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Population growth and distribution in the world

Discuss About The Demographic Transition Primary Education.

The population of the world has been increasing at an alarming rate and this had emerged as one of the major threats which the world is facing at the current moment (Kipnis 2016). However, it is generally seen that the population distribution of the world is not uniform and therefore, on the one hand we have the nation of China with the highest population of the world, that is, 1,414,365,651 whereas the population of the Vatican City is only 451 (Kipnis 2016). It is significant to note that this particular difference in the density of the population of the various nations of the world is not only affecting the status quo of the world in a significant manner but at the same time it is affecting the natural resources of the world in a significant manner (Baochang et al. 2007). I personally believe that the alarmingly increasing rate of the world has raised an ethical concern about the amount or the kind of natural resources which the present generation would be leaving for the future generation (Baochang et al. 2007). In this essay I would discuss about the population crisis of China and how the nation is going to get affected on the score of its ageing population. I would also discuss about the impact which the population crisis that the nation is facing at the current moment is likely to affect the nation and the means which the government should take to mitigate this crisis.

The majority of the population of China belongs to the aged section and according to me this is likely to cause a lot of problem for the nation in the future times (Annez and Buckley 2009). For example the out of the total number of people in China, there are 73.6% of people belonging to the age bracket of 15-64 and 8.9% people belonging to the age bracket of over 65 years of age (Kipnis 2016). Furthermore, the nation has only 17.6% people belonging to the age bracket of below the age of 15 years of age (Kipnis 2016). I believe that this fact is likely to cause a problem for the nation as the majority of the section of the population is ageing or soon going to age (Ceballos and Ehrlich 2002). Therefore, in the future a time will come when the status of the nation is going to get seriously affected by this low number of people belonging to lower age bracket (Ceballos and Ehrlich 2002). I think that this crisis is not only going to impact the status quo of the population of China in a significant manner but also other aspects of the nation in a significant manner in the future times (Zhang et al. 2007). For example, I am of the opinion that this problem will impact the various industries of the nation in a significant which form the main strength of the nation since these industries will not get the adequate the number of workers on the score of the ageing population of the nation (Zhang et al. 2007). Furthermore, as the majority of the population of China belongs to the ageing section and only 17.6% of the population belongs to the younger section therefore it is likely that in the future a time will come when China will not have adequate number of young people belonging to their nation (Smil 2016). Thus, I would like to say that this is one of the major issues which China is facing at the current moment and the nation needs to take certain effective measures in a bid to mitigate this particular crisis (Smil 2016).

Challenges of population crisis in China

I personally am of the opinion that the population crisis which China is facing currently is likely to impact the economic framework of the nation in a significant manner (Ceballos and Ehrlich 2002). China is the host to some of the largest industries of the world and the nation is also known for the recent advancements it has made in the sphere of technology (Ceballos and Ehrlich 2002). I believe that the major reason for the rapid growth of the nation in the recent times has been the surplus number of workers or laborers to which the nation has access (Unger and Chan 2004). The laborers form an integral part of the various industries and it is they who do the maximum amount of hard work which is necessary to produce the surplus amount of products as well as services (Unger and Chan 2004). However, when the population crisis of China is taken into consideration the situation becomes very grim. As I already stated that the percentage of people below the age of 15 years is only 17.6 therefore it is likely that in the near future a time will come when the nation will not be having adequate number of laborers, a factor which has contributed significantly towards the growth of the economy of the nation in the recent times. Thus, I am of the opinion that this particular factor is likely to act as a threat to the future of the various industries of China. Furthermore, it is also likely that as the number of people in the future time would be less who would be in working condition therefore the nation might even resort to the practice of over-taxation in order to meet the various expenses of the state and also to maintain a constant growth rate (Unger and Chan 2004).

I would also like to add here that the population crisis which China is facing at the current moment is likely to affect the climate as well. It is generally seen that if the population of a particular nation or region is more than that particular place is likely to face the adverse effects of climate (Zhang et al. 2007). For example, if there are more human beings at a particular place then it is likely that the rate of industrialization would be more at that particular place and thereby pollution (Zhang et al. 2007). I personally believe that this is one of the primary reasons for the high rate of pollution in the nation of China. Furthermore, the alarming rate of the growth of population means that in the future the population of the nation will be very high, although the major part of this population would belong to the ageing section (Zhang et al. 2007). Thus, I am of the opinion that in the near future although the industrial growth rate of the nation will be slow yet the climatic danger which the nation would face would be more or less the same.

Impact on the economic framework of China

The “Communist Party of China”, the main as well as the ruling political party of China had taken several initiatives in the recent times to mitigate not only the alarming rate of the growth of the population of the nation but also the population crisis (Friedman 2006). The most common policy adopted by the “Communist Party of China” is the “one child policy” which the party announced a few years in a bid to control the population growth rate of China (Guo 2012). However, the implementation of this particular policy by the “Communist Party of China” entailed with itself another problem, namely, the population crisis which has formed one of the major concerns of the nation in the present times (Baochang et al. 2007). Therefore, in a bid to mitigate this particular fact the “Communist Party of China” soon came up with the “two child policy” in a bid to increase the number of people who belonged to the younger age group (Baochang et al. 2007). However, I would like to say in this particular context that these two policies of the “Communist Party of China” are seldom followed by the citizens of the nation of China (Baochang et al. 2007).

In China there is a pseudo-gap between the people who are residing in the urban region and the people who are residing in the rural region (Tomba 2004). It is significant to note that the people in the urban region of the nation lead their life as per the culture and the norms of the various other modern cities of the world and therefore it is generally seen that these people have fewer number of children (Feng 2010). The rural people, on the other hand, still lead their lives as per the cultural traditions of the nation and therefore it is generally seen that the number of children in these parts of the nation is more in comparison to the urban people (Clarke 2008). I am of the opinion that this is a reflection of the fact that the people residing in the rural regions lead a much harder life than the ones who live in the cities (Annez and Buckley 2009). Therefore, the people residing in the various rural parts of the nation generally have more children so that these children when they grow up can help them with various kinds of works like farming, cultivation and others (Annez and Buckley 2009). In addition to these, the psychology of the people residing in the various rural regions of the nation is also different from the ones which the people of the urban places normally have (Annez and Buckley 2009). I personally believe that it is a reflection of this particular fact that the people of the rural regions do not like the concept of nuclear family and like to have a larger family filled with children. In addition to this, the rural people of China are also of the opinion that the more number of family members are there within a particular the strength it has thus the primary focus of the various people in the rural region of the nation is to have more number of children so that the family not only becomes more powerful but it also ensures the continuity of the family in the longer run. I would like to comment in this particular context the urban people can also take the help of this particular policy to help the nation overcome the population crisis which it is facing at the current moment. In addition to these, the “Communist Party of China” can also come up with various kinds of measures with which it can try to mitigate the population crisis that it is facing at the current moment (Annez and Buckley 2009).

Role of the Communist Party of China in mitigating the crisis

Conclusion

To conclude, the alarming growth rate of population as well as the population crisis which China is facing at the current moment is likely to affect the prospects of China in an adverse manner. The population crisis which China is facing at the current moment is not only likely to affect the various business industries of the nation but also the entire economic framework of the nation as well. Furthermore, in the recent times it is that the “Communist Party of China” has taken several initiatives not only to mitigate the problem which the nation is facing on the score of the alarming growth rate of the population of the nation but also to mitigate the population crisis which the nation is facing at the current moment. It is significant to note that if the current population crisis which China is facing at the current moment is not taken into serious consideration then this is likely to adversely affect the prospects of the nation in a significant manner. In addition to the economic as well as the climatic sphere which the population crisis is likely to affect in the future times the status quo of the society of the nation is also to get significantly affected by this particular problem.

References

Annez, P.C. and Buckley, R.M., 2009. Urbanization and growth: Setting the context. Urbanization and growth, 1, pp.1-45.

Baochang, G., Feng, W., Zhigang, G. and Erli, Z., 2007. China's local and national fertility policies at the end of the twentieth century. Population and Development Review, 33(1), pp.129-148.

Cai, F., 2010. Demographic transition, demographic dividend, and Lewis turning point in China. China Economic Journal, 3(2), pp.107-119.

Ceballos, G. and Ehrlich, P.R., 2002. Mammal population losses and the extinction crisis. Science, 296(5569), pp.904-907.

Clarke, P. 2008. The Chinese Cultural Revolution: A History. New York: Oxford University Press.

Feng, W., 2010. China's population destiny: The looming crisis. Current History, 109(728), p.244.

Friedman, E. ed., 2006. China's Rise, Taiwan's Dilemma's and International Peace. Routledge.

Guo, S., 2012. Chinese politics and government: Power, ideology and organization. Routledge.

Kipnis, A., 2007. Neoliberalism reified: suzhi discourse and tropes of neoliberalism in the People's Republic of China. Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute, 13(2), pp.383-400.

Kipnis, A.B., 2016. From village to city: Social transformation in a Chinese county seat. Univ of California Press.

Murphy, R., 2004. Turning peasants into modern Chinese citizens:“Population quality” discourse, demographic transition and primary education. The China Quarterly, 177, pp.1-20.

Overholt, W.H., 2010. China in the global financial crisis: Rising influence, rising challenges. The Washington Quarterly, 33(1), pp.21-34.

Shixiong, Z., 2012. Social structure of contemporary China(Vol. 31). World Scientific.

Smil, V., 2016. China's Environmental Crisis: An Enquiry into the Limits of National Development: An Enquiry into the Limits of National Development. Routledge.

Tomba, L., 2004. Creating an urban middle class: Social engineering in Beijing. The China Journal, (51), pp.1-26.

Unger, J. and Chan, A., 2004. The internal politics of an urban Chinese work community: a case study of employee influence on decision-making at a state-owned factory. The China Journal, (52), pp.1-24.

Wang, X.S., 2015. The Chinese economy in crisis: state capacity and tax reform. Routledge.

Zhang, D.D., Brecke, P., Lee, H.F., He, Y.Q. and Zhang, J., 2007. Global climate change, war, and population decline in recent human history. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 104(49), pp.19214-19219.

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