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Write a argumentative academic essay on one of three given topics related to management theory. The argumentative essay must agree or disagree with one of the statements below:

a) Pay acts as a universal motivator as it meets all needs.

OR

b) Given the pace of change strategic planning is a waste of time.

OR

c) All managers do not need to be leaders.

Organizational Management and its Categories

An organizational manager refers to the person who might be responsible for the matters that pertain to the performance of the various employees who have been serving the concerned organization. The managers of the organization are known to be the people who are granted the formal authority on the matters that pertain to the usage of the various resources that are available to the concerned organization. The management of the organization might be divided into three different categories based on the position held by the concerned manager within the organizational hierarchy. The responsibilities and the duties of the concerned management differ according to the post held by the concerned manager within the given organization. The other factors that might affect the duties that are undertaken by the concerned manager are the factors that are related to the job roles and the tasks that have been assigned to the concerned manager.

The organizational leader, on the other hand, refers to the people within the organization who are responsible for leading the workforce of the organization towards the fulfilment of the goals that have been set by the organization. The leaders in an organization are expected to influence the employees of the organization in the matters that pertain to the improvement of the roles that are played by the concerned employees in the overall functioning of the concerned organization. The leaders of the organization are entrusted with the responsibility of leading the employees of the organization towards the achievement of the goals of the organization. The leaders of the organization are also held responsible for the matters that are related to the building of the morale of the concerned employees of the organization.

The following essay aims to throw light on one of the most debatable facts that is related to the organizational management as well as performance. The essay attempts to discuss the differences between the roles and the responsibilities of the organizational managers and the organizational leaders. The essay draws on the various existing differences among the organizational leadership and the organizational management in the light of the various roles that are essayed by the concerned employee of the organization.

Bloom, Sadun and Van Reenen (2014) opine that the managers of the organization are those members of the staff of the organization who are held responsible for the matters that pertain to the performance of the various employees who have been serving the concerned organization. The managers of the organization are known to be the people who are granted the formal authority on the matters that pertain to the usage of the various resources that are available to the concerned organization. The management of the organization might be divided into three different categories based on the position held by the concerned manager within the organizational hierarchy. The major functional roles that are entrusted on the managers of the organization are the roles pertaining to the activities of controlling the staff members of the organization, leading the concerned members of the workforce towards the fulfilment of the goals that have been set by the organization. The managers of the organization are also entrusted with the duties that are related to the implementation of the organization of the various duties and the actions that are performed by the staff members of the organization as well as the planning of the future course of action for the concerned organization.

Role of Organizational Managers

Algahtani (2014) states that the role of the managers within an organization is equivalent to the role that should be essayed by the leaders of the organization. However, this is possible in the theoretical and ideal conditions. In the real-life scenarios, the managers are generally not effective as the leaders of the organization and thus fail to bear the responsibilities of the leaders of the concerned organization. The leadership qualities that should ideally be present in the leader according to Buckingham and Coffman (2014), are the responsibilities that are required for the purposes of communication within the organization. The duties of the manager also include the activities that are related to providing the concerned employees of the organization with the proper amount of encouragement, inspiration and motivation so as to help them achieve the goals that have been set by the concerned organization. The management of the organization might be divided into three different categories based on the position held by the concerned manager within the organizational hierarchy. The responsibilities and the duties of the concerned management differ according to the post held by the concerned manager within the given organization. The other factors that might affect the duties that are undertaken by the concerned manager are the factors that are related to the job roles and the tasks that have been assigned to the concerned manager. The major functionality of the goals that have been set by the organizational management is the fact that the accomplishment of the various goals that have been set by the concerned organization.

Butera and Cruz (2017), on the other hand, opine that all the managers who have been employed by a certain organization might not be given the position of the leaders of the organization due to the simple fact that all the managers do not possess the skills that are required for the implementation of the smooth functioning within the given organization. The employees of the organization are known to follow the managers within the organization due to the fact that the managers are the ones who decide the course of the action that has been adopted within the given organizational departments. On the other hand, as put forth by Ellis and Abbott (2015), the employees do follow a leader in a voluntary manner. The leaders within the organization are the people within the organization who hold a distinctive place among the employees of the organization on accord of their own work and effective functioning within the organization. The leaders in an organization are expected to influence the employees of the organization in the matters that pertain to the improvement of the roles that are played by the concerned employees in the overall functioning of the concerned organization. The leaders of the organization are entrusted with the responsibility of leading the employees of the organization towards the achievement of the goals of the organization. The leaders of the organization are also held responsible for the matters that are related to the building of the morale of the concerned employees of the organization. The leaders within an organization do not hold the titular positions within the organization, but gain popularity within the organization due to the display of the inherent leadership skills within the various departments of the organization.

Leadership Qualities in Organizational Managers

Hopkins et al. (2014) opine that the organizational leaders do not have a particular designation within the organization. The leaders within the organization deal with the matters that pertain to the investment of the personal interest within the organization.  The leaders within the organization are known for the effectiveness that is depicted within the organizational activities. The effectiveness of the organizational leadership is depicted through the trust of the concerned employees on the leader. The leaders within the organization are known to be inspirational for the other employees of the organization who have been serving the organization. The leaders of the organization, as opined by Dwyer (2014), are known for the implementation of the various innovative ideas that help in the improvement of the operations of the organization.

Bolman and Deal (2017) opine that the leaders within the organization should essentially depict the qualities of being a visionary for the concerned organization. The other major qualities that need to be depicted by the leaders of an organization are the qualities of agility and adaptability. The employees depicting the leadership qualities within an organization according to Drucker (2016), should be able to depict the agility in taking decisions in favor of the organizational performances. The leaders of an organization are distinguished by their capability and passion towards the implementation of the several improvements in the matters that pertain to the performance of the organization.

Marinelli and Lord (2014) and Thompson (2017) opine that the managers might also play the role of the leaders within the organization. The employees of the organization follow the managers within the organization due to the fact that the managers are the ones who decide the course of the action that has been adopted within the given organizational departments. The employees of the organization might look up to the managers of the organization due to the posts that are held by the concerned managerial staff of the organization. The leadership qualities displayed by the managers within the organization are the adaptability within the organization. The leaders within the organization are the people within the organization who hold a distinctive place among the employees of the organization on accord of their own work and effective functioning within the organization.

The leaders in an organization are expected to influence the employees of the organization in the matters that pertain to the improvement of the roles that are played by the concerned employees in the overall functioning of the concerned organization. The leaders of the organization are entrusted with the responsibility of leading the employees of the organization towards the achievement of the goals of the organization. The leaders of the organization are also held responsible for the matters that are related to the building of the morale of the concerned employees of the organization. As opined by Wolf and Ober (2017) the managers within the organization are often observed to have been maintaining the qualities that should be present within the leaders. This helps in the matters that are related to the management of the matters that pertain to the smooth operations within the given organization. Rahim (2017) opine that the leaders within the organization are known to resolve the various conflicts within the organization by depicting the skills that are related to the novel thought processes. The novel thoughts on the part of the leader tend to discuss the matters that pertain to the developmental factors that are needed for the improvement of the overall performance of the concerned organization.

Role of Organizational Leaders

There exist some major differences among the managerial staff and the leaders of the organization which results in the conditions wherein the all the managerial staff of an organization might not acquire the position of the leader of the organization. The leaders of the organization, as stated by Storer (2018) are known to have followers who look up to them in every aspect of the various functions performed by the organization. The leaders are also known as the torchbearers of the various changes and the improvements that might be faced by the concerned organization. The leaders are known for inspiring and enabling the followers to solve the numerous problems that they might be facing in the daily operations of the organization (Daft and Samson 2014). The leaders, according to Laloux (2014), are also known for the matters that pertain to the communication of the vision and the mission of the organization to the employees and help them to strive to achieve the goals that have been set by the organization.

Thus, from the above discussion it might be pointed out that the though the managers are entrusted with the duties to lead the organizational workforce towards the attainment of the goals of the organization, it is not always the condition in the real-life scenarios within the organization. The effectiveness of the organizational leadership is depicted through the trust of the concerned employees on the leader. The leaders within the organization are known to be inspirational for the other employees of the organization who have been serving the organization. The leaders of the organization are also held responsible for the matters that are related to the building of the morale of the concerned employees of the organization. Thus, it might be safely concluded that though all the leaders of the organization might hold the managerial positions, all the managers might not possess the leadership qualities that are needed for the proper operations within the concerned organization.

References

Algahtani, A., 2014. Are leadership and management different? A review. Journal of management policies and practices, 2(3), pp.71-82.

Bloom, N., Sadun, R. and Van Reenen, J., 2014. Does Management Really Work? How three essential practices can address even the most complex global problems. WINNING IDEAS., p.36.

Bolman, L.G. and Deal, T.E., 2017. Reframing organizations: Artistry, choice, and leadership. John Wiley & Sons.

Buckingham, M. and Coffman, C., 2014. First, break all the rules: What the world's greatest managers do differently. Simon and Schuster.

Butera, A.M. and Cruz, M., 2017. Leaders and Managers: How to be the Best of Both in Your Team. EDPACS, 56(2), pp.1-5.

Daft, R.L. and Samson, D., 2014. Fundamentals of Management: Asia Pacific Edition PDF. Cengage Learning Australia.

Drucker, P., 2016. The effective executive. Routledge.

Dwyer, D., 2014. Experiences of registered nurses as managers and leaders in residential aged care facilities. International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare, 12(3), p.187.

Ellis, P. and Abbott, J., 2015. Exploring the differences between leaders and managers. Journal of Renal Nursing, 7(2), pp.96-97.

Hopkins, K., Meyer, M., Shera, W. and Peters, S.C., 2014. Leadership challenges facing nonprofit human service organizations in a post-recession era. Human Service Organizations: Management, Leadership & Governance, 38(5), pp.419-422.

Laloux, F., 2014. Reinventing organizations: A guide to creating organizations inspired by the next stage in human consciousness. Nelson Parker.

Marinelli, M. and Lord, L., 2014. Onwards and upwards: insights from women managers and leaders in engineering. Women in STEM Careers: International Perspectives on Increasing Workforce Participation, Advancement and Leadership. Northampton: Edward Elgar, pp.101-123.

Rahim, M.A., 2017. Managing conflict in organizations. Routledge.

Storer, G., 2018. Developing a regulated leadership model: An inquiry into what differentiates successful senior managers and leaders in regulated organisations?. Journal of Risk Management in Financial Institutions, 11(3), pp.257-266.

Thompson, B., 2017. Researching Women Managers and Leaders. In Gender, Management and Leadership in Initial Teacher Education (pp. 125-162). Palgrave Macmillan, London.

Wolf, D.G. and Ober, D.K., 2017. Turning Managers into Leaders: The Art of Mentoring. In Encyclopedia of Strategic Leadership and Management (pp. 1163-1178). IGI Global.

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