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# COR165 Thinking Critically

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## Question:

Consider the following argument:
“You will be successful either if you are hardworking or you are lucky. You will be lucky if you are enterprising and you can think critically. You can think critically if you are enrolled in this course. You are enrolled in this course, and I know you are enterprising. So, you will be successful.”
In the context of this argument, you are required to do the following:
a) Assign a letter of the alphabet to each relevant simple statement in the argument.

b) Identify the final conclusion, the explicitly stated premises and the intermediate conclusions of the argument (if any). For any intermediate conclusion you identify,use and state the premises you infer this conclusion from, along with the valid standard argument form used in the inference. Also, state the premises and intermediate conclusions used in inferring the final conclusion and state the valid standard argument form (if any) used in the inference [Hint: See Example 5.6.2 in your textbook for guidance.]
c) Comment on the validity of the argument: is the argument valid

SECTION B: Inductive Arguments
Questions 2 and 3 contain inductive arguments. For each question, identify the arguments by stating the premises and the conclusion [NOTE: The conclusion might be implicit.] Then,state a fact, which, if known, would make the inductive arguments contained therein stronger; and a fact, which, if which, would make the arguments weaker.

Question 2
‘The next bus will arrive in 5 minutes. The schedule on the bus-stop says so.’
Question 3
‘A recent study in the UK involving 10,000 14-year-olds shows that brighter girls and girls from poorer families are more likely to be depressed by the time they enter adolescence.Mary is both bright and comes from a low-income family. We should monitor her closely.’

SECTION C: Informal Fallacies
In the passages contained in Questions 4 – 8, an informal fallacy may have been committed.For each passage (argument), if it is fallacious, name the fallacy; if not, state so.
Question 4
‘Most people today believe that telling a lie is not morally wrong. So, telling a lie is not morally wrong.’

Question 5
‘If it is morally acceptable that you sleep with someone else while you are in a relationship with me, it is morally acceptable for me to do so, too.’
Question 6
‘It is a nonsensical claim that smoking causes cancer and other health problems. I have a friend who has smoked 2 packs a day for the last 40 years and has never needed to see a doctor.’
Question 7
‘Homosexual marriages should not be allowed because a marriage is the union between individuals of two different genders.’

Question 8
‘Manchester United is the best football team because it has the best strikers, midfielders,defenders and goalkeepers in the world.’
SECTION D: Definitions
Questions 9 and 10 provide definitions of the word/phrase underlined in the question. For each definition, state what you consider to be the biggest failing of the definition. Provide a brief explanation for your answer.
Question 9
A republic is a country where the head of state is not a dictator.
Question 10
God is what underpins the order in the universe.

SECTION E: Evaluating and Writing Argumentative Essays
Question 11
a. In your own words, identify the final conclusion of the author’s central argument.
b. In your own words, identify and demonstrate the reasons provided by the author in support of her conclusion. Your response must include a brief assessment of the quality of her reasons.
c. Finally, write to defend an argument of your own in support of or against [but, not both] the author’s conclusion. Your response should desirably (and, naturally) use your discussion in b. above as a basis. [NOTE: Your score for this part will reflect the quality of your argument; the quality of your writing; use of additional considerations (to the ones discussed in the original paper) relevant to your conclusion; and your reference to external sources.]

### Cite This Work

My Assignment Help (2021) Thinking Critically [Online]. Available from: https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/cor165-thinking-critically/prepositional-logic.html
[Accessed 19 April 2021].

My Assignment Help. 'Thinking Critically' (My Assignment Help, 2021) <https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/cor165-thinking-critically/prepositional-logic.html> accessed 19 April 2021.

My Assignment Help. Thinking Critically [Internet]. My Assignment Help. 2021 [cited 19 April 2021]. Available from: https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/cor165-thinking-critically/prepositional-logic.html.

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