Historical significance of kinship in state-building process
The role of kinship in the state-building process has been and continues to be one of the central topics of study in anthropology (Gibson and Carr). The GCC states are states that were formed from small monarchies or tribes; this situation is reflected by family ties being used as tools for uniting a nation. In recent years the role played by kinship in the state-building process is being debated. In many countries like the Emirates ties of kinship play an active role in advancing the development process of the national state, especially in Arab societies (Haugevik and Neumann). The function played by kinship in the GCC states' political climate is different from Egypt (Fielder). Egypt has a big role in providing stability and building civil society which are absent from the institutions of the Gulf. Minority groups have greater opportunities for advancement than they do in Arab countries." Historically kinship played a crucial role in the state-building process in many societies; however, the significance of kinship has declined with various world changes.
This paper examines how kinship plays a role in the formation of Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) states (Gulf Cooperation Council and Markaz Gha?lu?b Abu? Z?aby). The study shows that kinship is indeed very supportive of the ways a group and its members view each other. To build this new type of state, Arab rulers had to go beyond their family and tribe to include leaders from different regions and tribes. The reciprocal relationship between the ruler and his people is becoming greater than that between close kin for several reasons (De et al.): lack of tribal solidarity as well as interaction with outside groups (Mukherji 1984). The GCC states are trying to come up with a replacement for what they call 'tribalism' that used to depend on blood relations or one's place of origin. It has been replaced by an ideology based on the unity of these countries and on their prosperity, which is totally related to political stability. A strong government needs solid administrative policies based on cooperation rather than schismatic issues.
Historically, state-building has always been a slow process, in which either an individual is able to lead or a group is able to develop. However, in the GCC States (Gulf Cooperation Council), there exists a case where kinship ties have played a significant role in state-building. The associated kinship ties were often based on shared descent and they were used by each of the ruling families of the GCC States during historical times as a mechanism for acquiring resources and power over other groups within their respective societies. These kinship ties are also proven to be important in the establishment and development of their modern states, so much so that some scholars believe that without these ties, it would be impossible for the GCC States to become what they are today.
For hundreds of years, kinship has been prominent in the State-building process of Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries, where trust, honor, and affection are crucial elements in social life. The relation between kinship and state is so tight that they are considered to be synonymous even in contemporary times. In this regard, kinship plays an important role as an agent that helps people strengthen their status and communicate with others effectively by drawing a network of kindred relationships.
Kinship ties and state-building in GCC countries
In the modern Middle East and the Persian Gulf, kinship is playing an important role in the state-building process (London Middle East Institute and Gulf Cooperation Council). The Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries are known to have large extended families, with many generations under one roof. There are different explanations as to why this is happening. Some scholars suggest that it happens because the people of these societies want a simple life, and prefer family bonds over formal government ties. Others argue that the tribal identity and heritage are stronger than the national identity.
The states of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) are modern territorial states, which were formed on the basis of a shared idea – Islam – and a particular connection between the ruling family and the local tribe. While it is widely recognized that kinship plays an enormous role in the state-building process around the world, what is less well known is that in almost all cases, kinship plays this role not by inborn biological features such as common blood but by the idea of kinship expressed through social norms of behavior towards kin (McNamara and Henrich). Kinship therefore may be defined more broadly as a set of norms for behavior towards specific groups based on ancestral-familial connections.
The GCC states are composed of a lot of immigrants and native people. Ties with their homeland were often the only ties they shared. Despite the UAE being the most successful state, many other countries were not as well developed. This case is an example of when birthplace and family bonds are crucial to the success of a state. I would like to analyze how these characteristics affected the growth of these countries.
These states that were established to legitimate the ruling families through their ties of kinship with Islam are characterized by patrimonialism and dynastic regimes. In this sense, family members have access based on patriarchal values only (Marianna Georgievna Murav?eva). Societies depend on connections within the family and tribal affiliations. These experiences led to the extension of reigning families' privileges over time.
This essay argues that the endurance of kinship through the state-building process in the GCC states is explained by how individual family members attempt to construct a consensus over the kind of government that is best for the family (Powell and Koltz). Governments are typically created out of contention, and hence reflect the interests of factions rather than its subjects. Because kinship therefore often depends on supporters in these.
In this comparative study of the state-building process in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) states, Dr. Hamid El-mokaddam explores the resilience of kinship organizations as an institution through social and political change (Dr. El-Mokaddam). Rather than emphasizing state-centric, socio-economic, and political factors, Dr. El-Mokaddam explains how state actors engage with kinship as a resource locally, regionally, and internationally (El Guindi).
This study provides a detailed analysis of the endurance of kinship in the consolidation and state-building process of the Gulf monarchies. It argues that kinship is a conventional means for fostering social cohesion and endogenization of national identity in this diversified region (Heyets), leading to the endurance of kinship in the Gulf monarchies. Kinship played significant roles in fostering social cohesion, national identity, and channeling political contention. However, kings replaced patriarchal rule with patrimonial ones, which rendered kinship obsolete as it was transformed into a family enterprise.
Importance of kinship in social life
One of the main ways that states in the GCC have been able to forge a sense of national identity has been through their shared ties to the ruling families. The longevity of this family-centered state-building process explains why a number of countries in the region, such as Bahrain and Qatar, have been able to maintain relative stability amidst regional conflict (Doherty and Carroll). The endurance of kinship relationships in the Gulf has attracted widespread attention because of the centrality of tribal factors to state-building processes throughout the Middle East (Va?nia Carvalho Pinto). Trying to understand the influence on these processes is further complicated by a relative scarcity of data, a result of these states' political orientations toward foreign powers during the period of decolonization and the sociopolitical dominance of tribal elites.
The endurance of kinship is a concept that attempts to illustrate the degree to which the Gulf States have remained cognizant of the tribal makeup of their societies and how this has impacted the manner in which they have embarked on state-building. Focusing primarily on Kuwait, Qatar, Bahrain, and the UAE, this essay will assess the tendency to persist in utilizing kinship as a guide to political action as well as some of the challenges of using this concept (Forsyth).
State-building processes in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) states have created an image of kinship-based systems with ritualized family relationships that clearly demarcate membership and exclude non-kin (Reynolds and Variano). Thus, when anthropological evidence presents a picture that is less clear cut it comes as a surprise. It is like hearing news of a distant cousin who has joined the royal family or whose royal credentials are being questioned. This volume contributes to bridging this gap between the human and social geography of the GCC States, speaks to the importance of thinking of kinship beyond what is expected and recognized by the norms and values held within society, and calls for more nuanced approaches to these systems using a variety of methodological tools.
Showed that kinship played an important role in state formation in the Gulf, particularly in Bahrain. A network of kinship helped rulers create a centralized political order (Morel), and overcome challenges due to the vast distances between regions of the Eastern Arabian Peninsula. To date, there has been some debate on how the wider kin group became involved with a rulemaking or simply became bystanders to decisions concerning them made by the ruler. The book shows that those who were not part of the ruler's immediate kin group entered into special relationships with the ruler and the wider kin group at different stages. Key factors such as travel linked them to kin beyond their own boundaries, elders from other areas could be summoned by the ruler to advise him on communal matters, and maintained linguistic/religious/ cultural similarities (Daniel Ethan Chapman) with members of the ruler's prime kin groups during state formation in Bahrain.
What is a king? It's someone who rules over a place. Some of the best kings were very rich, like King Louis XIV of France (Apsler). The Sun King, as he was known, had a huge palace with thousands of servants working for him. Even today, the Château de Versailles is an important and beautiful building in France that people visit and wonder at (Chaussinand-Nogaret). Other monarchs did not have so many treasures. For example, Henry V was a pious king and was slightly crazy. Because he believed that God was calling him to invade France, he did so in 1415 and gained victory at Agincourt against quite strong odds. But however powerful a monarch might be he or she always has limits on his or her power.
Kinship and state-building in modern Middle East and Persian Gulf
The first book to cover the subject comprehensively, running from prehistory to the death of William II in 1189 (Gillingham). The author covers a wide range of topics including the historical development of the kingship and its symbolic representation, the changing nature of political power, and the sources of royal authority. In countering the traditional view that royal power was unchecked by law or custom, Professor Brooke exhaustively studies royal charters, legal treatises, and other documents to assess the extent to which English kings were subject to legal restraint.
Kingship is not a major theme in ancient Egypt. Most kings were glorified peasants, indistinguishable from the majority of the population. Insofar as they had an exalted position, it derived from their religious role as intermediary between people and gods, or because they were considered living incarnations of the gods themselves. Most often, their rule was legitimated through performance; it was believed that gods had endowed them with divine power and thus they deserved to be obeyed.
In Mexico, King is a Mexican chain of bars, founded in 1983 in Mexico City by Saulo Ramos and his friends. Business partner Baudelio López was the first person to come up with the name and the company, therefore, thought it fitting to add his name in, hence Baudelio's King. The original idea came about out of concern for the party animal on the go, who still wanted to have the freedom and luxury of enjoying a beer at any given time and place, no matter how dressed up they were or how late they had just gotten home. The competitive niche within the on-premise beer market was led by a traditional Mexican brand called Sol which also sells bottled beer nationwide.
Tribal leaders are the most common type of kings in present-day indigenous peoples. Their communities consist of several tribes that comprise numerous clans. Each clan has its own chief, but the leader holds overall control over the clans and tribes located within the community limits. The king usually has more power than his counterparts, who are more often called chieftains or tribal chiefs. In the Germanic tradition, kingship was not limited to a single-family line. Monarchs were inducted into their office by having another mighty leader not only swear allegiance to them but also declare them king or queen immediately before acceding to the throne (“The Society for Creative Anachronism's Guide to Becoming a Prince”). In a current context, the name may also confer with the ruler of one in every of some of current monarchies. The title of king was once used to describe a person from the beginning of Germanic tribal governance. The initial documented occasions of the time period were in the 8th century, when it turned into used to confer with the rulers of the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms of Northumbria, its present legal successor kingdom, additionally referred to as Deira in its days as a province of the West Saxons or Mercians. Throughout this period, "king" had also been commonly used to confer with rulers on thrones that became monarchies by 449 or 888. Also, 'king' is used along different titles for monarchs: withinside the West, emperor, grand prince, prince, archduke, duke or grand duke, and withinside the Islamic world, malik, sultan, emir or hakim, etc. The city-states of the Aztec Empire had a Tlatoani, which had been kings of pre-Hispanic Mesoamerica. The Huey Tlatoani became the emperor of the Aztecs (Furst). The time period king can also confer with a king consort, a name this is once in a while given to the husband of a ruling queen, however, the name of prince consort is extra common.. The literal that means is that of a "scion of the kin", or perhaps "son or descendant of one in every of noble birth" The English time period translates, and is taken into consideration equal to. Latin r?x and its equivalents withinside the diverse European languages. The Germanic time period is considerably distinctive from the phrase for "King" in different Indo-European languages.
Kinship as a set of norms for behavior towards specific groups
The English phrase kingship is derived from the noun Kings and the verb king. The noun comes from Old English cyning, which in turn is derived from the Germanic root Kuningan (plural cyningas). The origins of this word lie withinside the Germanic languages and specifically in a term for "chieftain" used by the Germanic peoples of northern Europe (Macdowall), and hence to "king" in some Scandinavian languages. This use of the term can be further traced back to the Latin word rex. In all likelihood, it is derived from a Celtic or pre-Celtic root *reg-, meaning "(to) straighten or right", "order", and thus either "succession right" or else the round concept of leadership. With the breakup of the Carolingian Empire withinside the ninth century, the machine of feudalism locations kings at the top of a pyramid of relationships among liege lords and vassals, depending on the local rule of barons, and the intermediate positions of counts and dukes. The centre of European feudal manorialism withinside the High Middle Ages had been the territories of the previous Carolingian Empire, i.e. the dominion of France and the Holy Roman Empire. In the path of the European Middle Ages (Hasty), the European kingdoms underwent a trendy fashion of centralization of power, in order that with the aid of using the Late Middle Ages there had been some the massive and effective kingdoms in Europe, which might change into the awesome powers of Europe withinside the Early Modern length. In the Iberian Peninsula, the remnants of the Visigothic Kingdom, the petty kingdoms of Asturias and Pamplona, improved into the dominion of Portugal, the Crown of Castile, and the Crown of Aragon with the continued Reconquista. In southern Europe, the dominion of Sicily became mounted following the Norman conquest of southern Italy. The Kingdom of Sardinia became claimed as a separate name held with the aid of using the Crown of Aragon in 1324. In the Balkans, the Kingdom of Serbia became mounted in 1217 (Antic). In crucial Europe, the Kingdom of Hungary became mounted in AD one thousand following the Christianisation of the Magyars. The kingdoms of Poland and Bohemia had been mounted withinside the Holy Roman Empire in 1025 and 1198, respectively (Speed et al.). In jap Europe, the Kievan Rus' consolidated into the Grand Duchy of Moscow, which did now no longer technically declare the repute of a country till the early current Tsardom of Russia.
Unlike most medieval kings, many of today's monarchy duties were a lot more symbolic than in the prior ages. Kings currently do not govern their states, but hold ceremonial and cultural jobs, as well as are elected by some geographical region. Within kingdoms that use parliamentary structure, the king or queen typically remains a key spokesperson for the nation. To the north of Germany, the Scandinavian Peninsula is occupied for the most component through Sweden (Sverige), Norway (Norge), and Denmark. There are plans that the native populations used to live beyond their local borders, certainly on the sea, and during different periods used to build temporary bridges among their own settlements or to raid and plunder their neighbors. The sagas of the pre-Christian Icelanders mention brigands who used to carry out raids on foreign areas - but these were always conducted over sea. The tribes arranged by means of warfare in strong tribes. No comprehensive written record of these tribes exists. Furthermore, every region has its own history: In Norway, we have numerous court accounts from before the year 1000; while there is less and less knowledge concerning neighboring parts of Scandinavia, including what is currently known as southern Sweden.
Indigenous people and immigrants in GCC states
The Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) is an economic and political union consisting of six Middle Eastern countries: Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates (Kechichian). The GCC is unique in the sense that it is one of the few remaining proposals for unification in the region. The first proposal was made in March 1981 by the then-president of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) Khal?q bin Salem al-Q?dir. In December 1981, after a meeting in Abu Dhabi between Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan of Abu Dhabi, then-Emir of Qatar Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani, Prince Fahd bin Abdul Aziz of Saudi Arabia, and other leaders from Bahrain, Oman, Qatar and the UAE, the idea became an official proposal to form the Council.
The Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) is an intergovernmental political and economic alliance of six nations: Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates. For almost two decades after its formation, the GCC retained a significantly lower profile than it has since assumed today. One reason for this was that the Council's activities were limited to economic development. The founding members of the GCC started to look beyond great economic goals when they came together in May 1981. In August 1982, foreign ministers of the member states met in Riyadh and issued a declaration stating that they considered themselves to be "an integral part of a greater whole" in their union as well as in their relations with other developing countries. The alliance had its first summit meeting—an informal one—between the heads of state on December 9–10, 1992 in Riyadh.
For the first time since independence in 1971, the six Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries: Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, UAE, and Oman are readying to explore a new alliance. The GCC is a political and economic union of Arabian countries, with a total population of 356 million people and an area of 4.5 million square kilometers. The GCC unified oil and gas markets aim to increase production to 56 million barrels per day by 2020. The six member countries account for a combined 90% of the world's proven crude oil reserves and about half of its natural gas resources.
The key to a successful quantitative research study is maintaining an open, honest and direct communication between the researcher and the studied population. The qualitative research process is marked by in-depth relationships with populations, continual communication with the study participants, and active listening - essentially being present to all of the people involved during your data collection. Whether done through interviews, re-creations or observations, the goal of qualitative research is to reveal overlooked or ignored elements about a situation.
The quality of qualitative research approaches varies by researcher. There are multiple ways to accomplish the same goal, though it is important that the methods used have specific applications (Greenwald, 2009, p. 33). Choose wisely for each project and for each question you want to explore in-depth. The first step in qualitative research is interviewing or observing an actual event from within a social context (Bolt House Courier Agency, 2008). To ensure authenticity, you will need to make sure not only that the event you choose happened in your context, but that it was important enough to be recorded in a recognizable fashion. For people-driven projects, include as many interviews with participants as possible and take careful notes during each interview to validate its validity. Another technique is documentation; you can also visit another person's home or workplace and observe how they record their experience on paper. One may even create a storyboard for others to replicate later (Szymanski & Wrightnichols, 2008). Using these techniques may yield a thoroughly researched essay
Resilience of kinship organizations
Choosing the right qualitative research method is based on many factors. This includes the type of customers, insights you want to gain, and what resources you have. Because of this, there isn’t one set of research methods that we use across all projects. We apply a mix of methods, depending on what questions need answering. The methodology used in the study is based on the descriptive-analytical method and is applied according to the situation, and with respect to the various stages of data collection, measurement and sampling. Accordingly, in this study, according to the situation and its components, which are described extensively below, at different stages of data collection, observation, measurement, and sampling have been used. Qualitative research is a deep dive into the customer’s point of view (Silverman). It allows you to get specific insights and understand behavior more holistically. In short, it provides context so you can better understand customer actions and reactions.
Theories of kingship have been around for ages, but with advances in technology, we are now able to provide a more data-driven perspective on what traits the ideal king should possess. In this essay, I will lay out the methodology behind my qualitative observations on the topic of kingship, and share some of my key findings. Integral to the history and culture of West Africa (Mcgill et al.), the role of kingship and its many intricacies create a fascinating area of study, particularly during periods of rapid social change. Although it is important to understand how society conceptualizes the power and legitimacy of key political actors, it is equally vital to investigate how these rulers adapt their leadership strategies in response to new challenges and crises.
Qualitative research has given rise to new knowledge about many topics for over a century. Qualitative research was first developed in the early 1900s and is still at the forefront of methodology for social sciences today (Allan and Phillipson). This paper explains the history of qualitative research as well as different types of qualitative methods.
Research methodology describes ways by which a researcher reaches, evaluates, and conveys information. The logic of qualitative research, like that of quantitative research, is based on the scientific method as it applies to social sciences. Qualitative methodology is concerned with the means by which knowledge is generated in qualitative research.
Research ethics are an important factor in ensuring the welfare and dignity of research subjects (Iltis). In the U.S., the National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research, known as the 'Belmont Report', defines three fundamental ethical principles that should be recognized by all researchers. These include Respect for persons: All subjects have basic human rights to which they deserve consideration, including but not limited to life, health, and safety, participation in decision-making, privacy, confidentiality, and freedom from coercion. Beneficence: The duty to avoid harming or causing suffering. Nonmaleficence: The duty to avoid harming. These principles apply regardless of what kind of research is being conducted and extend to any research participant including those outside the United States.
We all want to make important medical breakthroughs, and we are all encouraged to commit ourselves to avoiding research misconduct (Breen). The patient must remain protected, and the scientific method must be observed. While the Nuremberg Code may not have been intended for research on animals, its principles apply here just as much as they did when the trial was conducted. Today's acceptable animal care standards are based on the work conducted by Dr Beddington, who in 1955 represented the British government at the time of the first Nuremberg trial, so it's likely that he would have had a good understanding of this legal document.
Kingship is defined as a person who is recognized as holding a proper title to govern a territory; or the territory where this ruler holds authority. From an anthropological perspective, the purpose of studying kingship is to better understand religion, which in turn serves as one of the most significant institutions of society. Kingship has also been used very broadly in many fields like literary criticism, feminism, and political science. "Kingship" can also be applied to political philosophy and religion. Kingship is the state of being a king or queen; the possession of royal supremacy over a people. Kings and queens are often considered to be in a 'state of power' as opposed to monarchy, which is a theoretical social contract between the king (Galligan and Versteeg), nobility, and people.
In the book Hereditary Succession in the Kingdom of Hawai'i, Robert Craig Sinclair asserts that Hawaiian kingship was strictly hereditary, with succession directed by bloodlines, and that "for a sovereign to choose his successor on other grounds--e.g., as a reward for personal merit--was to incur divine wrath and doom his dynasty." While many have supported Sinclair's conclusions, others dispute them. Their competing opinions center on conflicting views of adoption in Hawaii, or strong disagreements about the nature of Hawaiian society. In this report, we utilize both primary and secondary sources to analyze these opinions and their supporting evidence.
As many historians have noted, the institution of kingship was one of the most significant developments in the history of human culture. Kings were believed to be physically associated with the divine and were key figures in most human societies. Indeed, the acclamation of a figure as king was often interpreted as confirmation that a particular individual was divinely selected to lead and guide his people. It is perhaps no surprise that much scholarship has explored this aspect of classical thought. In this paper, I will critically examine several examples of ideal kingship found in Greek (Pownall et al.) and Latin texts from archaic to late antiquity.
Over time, the position of the King has had many changes. The first came about when the king of Babylon took over, and conquer the other kings of Mesopotamia. Monarchy was then overthrown in favor of a republican system. This was followed by a Confucian-style constitutional monarchical system, which was finally replaced in 1947 by the modern constitutional monarchy. This document contained a series of resolutions; part one was to create an alternate type of government in Thailand: 1) Emphasize that according to tradition, people were in control of every kind of political activity, and otherwise they were not allowed to do anything. 2) Shift the focus to others outside the four aristocratic classes (Stone). 3) Society should be arranged so that all the people had an equal chance at power and they could all achieve their aspirations through their various roles in society. 4) To retain democracy but also to give it a solid grounding, there should be some form of central administration to control state affairs.
For instance, Mongolian nomads ruled the Gobi Desert. A great chief was called a khan, a Mongol word for king. Today, Mongolia has a professional army and elected officials. But at important ceremonies, the president wears a khan's helmet to honor Mongolia's ancient heritage. In England, William the Conqueror was one of the most influential and successful kings of all time, helping to unify England under one government. Some historians give William credit for setting the foundations for a strong, centralized monarchy in England, while others argue that he made very significant mistakes by alienating his new subjects. One of William's greatest accomplishments was his skill in warfare, which helped him secure his hold on England.
Analyzing kingship, king, and the society of their time period. One key concept is how kings were born and society's rise to power. During the Elizabethan period, England was seen as a monarchy ruled over by Elizabeth I. She was a woman who took control and never married but gave birth to Elizabeth II, who succeeded in her rule. King Richard III was one of the leading figures in the 15th century (Shakespeare et al.), who had an immense impact on England's life. The role of a monarch would be inherited from generation to generation. If a queen does not have any heir she would make someone else into a king or queen for their whole life. History shows us that women can be just as violent as men, ruling with power and fear. During this time there were major changes such as; changes in religion, political structure, and economic development. As time went on early civilizations began using power. This power came from kingship. Kings created laws and built empires by invading countries gaining wealth and land. As time grew (Elizabeth I) leading up to the 18th-century kings were feared due to their powerful role in life, is linked to god himself. Like any normal human being if feared people
Kingship, for the most part, was all about powerful symbols. The king would surround himself with items that were reminders of his power and authority which he used to portray his strengths, fame, and riches to everyone that lived under him. There were many different ways of showing these symbols such as crowns, clothing, and jewelry to name a few. By using these symbols, the king could show how powerful he really was to those who were paying attention.
While earlier interpretations of Anglo-Saxon kingship focused on the king as a warlord or powerful ruler (OWENCROCKER and SCHNEIDER), new approaches to the study of kingship view the king and his role peacefully. Kingship was not just about power, but it was a special responsibility given to certain individuals to serve the people.
The Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) is an alliance of regional militaries- Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, Oman, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates. The alliance made a change to focus on stability in its region as well as ease regional tensions that have arisen from the Middle East conflict. Each member nation is expected to build upon its strengths to create a prosperous regional network
Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) is a regional organization with the main objective to establish a strong political, economical and social partnership among its members. GCC's headquarters are in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Saudis were the founders along with Bahrain, Qatar, Kuwait, United Arab Emirates (UAE), and Oman.
Reconstruction in the Gulf Cooperation Council region can be termed a new beginning (Gavins). With very few exceptions, all of the GCC countries have had to start from scratch but there are also some old issues that have surfaced that had never been addressed fully. As an example, fraud and transparency have always been prevalent in many projects in the region. This is exacerbated by the fact that most of the contracts are awarded to companies from outside of the region who do not possess knowledge of or experience with the customs and culture of this region. Now, it is up to GCC governments to ensure that they put their own house in order before they start their construction process.
The Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) created Summit in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia on May 25, 1981, and currently includes Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates (UAE). The GCC works closely with the United States on numerous regional issues and is a valuable partner in stabilization efforts in Iraq. The Gulf region has experienced significant growth since the end of the Iran-Iraq war in 1988 but also heightened security concerns. These concerns have been heightened by the current instability in the Middle East. At a summit in Manama, Bahrain on December 5-6, 2006 all 6 GCC member states agreed to contribute to the establishment of a joint GCC fund for defense expenditures.
Iraq is one of the founding members of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), an economic and political alliance between Gulf Arab states. With the support of its GCC allies, the US-led invasion force toppled Saddam Hussain's dictatorship and Iraq launched a democratic system. In 2005, Iraq held its first multiparty parliamentary elections and adopted a permanent constitution (“II. Documents Relating to Parliamentary Elections”). While violence continues to disrupt political stability in Iraq, after more than 20 years of war and sanctions, the Iraqi economy continues to rebound.
Open to the Arab world, countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council are a collection of kingdoms, sheikhdoms and other independent countries thought the Arabian Gulf area. Originally formed in 1981, it comprised Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, and Qatar. The Council was reestablished on 25 May 1982 with the addition of UAE and Bahrain. Oman rejoined the Council on 8 January 2004, while Qatar announced its intentions to join on 14 December 2011. Despite these fluctuations in membership, since its inception, the GCC has established itself as one of the most influential political and economic blocs in the Middle East. Present-day statistics from 2015 show that the combined GDP of all six GCC states is valued at some $2 trillion.
I would like to conclude by saying that with the support of your King, and in particular His Excellency Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani, the GPC has had a trustworthy and loyal partner. The second monarch to lead the State of Qatar, the GPC will continue to build the Gulf Cooperation Council under his rule. In addition to this, I have seen firsthand how Islam has influenced His Excellency's daily work. In fact, he is one of The Five Pillars of Islam (Khwaja Kamal-Ud-Din). And wherever he goes in his private and official capacity, he always makes time to perform prayers five times each day; in addition to fasting and engaging in many other acts of worship – which bring him closer to Allah through personal self-purification.
GCC plays a crucial role in shaping the region's security and promoting unity, interdependence, and economic growth among the countries of the Arabian Gulf (Rice). Promoted by a mutual interest in each country's economic welfare, as well as Arab unity and regional stability, the GCC is an indisputable attempt to improve the lives of individual citizens living in these countries. As such, it will now be our duty to thoroughly analyze Jordan's contribution to the GCC and King Abdullah II's efforts to use his power as king to promote peace throughout the Middle East.
Through peace, stability, and military and economic cooperation, the GCC has helped to maintain political balance in the region. Today, with a well-recognized emirate as chairman, GCC is moving in the right direction of ensuring that our region continues to be an example of unity, friendship, cooperation, and progress through our joint accomplishments.
In conclusion, we see that the role of kingship state rebuilding is important. The most pragmatic reason to have a king is that he is the only one in the state with the authority to punish and reward. Without a King, the state will fail. Today, everything has changed. The Pharaohs in Ancient Egypt no longer rule, and we have risen above the authority of any one ruler (Streissguth). Though there are still Kings who rule over entire nations, their power is limited. And we consider the subjects of our own right.
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