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Determinants of mental health

Discuss about the Determinants Mental Health and Resilience.

For wellbeing heath is important part but good mental health is a major concern.  Nowadays individuals are suffering from many mental disorders due to social and economic factor in the society. Mental disorder in the society arises due to social inequalities. This can be reduced by taking proper actions to improve the mental conditions and behaviour of the society. It is necessary that actions are taken to enhance every day’s lifestyle in order to enhance mental health (Segal, Qualls and Smyer, 2018). The root of mental disorders is poverty, discrimination in the society or lack of social support.  Various facilities and institutions could improve the mental health condition by providing education, social care services or empowerment. These arrangements somewhere impact in improving the mental health to some extent (Travis, 2014). Risk of mental disorders are at various levels it may affect only an individual, entire family or at the population level.  Various policies are designed by government to reduce determinates of mental health and improve the outcomes. Social determinants can be improved by providing empowerment in the community and removing the discrimination (Allen, et. al , 2014). Mental disorders can arise in any age group in early childhood, adults or at working stage. It improves the mental health by reducing the risk of mental disorders that are due to inequalities in the society. Mental disorders somewhere affect the physical conditions of an individual (Compton and Shim, 2015).

Mental health is defined by World Health Organisation as a state of individual in which they build their own potential to cope up with the life stress and provide a healthy contribution to the society. There are various determinants of mental health in the society which focuses on inequalities. Thus strategies are developed to improve the conditions of an individual by removing the discrimination on the basis of caste, creed or colour. It is researched that mental health arises due poverty, stress or inequality (Meyer, Castro and Aguilar, 2014).  These people practice less favourable social, economic and environmental conditions in their life and have access to less support. These disadvantages may start before their birth and tend to accrue throughout the entire life. Protection of human from this state of mind minimizes the disabilities and helps in promoting rapid recovery from illness. The initiatives implemented provide various plans that remove social injustice and inequality barriers from the society. It promotes models to improve the social determinants of mental health and helps in building sustainable plans by linking the society and government to improve health conditions. Mental determinates can be improved by improving the health behaviour and enhancing the social behaviour.

Consequences of mental disorder

Consequences of mental disorder arise due low education attainment, isolation from the society, social status or unemployment (Eldredge, et. al, 2016). These consequences lead to stress in an individual’s life, thus it could be overcome by conducting various programs to improve the self-awareness, reduce depression and increase the social relations.  Compressive strategies focuses on enlightening the health conditions by improving the conditions of the area in which people grow, work or live. The pattern of living has been changed due to the global acceptance of these strategies. It has altered the pattern of living by addressing health issues by empowering communities to take appropriate actions for public health. Numerous Health Promotion strategies were undertaken to control access of smoking and addiction to drugs so that mental disorder is no caused in individuals.

Mental health problems are mostly seen in people of younger age that lasts for long period of time, which adversely affects people living near them (Fisher, Acton and Rowe, 2018). Thus it is important to promote good health condition to enhance the educational performance, and employment in the society.  Health Promotion focuses on health and economic determinates which helps in filling the gap between the health issues and disease patterns.  It helps in promoting the nature of health to improve the health of everyone in the society (Phull, Wills and Dickinson, 2015). Just focusing or promoting health issues among the one who is suffering from mental disorder is not enough. To reduce the health inequalities from the society it is necessary to solely take actions on the large level. Thus to attain a good mental health in the society actions need to be taken at multiple levels so that every population level is covered. Social arrangements are undertaken to empower people by providing them with quality education (Clement, et. al, 2015).

To promote good health and remove the vulnerability of mental health the mediating variable is promoted among the children to improve the economic, social as well as behavioural health condition. Various mental health communities are developed to reach to these people and reduce the burden from their life. The problem is there are various communities developed for improvement of mental health but people are not aware of such communities. To reduce the mental illness government has launched various treatment facilities for an individual. There is a wide gap between mental health problems and resources available to overcome these problems. Health promotion is used to remove the gap in the real world by using resources for treatment and rehabilitation people from the illness. Health promotion helps in improving the mental health and lowers the cost of mental illness through public health approach. It is an action taken to attain new public health criteria.  It is necessary for the society to overlap the mental illness by covering full range of society and using proper prevention techniques. Thus health promotion practise includes a collective study of society problems, thus prioritizing the resources and making an agreement plan which helps in monitoring the individual behaviour. So that successful steps can be taken to remove the consequences of mental disorders. Mental health is an invisible measure but contributes to the meaning of health of the society as it affects the overall productivity.  Promotion of important of mental health is conveyed to everyone at everyplace like at homes, schools, workplaces or while leisure activities (Edelman, Mandle and Kudzma,  2017). Mental health promotion contributes to positivity in the society by improving the social, human, and economic capital of the society.  It is an individual action to endure the relation and build strong connections.

Health Promotion

Health promotion outlines actions to remove the health inequities. An action focuses on social determinants of metal disorders and involves everyone in the society (Svane, et. al, 2015). Apart from that various government policy and practises are taken in the system to promote health activities among the people.  Mental health promotion focuses on strengthening the community activities by launching the programmes to reduce social inequality. It facilitates mental health by focusing on promoting the benefits of health lifestyle (Gloria and Steinhardt, 2016). These programs prevent the society from insecurity, violence and aggression, and helps in promoting the empowerment stress and measures to cope up with stress. Promoting how to overcome from stress at school level spreads awareness among children’s and develops positivity among youth. There are certain programs that focus on the shortcomings of depression and reduce unemployment, discrimination, socio issues from the society.

Resilience is a process that helps to bring an individual back to the normal state. It is the ability to bounce back from the difficult situation to positive health. Resilience can be defined as the function that helps to overcome from negative events and improve physical as well as psychological health. Improving optimism or self-esteem in an individual helps in reducing the chances of mental illness. According to the research it can be concluded that heath can be improved by informal or any formal system, for example to remove inequalities from the society positive environment need to be created (Siriwardhana, Roberts and Stewart, 2014).  The factors associated with resilience are making plans to build a positive strength among an individual.

Resilience is the skill that helps in bouncing back to normal condition by reducing the stress, trauma or adversity. Nurses use this method to help patient recover from mental disorder as it helps in reaching out to others for support (Kessler, et. al, 2017). It supports an individual from mental health conditions like depression or anxiety. Resilient helps to cope up from stress and traumas. As there are various situations in life which leads to depression in one’s life, resilience helps to stay stable and helps in overcoming all the shortcomings.

Registered Nurse could promote consumer’s resilience by identifying social wellbeing of patient and knowing about an individual social connection so that ways could be defined to cope up with the mental disorders (Sexton, et. al, 2015). Nurse helps patients to develop all three:

Wellbeing- Knowing about the mental wellbeing or about the mental state helps in finding the ways to cope up with health issues. Some may be going through social inequality or any other stress (Sexton, et. al, 2015).

Resilience

Social connections- Due to lack of social interaction among people they feel isolated or left out which leads to development of depression. Nurses take measures to tackle loneliness and launches programs to removing isolation in people by bringing them together and building social relations (Sexton, et. al, 2015).

Coping Methods- Various psychological treatments like therapies are used to prevent an individual from the suffering of mental disorders (Sexton, et. al, 2015).

Resilience is a defensive feature that focuses on solving the problem by enduring sources to reduce the stress level. Resilience helps in staying with people in their hard time by providing better opportunities of living a healthy life (Wulff,  Donato and Lurie, 2015).

Nurse profession has to deal with stress in terms of work, dealing with aggression issues and lack of self-time and struggling whole day long with patients leads to mental and physical problems. Resilience is used to overcome from these issues, as it is a defensive agent for mental well-being. Nurses also exposed that resilience is an significant defensive factor against emotional fatigue (Wulff,  Donato and Lurie, 2015). Other than that resilience helps in building a stress free environment to build strong mental health conditions.

Conclusion

Mental health is significant for every individual as it help to prevent an individual from diseases to avoid mental disorders. It can be concluded that resilience is the defensive tool to deal with metal disorders. It focuses on spreading awareness by health issues but it is not a laid-back task as it has numerous obstacles like cost for setting public programs. Health promotion is an integral part for prevention of disease and recovery from rehabilitation. It deals with common lifestyle of people and tries to improve their lifestyle. By influencing people and making them aware about the bad health effects. Health promotion means building health educational works in society to teach people why it is necessary to be healthy. It helps in altering the lifestyle of people by educating public about health conditions and decreasing the probabilities of having chronic disease and reducing the chances of mental disorders.

References

Allen, J., Balfour, R., Bell, R. and Marmot, M., 2014. Social determinants of mental health. International Review of Psychiatry, 26(4), pp.392-407.

Clement, S., Schauman, O., Graham, T., Maggioni, F., Evans-Lacko, S., Bezborodovs, N., Morgan, C., Rüsch, N., Brown, J.S.L. and Thornicroft, G., 2015. What is the impact of mental health-related stigma on help-seeking? A systematic review of quantitative and qualitative studies. Psychological medicine, 45(1), pp.11-27.

Compton, M.T. and Shim, R.S., 2015. The social determinants of mental health. Focus, 13(4), pp.419-425.

Edelman, C.L., Mandle, C.L. and Kudzma, E.C., 2017. Health Promotion Throughout the Life Span-E-Book. Elsevier Health Sciences.

Eldredge, L.K.B., Markham, C.M., Ruiter, R.A., Kok, G. and Parcel, G.S., 2016. Planning health promotion programs: an intervention mapping approach. John Wiley & Sons.

Fisher, J., Acton, C. and Rowe, H., 2018. Mental Health Problems Among Childbearing Women: Historical Perspectives and Social Determinants. In Motherhood in the Face of Trauma (pp. 3-20). Springer, Cham.

Gloria, C.T. and Steinhardt, M.A., 2016. Relationships among positive emotions, coping, resilience and mental health. Stress and Health, 32(2), pp.145-156.

Kessler, R.C., Stein, M.B., Petukhova, M.V., Bliese, P., Bossarte, R.M., Bromet, E.J., Fullerton, C.S., Gilman, S.E., Ivany, C., Lewandowski-Romps, L. and Bell, A.M., 2017. Predicting suicides after outpatient mental health visits in the Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers (Army STARRS). Molecular psychiatry, 22(4), p.544.

Meyer, O.L., Castro-Schilo, L. and Aguilar-Gaxiola, S., 2014. Determinants of mental health and self-rated health: a model of socioeconomic status, neighborhood safety, and physical activity. American journal of public health, 104(9), pp.1734-1741.

Phull, S., Wills, W. and Dickinson, A., 2015. The Mediterranean diet: Socio-cultural relevance for contemporary health promotion. The Open Public Health Journal, 8, pp.35-40.

Segal, D.L., Qualls, S.H. and Smyer, M.A., 2018. Aging and mental health. John Wiley & Sons.

Sexton, M.B., Hamilton, L., McGinnis, E.W., Rosenblum, K.L. and Muzik, M., 2015. The roles of resilience and childhood trauma history: main and moderating effects on postpartum maternal mental health and functioning. Journal of affective disorders, 174, pp.562-568.

Siriwardhana, C., Ali, S.S., Roberts, B. and Stewart, R., 2014. A systematic review of resilience and mental health outcomes of conflict-driven adult forced migrants. Conflict and health, 8(1), p.13.

Svane, J.K., Chiou, S.T., Chang, Y.L., Shen, S.H., Huang, C.H., Pan, C.Y., Lin, M.N., Shieh, Y.H., Wu, T., Wu, S.C. and Chau, T.T., 2015. Integration of health promotion in clinical hospital departments: standards fulfillment, documentation of needs and service delivery. Clinical Health Promotion, 5(1), pp.11-17.

Travis, C.B., 2014. Women and Health Psychology: Volume I: Mental Health Issues. Psychology Press.

Wulff, K., Donato, D. and Lurie, N., 2015. What is health resilience and how can we build it?. Annual review of public health, 36, pp.361-374.

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