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Question:
Case study:- Quotapark shared foothpath
Domain Engineering and construction

You must  write an essay describing and justifying a high-level approach to continuous improvement plan for an organisation from a selected case study. 

You should describe all of the required parts of your continuous improvement plan in as complete manner as you deem appropriate.
Answer:
Introduction

The paper is based on continuous improvement plan for Quota Path Shared Footpath. The project plan is based on the engineering and construction domain of the park with construction of footpath, bikeways as well as walkways into the park with following local as well as federal safety regulations. The measures, which are taken for construction of the footpath, are footpath work safety plan. After investigating the tender document, the project manager analyzes that the construction work of the footpath requires some changes in the operations so that it can meet with the client’s requirements and satisfy them.

 The most means of a footpath into the park is for walking. This particular paper is based on continuous improvement plan of Quota Park Shared Footpath project plan. It is focused on improvement into the project plan for improving into the paths. The improvement processes consist of identification of improvement areas, organize team to study the process, recommend possible improvements, define the areas, collect data, and analyze it for improvement and determination of recommendations as well as methods. This particular paper includes of proper standards for the path for various users and technical solutions to the problems that are encountered from the tender document of Quota Park.

Continuous Improvement Plan for Quota Path Shared Footpath

The tender document of Quota Path Shared Footpath provides space for walking as well as cycling into the park. The tender document of Quota Park clearly defines the ownership of the footpaths. They are considering the responsibilities as well as roles of the local communities that use them (Bredenoord 2016). The financial resources are obtainable in order to continue with the vital infrastructure level. The local communities are improving the paths required to offer their own resources that are required in the form of free labour. The coordination of the improvement plan as well as maintenance of path will be undertaken by the community group (Willar and Willar 2017). The technical guidelines of the Quota Park based on design as well as construction of footpath deals with the main problems found in the footpaths such as alignment and set out, improve the surface of path, drainage and simple crossing of water. Regular maintenance of the footpaths is required to sustain the work put into improvement of the paths (Bay 2014). Stone paths are suited into the areas where the surface is poor. Therefore, there should be an improvement into construction of the stone footpaths.

The first stage into improvement of the footpath is stage of planning. Proper planning is required to be done in such a way that the proposed work will achieve the improvements based on client’s requirements and it is carried out efficiently (Dale 2015). The planning stages consist of technical issues such as identification of the functions as well as users of the footpath, selection of design standards, and improvement in new construction plan, and estimation of resources and monitoring of work (Goetsch and Davis 2014). In this case, there is a requirement to improve the footpaths as well as request for the technical assistance will come from the side of communities use the footpaths. The community is the client and they provide with most of the resources such as labour. While providing the technical assistance, the community should consult with all the planning stages and organization to carry out the plan (Oakland 2014). Help of the community does the implementation of the improvement plan of the Quota Park. There should be a written agreement on the improvement plan with clearly states the responsibilities as well as inputs of community and procedural assistance to carry out the work.

Before start of the actual planning stage, the community group should comprise of good illustration of the community members those are using the footpaths. It is done by use of mapping exercise (Rahman, Hamid and Islam 2016). A sketch diagram is done on the ground to show the elements of the Quota Park Footpath. The community group should draw a map into the large sheet of the paper, mark the main features of the footpath and then collect any maps of the footpath from the district authorities (Copeland, Zarbo and Varney 2016). Apart from the functions of footpath, it is also required to gather details of the users those would use the footpath. It is required to get proper information of the both types of users such as walkers as well as cyclers (Martin and Osterling 2014). This particular gathered data would also determine the designing standard required for the path. It will be wastage if a wide path is constructed only for the walking purpose. The project manager should do a survey, which is required to search the number as well as uses type passing along the path (Goetsch and Davis 2014). Some of the survey factors are number of users use the footpath per day, user origin, type of users, child or adult, male or female and weight of the load.

Apart from this, there is a continuous improvement into the design standard of the Quota Park Shared Footpath. After analyzing the survey on type of users, minimum design standard is required for increasing the work amount in improving the path (Al-Tabbaa, Gadd and Ankrah 2013). The key significant design standards are footpath width, clearance above the footpath, gradient and surfacing of the footpath. After going through the entire tender document of Quota Park, it is analyzed that width of the path should be dependent on the total number of users, clearance above the path for the cycle is 2.5m and one-way footpath as well as two-way footpath for walking is 1.0m and 1.2m respectively (Jakubowski and Moore 2015). The minimum bend radius for the path is 2.4m for the cycle. The gradient as well as surface of the footpath is dependent on various users as well as type of transport respectively.

Technical survey of the path is done to get required detailed information on the improvement required for the footpath. The community group should walk the footpath to identify the nature of problem (Savino and Mazza 2014). Then, the problems are recorded. Measurements are made on distances and gradients. The details on soil type, availability of materials and details of ownership are also recorded. After identification of the improvement areas, possible improvement methods are selected and developed to the planning stage where it is presented to the community (Kovach and Fredendall 2014). A project proposal is prepared for making improvements into the tender document. It will consist of improvement areas, estimation of resources, ongoing maintenance, planning and design meeting and written agreement. The proposal is carried out on the path, which requires consisting of good, estimation of the inputs to the labour, tools as well as materials required to do the project work (Lleo et al. 2017). A project guidelines are prepared involve of labour-based construction of footpath and guidelines on main excavation.

The project manager decides to follow some of the construction steps to improve into the plan. The first step is set out the path, which involves of path alignment required to provide with good quality path with least amount of work (Copeland, Zarbo and Varney 2016). An existing path is followed, but there are some cases when it is required to change the route. The centre-line is marked with the poles at 5-10m intervals. Then, the formation width is measured for the park. Secondly, it is clear and grubbing (Willar and Willar 2017). All the rocks are removed from the formation width of the footpath and then there is digging out of bush stumps. The third step is excavating the level. The main goal is to provide a level base as well as reduce the excavation by balancing fill with the excavation. The fourth step is marking out as well as excavating the drains and finally it is formation of the plug.

The construction of footpath has a significant impact on the environment; therefore, good environmental practices require using for construction as well as improvement purposes. It consists of carefully construction of outlets of drains in order to avoid erosion (Al-Tabbaa, Gadd and Ankrah 2013). The flow of water should require spreading so that it reduces the flow rates and allow the water to sink in the ground. Regular techniques can be utilized to secure delicate inclines against erosion.  Plants with profound spreading roots can be planted to tie the soils and prevention of erosion (Goetsch and Davis 2014). These should be created before planting and furthermore ensured until they set up themselves in the soil. Wooden stakes driven solidly into the ground can be utilized to stay the plants until they are sufficiently enough to bolster themselves (Savino and Mazza 2014). In design improvements of the footpath, it is required to use of methods, which will protect and enhance the local environment to provide a good quality footpath in the Quota Park.

Total quality management is used as a structured approach to construction improvement into the Quota Park Shared Footpath project plan. It is used for improving the performance and provide with excellent customer satisfaction throughout continuous improvements of processes by involvement of each individuals (Jakubowski and Moore 2015). Customer focus is the main factor of the total quality management. It provides with requirements of customer, provide with a framework, culture as well as environment to meet with the customer’s requirements. By making sure that quality of each stage are good, minimization of costly reworks and quality of the final products satisfy the final users (Kovach and Fredendall 2014). In the improvement plan of the project plan, it is ensured that in the plan includes of senior staffs as well as stakeholders into the assessment phase. After the improvement plan is developed, feedback is taken from the client to implement it. The final implementation of the improvement plan is done after getting approval from the senior management as well as feedback from the customer.

The improvement is not directed to travel by foot easier and efficient but it also covers the requirement to offer access for transitional means of transport such as cycles. Training need is required based on experience of the workers (Madgunda et al. 2015). The workers have lack of knowledge to use of technical tool for providing quality work. Technical techniques such as stone laying, profile checking require training. The common tasks into construction of footpath are excavation as well as leveling, and due to lack of knowledge of using these tools, the workers are require training to use of best tools (Singh, Thakur and Chaudhary 2015). On-the-job training should require providing to the workers to ensure that they will able to handle best tools for construction work. At the completion of improvements, training courses are held for the community workers those are responsible for supervise the ongoing maintenance of the improvement plan.

Conclusion

It is concluded that consistent support of the pathways is required to manage the work put into change of the ways. Appropriate arranging is required to be done such that the proposed work will accomplish the upgrades based on customer's necessities and it is completed effectively. The arranging stages comprise of technical issues, for example, identification of the capacities and also clients of the pathway, determination of outline benchmarks, and change in new development plan, and estimation of assets and checking of work. A project proposition is set up for making changes into the delicate archive. It will comprise of change territories, estimation of assets, continuous support, arranging and configuration meeting and composed understanding. The proposition is completed on the way, which requires comprising of good, estimation of the contributions to the work, apparatuses and additionally materials required to do the work. Customer focus is the main factor of the improvement plan. It gives prerequisites of client, provide with a framework, culture and condition to meet with the client's necessities. The improvement plan ensures that nature of each stage is great, minimization of expensive reworks and nature of the final products fulfilling the client’s requirements.

References

Al-Tabbaa, O., Gadd, K. and Ankrah, S., 2013. Excellence models in the non-profit context: strategies for continuous improvement. International Journal of Quality & Reliability Management, 30(5), pp.590-612.

Bay, T.L.S., 2014. Construction Environmental Management Plan.

Bredenoord, J., 2016. Sustainable Housing and Building Materials for Low-income Households. J Archit Eng Tech, 5(158), p.2.

Copeland, J., Zarbo, R. and Varney, R., 2016. Deviation Management: A Defect Management System for Continuous Improvement. American Journal of Clinical Pathology, 146(suppl_1).

Dale, B., 2015. Total quality management. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Goetsch, D.L. and Davis, S.B., 2014. Quality management for organizational excellence. Upper Saddle River, NJ: pearson.

Jakubowski, P. and Moore, S., 2015, November. Enterprise Risk Management: An improvement journey in nuclear decommissioning. In Asset Management Conference 2015 (pp. 1-31). IET.

Kovach, J.V. and Fredendall, L.D., 2014. Managerial Impacts of Learning and Continuous Improvement Practices. The Journal for Quality and Participation, 37(2), p.25.

Lleo, A., Viles, E., Jurburg, D. and Lomas, L., 2017. Strengthening employee participation and commitment to continuous improvement through middle manager trustworthy behaviours. Total Quality Management & Business Excellence, pp.1-15.

Madgunda, S., Suman, U., Praneeth, G.S. and Kasera, R., 2015. Steps in Requirement Stage of Waterfall Model. International journal of computer & mathematical sciences, pp.86-87.

Martin, K. and Osterling, M., 2014. Value stream mapping: how to visualize work and align leadership for organizational transformation. McGraw-Hill.

Oakland, J.S., 2014. Total quality management and operational excellence: text with cases. Routledge.

Rahman, M.M., Hamid, M. and Islam, M.T., 2016. Continuous School Improvement Plan for Quality Education in the Light of Pedagogy: An Action Research.

Savino, M.M. and Mazza, A., 2014. Toward environmental and quality sustainability: an integrated approach for continuous improvement. IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management, 61(1), pp.171-181.

Singh, D., Thakur, A. and Chaudhary, A., 2015. A Comparative Study between Waterfall and Incremental Software Development Life Cycle Model. International Journal of Emerging Trends in Science and Technology, 2(04).

Willar, D. and Willar, D., 2017. Developing attributes for evaluating construction project-based performance. The TQM Journal, 29(2), pp.369-384.

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