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President Donald Trump on June 22nd, 2018 railed against Europeans exporting cars to America, demanding that they “build them here”. On June 26th, he tweeted that all Harley-Davidson motor cycles should be made in America. But when it comes to Chinese investors buying American technology, President Trump would prefer a frostier approach.

There are various arguments analyzing responses to the Donald Trump administration trade war in America and other countries involved.

Your paper must contain:

  1. A Title - Come up with an interesting and relevant title to your assignment
  1. An introduction – it should contain:
  • a brief background on the general status of the study
  • Objectives of the study
  1. Analysis of the topic - Your answers should include a review of the strength and weakness of this approach for both countries.
  • What are other causal factors of a trade war? How significant are they?
  1. Conclusion - It should contain:
  • a summary of your findings i.e. is there a consensus in the studies or are the results mixed?

Trade situation between U.S. and China

The United State trade with china is chunk complex economic relationship. In the year 1979 China and the U.S signed a bilateral trade agreement and reestablished diplomatic relations. This pave way to a fast growth of trade between the two nations. Now, China is the biggest trade partner of the United States and the third-largest merchandize export market and the very largest source of imports. Over the decades, China’s exports have changed from to more capital intensive goods from low-value, labor intensive goods. China is now among the super suppliers of advanced technology products and a major global supply chains. Furthermore, China is the biggest holder of united state Treasury securities. China and the United State of America have many unresolved issues neighboring the bilateral trade. The trade deficit between United State and China has crown immensely as the percentage of imports from China grew more than United State exports to China. This big trade shortage has been a problem and a big issue of interest and concern for policy makers and economists. This is a clear evidence and indicator of trade relationships which is unfair. The administration of Trump has started a number of tariff measures with an objective of lowering the imbalance in trade (Ross et al, 2019). The policy of currency in China is another big issue because China kept currency their currency with deliberately undervalued for several years. Though, China has already move at to a more market based currency rate, their policies is still under a very close watch. Among the issues that upset the bilateral trade flow are: the industrial policies that errand state-owned enterprises, failure to provide protection to United State intellectual property rights and constant violation of its WTO obligations (Ip, 2015).

This research paper gives information on United States trade with China. It addresses China –United State relationship in terms of trade situation and other issues such as disputes in trade and remedies in trade; United States trade deficit with China, United State trade And Chinese State owned firms, the non-market /market  economy valuation  and competitiveness ;Currency policies in China and investment between United State and China (Lu, 1995).


Several investors in the United States of America feared crackdown since March. This is after the Trump administration made conclusions that the actions of China are unfair against companies in America. As a result of this, policy might tighten intensely. Reports indicates that plans are underway to limit investment in America in several sectors of the economy targeted by the republic of China most probably in 2025,development strategies and policies ,from aerospace to robotics. These plans were abandoned simply because market falls. On the month of June the White House long-established that there will be no any new China-Specific limitations (Meijer, 2014). It will depend on the decision basing on Foreign Investment in the United States .This is an intra-agency committee that evaluates inbound investment. This is a reality to avoid repetition and duplication of effort in the country. Both America export controls and its inbound investment restrictions are being griped up by the Foreign Investment Risk Review Modernization Act, this is a bill with bipartisan provision that ought to be a law in future times (CSIS, 2006).

Trade deficit between U.S. and China

The irregularity has prodded global pioneers to court Trump authorities who they think will offer a thoughtful ear, as opposed to the White House all in all — a separation and-vanquish approach that could make economic accords harder to strike. It has likewise dissolved the conviction among numerous pioneers that the Trump organization will keep its pledge. Even the Chinese government, which typically couches its most aggressive statements in oblique diplomatic terms, is increasingly talking about the administration with the rhetorical equivalent of an eye roll. The Trump organization has likewise said it would push forward with levies on $50 billion in Chinese-made products. Seven days prior, a senior authority had proposed the duties would be suspended. U.S. authorities additionally strolled back the likelihood that Trump would lift devastating exchange points of confinement put on ZTE, a Chinese media communications organization, for abusing U.S. exchange limitations on North Korea and Iran (Fairbank, 1983).

Talks between the two regions in Beijing throughout the end of the week, which were driven by Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross, finished in a stalemate. The Chinese would not focus on purchasing progressively American products, without the United States consenting to move in an opposite direction from forcing further levies on Chinese fares.

"In the event that the United States presents exchange measures, including an expansion of levies, all the monetary and exchange results consulted by the two gatherings won't produce results," China said in an announcement

Outside mediators are currently looking for inviting faces inside the White House with the expectation that those individuals' contentions will wind up conveying the day.

Chinese authorities have forcefully attempted to charm Steven Mnuchin, the Treasury secretary, and Ross, state individuals acquainted with the Chinese arranging position, who talked on state of namelessness on the grounds that the discussions are touchy. The two men have broad business and Wall Street foundations, and Chinese authorities accept they would be open to contentions that China's huge exchange surplus with the United States stems to a great extent from monetary factors instead of unreasonable exchange rehearses (Berkeley, 2014).

The Chinese authorities have pursued Mnuchin, Ross and their staffs with little gathering gatherings and phone telephone calls, the individuals acquainted with the Chinese position said. They have placed less exertion into contacting Robert Lighthizer, the organization's top exchange authority, or Peter Navarro, a Trump counselor who co-composed a book called "Passing by China," to a similar degree. Basically, Chinese authorities are charming Trump organization authorities they see as globalists while attempting to segregate those they see as hard-liners. China can legitimize that position by indicating rank. By political convention, Mnuchin and Ross are progressively senior, albeit neither runs an office with direct obligation regarding exchange dealings (Bergsten, 2014).

Chinese state-owned firms and competitiveness

China can deliver numerous shopper products at lower costs than different nations can. Americans, obviously, need these products at the most reduced costs. How does China keep costs so low? Most financial analysts concur that China's aggressive valuing is a consequence of two factors:

  1. A lower expectation for everyday life, which enables organizations in China to pay lower wages to laborers.
  2. A swapping scale that is somewhat fixed to the dollar.

In any event, when remote exchange authorities wring arrangements out of their associations with singular individuals from the organization, the understandings can rapidly self-destruct, as China has found to its disappointment.

A year ago, Chinese authorities introduced an arrangement to Ross under which China would cut its voluminous steel limit as a byproduct of evading proposed duties. Ross bolstered it, however it didn't fulfill Trump, and the organization wound up forcing duties on steel imports from numerous nations, including China.

At that point, during Trump's visit to China in November, Ross coordinated arrangements that organization authorities guaranteed were worth $250 billion, in spite of the fact that their actual monetary worth was far less. The harmony that exertion purchased didn't last. The United States has since inclined up its analysis of China's mechanical desire and took steps to force taxes on more than $150 billion in Chinese merchandise.

China's endeavors to court Mnuchin have likewise prompted dissatisfaction, in spite of starting signs that they would satisfy. Mnuchin has recommended freely that Chinese moves to open up the nation's vehicle market and money related administrations to universal challenge could be sufficient to mollify the Trump organization's exchange concerns. Two weeks back, Mnuchin said the Trump organization was "putting the exchange war on hold." On the prickly issue of ZTE, Mnuchin said that the United States had not intended to "put ZTE bankrupt (Bardhan, 2003).

In China, in open discourses and via web-based networking media, Trump's days of work regularly play as an indication of unsteadiness. Chinese authorities, maybe more than their partners somewhere else, endeavor to strike a reliable message to give the world the impression of a brought together government.


In conclusion, it’s likewise indistinct what precisely Trump would like to accomplish. He needs China to cut help for state-run organizations, for instance. Be that as it may, it's far-fetched that doing so would address the $419 billion U.S. exchange deficiency with China, which the President cases costs American occupations. Around 80% of China's fares originate from the absolutely private segment, and practically half from multinationals like Walmart that essentially fabricate in China, as indicated by Nolt (Antras, 2005).


Antras (2005). Property Rights and the International Organization of Production. [online] Available at: [Accessed 6 Nov. 2019].

Bardhan, A. and Kroll, C. (2003). The New Wave of Outsourcing. [online] Available at: [Accessed 6 Nov. 2019].

Bergsten, C. (2014). Bridging the Pacific: Toward Free Trade and Investment between China and the United States. [online] PIIE. Available at: [Accessed 6 Nov. 2019]. (2006). Meeting the Challenges and Opportunities of China's Rise. [online] Available at: [Accessed 6 Nov. 2019].

Fairbank, J. (1983). The United States and China — John King Fairbank. [online] Available at: [Accessed 6 Nov. 2019]. (2014). American Climate Prospectus Economic Risks in the United States. [online] Available at: [Accessed 6 Nov. 2019].

Ip, G. (2015). For Emerging Markets, 2015 Isn’t 1997. [online] WSJ. Available at: [Accessed 6 Nov. 2019].

Lu, W. (1995). Reforms of china's Trade policy. [online] Available at: [Accessed 6 Nov. 2019].

Meijer, H. (2014). Nina Hachigian (ed.), Debating China: The US-China Relationship in Ten Conversations,. Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2014, 272 pp.. [online] Available at: [Accessed 6 Nov. 2019].

Ross, R., Tunsjø, Ø. and Tuosheng, Z. (2019). US-China-EU Relations: Managing the New World Order, 1st Edition (Hardback) - Routledge. [online] Available at: [Accessed 6 Nov. 2019].

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