

National Rural Health Mission, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India. Child Health Division, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (2011). Human resources for health. Available at: UHC-india.org/reports/hleg_report_chapter_4.pdf (accessed on 21 August 2016).

Nic P.CA, et al., (2010). The role of the public health nurse in a changing society. Journal of Advanced Nursing 66(4):743–52.

Phyllis, M. (2009). “Community Health Nursing”. American Journal of Nursing, Vol.109, p.19.

Putra, A., Petpichetchian, W. & Maneewat, K. (2011). Public Health Nurses' Roles and Competencies in Disaster Management. Nurse Media J Nurs.1:1–14.

Rosenbaum, S., Shin, P., Jones, E. & Tolbert, J. (2010). Community Health Centers: Opportunities and Challenges for Health Reform. Health Sciences Research Commons.

Srivastava, A., Singh, D., Montagu, D. & Bhattacharyya, S. (2017). Putting women at the center: a review of Indian policy to address person-centered care in maternal and newborn health, family planning and abortion. BMC Public Health, 2017 Jul 14;18(1):20. doi: 10.1186/s12889-017-4575-2.

Wilson, L., et al., (2012). Global Health Competencies for Nurses in the Americas. Journal of Professional Nursing, 28, (4): pp.213-222.

World Health Organization, (2010). The involvement of nurses and midwives in screening and brief interventions for hazardous and harmful use of alcohol and other psychoactive substances. Available from: WHO/HRH/HPN/10-6.

World Health Organization, (2017). Enhancing the role of community health nursing for universal health coverage. Human Resources for Health Observer - Issue No. 18

Cite This Work

To export a reference to this article please select a referencing stye below:

My Assignment Help. (2019). Literature Review On Community Nursing: Roles, Work Environment, Demand, And Professional Pathways Essay.. Retrieved from https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/literature-review-on-community-nursing.

"Literature Review On Community Nursing: Roles, Work Environment, Demand, And Professional Pathways Essay.." My Assignment Help, 2019, https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/literature-review-on-community-nursing.

My Assignment Help (2019) Literature Review On Community Nursing: Roles, Work Environment, Demand, And Professional Pathways Essay. [Online]. Available from: https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/literature-review-on-community-nursing
[Accessed 01 March 2024].

My Assignment Help. 'Literature Review On Community Nursing: Roles, Work Environment, Demand, And Professional Pathways Essay.' (My Assignment Help, 2019) <https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/literature-review-on-community-nursing> accessed 01 March 2024.

My Assignment Help. Literature Review On Community Nursing: Roles, Work Environment, Demand, And Professional Pathways Essay. [Internet]. My Assignment Help. 2019 [cited 01 March 2024]. Available from: https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/literature-review-on-community-nursing.

Get instant help from 5000+ experts for
question

Writing: Get your essay and assignment written from scratch by PhD expert

Rewriting: Paraphrase or rewrite your friend's essay with similar meaning at reduced cost

Editing: Proofread your work by experts and improve grade at Lowest cost

loader
250 words
Phone no. Missing!

Enter phone no. to receive critical updates and urgent messages !

Attach file

Error goes here

Files Missing!

Please upload all relevant files for quick & complete assistance.

Other Similar Samples

support
Whatsapp
callback
sales
sales chat
Whatsapp
callback
sales chat
close