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Part 1

Discuss about the Justice and Change in a Global World.

The following assignment is going to identify and evaluate a global issue where the importance of shared responsibility for maximizing common good have not been addressed and realized properly. Thereafter the assignment would focus on proposing convenient ways to address the particular issue identified in the previous attempt.  

One of the greatest perils of the contemporary world is found to be human trafficking and modern day slavery that is growing in a fast pace on an international level. The exploitation of the human dignity only for profit in form of sexual exploitation, domestic servitude, child trafficking along with forced labor have been extended to every part of the world. It has been identified that the particular social curse of human trafficking is not only limited to the developing countries (Chuang 2014). For example, modern day slavery terrorized the minds of the people of UK in the year 2004, when more than 23 Chinese cockle drowned in the Morecombe Bay (Alpert and Chin 2017). In the year 2015, victims including men, women and child from more than 54 different countries are found doing forced labor and working as sex worker in ordinary towns across the country. It is unfortunate and extremely shameful to denote that according to the international Labor organization; more than 20.9 million victims are there who are suffering from forced labor across the globe (Chon and Khorana 2017).   

In Australia, every year 300 to 1000 people including men, women and child are trafficked. It is astonishing that Australia has listed itself as one of the 21 major human trafficking destinations in the entire world (Corradi 2016). The supposed cause behind this huge number of trafficking is found out to be poverty, harsh childhood or orphanage and extreme family issues. On the other hand, people several times force their family members to work as labors and thereafter hand them over to third parties. It is unfortunate to note down that several renowned organizations and individuals are involved in this horrifying business of human trafficking only for money (Fein 2015). Henceforth, it is to state that human dignity and compassion are being sold out for the hunger of money.  

In order to combat with the particular social evil discussed above, it is essential first to increase awareness about the issue in across the globe. Specifically, there is an immediate need to communicate the issue to the rural areas of the developing countries. In this context, it is to mention that it is a government concern to maximize awareness among the citizen. Therefore, the government is responsible for implementing new policies and procedures to ensure that people are educated enough about this offence, which is growing rapidly throughout the world (Greenbaum 2017). It has to be kept in mind that the entire activities of human trafficking infest on illiteracy, innocence and poverty. Therefore, understandably it is the responsibility of the government to remove these basic constraints for combating with an issue like human trafficking. Presently, there are several governmental and non-governmental organization those operate anti-slavery campaigns (Kempadoo et al. 2015). Organizations like World’ Children and Seattle Against slavery and programs like Freedom Founders Program which works for convincing government for taking measures to end human trafficking and forced slavery.

Part 2

It is significant to contemplate here that the “Human trafficking awareness training” is now available for every individual along with departments of law enforcement, business enterprise, federal employees and educators. The training is an effective measure that helps an individual in identifying potential victims of trafficking (Lee 2013). In order to increase awareness about the problem, government of every country should made it compulsory for checking whether the goods are made by forced labor or child labor in time of buying. For example, the Department of Labor investigates and list products, which are produced by forced labor. It is again the government’s responsibility to encourage several business organizations to donate money, which could be utilized for investigating cases of human trafficking, and thereafter prevent the issue and publish the information for increasing consumer awareness (Potrafke 2016). On the other hand, government should also attempt to form individual teams of volunteer whose responsibility would be to make community survey and supervise whether anti-trafficking efforts are being served properly or not.

In this respect, it is required to state that awareness events and documentary short films or videos like “Slavery and Exploitation”, “modern slavery exist today” and “MTV Human Trafficking PSA” should be increased. It has been found out that in case of child trafficking for sexual exploitation and forced labor; victims have been kidnapped from schools or other academic institutions (Weitzer 2014). Considering this circumstance, it is necessary first to increase security facilities in schools and colleges. Alongside, for putting an end to human trafficking from educational institutions, it would prove helpful if the educators would facilitate extra classes where students would be educated as well as get concerned about the issue of human trafficking and its consequences. Similarly, it has been found out that several health organizations are involved in trading women and babies for illegal organ transplant and prostitution (Yarber et al. 2013). Therefore, considering this situation, it is again the responsibility of the government to increase security forces and undertake immediate investigation across most of the health organization.

Australia has been probably criticized largely for enlisting itself as one of the major countries for having higher human trafficking records. However, several government policies and programs like National Roundtable on People Trafficking, ARTIP (National Roundtable on People Trafficking), Return and Reintegration of Trafficking Victims from Australia to Thailand and UNICEF’s sixth country program have been implemented for combating the issue of child labor and human trafficking (Yarber et al. 2013). The government bodies should increase such projects or initiatives with the help of charities and various NGOs. On the other hand, it would help if government would consider starting petitions, which would support more non-governmental initiatives for anti-human trafficking. In this context, it is required to denote that online media would prove effective in promoting awareness among the public. For example, Google alerts prove efficient in keeping the general individuals on every current involvement with the issue of human trafficking (Lee 2013).

Conclusion

Most significant to contribute in this discourse that there should be more initiatives for increasing awareness among the organizations and common individuals for providing support to the rescued victims of human trafficking. It is unfortunate that people prefer to show ignorance for the victims of human trafficking and show them little respect. Therefore, there should be enough amount of concern among the common audience, so that they can provide help or show support to the survivors so that they can gain easy access to legal assistance. Besides, concerned individuals can raise awareness through writing in the editorial sections of various magazines, newspapers and even in the online blogs (Weitzer 2014). Moreover, government should encourage Universities and colleges for facilitating educational courses on social work and human trafficking, so that more involvement from the students could be acquired.                     

Conclusion

From the above discussion, it can be deduced that the considered global issue of human trafficking is increasing in a disappointing range and imposing negative effect upon almost every part of the world. The assignment has pointed out that the issue should be dealt with potential measures through the hands of government. In order to demolish this social curse, government should increase policies and procedures for fighting illiteracy, ignorance and poverty, which are supposed to be some of the prime cause of human trafficking.

References

Alpert, E.J. and Chin, S.E., 2017. Human Trafficking: Perspectives on Prevention. In Human Trafficking Is a Public Health Issue (pp. 379-400). Springer International Publishing.

Chon, K.Y. and Khorana, S., 2017. Moving Forward: Next Steps in Preventing and Disrupting Human Trafficking. In Human Trafficking Is a Public Health Issue (pp. 415-441). Springer International Publishing.

Chuang, J.A., 2014. Exploitation creep and the unmaking of human trafficking law. American Journal of International Law, 108(4), pp.609-649.

Corradi, L., 2016, July. Human Trafficking: The Labour and Sexual Exploitation of Women and Children. In Third ISA Forum of Sociology (July 10-14, 2016). Isaconf.

Fein, H., 2015. Human rights and wrongs: slavery, terror, genocide. Routledge.

Force, T.H.T.P.T., 2014. Human Trafficking.

Greenbaum, J., 2017. Introduction to Human Trafficking: Who Is Affected?. In Human Trafficking Is a Public Health Issue (pp. 1-14). Springer International Publishing.

Kempadoo, K., Sanghera, J. and Pattanaik, B., 2015. Trafficking and prostitution reconsidered: New perspectives on migration, sex work, and human rights. Routledge.

Lee, M. ed., 2013. Human trafficking. Routledge.

Potrafke, N., 2016. Policies against human trafficking: the role of religion and political institutions. Economics of Governance, 17(4), pp.353-386. 

Weitzer, R., 2014. New directions in research on human trafficking. The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 653(1), pp.6-24.

Yarber, W.L., Sayad, B.W. and Strong, B., 2013. Human sexuality: Diversity in contemporary America. McGraw-Hill.

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