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Psychosocial Theory

Discuss about the Psychosocial Theory And Understand Of Someone’s Behavior.

The social work theory helps one to understand more of someone’s way of thinking and life. This is through facts, concepts, findings, and principles. This will help you provide meaning and answers to someone’s behavior through the four theories that are psychosocial, psychodynamic and system theory and their applications in treating clients.

Erikson influenced this theory. Nevertheless, it focuses means by which people are shaped and respond to the social environment.  Based on Erikson’s model, the sense of people individually grows and evolves while in contact with social crises in their lifespan thus compelling them to adapt and respond. Such social crises entail mistrust against the trust, inferiority against an industry that informs such qualities as competency, self-worth, ethics, isolation vs. intimacy and self-centered that give the foundation for hatred and love (Young-Eisendrath, 2015).

All the social crises outlined by Erickson inform the manner in which people view themselves and their reaction to people around them and the world at large as well as specific skills in life they develop. All these crises, cumulatively establish the schedule used by social workers to treat the clients and the particular services received by their clients and the manner in which specific clients differ from the desired standards and their progress per treatment.  

Systems theory is a theory that works with some factors to show one's behavior. This is a person’s home and works environment, school, parents, siblings, friends, and other more factors influences how someone thinks acts and reasons’.  Seeking to help someone may impact you either positively or negatively according to the factors

A case is presented where a client engaged in risky conduct like unsafe safe and drug abuse. After examination of the client’s environment, the test revealed that the client had contacts with friends engaged in such activities and had neglected his parents, so most memories were of how he used to take the drugs. This resulted in self-medication by the client as things went astray and gave a weak social model for connection and less support emotionally (Basham et al., 2016).

A social worker in a system theory has to observe and examine each system which contributes to the behavior of a person and his welfare as well as work towards strengthening such system. This could assume the form of positive role models’ provision, therapy as well as additional services that help in creating a support system for a person (Lazaratou, 2017).

Systems Theory

According to researchers, it tends to clarify the reason people conduct themselves in a particular manner and the reasons for why. As opposed to behavioral psychology that employs scientific methods in determining causal linkages between people’s conducts alongside their surroundings, this model emphasizes on the inner world of a person that is divided into ego, ID alongside superego. In this model, the ID entails primal drive in seeking pleasure and evade pain. The superego involves societal expectations, conscience, and social mores (Zerbe, 2015).

The ego attempts to get realistic means of finding comfort and avoiding pain in a balanced manner. Led by these factors, the unconscious mind seeks and create anxiety thus triggering the adoption of defense means individuals that improve their dealing with inner conflict’s stress (Kail & Cavanaugh, 2018). It is imperative for social workers to recall that such a battle is in existence and that no one displays conduct in the absence of reason explaining why they behave in such a manner (Harper, 2016). Determining such a rationale can assist social workers to effectively access the situational needs and those of the clients hence giving them the needed services and the necessary assistance (Newman & Newman, 2017). 

It helps social workers to create a treatment plan for their clients. This worker engages into Leah’s research has enabled him to learn Leah’s behavior that she gets angry fast and has outbursts with her family, e.g., Leah was mad with her husband and children then walked out of the mall and walked home in the rain. She would slam the door, screams, and yells at them when her children asked her about her situation. She will be unable to control her feelings but tend to cope them with overeating. Leah has no friends since she does not socialize with people making her a self-referred client (Hespanha, 2018). The worker tries to see why Leah is disengaged from her parents then the worker realizes that this happened after Leah married John.

Helps people to make choices and decisions. In this case study, Leah has the option to divorce the husband but she cannot because she says that she has no other place to go. Leah stated that she is uncertain if she wants to stay married although she indicated that John is not often violent (Pretorius & Van Niekerk, 2015). The choices people make on the paradox of the information needed, this is self-defense to avoid questioning to the previously acquired knowledge; Leah had a medical issue and was hospitalized for three days and when was asked she said that it was no big deal and said she was fine to avoid questions. When she was asked further, she said there's nothing more to say. Leah's community has a domestic violence programme that provides 24 hr. Shelter and support but cannot call that line and indicate she will go to a hotel instead. She has a problem with her marriage but cannot seek help to avoid more information.

Psychodynamic Theory

It defines people’s actions according to their habitats. Leah’s parents’ marriage is not successful since the father controls everything and her mother stuck to the marriage since she had nowhere to go (Young-Eisendrath, 2015). Leah attaches to her marriage to impress her parents, so she doesn’t make her marriage look like a failed one. 

It brings out the age of reason this is characterized by bringing possibilities of intellectual thinking  ' the social sciences displayed a sincere belief in the hopes of knowledge to understand the social world and therefore guide the development of rationally organized structures, institutions, and interventions to seek for help and assistance. Leah came to the ACB Center for help voluntarily and continued to meet with this social worker weekly (Thyer, 2017).

Gives a sense of security and increased effectiveness; Leah has a full-time job and reports her work evaluations are ``stellar’’. Leah is oriented to time and place and appears to be reflective. She is very hard on herself criticizing many of her past and present choices explicitly marrying John. She is most proud of her work-related accomplishments as work is where she feels appreciated and understood (Harper, 2016).

A person’s parents, friends, school, economic class, home environment and other factors all influence how a person thinks and acts. Leah is not close to her parents in the situation she cannot tell her parents whatever she is undergoing. She has no friends in her church community and has not attended a church service in the last four years. She feels isolated and doesn’t have emotional outlets such as her supportive family and friends (Harper, 2016).

Behavioral psychology focuses on the effect of the environment and reinforcement on behavior, John is brought up by foster parents who affect his marriage life and tends to be violent at times while Leah is brought up by both parents in an unstable marriage, but her parents manage to live together despite the challenges. This motivates Leah to hold on to her wedding.

The psychodynamic model emphasizes the inner world of a person that is sectioned into superego, ID, and ego.  This helps them to control their anger fear and trust issues. Leah has a problem but doesn’t seek advice from anyone thus ends up being self-referred because of her ego.

The sense of individual independently grows and evolves while being in contact with specific social crises in the entirety of their lives that compels people to respond as well as adapt effectively (Bales, 2017). Leah is only efficient at her workplace and has excellent social skills, she has a brother, but she doesn’t trust talking to him about her marriage issues. Leah doesn’t believe in God.

Strategies and techniques are relevant to the theory that would be used in this case and their application in real life.

Considering Leah’s development, the environmental effect alongside behavior reinforcement and elements which function collaboratively with individual’s friends, school, friends, economic class, home surrounding as well as additional variables all dictate him one thinks and acts. These same strategies and factors affect our daily social life experiences.

Conclusion

Through studying those theories, we understand leash behaviors that are her insecurities to divorce john why she does not want to seek help and no close relationship with her parents or friends. The theory helps the worker to formulate her treatment plans and assist Leah.

References

Bales, R. (2017). Social interaction systems: Theory and measurement. Routledge.

Basham, K., Byers, D. S., Heller, N. R., Hertz, M., Kumaria, S., Mattei, L., ... & Shilkret, C. J. (2016). Inside out and outside in: Psychodynamic clinical theory and psychopathology in contemporary multicultural contexts. Rowman & Littlefield.

Harper, O. (2016). Contemporary Psychodynamic Psychotherapy for Children and Adolescents: Integrating Intersubjectivity and Neuroscience.

Hespanha, J. P. (2018). Linear systems theory. Princeton university press.

Kail, R. V., & Cavanaugh, J. C. (2018). Human development: A life-span view. Cengage Learning.

Lazaratou, H. (2017). Interpersonal trauma: psychodynamic psychotherapy and neurobiology. European Journal of Psychotraumatology, 8(sup4), 1351202.

Newman, B. M., & Newman, P. R. (2017). Development through life: A psychosocial approach. Cengage Learning.

Patton, W., & McMahon, M. (2014). Career development and systems theory: Connecting theory and practice (Vol. 2). Springer.

Pretorius, K., & Van Niekerk, A. (2015). Childhood psychosocial development and fatal injuries in Gauteng, South Africa. Child: care, health and development, 41(1), 35-44.

Thyer, B. A. (2017). It is time to delink psychodynamic theory from the definition of clinical social work. Clinical Social Work Journal, 45(4), 364-366.

Young-Eisendrath, P. (2015). Mental structures and personal relations: psychodynamic theory in clinical social work. In Paradigms of clinical social work (pp. 71-101). Routledge.

Zerbe, K. (2015). Psychodynamic theory of eating disorders. The Wiley Handbook of Eating Disorders, 253-268.

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