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Importance of Socialization in Helping New Employees Adapt

Discuss About The Perspectives Of Learning And Development?

Socialization is a process, by which an individual gets adapted to the language, knowledge, value and social skills to support the usual role necessary for sustaining in a group or organization. It combines the rules imposed by both internal, external as well as the expectation of others. Socialization refers to the to the method by which a new employee gets accustomed to the new rules  and become sensitive to the formal and informal structure of power and the external and internal behavioral rules. The root of socialization was earlier found in the works of Aristotle and Plato (Richter & Hurrelmann, 2016).

Socialization is important to help the new employees become acquainted with the new culture, environment, colleague, supervisors. If there is any lack of socialization at the primary stage it might result an individual to withdraw from his peers because he is not sure what people of his age want to talk about or like to speak about.  Socialization at an early age will be beneficial for children to develop an over-all language, knowledge and social skills. The role of socialization is to make an individual familiar with the norms of his group or society. It is not only important for children but also for adults. Children get to learn what is expected from them by the society when they grow up and become an adult.  According to the Aristotelian view of socialization, in society there are two different parties- one takes over the social function and the other observes the same. The concept of socialization lives together with equal breadth and depth. Aristotelian views of socialization pertain to the development of social discourse; however, there ought to be certain changes with the effective understanding of contemporary society. Social values and norms keep changing with centuries due to several conceptual changes (Sheridan et al, 2015 ). With the effective understanding of the factors pertaining to the entire understanding of the cases, there has been a popular concept with the effective course of the issues. As a matter of fact, this has been taken in to certain consideration pertaining to the effective chances so as to find out how effective they have been in due course of time.  Childcare and development o child psychology undoubtedly depends on the social changes. Socialization is the attempt to let the move in to the mature process of social perception. The progression of culture and society is interconnected with the way an individual socializes. The individual is not alert with the instant solution of the problems and the shared expectations. Socialization prepares a child to become a responsible member of the society. He starts learning how a member of the society can satisfy the basic needs. He is given proper training through formal and informal socialization agencies to correlate his own behavior with others in different kind of situations. Socialization is a very good form of social control applied for the sake of group as well as for personal growth. There are few aims of socialization in sociology. It covers almost everything from the prime disciplines of the society to the complicated scientific rules. It is not desirable in an abnormal and unorganized structure of a society. An individual should understand that he needs to upgrade his behavior with that of the socio- cultural norms of the environment. An individual is internalized by his normal behavior which goes on throughout his life. This internalization becomes so deeply engrossed that most of the individuals do not get digressed by the unfavorable situations for divergence. Socialization teaches an individual their specific roles and status in other situations of the society. For instance, students, employees, leaders, employers, followers and teachers play their own different roles. An individual is made to adjust their own behavior in a way so as to bring in the correlation in the society. Moreover, there are other rights, privileges, responsibilities which are associated with every role and thus intensify the social welfare to keep social order in a relatively stable condition.

Aristotelian Views of Socialization


An individual gets to learn many skills from socialization which helps them in leading a better life in the society. They are taught the proper behavior as per different social situation so that they can receive good appreciation and not any negative response from others. It aspires an individual to become a good officer, teacher, mother or father as an effect of socialization. Society spreads its cultural values and gives special orientation like educational, religious and political which enables an individual to lead a proper decent life. Thus, people learn their habits; self- conception, group norms and universe of discourse that make it possible to interact with people of the society and act according to the societal rules. Thus the main goals of socialization include- teaching of impulse control, developing conscience and preparing an individual to act according to the society (Aronfreed, 2013).

Socialization has five key agents- family, school, peer group, media and rehabilitation institutions. Family is the first place with whom the child first gets acquainted after taking birth in the world. The primary emotions like love, care, happiness and affection are all provided to the child by his family which forms the basis of how he will grow up to see the world around him. Parents deserve all the credit and blame for their child’s success and behavior in life but the proof determines that parents have a large impact. Sometimes a child also ends up resembling their parents not just in looks or appearance but more than that. The ways in which the parents socialize depends upon two important factors, i.e. the social strata of the parents and their own biological sex (Zarakol, 2014). School is where the child is given training about the rights and wrongs, ethical and unethical of the society. The three Rs are involved in the school curriculum- reading, writing and arithmetic. A child interacts daily a large part of their time with his fellow classmates, teachers and other authority figures which develop their interactive skill in the society. The peer group is a crucial juncture of the life, which is influenced by some groups based on some specific characteristics or traits which can be the after effect of their talent, their thirst for knowledge, sport activities, games etc. friends play a very important part in an individual’s life especially during his adolescence when he is influenced by his taste in music, clothes, and other aspects of his life. They have a tendency to join the group for these features and this leads in taking extra care for the children by the parents so that these do not affect their personality which might be difficult to give up. The media group has a big influence on the child, on their perspective and by sticking to the media they like to have a role model that grabs their attention such that they would surpass that person. Movies, TV shows, popular music, magazines, websites and other media influence an individual’s political views, affinity for popular culture, views on men and women, people of other gender and color and other practices, values and beliefs. Sometimes, out of controversy the mass media is blamed for instigating the youth and imposing violence on them. A child gets badly affected by seeing violence in the movies even before reaching their adulthood. Mass media is also responsible for portraying racial and gender stereotypes. The final agent is religion which is not of prime importance. In recent days, people have less religious beliefs than it was in the earlier generations. The rehabilitation institutions like a prison, training centre for the armed forces, police institutes etc. have an impact on the individual who have stayed in such places. The training and discipline are given to such individuals who were unidentified even after leaving the places. These agents of socialization are essential for the human society because they act as the main platform of such an individual personality (Lytton, 2013).

Teaching Skills through Socialization


The objective of creation has led to the adaptation of children the learning of social discourse. As a matter of fact, this has been taken into certain consideration pertaining to the basic understanding of the entire case. Social development is highly dependent on various factors: the social, economic, political and humanitarian. According to an article published by the University of Hamburg, the overall development of children is the dependent variable of the social discourses. 

Investment in high quality education system ought to include the basic perception of the children of overall development process. With the effective chances from the effective understanding of the entire case has to be taken in to certain consideration pertaining to the effective consideration of childcare development. In early childhood during the prevalence of critical and sensible time period, the external environment plays a major role.  It has been observed that during childhood a person builds the foundation for social and financial wellbeing for the future life. During each and every developmental stage the avenues are found to create a link between the social surroundings and individual perception (Bardi et al., 2014). It also quantifies the effect of the both in a reciprocal manner. Since reciprocity has the basic criteria with the effective chances in terms of making it a proper understanding with the effective chances, there is a high chance to find out how effective the social discourse is in terms of meeting the target of individual development. During the twenty first century many of the countries have undergone a positive change in terms of making it positive criteria with the effective understanding of the people in terms of creating the basic change. The twenty first century has witnessed certain changes in the mode of child development as well as in the mode of child perception. Socialization has always helped an individual study the effective and ongoing changes that somehow put greater impact upon an individual development. The debatable condition of the life has to be taken in to certain consideration with the basic understanding of the entire case.   

While talking about childcare development, we need to focus on different aspects- biological, psychological and emotional.  Socio-cultural motivations play n important role to help a child develop its overall individual condition. The main objective of Child development has been taken in to certain condition pertaining to the effective chances with the development of the entire case as a matter of fact; this has been taken in to certain condition pertaining to the greater effect of the learning of how this would argue the entire understanding of the issues. Professional and individual choice is often conflicted with each other. Different factors are to be taken into account. These are:

Key Agents of Socialization

The External Environment

Social Stereotypes

In terms of functional culture there are different varieties of parenting style. As a matter of fact, this has been taken in to certain consideration pertaining to the effective changes in terms of creating the values of argument. Parenting styles play a major role in developing the mental strength of a child. As a matter of fact, this has to be taken in to certain consideration pertaining to the effective chances of the entire case. Since most of the basic understanding has to be taken into certain consideration, there is a need of clear understanding of the issues pertaining to the factorization of the entire case since this has to be taken in to certain consideration with the effective chances of the entire issue. Parenting styles such as authoritative ones while setting certain limits for the children, giving reasonable demands to their wards, expressing warmth and affection to their children and listening to the point of view is under certain practice in American and Australian society (Van Campenhout, 2015).  As a matter of fact, it also involves the criteria pertaining to the effective understanding of the entire case.  Children are considered to be vulnerable individuals and they are often treated with special care. the act of socialization of children can be categorized in to different segments, these are:

Secondary Socialization

Both the acts can be argued on the basis of Sigmund Freud’s perception and case analysis of psychosexual stages. The other theories associated with this particular case have been Jean Piaget’s theory of cognitive development and Margaret Mahler’s theory of psychoanalytic development. As a matter of fact, it has the basic understanding of the entire case pertaining to the entire understanding of the issues (Devereux & Jackson, 2015). 

While primary socialization refers to the acceptance of social norms and learning process pertaining to basic social values, it looks into the establishment of social norms and values that constitutes a child’s perception of accepting group within the attribute of the individuals. On the contrary, the secondary socialization refers to the process of learning of the appropriateness of behavior of an individual as a part of the society. In this case, the acceptance of members in the greater part of the society has to be taken in to certain consideration.  According to Sigmund Freud, different psychosexual stages are somehow responsible for the social development of a child.

Having observed aforementioned concepts, it can be stated that socialization needs to be taken in to firm consideration since it decides how a child would be approaching to the society during its fore-coming age.  Adolescence being the most intricate stage needs to be molded from very basic level and all the social beings are to be kept responsible for this attempt.

Reference:

Richter, M., & Hurrelmann, K. (2016). Life course influences on health and health inequalities: A socialisation perspective.

Zarakol, A. (2014). What made the modern world hang together: socialisation or stigmatisation?. International Theory, 6(2), 311-332.

Lavoie, J., Leduc, K., Crossman, A. M., & Talwar, V. (2016). Do As I Say and Not As I Think: Parent Socialisation of Lie?Telling Behaviour. Children & Society, 30(4), 253-264.

Sheridan, A. J., Drennan, J., Coughlan, B., O’Keeffe, D., Frazer, K., Kemple, M., ... & O’Callaghan, E. (2015). Improving social functioning and reducing social isolation and loneliness among people with enduring mental illness: Report of a randomised controlled trial of supported socialisation. International Journal of Social Psychiatry, 61(3), 241-250.

Devereux, M., & Jackson, C. (2015). The nature of the social experience at popular music festivals.

Bardi, A., Buchanan, K. E., Goodwin, R., Slabu, L., & Robinson, M. (2014). Value stability and change during self-chosen life transitions: Self-selection versus socialization effects. Journal of personality and social psychology, 106(1), 131.

Tao, F., Cheng, Y., Zhang, L., & Nee, A. Y. (2017). Advanced manufacturing systems: socialization characteristics and trends. Journal of Intelligent Manufacturing, 28(5), 1079-1094.

Lytton, H. (2013). Parent-child interaction: The socialization process observed in twin and singleton families. Springer Science & Business Media.

Petrova, T. N., Kirillova, O. V., Sokolova, S. G., Pugacheva, N. B., Galimullina, A. F., Maksimova, O. G., ... & Kozhanov, V. V. (2016). Education as the Management of Research Universities Students' Socialization. International Review of Management and Marketing, 6(2S).

Perrot, S., Bauer, T. N., Abonneau, D., Campoy, E., Erdogan, B., & Liden, R. C. (2014). Organizational socialization tactics and newcomer adjustment: The moderating role of perceived organizational support. Group & Organization Management, 39(3), 247-273.

Priest, N., Walton, J., White, F., Kowal, E., Baker, A., & Paradies, Y. (2014). Understanding the complexities of ethnic-racial socialization processes for both minority and majority groups: A 30-year systematic review. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 43, 139-155.

Grusec, J. E. (2017). 10 A Domains-of-Socialization Perspective on Children’s Social Development. New Perspectives on Human Development, 165.

Lee, N. J., Shah, D. V., & McLeod, J. M. (2013). Processes of political socialization: A communication mediation approach to youth civic engagement. Communication Research, 40(5), 669-697.

Van Campenhout, G. (2015). Revaluing the role of parents as financial socialization agents in youth financial literacy programs. Journal of Consumer Affairs, 49(1), 186-222.

Aronfreed, J. (2013). Conduct and conscience: The socialization of internalized control over behavior. Elsevier.

Wang, M., Kammeyer-Mueller, J., Liu, Y., & Li, Y. (2015). Context, socialization, and newcomer learning. Organizational Psychology Review, 5(1), 3-25.

Danziger, K. (Ed.). (2013). Readings in Child Socialization: The Commonwealth and International Library: Readings in Sociology. Elsevier.

Grusec, J. E., Chaparro, M. P., Johnston, M., & Sherman, A. (2014). The development of moral behavior from a socialization perspective. Handbook of moral development, 113-134.

Moschis, G. P., & Moore, R. L. (2016). Mass media and personal influences on adolescent consumer learning. In Proceedings of the 1979 Academy of Marketing Science (AMS) Annual Conference (pp. 127-131). Springer, Cham.

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