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Internet Censorship has changed over the last 5 years. Considering this, discuss how censorship can be used for positive and negative effects in society. 

Discussion

This document aims to discuss the aspects of the internet censorship and the change in internet censorship in the last 5 years. A detailed discussion of the positive and the negative aspects of internet censorship is provided in this document. A brief discussion of how internet censorship affects the society is stated in this document. Lastly, this report concludes with an appropriate conclusion of this document.

The control that is placed for accessing, publishing, or viewing the things on the internet endorsed by regulators or any other initiative is referred as internet censorship. Several individuals or organisations can engage in censorship that is defined by them for the reasons that are majorly business, religion, or moral for conforming to the norms of the society due to intimidation or any other legal consequences (Aryan, Aryan and Halderman 2013). The extent of the censorship of internet varies based on the norms and laws of countries.

The censorship of internet is commonly referred as the ability of restricting particular websites or any content that is available online from being accessed. The restriction comes in the form of regulation, edit, or any law that is issued by respective government (Feng and Guo 2013).

The measures of protection can be implemented using the censorship of internet. As internet is considered to be comprehensive and open, the authenticity and the quality of the information that is available on the internet is relatively questionable (Fourie, Bothma and Bitso 2013). The internet contains a lot of undue materials, which can be violence or pornography, which will definitely exert a influence negatively on the society especially the children psychologically and physically. Even though several laws have been implemented for the regulation of the information that can be illegal and the activities that are illegal, the laws are insufficient for the regulation of information that is illegal or the activities that are immoral. The chances of charge a person with any kind of internet crimes is significantly low, as the person is considered to be accessing any foreign website. Therefore, the illegal activities and the information that is undue are still prevailing on the internet (Mina 2014). Therefore, the censorship of internet is essential for the regulation of internet. The internet censorship can purify the information on the internet and the protection to society can be provided with the implemented regulations.

The filtering of information can be done using internet censorship and it can also provide protection to the children from disturbing websites like sexual violence, child pornography and the instructions that provide detailed information about a crime or any kind of drug abuse (Aceto and Pescapé 2015). The internet censorship can also provide protection to women. For obtaining increased rate of click and other benefits, several adult websites promote vicious sexual misuse of women. With the help of the internet censorship, the website promoting these activities can be blocked and therefore decrease the sexual abuse of women on the internet (Akgul and Kirlidog 2015).

With the implementation of internet censorship, the guarding of people from several kinds of troubling email spams. For several citizens of internet, the issue of junk email is becoming troublesome. Some of the junk emails contains malware and if the malware is activated during the mail opening, the threat of data theft rises (Burnett and Feamster 2013). Some of the junk emails can contain schemes of phishing that can be used for stealing the identity of the citizens of net and it can also threaten the economic safety and privacy. Some of the junk emails can contain deceitful schemes or any material that is offensive to certain individual. Along with this, there are several unsolicited advertisements. The junk emails can be blocked by the spam filters for the users of internet (Yang and Liu 2014).

Positive Effects of Internet Censorship on Society

The internet censorship can help in the protection of the privacy of the people. The life privacy of the citizens of Australia has been threatened by the inappropriate information. When the complaining of the illegal procurement of the personal information with the use of WiFi systems by Google has been reported, the Federal Police of Australia has involved in the investigation (Yang 2016). There are some users of internet or website users that can use the internet in a malicious way for breaching the privacy of people by accessing some private videos or private photos. The censorship on the internet can prevent the illegal access of private files and therefore protect the privacy of people.

The economic interest of people can be protected with the implementation of internet censorship.  The economic interest of people can be threatened with the use of information on the internet (Khattak et al. 2014). The frequency of the frauds of banking are increasing at a threatening rate. The fraudulent information on the internet can be filtered at a significant rate by the censorship of internet and it will enhance the supervision and the control of internet banking. Due to internet censorship, numerous financial frauds, phishing, theft of identity, theft of credit cards and several other illegal activities can be prevented. Hence, the loss of economy of the internet users can be decreased or avoided (Murdoch and Roberts 2013).

The internet censorship can assist in the protection of the social stability and provide safety nation-wide. As large number of illegal activities and the crimes on internet can be reduced by the censorship of internet, long-lasting stability is provided to the society (Aceto et al. 2015). Black information can be released by several illegal organisations that can disrupt the national economy and the policy of the nation. False information can be released by the terrorists and the extremists for creating a distortion of facts and creating a confusion in the minds of people for creating fear and panic through the internet. The national security of the nation can be sabotaged with the release of this kind of information and there is a requirement of deleting or filtering for avoiding the misunderstanding of the public (Nabi 2013).

The internet censorship can help in reducing the violence on internet and the personal security of the people can be ensured. The bullying on internet and violence on internet is a serious issue all over the world. The issue of internet bullying is the main reason of several suicide cases all over the world. The users of internet are anonymous and the rate of the spread of information on internet is significantly higher. Several users use the internet to execute violence in a society. The users can insult, abuse other people and expose the privacy of other users that will cause severe harm to the victims. Several respected people are the victims of violence people that leads to the cases of suicide. Several websites utilise the internet illegally that produces baneful influence, which threatens the life security of people. The murdering and deceiving other people is conducted with the utilisation of several websites illegally.

Negative Effects of Internet Censorship on Society

The major reason against the internet censorship is the seize of freedom of speech and that it also violates the human rights. The internet can prove to be an important communicative tool that offers a platform for communication among the people all over the world. This platform provides an opportunity for making free speech. People can express their views and the position regardless of the acceptance of the society. Moreover, after the introduction of internet censorship, with the filtering and even deleting of the free speech of people can be done. This measure acts as an obstacle for the free spreading of information (Di Florio et al. 2014). The right of free speech, the communication rights of the people, and the right of knowing are violated with the implementation of the censorship of internet. The spirit of the democracy is breached with the implementation of the internet censorship. The websites that display specific thought and view withstands an adverse effect due to internet censorship. The development of internet is delayed with the censorship (Xu and Feng 2015).

People can get anxious about the violation of the censorship right and violation of the democracy of society by the government.  The government controls the censorship of internet. The right to censorship can be abused by the government for excluding the information and the speeches that are opposed to the authority (McPherson, Houmansadr and Shmatikov 2016).  The right of censorship can be manipulated by the government for hiding information that are disadvantageous to the policies of the government. The government that controls the right of censorship can silence individuals who doubt the policies of the government. The political party that is presently ruling the country can use the censorship of internet for restricting the power of the opposition parties of undermining the capabilities of the ruling party. The public is deprived of the right to know and the government is controlling the government. Subsequently, the risk to the democracy of a nation increases without the public supervision that will lead to serious influence that is negative for the complete nation (Pan 2017). There is a tendency of boycotting the viewing of illicit websites by the society such as child pornography and other websites with explicit content. It has been observed that in several countries there is a tendency of using the censorship of internet exclusively for political reasons. Several issues rises daily in a society and the internet censorship that is controlled by the government can restrict the spreading of these issues to maintain favourable environment in the country.

The internet censorship can have some negative effect on the society judicature. In several countries, numerous individuals are alleged of disturbing the society for overthrowing the government and these people are arrested as it observed that they have the tendency of publishing and spreading information and articles for opposing and criticizing the government (Du 2016). Moreover, the criteria of conviction of these accusation is quite vague. The interpretation by the judicial bodies are inadequate. The space for the determining of this issue is significantly higher for the government. Therefore, several lawyers and scholars submits joint letter for the limitation and abolishing of these accusations. Further, several lawyers and scholars request the interpretation that is judicial of the accusation (Wang and Mark 2015). The censorship of internet can challenge the judicial authority and lead to the damage of the laws authority.

Conclusion

The economic cost of the society increases with the censorship of internet. Foremost, the expansion of work filter can be expensive. Furthermore, a filter that is broad scale that is proposed by the government can also increase the costs that are related, like the data of the center staff that is needed to be dealt with due to the increase in the complaints by the customers as the people cannot access the websites. Secondly, the speed of the NBN (National Broadband Network) can be ruined due to the filter on the internet. The results of several researches across the world reveal that the speed of the internet can fall down up to 20% or higher due to the censorship of internet. As the reduction of the speed of internet is caused, it will lead to the increase in the time that is spent on conducting business and the decrease in the productivity in the country. The impact on the businesses will be significantly higher when the slowdown of filtering happens, such as downloading files. Hence, the efficiency of the business is affected with the filtering on internet and it can lead to the waste of time and money. Additionally, when there is traffic on the internet, several filtering units and numerous mechanisms are required for the alteration of the busy to tiny parts (Al-Saqaf 2016).

The internet censorship affects the study, work, and communication of the citizens of net negatively. The researches of students, teachers, and scholars are influenced by the filtering of keywords. The access to online content is controlled by a software that is internet filter. The methods of filtering is known as black list or white list. The inappropriate content is prevented with the black list, white list and the system of keyword. The blocking of the websites and the material that are blocked by the authority are done by the black list. The access to content on the internet, except the items that are approved by the filters are done by the reverse of black list, which is the white list. The system of keyword that checks the entered keywords, limits the sensitive words. With the help of this method, several important information and the keywords that are normal can be filtered. Due to the censorship of internet, people will lose the ability of expressing their views freely and obtain higher information as it is required. The discouragement of the creativity happens due to internet censorship, which effects negatively to the technological, political and cultural innovation of the society.

Conclusion

Therefore, it can be concluded that the implementation of internet censorship can have several advantages and disadvantages on the society. The control that is placed for accessing, publishing, or viewing the things on the internet endorsed by regulators or any other initiative is referred as internet censorship. The censorship of internet is commonly referred as the ability of restricting particular websites or any content that is available online from being accessed. The measures of protection can be implemented using the censorship of internet. As internet is considered to be comprehensive and open, the authenticity and the quality of the information that is available on the internet is relatively questionable. The filtering of information can be done using internet censorship and it can also provide protection to the children from disturbing websites like sexual violence, child pornography and the instructions that provide detailed information about a crime or any kind of drug abuse. The major reason against the internet censorship is the seize of freedom of speech and that it also violates the human rights. The internet can prove to be an important communicative tool that offers a platform for communication among the people all over the world.

References

Aceto, G. and Pescapé, A., 2015. Internet censorship detection: A survey. Computer Networks, 83, pp.381-421.

Aceto, G., Botta, A., Pescapè, A., Feamster, N., Awan, M.F., Ahmad, T. and Qaisar, S., 2015, April. Monitoring Internet censorship with UBICA. In International Workshop on Traffic Monitoring and Analysis (pp. 143-157). Springer, Cham.

Akgul, M. and Kirlidog, M., 2015. Internet censorship in Turkey. Internet Policy Review, 4(2), pp.1-22.

Al-Saqaf, W., 2016. Internet censorship circumvention tools: Escaping the control of the Syrian regime. Media and Communication, 4(1), pp.39-50.

Aryan, S., Aryan, H. and Halderman, J.A., 2013, August. Internet Censorship in Iran: A First Look. In FOCI.

Burnett, S. and Feamster, N., 2013. Making sense of internet censorship: a new frontier for internet measurement. ACM SIGCOMM Computer Communication Review, 43(3), pp.84-89.

Di Florio, A., Verde, N.V., Villani, A., Vitali, D. and Mancini, L.V., 2014, November. Bypassing Censorship: a proven tool against the recent Internet censorship in Turkey. In Software Reliability Engineering Workshops (ISSREW), 2014 IEEE International Symposium on (pp. 389-394). IEEE.

Du, Y.R., 2016. Same events, different stories: Internet censorship in the Arab Spring seen from China. Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly, 93(1), pp.99-117.

Feng, G.C. and Guo, S.Z., 2013. Tracing the route of China’s Internet censorship: An empirical study. Telematics and Informatics, 30(4), pp.335-345.

Fourie, I., Bothma, T.J. and Bitso, C., 2013. Trends in transition from classical censorship to Internet censorship: selected country overviews. Innovation: journal of appropriate librarianship and information work in Southern Africa, 2013(46), pp.166-191.

Khattak, S., Javed, M., Khayam, S.A., Uzmi, Z.A. and Paxson, V., 2014, November. A look at the consequences of internet censorship through an isp lens. In Proceedings of the 2014 Conference on Internet Measurement Conference (pp. 271-284). ACM.

McPherson, R., Houmansadr, A. and Shmatikov, V., 2016. Covertcast: Using live streaming to evade internet censorship. Proceedings on Privacy Enhancing Technologies, 2016(3), pp.212-225.

Mina, A.X., 2014. Batman, pandaman and the blind man: A case study in social change memes and Internet censorship in China. Journal of Visual Culture, 13(3), pp.359-375.

Murdoch, S.J. and Roberts, H., 2013. Internet Censorship and Control [Guest editors' introduction]. IEEE Internet Computing, 17(3), pp.6-9.

Nabi, Z., 2013, August. The Anatomy of Web Censorship in Pakistan. In FOCI.

Pan, J., 2017. How market dynamics of domestic and foreign social media firms shape strategies of internet censorship. Problems of Post-Communism, 64(3-4), pp.167-188.

Wang, D. and Mark, G., 2015. Internet censorship in China: Examining user awareness and attitudes. ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction (TOCHI), 22(6), p.31.

Xu, W.W. and Feng, M., 2015. Networked Creativity on the Censored Web 2.0: Chinese Users' Twitter-based Activities on the Issue of Internet Censorship. Journal of Contemporary Eastern Asia, 14(1).

Yang, F., 2016. Rethinking China’s Internet censorship: The practice of recoding and the politics of visibility. New Media & Society, 18(7), pp.1364-1381.

Yang, Q. and Liu, Y., 2014. What’s on the other side of the great firewall? Chinese Web users’ motivations for bypassing the Internet censorship. Computers in human behavior, 37, pp.249-257.

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