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Social Issues

Discuss about the Understanding Health Informatics Research.

In research, there is a general relationship between the researchers and the involved participants. This lays a basis for conduction of research. The relationship between involved parties in research may broadly fall under various categories including social, economic, political and ethical factors, which impact on research differently (Australian Government, 2014).However, in some cases although scientific research is viewed as objective,  these factors may lead to a compromise in the research process at various stages with varying magnitudes depending on the nature of the researchers and the participants(Australian Government, 2014). In this regard, there are various ways in which the social, economic, political and ethical issues can impact on a particular research and evaluation process. As a result, these factors lead to deviations in acquiring accurate research results. Additionally, these factors may also interfere with the evaluation process of particular research findings leading to further inaccuracies in research findings (Australian Government, 2014).

Social, economic, political and ethical issues impact on research by compromising some fundamental human values that are essential for a successful research and evaluation process (Baum, MacDougall, & Daniellesmith, 2006). When these human values fail to be exercised fully during the research period, research is detrimentally affected since the human values are the major factors on which human research is based. Consequently, reduced trust, mutual responsibility and ethical equality reduction due to ignorance of human beings’ respect, research merits and integrity, beneficence and justice are experienced (Australian Government, 2014).

Human values give flexible and clear principles for the design, review and conduction of research. When these values get erased by the social, economic, political and ethical issues during research, there is reduced contribution to societal goals, lack of respect for cultural diversity  where some culture seem to dominate over others and general suppression of the cohesion values within a particular set up(Australian Government, 2014).

Respect is among the most fundamental values necessary for a successful research and evaluation process (NAP, 2017). It is the foundation for recognizing that each human being has value and thus it creates a code of conduct in interaction with all people involved in research, whether a researcher or a participant(NAP, 2017). Respect recognizes human autonomy; the essence and capacity to determine self life and make respected own decisions. It also protects those humans with little or no autonomy and ends up empowering them. When respect is compromised, research is as well affected. For instance, some factors like social status quo impacts negatively on respect (NAP, 2017). Socially superior individuals in the community suppress the views and ideas of the socially inferior as they infringe their respect. This leads to a biased research as it is only the views of the socially superior forwarded and considered fo research findings analysis, interpretation and evaluation (Baum, MacDougall, & Daniellesmith, 2006).

Political Issues

Researchers may also prefer to consider the views and ideas of the socially high participants as they regard them more knowledgeable than the less in the community. As a result, research integrity is negatively impacted (NAP, 2017). This is evident in the evaluation procedure where the views of the socially superior in the analysis panel seem to suppress the views of the socially inferior. For instance, in an organization’s set up the senior staff may consider their views more informed than the ideas of the junior staff thus compromising the research process (Baum, MacDougall, & Daniellesmith, 2006).

Politically, research may be affected by lack of upholding justice to either the researchers or the research participants. This does not refer literary to judicial justice, but rather it insinuates the act of upholding the well being of others when making some particular decisions in research (Gabr, n.d). This is mostly evident where the politically powerful in a particular set up seem to neglect the well being of other subjects or where a certain decision made during research or evaluation is detrimental to some (Gabr, n.d).  Human equality may, thus, be lost with some assuming importance over others. Consequently, the effect may be reflected during research, interfering with research and resulting to research bias (Gabr, n.d). Additionally, researchers may be biased to take sides with the politically powerful in the society especially the government or top officials, thus, over riding the views and the ideas of the less powerful ones in a state (Gabr, n.d). Political issues may also determine the type of research to be conducted where some topics and methodologies may receive more support and funding than others (Gabr, n.d). Finally, there may lack expression of fair distribution of justice in terms of the benefits and burdens of research. The powerful seem to enjoy full benefits while the inferior carry the burden of research. This may also be expressed in terms of unfair procedural recruitment of participants and research review. Recruiters may consider politically powerful at the expense of the less powerful and this leads to biased research as the research participants may be dominated by a particular group with similar interests and ideas (Gabr, n.d).Examples include: politics affecting what researchers study, how they conduct it (e.g participants protection), how the researcher findings are disseminated to their users and how they are finally used.

Economically, research may be compromised in various ways. Research may be influenced by the monetary gain by both the participants and the researchers. For instance, in the developing countries participants will tend to be more serious with their participation when there is a direct benefit associated with their participation (Team, 2017). Additionally, the researcher from poor backgrounds will conduct research satisfactorily if there is payment. On the other hand, with the developed countries where both the participants and research handle the procedures with some professionalism, the esearch is not significantly affected(Poland, Jacobson, Tilburt, & nichol, 2009). However, participants and the researchers may not have humble time to concentrate on research and thus compromising the quality of the undertaking even in economically stable set ups in some cases (Marshall, 2007).As an example, research funding bodies may prioritize certain research based on the amount of money required, or considerations by funders on whether to support a certain research based on its cost.

Economic Issues

Ethical issues may impact on research and evaluation in a number of ways. Both the participants and the researchers recognize some common ethical norms required in successful research. However the interpretation, application and balancing of these ethical norms among different people varies (Resnik, 2015). In these sense, some commonly upheld norms may lead to a bias in research findings based on the interpretation of a particular ethical issue in a specific community. In this regard, the research findings may be biased based on a community’s ethics (Engagement, 2017). For example, different societies may agree that murder is unacceptable but some may compromise with abortion (Resnik, 2015).Privacy and confidentiality may be compromised in some cases, affecting the quality of a research design. Also, the issue of privacy and security system at workplace identified in the previous assignment needs critical analysis in order to give an insight in the serious understanding of its managerial impacts. The conceptualization critics about these systems will vary depending on the workers’ individual ethnic stands.

The issues identified at the workplace in the previous assignment are security and privacy, integration of systems into the workplace and usability. Critical research is able to give insights into the conceptual understandings of managerial impacts of security and privacy. Ethically, workers may hold different interpretations and of varying degrees of seriousness concerning issue which may hinder concession in problem solution in the workplace (Hutton, Eccles, & Grimshaw, 2008). Politically and socially, the issue of integration of systems into workplace comes in from the examples in the previous assignments. The changes in workflow, habit and roles of the members in the work setting can be impacted a lot by each member’s political and social stand. Thus, social, economic, political and ethical issues may be a hindrance to coming up with concrete solutions to issues arising at particular work stations (Hutton, Eccles, & Grimshaw, 2008).

Critical research is systematic research to critique the existing information while at the same time trying to decipher what might be missing and thus doing necessary rectification on particular issues (Hutton, Eccles, & Grimshaw, 2008). When applied in health informatics, critical research promotes the systematic uptake and embracing of clinical practice and procedures therefore reducing the occurrence of inappropriate care to patients (Hutton, Eccles, & Grimshaw, 2008). Critical research findings influence the behavior of health care practitioners and professionals with more emphasis on how treatments can be administered effectively to fill in the gaps indicated during research (Diemert, 2013). Critical research has also led to introduction of technology into the health informatics where there is increased efficiency in acquiring, storing, retrieving, interpretation and application f health information among the professional (Diemert, 2013).

Ethical Issues

Critical research in health informatics also helps to provide important knowledge about diseases. For example, there is increased information about the trends of a particular disease, risk factors and general information concerning the fight against the disease indicating vital procedures required (NCBI, 2009). This enables the health practitioners to further their expertise and carry out their duties in health care more effectively. Various discoveries through critical research in health are shared to different parts through technology, thus making some vital information available to many health workers in different parts of the world saving time and resources for additional researches (NCBI, 2009). For example, the development of Herceptrin as a breast cancer treatment is as a result of critical research using biological samples and patients records (NCBI, 2009). In this regard, critical research has contributed highly to health informatics in to the extent of development of cures for killer diseases like breast cancer. Conclusion

Health informatics research is subject to the social phenomena impacts. The social, political, economic and ethical issues prevalent in the research environment may impact the process in various ways. This ultimately affects the research process including recruitment of research assistants and participants due to the economical, political and social issues. Data acquisition, analysis, interpretation, dissemination and use may be affected by political, social, economical and ethical issues. They also impact in solving workplace issues by hindering fast issue resolution and sometimes leading to inappropriate solutions. Critical research has aided in health informatics especially in the quest of cures. In this regard, research is faced by some external factors that may be detrimental to the whole process, though it has impacted positively to health informatics especially when done critically.

References

Baum, F., MacDougall, C., & Daniellesmith. (2006). Participatory Action Research. Journal of Epidemiology and Common Health .

Diemert, D. J. (2013). Addressing Ethical, Social, and Cultural issues in Global Health Research. US National Library of Medicine .

Engagement, N. c.-o. (2017). Ethical and Social Issues. National co-ordinating Centre for Public Engagement .

Gabr, M. (n.d). Health ethics, Equity and human Dignity.

Government, A. (2014). Values and Principles of Ethical Conduct. Working to Build a Healthy Australia .Available at:<https://www.google.com/search?q=Values+and+Principles+of+Ethical+Conduct.+Working+to+Build+a+Healthy+Australia+.&ie=utf-8&oe=utf-8&client=firefox-b> [Accessed May 19, 2017]

Hutton, J. L., Eccles, M. P., & Grimshaw, J. M. (2008). Ethical Implementation Research: A Discussion of the Problems in Achieveing Informed Consent. Implementation Central .

Marshall, P. A. (2007). Ethical Challenges in Study Design and Informed Consent for Health Research in Resource-Poor Setting. World Heath Organisation .

NAP. (2017). The Research Environment and Its Impact On Integrity in Research. NAP . Available at<https://www.google.com/search?q=The+Research+Environment+and+Its+Impact+On+Integrity+in+Research.+NAP&ie=utf-8&oe=utf-8&client=firefox-b> [Accessed May 19, 2017]

NCBI. (2009). The Value, Importance and Oversight of Health Research. NCBI . Available at:https://www.google.com/search?q=The+Value%2C+Importance+and+Oversight+of+Health+Research.+NCBI+.&ie=utf-8&oe=utf-8&client=firefox-b> [Accessed May 19, 2017]

Poland, G. A., Jacobson, R. m., Tilburt, J., & nichol, K. (2009). The social, Political, Ethical and Economic Aspects of Biodefence Vaccines. Author Manuscript .

Resnik, D. B. (2015). What is Ethics in Reserch and Why is it important? national Institute of Environmental Health Sciences .

Team, P. H. (2017). The Impact of Political, Economic, Social-Cultural, Environmental and other External Influences. Health Knowledge .

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[Accessed 18 July 2024].

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My Assignment Help. Understanding Health Informatics Research Essay: Social, Economic, Political, And Ethical Issues. [Internet]. My Assignment Help. 2018 [cited 18 July 2024]. Available from: https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/understanding-health-informatics-research.

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