Write a report on environmental management systems with the reading ISO14001:2015; ISo14040:2006.
Objectives of Environmental Management Systems
The environmental management systems are an integral part of the Australian agricultural system. The environmental management systems are also helpful in the matters that are related to the various measures that are undertaken by the government in the matters that are related to the pollution of the environment as well as the mass destruction of the several natural resources that are present within the country. The economy of Australia is heavily dependent on the agricultural department for its growth as well as development. The Australian agricultural system is known for the contribution that the sector extends towards the processing of the various products related to the food, the fibres and the other ornate products. The development in the Environmental management systems is undertaken by the concerned governmental department that administers the overall department of growth in the agriculture and the management of the resources within the given country. The concerned governmental organizations aim to develop the framework that is required in order to adopt the several systems of the environmental management within the industrial as well as the agricultural sectors. The intervention of the government has also resulted in the conditions wherein the common people aim to implement the environmental management systems in the various sectors wherein they have been operating.
The following essay attempts a discussion on the matters that pertain to the environmental management systems. The essay opens with an attempt to define the environmental management systems and aims to discuss the major objectives of environmental management systems. The essay further attempts to throw light on the implication of the ISO 14001:2016 and 14040:2006 on the environmental management systems. The essay also deals with the implementation and the adoption of the environmental management systems and goes on to discuss the several barriers and the issues that might arise in the process of implementing the environmental management systems. The essay finally nears its end with the discussion on the processes that need to be adopted in order to resolve the barriers and issues that have been identified during the implementation of the environmental management systems.
The systems of environmental management refer to the approaches that have been adopted by the governmental bodies of Australia. These approaches are majorly based on the various systems that have been adopted by the agricultural as well as the industrial sectors of the country in order to deal with the improvement of the environmental conditions within the concerned territorial bounds (El Hanandeh, 2015). The systems of environmental management are mainly utilized in the matters that are related to the proper plans, implementations, reviews and the improvement of the business operations that have been undertaken by the concerned farmer. The systems of environmental management is effective in the matters that are related to the improvement in the performance of the environmental matters.
Implications of ISO14001:2015 and ISO14040:2006
The multitude of the organizations involved in the business activities within the Australian territories are known to have been using the ISO 14001:2016 as a model of the systems of environmental management. The ISO standard tools generally consist of the various guidelines that should be followed by an organization in order to bring about an improvement in the environmental performance of the concerned organization (Lewandowska, 2011). The organizations must also abide by the various measures that have been set by the concerned governmental departments in order to arrest the environmental pollution that has been taking place within the given country.
The systems of environmental management are observed to be supportive of the agriculture sector as well as the sectors that have been related to the agribusiness organizations within the Australian territories. The main objectives of the systems of environmental management include the analysis of the impacts of the several agricultural as well as the various activities for the reviews in the realms of environment (Nguyen et al., 2014). The systems of environmental management also help in the proper management of the hazardous wastes. This also helps in the development of the policies assisting the improvement in the environment. The other major objectives of systems of environmental management include the management of the wildlife, nutrients in the croplands. The system also helps in the matters that are related to the reduction of the pollution in order to protect the environment which is inclusive of the flora and the fauna of the area.
ISO 14001:2016 is utilized within the Australian territories as a model for the maintenance of the systems that are necessary for the management of the environmental features within the organization. The ISO 14001:2016 consists of the various guidelines that should be followed by an organization in order to bring about an improvement in the environmental performance of the concerned organization (Saiglobal.com., 2018). The organizations must also abide by the various measures that have been set by the concerned governmental departments in order to arrest the environmental pollution that has been taking place within the given country. According to de Oliveira et al. (2017), the ISO 14001:2016 supports the various programs that are initiated by the government for the implementation of the systems of environmental management but however, does not include any specific standard of the environmental performance.
On the other hand, the ISO 14040:2006 majorly deals with the various studies of the life-cycle assessments (International Organization for Standardization., 2006). The concerned standard also deals with the studies of the inventory of the life cycle of the products. The standard is observed to neither postulate the major methodologies that need to be implemented within the given organization nor does attempt to put forth a detailed definition of the procedures as well as the systems of the life-cycle assessments (Notarnicola et al., 2017). The standard of ISO 14001:2016 is known to have been dealing with the very basic details on the two phases of the life-cycle assessments. The ISO 14001:2016 is also known to have been providing the proper assistance to the implementation of the systems of environmental management within the territories of Australia.
Barriers to Implementation and Adoption
The implementation and the adoption of the systems of environmental management is one of the main issues that is being faced by the Australian government in the present day. The governmental bodies with the Australian territorial boundaries have not yet been successful in the proper implementation of the systems of environmental management in the farming sector within the country. The people residing within the Australian territories tend to avoid the adoption of the systems of environmental management due to the lack of the strictness in the policies and the guidelines that need to be imposed by the concerned governmental authorities in the given area. The experts like Collins et al. (2016) state that the systems of environmental management as suggested by the government aims at the development in the sustainable environments that have been present within the given society. The major factor that has been posing as a barrier to the adoption of the systems of environmental management is the lack of the awareness among the farmers regarding the activities that need to be performed in order to deal with the improvements within the environment through the various processes adopted in farming.
The major implementation of the systems of environmental management is majorly controlled by the governmental bodies that have been active in the Australian territories. The governmental bodies face a number of problems in the matters that pertain to the implementation and the adoption of the systems of environmental management within the agriculture sector in Australia. Cary and Roberts (2011) opine that the major barrier lies in the certification and the implementation Systems of environmental management in the sector devoted to the agriculture within the country. The Systems of environmental management face a number of issues in the implementation due to the lack of the proper information on the use of the systems of environmental management in the agricultural sector as well as the lack of clarity in the definition and the discoverable market benefits of the application of the systems of environmental management. The other barriers might refer to the various costs that are related to the implementation, the certification, the transition and the auditing of the various systems for environmental management. The barriers further include the fact that the systems of environmental management are not suitable for the organizations that are small in size.
The above-mentioned barriers to the implementation of the systems of environmental management can be overcome through the joint venture of the government as well as the farmers who have been involved in the agricultural sector. The governmental bodies might be advised to hold various campaigns wherein the farmers and the other stakeholders might be educated on the proper implementation of the systems of environmental management. Daddi et al. (2016) states that the government should promote the implementation of the systems of environmental management by preaching the benefits of the same on the agricultural industry. Leung and Yang (2012) state that the small-scale industries are apprehensive about the benefits that they might reap from the implementation of the systems of environmental management as supported by the government. The government should attempt in removing all the false assumptions of the small-scale industries.
The success of the environmental management systems is thus observed to lie in the proper adoption and the implementation of the systems in the agricultural sectors. Thus, from the above discussion it might safely be pointed out that the major focus of the government should lie on the proper implementation of the environmental management systems.
Cary, J., & Roberts, A. (2011). The limitations of environmental management systems in Australian agriculture. Journal of Environmental Management, 92(3), 878-885.
Collins, A. L., Zhang, Y. S., Winter, M., Inman, A., Jones, J. I., Johnes, P. J., Cleasby, W., Vrain, E., Lovett, A. & Noble, L. (2016). Tackling agricultural diffuse pollution: What might uptake of farmer-preferred measures deliver for emissions to water and air?. Science of the Total Environment, 547, 269-281.
Daddi, T., Testa, F., Frey, M., & Iraldo, F. (2016). Exploring the link between institutional pressures and environmental management systems effectiveness: an empirical study. Journal of environmental management, 183, 647-656.
de Oliveira, J. A., Silva, D. A. L., Guardia, M., do Nascimento Gambi, L., de Oliveira, O. J., & Ometto, A. R. (2017). How can Cleaner Production practices contribute to meet ISO 14001 requirements? Critical analysis from a survey with industrial companies. Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy, 19(6), 1761-1774.
El Hanandeh, A. (2015). Energy recovery alternatives for the sustainable management of olive oil industry waste in Australia: life cycle assessment. Journal of Cleaner Production, 91, 78-88.
International Organization for Standardization. (2006). Environmental Management: Life Cycle Assessment; Principles and Framework (No. 2006). ISO.
Leung, D. Y., & Yang, Y. (2012). Wind energy development and its environmental impact: a review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 16(1), 1031-1039.
Lewandowska, A. (2011). Environmental life cycle assessment as a tool for identification and assessment of environmental aspects in environmental management systems (EMS) part 1: methodology. The international journal of life cycle assessment, 16(2), 178-186.
Nguyen, T. A. H., Ngo, H. H., Guo, W. S., Zhang, J., Liang, S., Lee, D. J., Nguyen, P.D. & Bui, X. T. (2014). Modification of agricultural waste/by-products for enhanced phosphate removal and recovery: potential and obstacles. Bioresource technology, 169, 750-762.
Notarnicola, B., Sala, S., Anton, A., McLaren, S. J., Saouter, E., & Sonesson, U. (2017). The role of life cycle assessment in supporting sustainable agri-food systems: A review of the challenges. Journal of Cleaner Production, 140, 399-409.
Saiglobal.com. (2018). Environmental Management systems - Requirement with guidance for use. Retrieved 19 September 2018 from https://infostore.saiglobal.com/preview/as/as10000/14000/14004-2018.pdf?sku=1966135