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Foods and healthy diets

Discuss About The Teenage Diverse Exercise Dieting Education.

Obesity is characterized as a health issue which is expanding quickly in Australia. Obesity is happening in individuals, and kids because of numerous natural factors, for example, the absence of physical exercises, eating of fast foods, and absence of exercise (Cameron, Welborn, Zimmet, Dunstan, Owen, Salmon, & Shaw, 2003). There are numerous illnesses happens because of obesity, for example, diabetes, blood tumour, heart assaults, cancer, cardiovascular disease and different contaminations. According to the WHO, obesity is defined as overweight or more body fat that impacts on human’s health. As indicated by information from 2008, worldwide around 205 million men, and 297 million women were obese because of overweight, and absence of physical activity. Australia, a number of women are obese as compared to a number of men's. This paper is explaining the role of healthy diets, physical activities, and exercise to reduce obesity in Australian Teenagers.

Healthy diets play an important role to reduce obesity in Teenage and it also protects individuals from other diseases and infections. In 2011, Almost 10% of individuals in Australia were obese due to lack of healthy diets, use of fast foods (Colagiuri, Lee, Colagiuri, Magliano, Shaw, Zimmet, & Caterson, 2010). The main reason for obesity and other disease is an imbalance of energy in the human's body people eat fast foods and drink a beverage which contributes to an imbalance of energy. Therefore healthy diets, nutrients and healthy food help to reduce weight and obesity from individuals and also protect from another chronic disease. According to Australian dietary healthy vegetables, fruits, fish, soft water, and the use of low sugar can reduce overweight and obesity problems (Adams, Mytton, White, & Monsivais, 2016).

Physical activities and exercise also play an important role in the prevention of obesity and other diseases. Obesity is increased different types of human’s risks such as type 2 diabetes, cancer, heart attacks and cardiovascular disease. In 2014, around 30% of Teenage in Australia aged from 18 to 64 were not sufficiently active while almost 14% of people were inactive (Gill, Baur, Bauman, Steinbeck, Storlien, Fiatarone Singh, & Caterson, 2009). The main reason for obesity and another disease in Teenage is lack of physical activates, physical activities include sports, organized recreation, yoga, and incidental activities. There are many benefits of exercise such as lose weight, reduce obesity, and reduce other diseases such as cancer, heart attack, and blood pressure. The main advantage of exercise is that it increases metabolism of the body (Olds, Tomkinson, Ferrar, & Maher, 2010). There are many exercises that reduce weight such as back, biceps, calves, chest, shoulders, and triceps.

Physical activities and exercise

  Health promotion is defined as a process which is used to improve health or people and improve quality of life. Health promotion is also promoted physical activities and healthy food which is used to reduce many diseases such as obesity, diabetes, cancer, and heart attacks (Huse, Hettiarachchi, Gearon, Nichols, Allender, & Peeters, 2018). The main objective of health promotion is to improve the health of humans by providing healthy dietary and exercise. It includes many events such as education, physical activities, healthy diet, communication, and policies to prevent obesity. Education is an important part of communication through which healthy diets, physical activities can be promoted. In Australia, many schools promote healthy diets and physical activities by motivating students and also provide proper training regarding health risks such as obesity, and overweight (Dao, Everard, Aron-Wisnewsky, Sokolovska, Prifti, Verger, & Dumas, 2016).

According to world health organization, there are many processes through which obesity and overweight can be calculated but body mass index is a most common method which is used by many organizations and communities (Thomas, Hyde, Karunaratne, Herbert, & Komesaroff, 2008). According to National health services, BMI is divided into three categories such as class-I, class-II, and class-III. Class-I consists of BMI range from 25 to 29, class-II consists of BMI range from 30 to 40, and class-III consist of BMI above 40. The person with a BMI range of 25 to 29 is considered as overweight, people with BMI between 30 and 40 are considered as obese and the person with above 40 BMI considered as unhealthy obesity.

Figure: Proportion of obese kids whose aged between 2 to 17.

(Source: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2017)

According to report of world health organization from 1980 to 2000 the rate of overweight and obesity increased from around 10% to 17% in male and 8.6% to 19.5% in females who aged from 25 to 65. Generally, it is calculated that 501 million persons were obese and 1.45 billion humans worldwide were obese. The rate of obesity has doubled to 65% of the total population in the world in which a number of obese people are more than a number of healthy people and the main reason of this increment is lack of physical activities. There are many environmental factors that lead to obesity such as lack of healthy programmers, lack of equipment, and low gardens or parks (Walls, Magliano, Stevenson, Backholer, Mannan, Shaw, & Peeters, 2012). There are many policies and strategies are developed in Australia for prevention of obesity and overweight, for example, in Australia, many organizations and communities provide training and education program regarding obesity and another disease, Australian government reduces the use of sugar in all product that helped to reduce obesity in Teenage. They also promote healthy diets, exercise, and physical activities through education and teachers also motivate student’s parents to reduce the use of fast food and beverages for Teenage.  It is assumed that in 12 weeks training program any Teenage whose age from 12 to 14 can reduce weight from 9 to 14 but it depends upon height and weight of any person. According to given data after 12 weeks training program post weight and post-BM, I have been calculated and we show that If any person or child take 12 weeks training program regularly than it will reduce BMI and weight at the end or 12th week.

Participant

Age (yr)

Height (m)

Pre- Weight (kg)

Pre-BMI (kg/h2)

Post- Weight (kg)

Post-BMI (kg/h2)

Subject 1

12

1.41

64.8

32.6

 57.8

 29.1

Subject 2

14

1.64

85.0

31.6

 75

 27.9

Subject 3

14

1.56

81.5

33.5

71.5 

 29.4

Subject 4

13

1.49

74.2

33.4

 66.2

 29.8

Subject 5

12

1.46

65.0

30.5

 59

 27.7

Subject 6

12

1.48

66.6

30.4

 58

 26.5

Subject 7

14

1.72

94.7

32

 86

 29.1

Subject 8

13

1.57

77.2

31.3

 69.2

 28.1

Subject 9

14

1.63

90.9

34.2

 78

 29.4

Subject 10

12

1.52

70.5

30.5

 60

 26

Participant

Age (yr)

Pre-Wall pushups (Number in 30 seconds)

Post-Wall pushups (Number in 30 seconds)

Pre-Squats (number)

Post-squats

Subject 1

12

14

 18

 6

 9

Subject 2

14

19

 22

 7

 10

Subject 3

14

16

 20

 5

 9

Subject 4

13

15

 19

 5

 10

Subject 5

12

20

 26

 6

 11

Subject 6

12

15

 21

 6

 12

Subject 7

14

17

 20

 4

 8

Subject 8

13

18

 22

 5

 9

Subject 9

14

16

 19

 4

 8

Subject 10

12

18

 21

 6

 11

Health promotion and education

Conclusion

Obesity or overweight is a most common problem for individuals and Teenage which is increased rapidly in the last few years. There are mainly two factors that lead obesity and overweight in Teenage such as lack of physical activities and unhealthy diets. Through obesity, many health risks are increased such as type 2 diabetes, cancer, heart attacks, cardiac diseases, and cardiovascular infections. This paper is studied about the cause of obesity, the role of healthy diets, physical activities and exercise to reduce obesity. To avoid these types' problem government and healthy society should improve policies, and strategies regarding obesity, and also promote healthy diets and physical activities. Teachers should motivate students and also provide a platform to reduce the use of fast foods, and beverages which can reduce obesity and overweight.

References

Adams, J., Mytton, O., White, M., & Monsivais, P. (2016). Why are some population interventions for diet and obesity more equitable and effective than others? The role of the individual agency. PLoS medicine, 13(4), e1001990.

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2017). Welfare in Australia. Retrieved from: https://apo.org.au/system/files/115091/apo-nid115091-455501.pdf

Cameron, A. J., Welborn, T. A., Zimmet, P. Z., Dunstan, D. W., Owen, N., Salmon, J.,  & Shaw, J. E. (2003). Overweight and obesity in Australia: the 1999-2000 Australian diabetes, obesity and lifestyle study (AusDiab). Medical Journal of Australia, 178(9), 427-432.

Colagiuri, S., Lee, C. M., Colagiuri, R., Magliano, D., Shaw, J. E., Zimmet, P. Z., & Caterson, I. D. (2010). The cost of overweight and obesity in Australia. Med J Aust, 192(5), 260-4.

Dao, M. C., Everard, A., Aron-Wisnewsky, J., Sokolovska, N., Prifti, E., Verger, E. O., & Dumas, M. E. (2016). Akkermansia muciniphila and improved metabolic health during a dietary intervention in obesity: relationship with gut microbiome richness and ecology. Gut, 65(3), 426-436.

Gill, T. P., Baur, L. A., Bauman, A. E., Steinbeck, K. S., Storlien, L. H., Fiatarone Singh, M. A., & Caterson, I. D. (2009). Childhood obesity in Australia remains a widespread health concern that warrants population-wide prevention programs. Medical Journal of Australia, 190(3), 146.

Huse, O., Hettiarachchi, J., Gearon, E., Nichols, M., Allender, S., & Peeters, A. (2018). Obesity in Australia. Obesity research & clinical practice, 12(1), 29-39.

Olds, T. S., Tomkinson, G. R., Ferrar, K. E., & Maher, C. A. (2010). Trends in the prevalence of childhood overweight and obesity in Australia between 1985 and 2008. International journal of obesity, 34(1), 57.

Thomas, S. L., Hyde, J., Karunaratne, A., Herbert, D., & Komesaroff, P. A. (2008). Being ‘fat’in today’s world: a qualitative study of the lived experiences of people with obesity in Australia. Health Expectations, 11(4), 321-330.

Walls, H. L., Magliano, D. J., Stevenson, C. E., Backholer, K., Mannan, H. R., Shaw, J. E., & Peeters, A. (2012). Projected progression of the prevalence of obesity in Australia. Obesity, 20(4), 872-878.

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