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Prepare an issues brief regarding the problem of increasing obesity within the Australian population.In particular, you need to focus on the policy recommendations put forward by the Council of the Presidents of Medical Colleges (CPMC) in 2016.

Age

According to World Health Organization, obesity now in the current age, especially in Australia, strikes at the very spin of the nation with so many of the citizens having the challenge in their lives. Though in references to statement given by Red Cross, It is being estimated from the research conducted with a span of two years that over 63 people above 18 years of age are termed to have the condition of obesity and also children are not left without being touched by the issue. So many of them are also registered to have the condition and quickly it is ravening the population. The scientists who have done this study estimates that within the next few years the percentage attack on this issue is to escalate into dramatic levels. In fact, if something decisive does not happen the larger population will be plunged into this crisis and it will be devastating in the long run.

In Australia, the young, as well as the old, have been severely affected. The older generation has been pointed to have been seriously affected by the condition. This is because of their longtime accumulation of the fatty foodstuffs and also mostly sedentary life that they assume in their evening of life. Comparative statistics are startling in the manner in which this is steadily increasing with each dawn of a dispensation. Over some good time in the past, this has been the reckoning of the studies conducted. The cases of overweight that results in obesity are without doubt. The children and the young population are also really proving vulnerable to overweight and thus obese (Magarey, 2001). From year to year this has been noted escalating and soon it may not drop. The leisure kind of life that youngest people love these days and junky consumption of food has contributed to this. Before the older generations, they were actively involved in physical labor and this greatly helped them to shed excess calories and fat that was in their bodies. Times and dispensations where idling is the order of the time, many young people have been really affected and are without restraint also in their pervaded appetite which also increases their risks in growing big and out of proportion. In Australia, this has been realized as it is shocking really the finders of these facts.

In touching the gender in terms of the growth of obesity, there are wonderful discoveries that are established in this country that serves as statistics to understand the crisis level.  Naturally, it is known that when it comes to obesity, women are in a more possible state to become obese than men because of their nature. Their manner of consumption and the nature of occupation they partake in their lives. They tend to love cheap junk food and eating also large quantities of food as well as sedentary lives. As compared to men also who are not far from the crisis. in this country Australia, the percentages over these two categories are closely associated it is geared by 2025, they may be drastic in their escalation with women still leading and men following.

Sex

In Australia, there are various races and ethnic groups that coexist with one another and this has much to speak concerning their obese conditions and how they are affected. A study conducted demonstrates that the immigrants from others of the world are more susceptible to assuming overweight states especially from Africa and other distinguished continents. The natively born residents in Australia have a higher resistance to increasing their weight and thus becoming obese in relation to all others from other parts of the world. Those Australians who are a mixed breed of the native and the other people from other parts of the world seems to be more prone to get overweight compared to others born naturally and indigenously therein.

In terms of the prevalence of the condition, different parts of the country have diverse results of the affected members of the society. There are very many states and cities that exist in this nation and many citizens love to stay there compared to the rural environments, (Caprio et al 2008).  From the resalable estimates done in various parts of the country, there is obesity pervading the country, but those who dwell in urban places have a higher index compared to those in the local setups because of a wide range of factors (Kondalsamy-Chennakesavan, 2008). In remote places, there is mostly plant-based diet that most people subside on, the fatty foodstuff is limited and also labor forms part of life there compared to the free like the nature of life in cities. Also readily prepared fast foods which have a decided impact on the issues of obesity and weight of somebody. Hence in urban places, there are more obese people compared to the rural environments.

There are many some known and some unknown predisposing factors to obesity that is underscored in the field. But much has not been established.

Genetic lies at the very foundation of this unfortunate disease as termed by the researchers, whereby many Australians are found in.  over the times the chemical composition of the human beings has remained steadfast and undisturbed until recently when so much has taken place. The interaction which happens between the chemical orientation of the DNA and the free radicles that are so much exposed to the atmosphere and all over has been noted. Some of the chemicals have the power to modify and genetically revert the normal functioning of the Genes hence creating a crisis in that matter. They alter the normal working and one is exposed to the unbearable condition. Some of the chemicals have the power to mute and mutate the organization of the DNA.

Race

The general lifestyle of the residents in this country also has a telling influence on whether they will have it or not, (Mechanick et al 2013). The sedentary lifestyle that most have assumed has been attributed to be so fertile in propagating obesity within the members of this nation. When they assume such a conduct and also partake of diet that is concentrated with carbohydrates and oil saturated they cannot escape the painful consequences that quickly accompany such a behavior.  Also processed food that is generally subsisted on easily increase the weight levels of the people hence exposing them to unavoidable.

With the arrival of obesity, so much steadily swims into the physical organism of the victim. There are many complications that are associated with this element of a threat. Generally speaking, those who are balanced in terms of the weight stand in a better position to be free from heart diseases, respiratory and other joint and bone-related complications.  Diabetes is also a condition that is akin to this condition, (Chen, Beydoun & Wang 2008). It promotes so many related cases of diseases that could not have been if the person maintained the normal weight. Obesity and overweight have serious implications in the whole body. Each and every organ is affected by the burden in the body and he or she starts responding by failing. The associated condition includes many cancers that run from the mouth all through the system.

Dwarfed senses and nerves in various sensitive locations of the organs. Failure of several critical organs including liver and kidney because of not able to relieve the body of the toxins and accumulated wastes. Diabetes and blood sugar levels become intolerable by the delicate organ. In Australia, this has really cost the government to help in controlling the disease level but in vain is this possible. Hence because of this many mortality cases are associated with this and has troubled the nation in order to waver it (Flegal, 2013). It is therefore concluded that when one is vulnerable to obesity he is likely to die compared to others who have manageable weight controls.

In order to curb this threat, it is necessary to identify the medical and clinical symptoms associated with it and establish the most effective methods for the employee in order to manage.

Above all changing the lifestyle that includes diet and active involvement is the first condition in order to allow the body to regenerate and repair the impaired cells and organs that would have been affected. Consumption of flesh-based food largely by many people has had a bad influence on their weight. Speedily animal flesh hikes the fats and cholesterol levels which are harmful to the body. Also, the factory based food that has been the necessary diet cannot stop to help gain unproportioned weight. These habits have really posed a great challenge in the lives of the affected, (Wang, Beydoun, Liang, Caballero & Kumanyika 2008).  A plant-based diet is recommended to help in such a condition. Food should be the medicines to help the body fight with any foreign material that could be intruding to affect the normal working of the systems. When people make a change in what they place on their tables they will have normal weights and save them from untold miseries that are a portion to many in our world today.

Locality

In other instances, where the condition might have gone beyond the tamable levels, medical assistance like surgery would be the option to help the affected before he or she gets into a scary point. Patients can also seek medications to help them cut their weight (GA, 2013).  Finally, proper education programs can minister to the community members so that they can be aware of the causal agents and how they can avert in case they are found into it (Dixon JB, 2011).

In many parts of Australia before this condition was not viewed as a very serious case, before and many went on passing away until recently when a decided change was done. The government in various instances has been able to sanction various taskforces each with an ultimate purpose of minimization as much as possible the condition. Some of these are to educate the members of the public on how to engage in their lives, how to eat well and adopt the circumstances that that could best fit them for their health (Canberra: 2013).

As the author of this brief, I would wish to candidly agree with the six action plans that were fronted by the Committee that was tasked with the duty of mitigating this crisis. For that matter, two major policy actions that I would emphasize and strongly recommend out of the six are discussed here below.

Education of the members of the public. Ignorance was noted to be the greatest enemy in Australia and because of that very many citizens have been suffering without knowing what they ought to do, (Puhl & Heuer 2009). There must be the establishment of as many forums as possible to create awareness of how the condition is contracted and how to prevent it as well as to manage. This would involve equipping the physicians and the practitioners in all perspectives.

Declaration of Obesity as a national agenda and how chronic its effects are could do well in arousing those that are in doubt of the serious implications it has. Having that done how to help all those in the brackets is also highly recommended.

Conclusions and recommendations

Obesity and overweight are the two major chronic precursors of the deaths that are experienced in the current world. In Australia, it is one of the leading causes and the worrying increases are expected. Through the management measures proposed much Good can be realized.

It is recommended that such research is conducted in this area to establish the real weight of this subject at hand.

A striking relationship between food, environment and obesity should be found hence educate members to a larger perspectiv

References

Canberra: (2013). Australian Federal Government (2013). Australian Government response to the House of Representatives. Retrieved from Obesity in Australia. Canberra:

Chen, X., Beydoun, M. A., & Wang, Y. (2008). Is sleep duration associated with childhood obesity? A systematic review and meta?analysis. Obesity, 16(2), 265-274.

Caprio, S., Daniels, S. R., Drewnowski, A., Kaufman, F. R., Palinkas, L. A., Rosenbloom, A. L., ... & Kirkman, M. S. (2008). Influence of race, ethnicity, and culture on childhood obesity: implications for prevention and treatment. Obesity, 16(12), 2566-2577.

Dixon JB, S. N. (2011). Surgical approaches to them. Surgical approaches to the 429-437. Retrieved from Nat Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol. 8(8):.

Flegal, K., (2013). Association of all-cause mortality with Overweight and. JAMA, 71-82.

GA, B. (2013). Why do we need drugs to treat the patient with obesity? Retrieved from Obesity (Silver Spring).

Kondalsamy-Chennakesavan, H., (2008). Anthropometric measurements of Australian Aboriginal adults living in remote areas: comparison with. Retrieved from Am J Hum Biol.

Magarey, D., (2001). Prevalence of overweight and obesity in Australian children. Retrieved from Med J.

Mechanick, J. I., Youdim, A., Jones, D. B., Garvey, W. T., Hurley, D. L., McMahon, M. M., ... & Dixon, J. B. (2013). Clinical practice guidelines for the perioperative nutritional, metabolic, and nonsurgical support of the bariatric surgery patient—2013 update: cosponsored by American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists, the Obesity Society, and American Society for Metabolic & Bariatric Surgery. Obesity, 21(S1), S1-S27.

Puhl, R. M., & Heuer, C. A. (2009). The stigma of obesity: a review and update. Obesity, 17(5), 941-964.

WHO. (2013). Obesity and overweight. In. Retrieved from Fact sheet No 311: https://www.who.int

Wang, Y., Beydoun, M. A., Liang, L., Caballero, B., & Kumanyika, S. K. (2008). Will all Americans become overweight or obese? Estimating the progression and cost of the US obesity epidemic. Obesity, 16(10), 2323-2330

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