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Problem Analysis

Discuss about the Support adventure and recreation for young people during their transition to independence from state care.

The youth unemployment in the small towns and cities has been a great discomfort for the governments of various nations. Australia also faces the same predicament and various organizations in the country are looking to implement various type of programs for the development of the unemployed and the under privileged (Harvey et al., 2015). This report provides the details about one of such initiatives adopted by the CREATE organization.  This report deals with the program design and the evaluation plan for the “CREATE Your Future project”. The scenario selected for the evaluation process is the Support, adventure and recreation for young people during their transition from the out-of –home care system to the independence from the state. At the present situation the young people are transitioning are facing a great deal of problems. The rate of homelessness, substance use, unemployment and the mental illness among the young people have increased at a considerable rate (Arnau-sabates & Giligan, 2015). Hence, for the resolution of the situation the CREATE have developed a program designed for these under privileged kids that would  help them to learn various type of practical, theoretical and interpersonal skills that would enhance them both as an professional and also as a human being. The program is named as CREATE Your Future. The program is a multi-systematic program that is used for the utilization of the solution and the strengths focused approach both for the individuals and the group interventions.

The report provides the details about the program and also performs an evaluation of the designed program.

The report contains the problem analysis, needs assessment, program strategy, program design and the program evaluations. Additionally, the budget assessments and the analysis of the audiences for the program are also provided in the report.

This report has been used to perform the problem analysis for the program. This can be used for the exploration of the various types of difficulties faced by the people that would be leaving the out-of –home care system in Australia. The Kettner model has been used for the problem analysis of the provided situation (Kettner, Moroney & Martin, 2017). According to the reports, around 39,000 children were present in the out-of –home care system in the country. They were either living in the foster care or the kingship care arrangements in and around the country (McDowall, 2013). According to the court orders of the Victorian custody and the Guardianship court orders the children that aged around 16 to 18 years were in transition from the out-of-home care services of the country. Hence, each year around 400 children makes transition from this system. Hence, as a result the numbers of children in the city living without any support are increasing with the increase of time. In addition to this, various type of problems have been experienced by the children during this transition such as:

  • Abuse before entering the care facilities
  • Bad experiences in the care
  • Lack of support to provided to them after they completed their transition from the care

Needs Assessment

They face various types of issues such as homelessness, substance use, unemployment and the mental illness. According to certain reports 45% of the people were in justice systems, 35% were homeless and 28% were unemployed. In addition to this, there was adverse effect on the children after leaving the care (Ross, 2014). The children face various types of problems because the process of transition is accelerated at the care they are released at a very young age. In addition to this they are also not provided with any type of preparation and adequate support after leaving the care. 

The needs assessment has been performed in the report to identify the gaps in the service delivery that are related to the children that are leaving the care and these gaps are to be filled up efficiently by the implemented system. Hence, the system is required to enhance the quality of living of the children (Dennt & Churchill, 2016). They are required to implement efficient programs for the children so that they can be able to make a stand for themselves in the society. For the assessment of the requirement of the presented situation and interview of the children was conducted. In the interview the children who were out of the care system were asked various types of questions. The basic requirements that were assessed from this situation are:

  • The existing care providing organizations have very limited amount of resources available to them and hence, this leaves the care providers are provided with very less options to work for the betterment of the youth that leaves the care (Fitzpatrick, Claire & Coyne, 2016). Hence, the young people should be provided with more opportunities so that they can make a stand for themselves in the society.
  • The surveys also show that the people at the care working with the young people lack the efficiency in communicating with them efficiently and also the systems and the policies at the care are not correctly implemented such as the age at which a child leaves the care and the support criteria for the young people (Morrison & Shepherd, 2015).
  • They also do not have the scope to support the young people after the leaving the care. They are also unable the engage the young people in programs that would be enhancing their careers. Hence, there is need of proper support program for the young people after they leave the care.
  • The surveys also revealed that the people were not sure about the career path they want to choose and also they were not indulged in the programs that were related to the hobbies of the young people at the care.

The CREATE Your Future initiative by the organization have designed various type of programs that would enhance the knowledge of the young people and also they developed a website for the people that would be able to keep in touch with organization form the different locations (Royse, Thyre & Padgett, 2015). The organization helps the under privileged by providing them with the access to the website. There are various types of features provided by the organization to the children and the young people who are leaving the care. They provide health and nutrition activities for the people. They make them conscious about their health and try and change their health habits and provide them with the option of free checkups in case they are ill or injured. The website provides the young people with the options to learn new things and also earn money by performing different type of jobs by which they can earn a considerable amount of money and gain experience. They would be professionally able after engaging to these programs.

Program Design

The organization realizes that there is a need to support the young people who are comes directly out of the care both financially and socially (Urban, Hargreaves & Trochim, 2014). There is need to provide the people with different type of facilities such as work, health and education. They would need to acquire some efficient skill so that they can survive independently in the world.  The organization thinks that the work and education are main pillars on which the future for the people leaving the care would depend. They also think that the people require an efficient level of counseling for each and every sector of their life.

The people who are out of the care directly are often vulnerable to various types of wrong deeds and hence they should be show the proper path and should be guided in the right tracks so that they can establish the aim of their life and work towards making the aim a success in their life (Kurata, Suzuki & Nishimura, 2015).

The main goal of the program is to provide the young people with the information and guidance about different aspects of life make them stable enough so that they can live independently on their own in the society (Ogbeiwi, 2017).

The program and the website are very efficiently designed for the betterment of people leaving the care (Laska, Gurman & Wampold, 2014).The website is created for the children who would not be able to reach the organization directly and hence, would be able to reach them via the website. But for the unprivileged in the small cities it might not always be possible to reach the website and this would be a downside of this program.  

The program design consists of a set of processes that the participants in the programs have to go through and also they consists of a website that is designed for the care leavers and the people that cannot reach the organization directly (Schoenfield, 2013). The program Logic model provides more information about the design of the project.

The main goal of the project is to reach out to the youths and the unemployed and work for their benefit.

The main objectives for the project are:

  • To provide the youth the employment opportunities
  • To provide them guidance in their career
  • To make the care leavers job ready

The target population for the project is the youth that are to be released from the state care. This is design especially for the pupils who are in the transition from the care to being independent in the society. This is almost around 36,000 approximately.

Budget Assessment

The CREATE Foundation have different type of programs organized for the underprivileged and the unemployed part of the population. They host a number of programs such as the Grant schemes, seminars and also various types of workshops for the young people. The report provides the information about the website of the foundation that is used for their CREATE Your Future program. The website would allow the youths who are out of the care homes of the states to register themselves to the website and also would be able to access the different features of the website free of cost (Chomsky, 2014). They would be able to attend various type of seminars, webinars, and also in various type of workshops that would be organized by the CREATE Foundation. In addition to this, they would also be able to enroll themselves in different type online courses for free and also they would be able to apply for online counseling free of cost where they would be provided with various type of advices and help them to interact with the experts and the psychologists.

The website also has freelancing option for the people. They would be able to enroll themselves and do various types of freelancing jobs and earn money from it. This would help to enhance the financial status of the youths in the country and also the foundation would be able to generate some revenue from it, which would be later utilized for the benefit of the youths and the society. In addition to this, the foundation also donates a large sum of money for the welfare of the society. They do this from the revenue generated for them.

The create foundation has been created collaboratively and is an organization which work for the benefit of the youths and the society and works towards the greater cause in the society.

The CREATE foundation has organized have organized the CREATE Your Future project. But before the implementation of the project the economic analysis for the project should be done. This is the check whether the program is economically feasible or not and this is used to check if the project would be sustainable enough to be carried out.

The total budget for the program is to be finalized before the project is to be implemented. The estimated total budget for the program is $390,000. The detail of the budget is provided in the table below.

Budget for CREATE Your Future

Expenses

     

Salaries

Description

Quantity

Cost

Total

Social Workers

70% of Time on Project

10

6,000

$60,000

Counselors

Counselor fee (hourly or flat)

5

500

$2,500

Guest speakers

Honoraria rate

5

1000

$5,000

Sub - total Salaries

$67,500

Website

Description

Quantity

Cost

Total

Cost of implementation

1

90,000

$90,000

Software cost

1

50,000

$50,000

Hardware Cost

1

60,000

$60,000

Other

 

1

40,000

$40,000

Sub-total Travel

$240,000

       

Events

Description

Quantity

Cost

Total

Seminars

7

2,000

$14,000

Webinars

5

1,500

$7,500

Workshops

7

2,000

$14,000

Awards

5

500

$2,500

Sub-total Events

$38,000

Training

Description

Quantity

Cost

Total

Online Course

500

10

$5,000

Non-technical training

 

2000

20

$40,000

Sub-total Training

$45,000

Intermediate Total

$390,500

Indirect Costs

Quantity

Cost

Total

Indirect

15% of total expenses

$390,500

0.15

$58,575

Total Expenses

$449,075

Income

 

Program Income

Description

Quantity

Cost

Total

Advertisement

Income from Advertisement

10

500

$5,000

Sales

 

40

1,000

$40,000

In-kind contributions

government funds

3

10,000

$30,000

Grants/Sponsorships/RFP's

CREATE

1

30,000

$30,000

Other

revenue from partnership

1

20,000

$20,000

Total Income

$125,000

Evaluation Plan

The cost benefit analysis for the program involves the calculations of the NPV analysis and the ROI analysis for the program (Torriti & Ikpe, 2014). The NPV and the ROI are positive from the analysis and this denotes that the project is both economically stable and also would be sustainable over a longer period of time.

CREATE Foundation

CRETE Your Future

Year of Project

Year 0

Year 1

Year 2

Year 3

Year 4

Year 5

Total

Net economic benefit

$0.00

$125,000.00

$125,000.00

$125,000.00

$125,000.00

$125,000.00

Discount rate @ 5%

1

0.95

0.9

0.85

0.8

0.75

PV of benefits

0

$118,750.00

$112,500.00

$106,250.00

$100,000.00

$93,750.00

           

NPV of All Benefits

$0.00

$118,750.00

$231,250.00

$337,500.00

$437,500.00

$531,250.00

$531,250.00

           

One Time Costs

$350,000.00

           

Recurring Costs

$0.00

$40,000.00

$40,000.00

$40,000.00

$40,000.00

$40,000.00

Discount rate @ 5%

1

0.95

0.9

0.85

0.8

0.75

PV of Recurring Costs

$0.00

$38,000.00

$36,000.00

$34,000.00

$32,000.00

$30,000.00

           

NPV of all Benefits

$150,000.00

$188,000.00

$224,000.00

$258,000.00

$290,000.00

$320,000.00

$320,000.00

           

Overall NPV

$211,250.00

           

Overall ROI

           

0.66015625

           

Break Even Analysis

Yearly NPV cash flow

$350,000.00

$80,750.00

$76,500.00

$72,250.00

$68,000.00

$63,750.00

Overall NPV cash flow

$350,000.00

$269,250.00

$192,750.00

$120,500.00

$52,500.00

-$11,250.00

Type of evaluation

The program evaluations are generally based on the financial and the social terms. The evaluation of the program would indicate whether the program is sustainable or not.

Indicators

The main the indicators for the program to be economically feasible are the NPV analysis and the ROI analysis. The NPV and the ROI are positive from the analysis and this denotes that the project is both economically stable and also would be sustainable over a longer period of time. In addition to this, the program is designed for the underprivileged and the unemployed; hence the program works for the greater good of the people. Therefore the program is also socially feasible.

The main audience for the program are the CREATE Foundation, the Australian Government, the care leavers and the unemployed sector of the population in the country.

Arnau-Sabatés, L., & Gilligan, R. (2015). What helps young care leavers to enter the world of work? Possible lessons learned from an exploratory study in Ireland and Catalonia. Children and youth services review, 53, 185-191.

Chomsky, N. (2014). The minimalist program. MIT press.

Denny, L., & Churchill, B. (2016). Youth employment in Australia: A comparative analysis of labour force participation by age group. Journal of Applied Youth Studies, 1(2), 5.

Fitzpatrick, C., Williams, P., & Coyne, D. (2016). Supporting looked after children and care leavers in the criminal justice system: emergent themes and strategies for change. Prison Service Journal, (226), 8-13.

Harvey, A., McNamara, P., Andrewartha, L., & Luckman, M. (2015). Out of care, into university: Raising higher education access and achievement of care leavers. Melbourne: LaTrobe University.

Kettner, P. M., Moroney, R. M., & Martin, L. L. (2017). Designing and managing programs: An effectiveness-based approach. Sage Publications.

Kurata, G., Suzuki, M., & Nishimura, M. (2015). U.S. Patent No. 9,165,553. Washington, DC: U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.

Laska, K. M., Gurman, A. S., & Wampold, B. E. (2014). Expanding the lens of evidence-based practice in psychotherapy: a common factors perspective. Psychotherapy, 51(4), 467.

McDowall, J. J. (2013). Experiencing out-of-home care in Australia. The views of children and young people (CREATE Report Card 2013). Sydney: CREATE Foundation.

Morrison, R., & Shepherd, M. (2015). Exploring factors contributing to the outcomes of Looked After Children. Communicare, 1(2).

Ogbeiwi, O. (2017). Are your written objectives' really'smart? A descriptive review of the goal framework of objective statements.

Ross, A. J. (2014). Working in rural areas-the experiences of Umthombo Youth Development Foundation graduates. African Journal of Primary Health Care and Family Medicine, 6(1), 1-7.

Royse, D., Thyer, B. A., & Padgett, D. K. (2015). Program evaluation: An introduction to an evidence-based approach. Cengage Learning.

Schoenfeld, B. J. (2013). Postexercise hypertrophic adaptations: a reexamination of the hormone hypothesis and its applicability to resistance training program design. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 27(6), 1720-1730.

Torriti, J., & Ikpe, E. (2014). Cost–Benefit Analysis. In Encyclopedia of Law and Economics (pp. 1-8). Springer New York.

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