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Ethical and Governing Issues of Island and Vanuatu

Question:

Discuss about the Hospitality and Tourism for PO Journey Act.

This report presents the prime ethical and governing issues of Island. It also discusses the people who are responsible for resolving the issues that are faced by people of Island. Additionally, it defines the critical evaluation of PO journey act. It also presents the ways by which an Australian government can resolve the issues. This report shows the recommendation to overcome the issues in less time with an appropriate manner.      

The farmers of Vanuatu generally face some ethical and governing problems, which may affect the travel and tourism sector. There are two kinds of problem that may be faced by the people of Vanuatu named ethical and governing issues. The primary ethical issues include different factors such as health, electricity, water, public toilet, and capital issues. Besides this, the governing issues involve lack of policies establishment, and lack of monitoring and implementation of policies (Buhalis, et al., 2013). These are discussed as below:

The ethical issues of Vanuatu people are that they do not have inadequate amount of capital to promote the tourism. Further, people do not have enough capital to start their own business, which creates the problem for residential to meet their basic needs. In addition, it is also addressed that both farmers and people of Island earn more at the time of tourism. It is supportive to fulfill their basic needs in an appropriate manner. Additionally, hospitality community has maintained toilet only for the tourist, which is also a major issue for the residential people.

Moreover, the residential people have faced some issues such as health issues, electricity, and water issues. The people have not toilet in their home, which is created the health issues in Vanuatu. The lack of electricity and water is also a major issue for the people. The lack of electricity can create the issue to appropriately complete the work of people. At the same time, lack of pure water can also create the health issues in Vanuatu. Furthermore, people have expected to the communities and government that they can provide the facility to local people regarding the health issues, electricity, and water because these are the major issues that have faced by themselves (Ye, et al., 2013).

The government has not initiated to overcome the issues, which is a major problem for the Vanuatu people. The government bodies have not made any kind of policies regarding the problems of people, which can create the dissatisfactory among the farmers. Retrieved from the video, it is analyzed that corruption is also a major issue that may be declined by the standard of living and increase the poverty. Therefore, the government has tried to make reliable policies to overcome the issues of people.   

Responsibilities of the Government to Address the Issues

The PO Journeys act can be ethical in this case because it offers the safety and security to the tourist. Additionally, it can be said that the PO journeys act make a contract with tourist before start the tourism in Vanuatu. This contract is based on the safety and security to the tourist. So, it can be said that PO journey act could be appropriate in point of safety and security in tourism sector (Mok, et al., 2013).

The government body should responsible for resolving the identified issues because the identified problem will be needed a huge amount of cash, which is not arranged by the people appropriately. In additionally, government bodies enjoy their luxury life rather than focusing on solving the poverty issues, which will create a major problem to people of Vanuatu. At the same time, it can be said that the government can provide the toilet, which is significant to overcome the health issues of people in an appropriate manner. Furthermore, electricity and water issues only can overcome by the effort of government. So, if the government can make effort regarding the problem then it can be easily eliminated the issue from the Vanuatu (Schuckert, et al., 2015).

 In addition, the government can also appoint the government bodies in Vanuatu to mitigate the corruption issues, which can improve the level of poverty. At the same time, it can be said the lack of involvement of government bodies can create the problem of poverty in Vanuatu.      

There are certain strategies by which the government can resolve the issues in an effective manner such as Minimum wage laws, Social Security, create jobs, Negative Income Tax, and Hospitality management. These are as discussed below:

The government can use the minimum wage laws wherein the company has offered an appropriate compensation to the employees. It will be effective to overcome the issues related to the basic need of people. At the same time, it can also decline the crime from the Vanuatu. Additionally, it can also increase the consumption level of the employees, which ultimately impact on the demand and supply of product and services. The enhancement in the demand and supply can increase the standard of living of people. At the same time, it will also supportive to attract more tourists because appropriate wage can enable the farmers to provide the attractive activities for the tourist (Mok, et al., 2013). 

The PO Journeys Act and Its Ethical Implications for Tourism in Vanuatu

Social security plays a significant role in the lives of the individual, which are lived in Vanuatu. The government has offered additional services related to the income, tax, social welfare, and unemployment. It will be appropriate to overcome the toilet, water, and electrical issues. At the same time, it can be said that the unemployment is a major issue for the people as well as a government because it will decline the growth of the country. So, the government can create the job to decline the unemployment issues of people along with enhancing the growth of state. Additionally, the social security can be supportive to attract new customers for tourism in Vanuatu (Law, et al., 2014).      

The government can also make strategy regarding the income tax for managing the income level of people appropriately. From the use of Negative income tax strategy, the government can decline the income tax of people who have limited earning source. It will increase the demand and supply of the product and services, which can be supportive to improve the situation of the economy in long-term. At the same time, it will be also effective to improve the standard of living.

The government should use some significant strategies to overcome these issues in the upcoming period. These are such as health awareness programme, the supply of pure water, development of public toilet, and development of electricity. These are discussed as below:

The government should start health awareness program to the people for informing about the importance of health. At the same time, the government should aware the people regarding the management or deal with health issues. In addition, when the people of Vanuatu are fully aware of the health issues then they can be able to perform appropriate behavior with tourist. Consequently, it can increase the growth of hospitality and tourism sectors in Vanuatu (Buhalis, et al., 2013). 

The government can build public toilet because of attracting a large number of tourist and decline the health issues from the Vanuatu. At the same time, it can be said that the public toilet can retain the business of tourism in Vanuatu.

The government should improve the supply of water and electricity because of improving the standard of people as well as influencing the tourist. Furthermore, water issues can dissatisfy the tourist, which can decline the tourism of Vanuatu in long-term. It can decline the per capita income of people in long-term. As well as, the problem of electricity can also create the complexity in the tourism it is because electricity issue can negatively influence the business of tourism. Additionally, the electricity issue can be a major problem in the tourism. Therefore, the government should need to manage the electricity and water issue by making a particular department to manage such kinds of issues (Altinay, et al., 2015). 

Conclusion

From the above analysis, it can be concluded that the hospitality and tourism can play a significant role to improve the situation of the state as well as people. Therefore, tourism country has a need to focus on satisfying the need and expectation of tourist appropriately. Additionally, it can be concluded that there are some factors that can affect the tourism of Vanuatu named electricity and water issues, Public toilet issues, and health issues. At the same time, it can also be said that there are also some significant strategies that can be used by the government to overcome such issues such as Health awareness programme, Development of a public toilet, and Electrical and water supply management. It can be effective to enhance the tourism sector in Vanuatu.

References

Altinay, L., Paraskevas, A., and Jang, S. S. (2015) Planning research in hospitality and tourism, UK: Routledge.

Buhalis, D., and Crotts, J. (2013) Global alliances in tourism and hospitality management, UK: Routledge.

Law, R., Buhalis, D., and Cobanoglu, C. (2014) Progress on information and communication technologies in hospitality and tourism, International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, 26(5), pp. 727-750.

Mok, C., Sparks, B., and Kadampully, J. (2013) Service quality management in hospitality, tourism, and leisure, UK: Rutledge.

Schuckert, M., Liu, X., and Law, R. (2015) Hospitality and tourism online reviews: Recent trends and future directions, Journal of Travel and Tourism Marketing, 32(5), pp. 608-621.

Ye, Q., Li, T., and Law, R. (2013) A co-authorship network analysis of tourism and hospitality research collaboration, Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Research, 37(1), pp. 51-76.

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