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Importance of Political Ideologies in Society

Discuss about the Political Ideology and Analysis for Powerful Weapon.

Political ideology is by definition a defined set of ideas and opinions which a group of individual or class can use to base the political activity in a society. Ideologies are in a sharp contrast to scattered or amateurish dispersion of ideas that in no way can create political beliefs.  Political ideologies are fundamental in giving rise to political phenomenon. An individual’s ideologies are essential in influencing his/her political behaviors. The essential sources of political ideologies are generally collected from slogans, speeches, studying carefully the functioning of different states. On the existence of ideology in a state, it is however imperative that there will exist ideological strife due to the presence of other political ideologies and beliefs. It is inherent in a man to possess political ideologies which will continue to have a strong impact on hi will and imaginative faculties. The essay will discuss political ideologies, its application in states, different types of political ideologies existing in the society today and its implications in government and functioning. Furthermore, the essay will also discuss in length the importance of overlapping political ideologies and ideological strife.

However, political practitioners have also enumerated on the elusiveness of political ideology since there can never be a compact definition of the term. The ideologies are fundamental for providing a secured link between theory and practice and make the concepts of society, inter-relation of politics with individuals precise to the students of political science (Vincent 2009). Ideologies act as a powerful weapon since it is only by the existence of conflicting political ideologies that a state can progress successfully.  Researchers have concluded that the mere implantation of a certain political ideology into a person’s mind can help the individual possess an altogether different worldview. If one delves deeper into history, one can conveniently come across how conflicting political ideologies have been held responsible for giving rise to Cold War between United States and Soviet Union (Makovi 2016). Ideological warfare has been the core reason amounting to destructive campaigns, destruction of cultural properties for the deliberate damage to the belief of a particular sect or religion in order to upheld the other and the like. Over the years social scientists have come to regard political ideologies as a set of manners, values, opinions, beliefs and behavior that would come to define a person and invests a distinctive identity in him. One of the important consequences of conflicting political ideologies, ideological warfare is the result of changing taste and perception of the perpetually evolving society and their conflicts.

Different Types of Political Ideologies

Today in the 21st century, irrespective of the country or state, political ideologies are been created by social media sites and to some extent search engines. It is precisely here that one can gauge the extent to which political ideology is important in opinion formation and directing a crowd toward a definite direction. Theorists have claimed that over the years, videogames have manipulated their users for the sake of creating political ideologies, for instance the legitimizing military war and destruction, creating an unreal picture of male figure, or normalizing violence. At this juncture one may come across the crucial question that whether any state could at all exist bereft of its political ideologies. However, as much as this gives the readers a very utopian picture of the society, the existence of such a state is practically impossible. The state would become fragmented if its constituents have no political ideologies. Every state has to possess a set of ideologies albeit it can be complex or inter-mixed in their nature (Baradat and Phillips 2016).

Some of the major political ideologies in the realm of political ideologies are liberalism, socialism, conservatism and anarchism. However, the basic overlapping of ideologies is an important area to study since it indicates that no society can progress depending upon an ideology that is basically a sealed system of opinion or thoughts. If a state wants to compartmentalize political ideology, the result will be an essentially flawed functioning of its system. If a state has started to getting saturated or corruption the ideologies can in fact offer answer to its doubts and questions (Ferris et al. 2017).  The existence of political ideologies is essential in the functioning of politics since they can offer the possibility of change according to which the state will continue to function. Ideologies are also important for a state to achieve something, for instance with socialism which is a dominant political ideology in Scandinavian countries, Vietnam, Cuba and China is characterized by the owning and controlling of means of production by centralized government. The system is based on the tenets of egalitarianism and the principle behind the creation of socialism is to ensure a more democratic state for the people. People believed in the ideology of socialism because of its emphasis on social issues like the access to voting to have a say in government formation. At this juncture it is rather concise to understand that political ideology play the fundamental role of organizing and integrating a disorganized mass in order to achieve a number of goals like synchrony or collaboration required in the functioning of state (Ferris et al. 2017).

Implications of Political Ideologies on Government and Functioning

With anarchism as a political ideology in a state which is comprised of beliefs like freedom and equality of all bestowed by those who are at governing position. The ideology of anarchism is fundamental to understand the invasion of foreign elements in the society and the role that they play. These ideologies are firm foundations upon which a society is formed with the formation of social groups with shared or conflicting political ideologies (Bartels 2016). The study of society will remain incomplete without the thorough understanding of the aspiration, conflicts and struggles of social class which will be fostered with a deep understanding of political ideologies. Without political ideologies no social theorists will be able to unify the fragments of society or understand the core reasons behind such fragmentation.

In the realm of politics, ideologies help us to understand the functioning of western countries that believe in the concept of a government with limited power and the fact that government has no right to become arbitrary (Gasman 2017). A government should be the representative of people, its power equally distributed amongst the nation states (Ferris et al. 2017). This itself reflects the influence of political ideologies. Another popular ideology that has been the subject of numerous discussion is the Nazi ideology which help readers to understand how this political ideology which benefits the elite set of government officials and industrialists at the rate of ideological manipulation of the entire society (Vincent 2009). Understanding of political ideology will also give a clear concept regarding how Hitler put the concept of racial subjugation at the core o his political ideology. His ideologies hindered the intermingling of people bringing from two different classes creating sheer hostility and strife and resulting in the rise of autocratic power (Vincent 2009). It enumerates the consequences of the creation of a state that does not thrive on mutual harmony but racial supremacy and elimination of a fraction of human race. In other International states like US the dominant political ideology is divided between the Republicans and Conservatisms. The polarity of their different ideologies is apparent in their opinions on some of the core issues plaguing America currently, for instance immigrants, xenophobia and homosexuality (Ball, Dagger and O’Neill 2016). Their different approaches of these individuals are not inherent nor were bestowed during birth. It is rather a slow progression of ideological interpellation, a process by which different sets of ideas and concepts tend to get ingratiated within our minds. In Australia or other International countries, ideologies have given shape to individuals’ identity different from the one they were born with (Kershaw 2014).

Conflict and Overlapping of Political Ideologies

In Australia the two fundamental political parties, the Australian Labor Party and Liberal-National Party Coalition have been responsible for giving a concrete shape to the ideological beliefs and opinions of the people. A change in people’s ideologies will reflect a change in their opinion regarding the socio-economic changes taking place in Australia (Schwartz 2017). Australian cultural policy has been significant in influencing International development of rationales forming the core elements of cultural policies. From the very beginning of its functioning, the goal of Australian Labor Party has been to spread democratic socialism which sought for fair distribution of economic and political opportunities, employment rights to secure the people of their social and political rights. The birth and understanding of political ideologies is essential here to make judgments upon the functioning of the state and to shape them in a fashion as to assure the highest advantage for its people. People with an understanding of liberal ideology has the power to view its goal of promoting social welfare in order to give birth to a society which will be well-nourished spiritually and intellectually (Ball, Dagger and O’Neill 2016). As a part of their political ideology, labor government has also sought to provide and nourish the cultural and artistic aspects in the society (Waldo 2017)

It is therefore safe to conclude that a thorough understanding of political ideology is essential not merely for a fair understanding of political science but for the basic functioning of state and society. No society can advance without a set of well defined ideologies as its guiding light. The paper has also discussed at length the scope of contradicting ideology for an understanding of the class conflicts and the demands of dominant class in the society.

Reference List:

Ball, T., Dagger, R. and O’Neill, D.I., 2016. Liberalism. In Political Ideologies and the Democratic Ideal (pp. 70-129). Routledge.

Ball, T., Dagger, R. and O’Neill, D.I., 2016. Political ideologies and the democratic ideal. Taylor & Francis.

Baradat, L.P. and Phillips, J.A., 2016. Political ideologies: Their origins and impact. Taylor & Francis.

Bartels, L.M., 2016. Unequal democracy: The political economy of the new gilded age. Princeton University Press.

Ferris, G.R., Perrewé, P.L., Daniels, S.R., Lawong, D. and Holmes, J.J., 2017. Social influence and politics in organizational research: What we know and what we need to know. Journal of Leadership & Organizational Studies, 24(1), pp.5-19.

Gasman, D., 2017. The scientific origins of national socialism. Routledge.

Kershaw, I., 2014. Hitler. Routledge.

Makovi, M., 2016. Interest Groups and the Impossibility of Democratic Socialism: Hayek, Jewkes, and the Arrow Theorem.

Miller78, D., 2016. Citizenship and national identity. Democracy: A Reader, p.447.

Vincent, A., 2009. Modern political ideologies. John Wiley & Sons.

Waldo, D., 2017. The administrative state: A study of the political theory of American public administration. Routledge.

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