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Write a Project Closure Report for the above topic. (No calculations and graphs are needed) 

Methods and Material

In cryptography, side channel attack is one of the attacks, which is based on the information obtained from physical implementation of the cryptosystem. For an instance, timing information, consumption of power and electromagnetic leaks can give additional source of information that can be exploited in order to break the particular system. In the system, cryptography is deployed like differential power analyses that are effective as black box attacks. There are several powerful side channel attacks that are based on the statistical methods. Present report deals with methods and materials used for providing security in side channel attack in cryptography. In addition, several research papers regarding the topic are compared and results are provided in the study.

Izu and Takagi, T. (2002) stated that as the side-channel attack are relied on relationship between information that are emitted through side channel as well as secret information, it is required to take effective methods and countermeasures for security. These are divided into two major categories such as eliminating or reducing release of the information as well as eliminating relationship between leaked information along with secret data. Under the first category, displays with the special shielding in order to reduce electromagnetic emissions and minimizing susceptibility to the tempest attacks are available commercially (Brier, Clavier & Olivier, 2004). In addition, physical enclosures can minimize risks of the surreptitious installation of the microphones in order to counter acoustic attacks as well as different devices of micro-monitoring.

Naor and Segev (2009) mentioned that the countermeasure’s role is to make jam emitted channel with noise. For an example, random delay can be added in order to deter the timing attacks and advertisements hat compensate for delays through averaging several measurements. The amount of noise in side channel increases the adversary requirements in order to gather more measurements. In timing attacks against the targets of quantized computation are into the counts of discrete clock cycle. On the other hand, effective countermeasures against requires for designing the software to be isochronous.

S. N.

Author

Applications

Data size

Algorithms

Benefits

1

Yarom, Y., & Falkner, K. (2014, August)

The information provided in research paper can be applied in side channel assaults. The FLUSH+RELOAD concentrates on LastLevel Store. Hence, it is required to implement assault program as well as casualty for sharing execution center.   

In the time slots are set between 3905 and 3906

RSA Algorithm

The research paper is helpful to get knowledge regarding side channel attack through the reasons of high resolution. It can illustrate shortcoming in Intel X86 processors. The page sharing can open the process to data spills. It is helpful to screen the memory lines in the shared pages.

2

Standaert, F. X., Malkin, T. G., & Yung, M. (2009, April).

The article is useful for selected to demonstrate as well as analyze the system. The process for the system is to examine cryptographic executions. It incorporates with hypothetical model as well as application strategy.  The model generally depends on the acknowledged speculations regarding side channel, which offers   ascent.

26% to 33 % time slots

side-channel key recovery adversary

The research paper is useful to develop system that has vital purposes to spillage the capacities with beld of data in theoretic way. In addition cryptographic implementations are introduced in the process of unifying theory as well as practice of side channel attacks. The framework is usually centered to exploitation of actual leakages.

3

Joye, M., &Quisquater, J. J. (2001, May).

The research paper helps to describe elliptic curve as well as side channel attack. Variations in the attacks are useful for graphical presentation. The side channels are recent class of assaults, which are not covered with practical speaking. Measuring side channels data is an assailant that can recuperate mystery of the data.  

33% enhancement over Jacobi parameterization

Hessian Curves

Measurement of side-channel data over the process of running time as well as consumption of power through making assailant.  It can be recuperate on some of the mysterious information of elliptic bend as one of the vital stages for resistance against the assaults with regards to elliptic bend of cryptography.

4

Zhou, Y., &Feng, D. (2005)

The strategies as well as systems are used in the assaults for ruinous impacts of making counting properness. In addition, it is required to have analysis of the public interest on the cryptographic security model. The security in computing as well as system of communication need to develop substantial research that is devoted for addressing the process. Cryptographic algorithm includes systematic ciphers and public key ciphers as well as hash functions. Thus, it can be helpful to set the primitives, which can be used as security mechanism.  Confidentiality as well as integrity of the communicated data.

50 to 200 cipher blocks

Symmetric algorithms

The security mechanisms are being complete security solutions. Interesting analogy is drawn between strong cryptographic algorithm as well as highly secured lock on front door. The security attacks on cryptographic system helps to get algorithm allows the attackers develop the system for attempting to break windows.  

5

Izu, T., & Takagi, T. (2002, February)

 There are various cryptosystems in the standards selected in the key length of ECC presently selected in RSA as well as ElGamal-type cryptosystems.  The improvement technique helps to make pre-computed that helps to achieve the table efficiently. The special class of elliptic curves can improve scalar multiplication.

37 % for the processors as well as 5.7 % for single processor

Coron algorithm

The research paper helps to develop applications against the mobile devices with smart card and mobile phones. The timing attack obtain secret key from the cryptographic device without breaking physical protection. The device helps to develop analyzing side of channel information. Power consumption of   differential power analysis that uses lot of information. Coron is proposed countermeasures.

6

Brier, E., Clavier, C., & Olivier, F. (2004, August)

 Space assumption within predicted of contribution of non-targeted the bits. Guess space assumption helps to predict the value of the targeted that needs caring of the bits. Time space assumptions help to get power consumption that depends the value of targeted except handled. The correct guess that appear the targeted bit explicitly embarrassing.  DPA peaks provided the correct smaller compared some of the ghost peaks. The sequence of correlation peaks spread over the time in the presence of pipe line. Some present technologies deploy hardware.

Integer values between 0 to 1

AES algorithm

 Use of smart card chips over the process and get advantages of CPA method against DPA, In terms of efficiency, the DPA are defensive in reassuring conclusion and countermeasures. Statistical power of the analysis without any reverse that has opportunities for quantified leakage rate by CPA. DPA needs sample curves for unpredicted data that increases penalize signal to the noise ratio. The correlation rate has partial along with imperfect modeling. The popularity of peak is related to the correct guess on polarity of the reference state.

7

Naor, M., & Segev, G. (2009).

Security of cryptographic includes ingredients adversarial model, which specifies capabilities and notion of security specify to break  security  in the vast majority or cryptographic schemes that are analyzed in the  adversarial that is  preventing unintended that leakages on crucial implementation. Analysis of cryptographic schemes is generated in exploit several forms of unintended information leakage that is inherent to the physical implementation.   

L(1/2-o(1))

Decryption algorithm

Presenting generic construction of public key process for the function on extra computational assumption. It results scheme is efficient for computational assumptions. Generalization for considering leakage, which may occur at the time of computation.  Decryption algorithm encodes secret key utilizing good error that makes correcting code and performs actual decryption. An adversary gains noisy variant of demonstrated by encryption schemes that computes intermediate values that helps to develop the system.

Analyzing the data can be helpful to get results. In all of cases underlying principle has physical effects that can be caused or modular information regarding secrets in the system. The cryptographic key makes partial state information and partial plaintexts (Yarom & Falkner, 2014). The term cryptophthora is utilized for expressing degradation of the secret key material that results expressing from the side channel leakage. Timing attacks for data movement into things for crypto system algorithm. Power analysis attacks can give detailed information through observing power consumption of the hardware device. These are categorized into the simple power analysis are roughly categorized into the simple power analysis. Fluctuation in the present system produces radio waves. It enables the attacks, which can be analyzed measurements of the electronic emanations. 

Conclusion

From the above discussion it can be concluded that it is important to provide security in side channel attacks of cryptography. Side channel attack is one of the forms of reverse engineering. In addition, electronic circuits generate emissions as byproducts, which makes possible for processing. Heats as well as electronic emissions are viable sources of information for the attackers.  The utilization of performing reverse engineering earned the side channel analysis as well side channel attack.

References

Naor, M., & Segev, G. (2009). Public-key cryptosystems resilient to key leakage. In Advances in Cryptology-CRYPTO 2009 (pp. 18-35). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.

Zhou, Y., &Feng, D. (2005). Side-Channel Attacks: Ten Years After Its Publication and the Impacts on Cryptographic Module Security Testing. IACR Cryptology ePrint Archive, 2005, 388.

Joye, M., &Quisquater, J. J. (2001, May). Hessian elliptic curves and side-channel attacks. In International Workshop on Cryptographic Hardware and Embedded Systems (pp. 402-410). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.

Izu, T., & Takagi, T. (2002, February). A fast parallel elliptic curve multiplication resistant against side channel attacks. In International Workshop on Public Key Cryptography (pp. 280-296). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.

Brier, E., Clavier, C., & Olivier, F. (2004, August). Correlation power analysis with a leakage model. In International Workshop on Cryptographic Hardware and Embedded Systems (pp. 16-29). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.

Standaert, F. X., Malkin, T. G., & Yung, M. (2009, April). A unified framework for the analysis of side-channel key recovery attacks. In Annual International Conference on the Theory and Applications of Cryptographic Techniques (pp. 443-461). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.

Yarom, Y., & Falkner, K. (2014, August). FLUSH+ RELOAD: A High Resolution, Low Noise, L3 Cache Side-Channel Attack. In USENIX Security (Vol. 2014, pp. 719-732).

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My Assignment Help. (2021). Comparative Study Of Research Papers On Security In Side Channel Attacks In Cryptography: A Materials Essay.. Retrieved from https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/itc571-emerging-technologies-and-innovation/channel-analysis.html.

"Comparative Study Of Research Papers On Security In Side Channel Attacks In Cryptography: A Materials Essay.." My Assignment Help, 2021, https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/itc571-emerging-technologies-and-innovation/channel-analysis.html.

My Assignment Help (2021) Comparative Study Of Research Papers On Security In Side Channel Attacks In Cryptography: A Materials Essay. [Online]. Available from: https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/itc571-emerging-technologies-and-innovation/channel-analysis.html
[Accessed 22 February 2024].

My Assignment Help. 'Comparative Study Of Research Papers On Security In Side Channel Attacks In Cryptography: A Materials Essay.' (My Assignment Help, 2021) <https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/itc571-emerging-technologies-and-innovation/channel-analysis.html> accessed 22 February 2024.

My Assignment Help. Comparative Study Of Research Papers On Security In Side Channel Attacks In Cryptography: A Materials Essay. [Internet]. My Assignment Help. 2021 [cited 22 February 2024]. Available from: https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/itc571-emerging-technologies-and-innovation/channel-analysis.html.

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