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Factors Affecting Population Density

Discuss about the Residential Density on Travel Behaviour Research.

It is true that the transportation and the use of land such as planning work together. When planning for, the use of land, transportation must be one of the considerations that must be put in the frontline because pathways must leave unoccupied so that movement can be made easy and congestion minimised (Espenshade, 2013). This report, therefore, describes the connection between the transportation and residential density interrelates. In this paper, we can highlight some factors that mostly affect the population density as regional accessibility, which is meant to reduce the travel distance between regional destinations, the design of roadways, and management intended to improve driving, cycling, and walking. This factor may also enhance the local environment so that people can live in their homes for a longer time. Transit accessibility is a fundamental design factor that gives a proper design for transit areas.

According to theories of transport, many transport problems are caused by several factors ranging from the design of road networks to human practices. It is important to note that people are uncomfortable when they move, walk, or drive around places with congestion in terms of road networks, the location of houses and infrastructures. By allowing considerable distances of separation between the built structures, it will be possible to enable easy movement of human beings and objects (Wetterer, 2012). It is believed that movement is associated with cost and it is important to enhance the mobility so that cost of movement can also be kept to a minimum. The causes of travel behaviour also involve the characteristics of human beings such as the age, gender, sex among others (Hoover, 2017). These characteristics can be influential to the way infrastructures may be organized to cater for a design that will take care of all the factors. The way people travel is also influenced by people’s resources, requirements, and wishes coupled with the factors that influence the location of structures within and outside urban centres. Many types of research that study the effects of urban structures on travel behaviours will assume that the conditions of the structures can easily influence how human being will behave. However, agents who make conditions for future actions make the structures that also affect the way people move (Grimsrud, 2011). The build structures are viewed as the main factors that affect the mobility of both human beings and other things. However, it is important to note that as the built structures help facilitate movement of their own accomplishes; they infringe the free access and movement of other things.

Facility and Destination

These also are common factors dictate the travel behaviour of materials or human beings. Facility refers to something used by people, for instance, in this case, it refers to something used by the urban settlers as a visit place or storage. On the other hand, the destination is a geographical location in which our movement is directed. In other words, a destination is a place where people pay a visit to carry out their activities. They may include schools, workplaces, kindergartens, hospitals among others. The structures in urban places can be seen as critical factors that affect travel behaviour (Næss, 2005). This is because of congestion of people and other physical structures in urban places than in rural places. The facts that many people have owned cars and other locomotives have even made it very hard to ease travel in towns. The destination of a facility will thus affect how a particular travel will be achieved; if for instance, the destination is far away, the traveller will take a longer time to arrive at the facility, except if a faster means of transport is used. In summary, the destination of a facility is an important factor that influences the travel behaviour.

The locations of facilities usually attract or repel people. For instance, there are some facilities which, people will tend to stay close to and stay away from others too. People always feel comfortable staying around hospitals and schools because of ease of movement. However, construction of these facilities may require adequate spaces, which means sometimes people have to be displaced to accommodate those institutions, which are also necessary for our day-to-day lives. Taking note of the swelling population and the construction of important infrastructures, the planners are advised to put into consideration all the necessary ideas that will see the ease of movement of people and locomotives. The destination is supposed to provide ease of movement of tourists for those countries that are predominantly visited by tourists. The tourist attraction is a very important income generating activity for countries with tourists’ attraction sites. Therefore, to save these sites, there should be control of population encroachment as well as control of infrastructure development in such places.

The lifestyle of people is associated with the way people perceive things including travel. It dictates many things concerning what people do in their day-to-day life. In relation to population density and travel, lifestyle shows whether people living in a place can afford travel equipment and change the manner they travel (Zhao, 2014). Although lifestyle may be seen as having little impact on population density, it is important to note that it makes it easy to learn possible ways of changing their travel behaviour by either making it comfortable or unenjoyable. Lifestyle is contributed by socio-cultural factors, which dictate the way a community or a society behave (Biraglia, Gerrath & Usrey, 2017). The social and cultural behaviours are fundamental in showing how people carry out themselves and how they perform their daily chores. Therefore, it is true that these two factors influence the population density, which I have explained elaborately in this text that it has direct travel behaviour of people in a particular place. The causes of travel behaviour also involve the characteristics of human beings such as the age, gender, sex among others (Hoover, 2017). These characteristics can be influential to the way infrastructures may be organized to cater for a design that will take care of all the factors. The way people travel is also influenced by people’s resources, requirements, and wishes coupled with the factors that influence the location of structures within and outside urban centres. Many types of research that study the effects of urban structures on travel behaviours will assume that the conditions of the structures can easily influence how human being will behave.

Lifestyle and Travel Behaviour

The location of residences influence the distances where destinations and facilities are put, it will therefore automatically relate to population density. For example, places, which are densely populated, have many occupants of those residences but with time no additional residences can be constructed in those densely populated places, therefore, people will begin to look for other places to build their residences. In this case, the location of residences will also affect the travel behaviour in that if the residences are scattered then travelling will be easier than when they are congested in one place (Espenshade, 2010). It is important to note that people are uncomfortable when they move, walk, or drive around places with congestion in terms of road networks, the location of houses and infrastructures. By allowing considerable distances of separation between the built structures, it will be possible to enable easy movement of human beings and objects (Rogers, 2014). It is believed that movement is associated with cost and it is important to enhance the mobility so that cost of movement can also be kept to a minimum. The build structures are viewed as the main factors that affect the mobility of both human beings and other things. However, it is important to note that as the built structures help facilitate movement of their own accomplishes; they infringe the free access and movement of other things.

In other studies related to population density, there is a disconnect between urban settlement and transport services. In fact, many town planners usually have a sketchy and incomplete overview of what they need including the creation of pathways and roads. In this case, it makes it hard to complete, install structures that will not hinder the free movement of people and vehicles. The main aspect of many studies is to determine the relationship between population density and travel issues. This concern is positively accepted in order to enable the generation of ideas that will help develop the structures that leave enough spaces for movement.

References

Birbiglia, A., Gerrath, M., & Usrey, B. (2017). Examining How Companies’ Support of Tourist Attractions Affects Visiting Intentions: The Mediating Role of Perceived Authenticity. Journal Of Travel Research, 004728751771835. doi: 10.1177/0047287517718352

Espenshade, T. (2010). How a trend towards a stationary population affects consumer demand. Population Studies, 32(1), 147-158. doi: 10.1080/00324728.1978.10412797

Espenshade, T. (2013). How a Trend Towards a Stationary Population Affects  Consumer Demand. Population Studies, 32(1), 147. doi: 10.2307/2173846

Grimsrud, G. (2011). How well does the ‘counter-urbanisation story’ travel to other countries? the case of Norway. Population, Space And Place, 17(5), 642-655. doi: 10.1002/psp.655

Hoover, T. (2017). Disequilibrium: How Heat Affects the Density of Water. Science Scope, 040(09). doi: 10.2505/4/ss17_040_09_14

Moore, C., Catella, S., & Abbott, K. (2018). Population dynamics of mutualism  and intraspecific density dependence: How θ -logistic density dependence affects mutualistic positive feedback. Ecological Modelling, 368, 191-197. doi: 10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2017.11.016

Næss, P. (2005). Residential location affects travel behaviour—but how and why?. Progress In Planning, 63(2), 165. doi: 10.1016/j.progress.2004.08.002

Peers, C. (2011). The Australian Residential density index Index: Reshaping Urban centres. Contemporary Issues In Urbanization, 12(2), 134-147. https://dx.doi.org/10.2304/ciec.2011.12.2.134

Pence, A. (2011). Effects of residential density on travel behaviour Research in Africa: Historical, Conceptual, and Structural Challenges. Urban Development Perspectives, 5(2), 112-118. https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1750-8606.2011.00165.x

Rogers, A. (2014). How Population Growth Affects Linkage Disequilibrium.

The Interaction between Selection, Demography and Selfing and How It Affects Genetics, 197(4), 1329-1341. doi: 10.1534/genetics.114.166454

Wetterer, J. (2012). Central place foraging theory: When load size affects travel time. Theoretical Population Biology, 36(3), 267-280. doi: 10.1016/0040-5809(89)90034-8 

Zhao, H. (2014). Executive Market Segmentation: How Local Density Affects Incentive and Performance. SSRN Electronic Journal. doi: 10.2139/ssrn.2593234

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