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Overview of National Mental Health and Suicide Prevention Plan Policy

Discuss about the policy related to mental health and suicide prevention.

In this report focus is made on the policy related to mental health and suicide prevention. National Mental Health and Suicide Prevention Plan policy is designed by Australian government to deliver better health services to people suffering from mental illness. This policy was released on 14 October 2017 and the plans are revised on regular basis (Minister for health, 2018). Various policies are designed but in this report we will be discussing about Mental Health and Suicide prevention policy. The purpose of these policies is to improve the conditions of people in the community. This could be achieved by properly promoting these services. Government has launched these policies to improve the political as well as economic conditions. The purpose of this policy states that it is necessary to make positive health changes for achieving better conditions.

Lifestyle has changed these days and people are suffering more from mental illness and committing suicide. Thus these policies help in creating awareness among them by showing them the way that needs to be adopted to improve mental issues. In this report issue of mental illness and suicide is discussed and importance of policy is discussed for betterment.

Purpose

Government has developed this policy to provide unique solution to every individual suffering from mental illness. The motive of this plan is to deliver integrated services to prevent suicidal crimes and mental issue (Wahlbeck, 2015). It is mentioned in the policy that to reduce mental issues physical health should be highlighted as it reduces mental stress. Policy covers plan to recover the performance, by delivering people with effective and efficient services (Sofka, Grey, Lerfald,  Davisson & Howsare, 2018).

In Australia it was researched that many people are suffering from mental illness and it affects the economic significance of the country (Wasserman, et. al, 2015).  Various strategies are deployed for improving the health status and removing the health issues. The major issue rises because of improper planning and coordination and also due to lack of optimal solution available beforehand. Therefore, in order to remove the social burden and mental illness, policies are designed. National Mental Health and Suicide Prevention Plan support the people suffering from mental health by promoting responsibilities. There are many people who are not able to access the prevention methods thus these plans are designed to offer benefits to control the disabilities due to mental health.

Importance of National Mental Health and Suicide Prevention Plan Policy for Improving Mental Health and Suicide Prevention

Various issues are outlined regarding the mental illness and suicidal crimes. These policies emphasis on improving the conditions of mental health, this is done by removing the issues

(Schmidt,  Iachini, George, Koller & Weist, 2015). National Mental health and suicidal prevention plan figure out the reasons and complexities due to which mental illness occur so that proper plans are designed accordingly. It analysis the reasons due to which people suffer from mental stress.

Determinants of Health

National Mental health and suicidal prevention plan resolve all the social determinants that affect an individual. This policy resolves all the issues related to mental illness as when  a person is suffering from mental stress the individual do not behave in a normal way. There are certain social factors that causes depression in one’s life especially inequalities and discrimination (Henderson, Van Hasselt, LeDuc & Couwels, 2016). This policy promotes the mental issue by taking appropriate actions to remove the stress. This policy also compacts with suicidal issues which are commonly found in youngsters. Depressions, family stress, lack of education or poor social connections are the reasons for suicide thus this policy resolves all the issues an make sure that individual do not try to make future suicidal attempts (Zalsman, et. al, 2016).

The policy showcases some elements used for prevention (Allen, Balfour, Bell & Marmot, 2014):

  1. It assures that proper care is delivered in every area.
  2. Networks are established among all areas to resolve the mental issues by designing proper control methodology.
  • Once the plans are finalised they promote it among individuals by using proper digital technologies so that proper actions are undertaken.

Health issue

National Mental Health and Suicide Prevention Plan addresses the health issues associated with mental illness. It needs to be treated critically as it is very dangerous as compared to physical illness. Suicide crime is a self-injury that is caused under severs circumstances. This plan keep track on behaviour of an individual who commits suicide so that no future problems occur. Negativity among an individual and depression are the main reasons of mental illness (Perera,  Rogers,  Edwards, Hudman & Malone, 2017). This policy resolves this issue by promoting the ideas of healthy life and providing them reasons to live. It deals with making strong social connections that helps in brining positivity among an individual. Thus this can be achieved by launching educational programs among teenagers. These educational programs provide guidelines to youngsters for developing healthy skills. These programs are mostly delivered in schools and universities as these issues are mostly found among youngsters. National Mental Health and Suicide Prevention Plan deliver care and services to wider population and promoting innovative activities to provide better services (Brydsten, Hammarström, & San Sebastian, 2017). It mainly focuses on removing the inequalities from the community as it leads to depression among individual.

Elements of Prevention Used in the National Mental Health and Suicide Prevention Plan Policy

Literature review

In the views of (Fisher, Acton & Rowe, 2018), to resolve the health issues among individual National Mental Health and Suicide Prevention Plan need to be undertaken. It provides the solution to all the environmental flaws. To avoid the shortcomings and disabilities from the society promotion of mental health is done for faster recovery. This plans associates the social issues with the government conditions to improve the illness.

According to (Baglivio, Wolff,  Piquero, DeLisi & Vaughn, 2017),  the main reason of mental illness is poor educational facilities, low empowerment, isolation from the community. This policy empowers the community by taking proper actions for improving the health. It covers methods for treatment of complex issues by delivering best facilities for mental health prevention. It also supports the patient by providing economic related funds. This policy maintains the safety of an individual by tracking the progress. So, that better prevention plans are designed in an integrated manner to resolve the mental illness.

In the perception of (Petersen, et. al, 2017), it can be stated from research that prevention policies has helped in reducing the suicidal rates. World health organisation has identified various risks which have been reduced by National Mental Health and Suicide Prevention Plan. This policy states all the harmful impacts of the problem related to mental illness. This plan access the risks associated with suicidal trauma.


According to (Guo, Tomson,  Söderqvist & Keller, 2017), National mental health and prevention plan helps in bringing an individual to normal states whenever suffering from mental disorder or have symptoms of suicide. This policy has various plans designed to overcome from all the negative issues by removing the chances of mental illness. This is achieved by focusing on building positive attitude in every individual. It has designed formal as well as informal system to improve the health conditions. It supports every individual for bouncing back to normal condition by removing the situation that can lead to depression. It focuses on knowing the knowing the mental state of an individual os that plan should be designed accordingly. It was also stated that depression and stress occurs in an individual due to lack of social connection. Hence, this policy builds some ways to build strong social connections among individual.

In the views of (Bell & Williams, 2016), to improve the health conditions from the surrounding health promotion is needed. Just dealing with the patient who is suffering from mental disorder is not sufficient. Proper actions need to be taken to reduce the health inequities and take proper social arrangements to empower people by providing them with knowledge. Health promotion lowers the overall cost of mental illness by attaining new public health criteria. The society covers prevention actions for every issue to make sure that determinates are resolved from the society. Various steps are designed for every issue that can be adopted easily. Mental illness cannot be taken in an easy manner as it affects the overall productivity of the country. Thus promotion programs are used to improve the social as well as economic relation between an individual.

Design of National Mental Health and Suicide Prevention Plan Policy

Implementation of National Mental Health and Suicide Prevention Plan has various actions:

  • First of all a group is made that represent the target audience who is suffering from mental illness so that they can report their issues easily (Brownson, Colditz & Proctor, 2017).
  • Then a common wealth community is made to design the prevention plans.
  • Among all the issues a priority area is identified and plan is made accordingly. It keeps track of all the issues addressed by target audience.
  • Once the strategies are designed it promotes the services among larger audience to make them aware about the risk associated (Brownson, Colditz & Proctor, 2017).
  • The report is submitted regularly to the health commission so that they analyse the progress and establish new plans.

Glance of this policy also covers vulnerable children’s so that benefits re provided to them for better lifestyle. Issues are promoted for long term illness by determine the root causes of mental health.  This policy attain better mental health by improving the sufferings of an individual this can be done by reducing social and community conflicts. The policy states the reason by which a person suffers from mental illness that is depression, feeling of separation or stress due to variety of reasons. Therefore it is necessary to promote positive experiences among individual and making care centres available for them (Phfi, 2018). Implementation of this strategy is done in a way that health facilities could be provided at home to every individual. As it is not flexible to access the services by going to hospitals thus for proving long term prevention health strategies need to be followed at home also. So that services are made available in the nearby areas to everyone. Thus it can be stated that providing services closer to home helps in improving the performance. This implementation plan makes sure that everyone in the community as clear access to the policies and responsibilities are clearly defined. It also allows an individual to freely suggest plans related to new innovative ideas. Thus practising innovative ideas in the society increases the awareness among people. Thus this plan focuses on improving the economic, political, spiritually or organizational initiative related to health.  Therefore, it requires a close co-operation with health- care sector while implementing the plan as it reflects the diversity. Government also has unique roles to ensure control on individual’s health.

Mental health issue is majorly seen among younger generation. Health promotion is a best way to reach to these people by filling the gap between issues as well as disease associated. Health promotion assures that actions are undertaken to resolve inequality, discrimination and vulnerability from the society this can be achieved by empowering people. People and communities are not aware about the policies and plans developed for their betterment thus it is necessary to promote the services (Eldredge, Markham,  Ruiter, Kok & Parcel, 2016). Health promotion creates a supportive environment for strengthening the personal skills that helps in reorienting health services. Government has published various policies to improve health conditions by encouraging them to stay fit and healthy. The traditional method that was used for promotion only focused on an individual but now a day’s major emphasis is done on removing the determinant of society. Health literacy is acquired is the society to remove the danger of depression among an individual (Hickey,  Mellon, Williams,  Shelley & Conroy, 2018).  National Mental Health and Suicide Prevention Plan focus on improving the lifestyle and by removing the side effects.

Implementation of National Mental Health and Suicide Prevention Plan Policy

Health promotion promotes all the factors associated with risk in the society, at family level or from an individual perception. National Mental Health and Suicide Prevention Plan focuses on improving the working capital this can be done by knowing the suffering of every individual in the society. For that alertness is created in the society by educating everyone regarding the symptoms of depression and mental illness so that disease could be detected and appropriate actions could be taken (Edelman, Mandle & Kudzma, 2017). This is useful as it assures that illness will not penetrate throughout the lifespan. Mental disorder among individual also arises due to malnutrition as it impacts health among old aged people. Health promotion is useful as it helps in gaining worldwide acceptance as it increases the awareness among people to control the health issues. Health promotion helps in developing better personal skills as it influences wider range of audience by conducting educational programs. These programs help in developing personal skills which in turn boost the self-esteem of an individual. It also helps an individual by building a positive attitude that avoids mental disorder. Health promotion creates a supportive environment among youth by telling more about the health issues and making them aware about the consequences of health behaviour. Thus health promotion makes sure that better health decisions are made by an individual. Health promotion spread alertness among the target groups related to the policies designed. These principals help in promotion that involves the population rather than focusing on risk of a particular disease (Mind, 2018). It aims particularly to design an effective public participation of an individual by developing problem and decision making skills.

Conclusion

It can be concluded from this report that government of Australia has designed various policies for improving the health status. In this report the National Mental Health and Suicide Prevention Plan has been discussed which cover the reasons why do people commit suicide and what are the ways to reduce the mental illness. It was researched that mental illness in an individual can occur due to few reasons. Like stress, depression, negativity or lack of outdoor activities that build negative attitude in an individual. Unique policies are designed to overcome from these issues that focus on removing the discrimination from the society. Plans are designed according to the issues. To overcome from all these issues it is important to create awareness among people. Health promotion is a tool that helps in creating awareness in the society by cultivating various steps to attain healthy environment. This could be accomplished by structuring health educational programs in the public by teaching people why it is essential to be fit and what are the negative impacts of the illness. In this report the importance as well as implementation method is discussed.    

References

Allen, J., Balfour, R., Bell, R., & Marmot, M. (2014). Social determinants of mental health. International Review of Psychiatry, 26(4), 392-407.

Baglivio, M. T., Wolff, K. T., Piquero, A. R., DeLisi, M., & Vaughn, M. G. (2017). Multiple Pathways to Juvenile Recidivism: Examining Parental Drug and Mental Health Problems, and Markers of Neuropsychological Deficits Among Serious Juvenile Offenders. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 44(8), 1009-1029.

Bell, J., & Williams, K. (2016). Health promotion: Health promotion-an important role for community pharmacies. Australian Pharmacist, 35(3), 48.

Brownson, R. C., Colditz, G. A., & Proctor, E. K. (Eds.). (2017). Dissemination and implementation research in health: translating science to practice. Oxford University Press.pp. 45-120.

Brydsten, A., Hammarström, A., & San Sebastian, M. (2017). Health inequalities between employed and unemployed in northern Sweden: A decomposition analysis of social determinants for mental health. 45(2), pp-80-145.

Edelman, C. L., Mandle, C. L., & Kudzma, E. C. (2017). Health Promotion Throughout the Life Span-E-Book. Elsevier Health Sciences.

Eldredge, L. K. B., Markham, C. M., Ruiter, R. A., Kok, G., & Parcel, G. S. (2016). Planning health promotion programs: an intervention mapping approach. John Wiley & Sons.

Fisher, J., Acton, C., & Rowe, H. (2018). Mental Health Problems Among Childbearing Women: Historical Perspectives and Social Determinants. In Motherhood in the Face of Trauma (pp. 3-20). Springer, Cham.

Guo, C., Tomson, G., Söderqvist, F., & Keller, C. (2017). Adolescent mental health policies in Sweden and China: a comparative studyCheng Guo. European Journal of Public Health, 27(suppl_3).

Henderson, S. N., Van Hasselt, V. B., LeDuc, T. J., & Couwels, J. (2016). Firefighter suicide: Understanding cultural challenges for mental health professionals. Professional psychology: research and practice, 47(3), 224-90.

Hickey, A., Mellon, L., Williams, D., Shelley, E., & Conroy, R. M. (2018). Does stroke health promotion increase awareness of appropriate behavioural response?. European Stroke Journal, 21(3).

Mind. (2018). Mental health problems. Retrieved from https://www.mind.org.uk/information-support/types-of-mental-health-problems/mental-health-problems-introduction/#.WsqIYi5ubIU.

Minister for health. (2018). National Mental Health and Suicide Prevention Plan released. Retrieved from https://health.gov.au/internet/ministers/publishing.nsf/Content/05F8706E79A55F04CA2581B90011BF6E/$File/17-10-14%20Hunt%20-%20Media%20Release%20-%20Fifth%20National%20Mental%20Health%20and%20Suicide%20Prevention%20Plan%20released.pdf.

Perera, R. H., Rogers, S. L., Edwards, S., Hudman, P., & Malone, C. (2017). Determinants of Transition From Child and Adolescent to Adult Mental Health Services: A Western Australian Pilot Study. Australian Psychologist, 52(3), 184-190.

Petersen, I., Marais, D., Abdulmalik, J., Ahuja, S., Alem, A., Chisholm, D., ... & Shidhaye, R. (2017). Strengthening mental health system governance in six low-and middle-income countries in Africa and South Asia: challenges, needs and potential strategies. Health policy and planning, 32(5), 699-709.

Phfi. (2018). Health Promotion. Retrieved from https://www.phfi.org/our-activities/health-promotion.

Schmidt, R. C., Iachini, A. L., George, M., Koller, J., & Weist, M. (2015). Integrating a suicide prevention program into a school mental health system: A case example from a rural school district. Children & Schools, 37(1), 18-26.

Sofka, S., Grey, C., Lerfald, N., Davisson, L., & Howsare, J. (2018). Implementing a universal well-being assessment to mitigate barriers to resident utilization of mental health resources. Journal of graduate medical education, 10(1), 63-66.

Wahlbeck, K. (2015). Public mental health: the time is ripe for translation of evidence into practice. World Psychiatry, 14(1), pp. 36-42.

Wasserman, D., Hoven, C. W., Wasserman, C., Wall, M., Eisenberg, R., Hadlaczky, G., ... & Bobes, J. (2015). School-based suicide prevention programmes: the SEYLE cluster-randomised, controlled trial. The Lancet, 385(9977), 1536-1544.

Zalsman, G., Hawton, K., Wasserman, D., van Heeringen, K., Arensman, E., Sarchiapone, M., ... & Purebl, G. (2016). Suicide prevention strategies revisited: 10-year systematic review. The Lancet Psychiatry, 3(7), 646-659

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