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Investigation Of The Productivity Objective Of The Western City District Plan

Disucss about the Western Sydney District Plan of 2036.

The Western District which is in Australia is made up the local governments of Camden, Fairfield, Blue Mountains, Liverpool, Penrith, Hawkesbury, Wollondilly and Campbell Town. It has a population of 1,050,301. The future of the Western District is urban setting. Urbanization has many positives and challenges. In order to come up with strategies to curb the challenges and maximize on the positives of urbanization which include social economic and environmental, the Western district came up with The Western District Plan. The Western City District Plan is a 20 year plan guide to achieve the 40-year vision for Greater Sydney. The plan is meant to execute a Metropolis of three cities namely; Western Park City, Central River City and the Eastern Harbour City by enhancing improved land use and planning in order to achieve better infrastructure for the cities. The Western City District Plan is to work in conjunction with the Greater Sydney commission, New South Wales department of planning and Environment and the local governments. The plan is geared towards creating new housing facilities for the residents and will also create jobs. This will in turn have a multiplier effect which will lead to an improved level of lifestyle among the local residents and environmental upgrading of the three cities. The plan is at par with the New South Wales Government’s Future Transport Strategy 2056 and Infrastructure New South Wales State Infrastructure Strategy 2018–2038 in liaison with the local governments. The plan guides the private sector and state agencies and the residents at large of its approaches implementation of growth and change intended by the plan.

Vision/aims

The aim of the Western City District Plan which is a 20 year plan guide to 2036 so as to help in achieving the 40-year vision for Greater Sydney Region Plan, for improved transport, health facilities and infrastructure in terms of housing which involves better use of land through better planning and also improve on the environmental sustainability in the long run leading to better liveability, sustainability and productivity. The projects expected to be implemented are the Western Sydney Airport, the first phase of the North-South railway, the Badgerys Creek Aerotropolis, and improving on cycling and walking recreation facilities by making them safer. The plan also has a vision of creating affordable housing for the different standards to suit the tastes and preferences of the residents. It also envisions building houses for the disabled and also future homes for the old as the current population will age in the future. The plan also aims at connecting the various transport routes in the Metropolis Cities. It also aims at combining the three cities, that is; Western Park City, Central River City and the Eastern Harbour City. Hooper, et al (2015).

Performance measurements

Objectives/actions.

The objectives of the Western City District Plan are as follows:

  1. Enhancing an economic peak geared towards a boom which will be facilitated by building of the Badgerys Creek Aerotropolis and the Western Sydney Airport making transport easier and creating jobs which will lead to improve standards of living among the local residents and the community at large.
  2. The airport also aims at facilitating creation of new markets for the both local and international tourism as the District is well endowed with natural resources like good beaches, mountains and escapements and wild life.
  3. Come up with better ways of land use and infrastructure planning to enhance maximization of the scarce resource.
  4. To ensure that the community, private and public sectors understand the plan and how it intends to implement them and stating its priorities.
  5. It also aims at improved quality health care by enhancing better standards of the hospitals which will be made easy to access by the improved transport network.
  6. Another objecting is merging or linking of paths, that is, the cycling and walking paths with the green urban landscape and bushland outlined by the Greater Blue Mountains World Heritage Area, the Scenic Hills and Western Sydney Parklands.
  7. Protection and conservation of rivers such as the Georges, Hawkesbury – Nepean and the South Creek. Jones, Byrne, (2014).
  8. Coming up with a solution for the adverse heat by coming up with cooler areas which will be done by retaining water in the landscape and the expansion of the urban tree canopy.
  9. Protection and improvement of management of tourist’s attraction sites such as the natural landscapes and the rural villages and areas. Sorensen, (2015).
  10. Implementation of the first stage of the North South railway link.
  11. Better acclamation to the adverse effects of natural and urban risks and also cultural landscapes. Young, (2016).

How the Productivity Objective works in shaping the future of Greater Sydney?

  • The plan will ensure that there will be economic advancement leading to an economic boom in Greater Sydney. This will be facilitated by the Building of Badgerys Creek Aerotropolis, Western Sydney Airport and the North South railway link. They will create employment and be a means for revenue by the government in terms of direct and indirect taxes. Also it will ease cargo and passenger transport thus leading to more visits by local and the foreign tourists who aid in increasing foreign exchange reserves. Also the expansion of freight capacity and operating freights 24 hours a day and this will ensure that there is easy movement of cargo thus increasing the volume of imports and exports.
  • There will be increased population. The jobs created will attract more people inquiring for jobs which will eventually lead to increase in population. This will transform Greater Sydney into a metropolis of three cities.
  • It incorporates the “30 minutes city” which means people will get to live 30 minutes from their work place and other services such as health and education. This will be facilitated by ease in travelling as there will be links between major roads and use of the new North south railway, Western Sydney Airport and the Badgerys Creek Aerotropolis. This is geared towards the Future Transport Strategy 2056. Badland et al (2017).

How the Western Sydney Airport – Badgerys Creek Aeotropolis will shape the future of Greater Sydney and the western city district and how will help in creating jobs and economic opportunities?

  • The Badgerys Creek Aerotropolis will make the Western Sydney Airport have an international standard thus attracting more flights and will also ease of movement of cargo and passengers in and around the airport. The airport will also have a larger capacity which means it will facilitate larger amounts of cargo and facilitate fast movement. This will attract more passengers and cargo transit leading to job creation. Also the Badgerys Creek Aerotropolis will have facilities such as warehouses, hotels and exhibition and office premises which will lead to direct employment. Thus in the long run it will lead to a better economy of West Sydney City and Greater Sydney. Shen, Cao, (2016).
  • In correlation with the Western Sydney Airport, the Badgerys Creek Aerotropolis will facilitate connection of transport for the emerging cities thus bring about convenience.
  • The local governments of Western Sydney District and the Greater Sydney government will benefit economically from revenue obtained in terms of taxes from the airport and amenities in the Aerotropolis. This revenue can then be ploughed back to the community via funding of future projects so as to better services and amenities to their residents. Collits, Rowe (2015).
  • However, on the hand, it will negatively impact the environment due to noise pollution from the airport. Hamamci, et al (2017).

How the Economic Corridor will help in creating jobs and economic opportunities and   how it will collaborate to serve the Greater Sydney Region Plan (GSRP)?

  • The construction of the corridor will provide direct and indirect employment opportunities. The direct employment created will be to the local residents who will act as labourers for both professional and casual labour. This will mean there will be high cash flow that trickles to other businesses via spending thus leading to indirect employment. Business to gain from such are like banks, hotels and insurance companies which insure the workers. Gregory, Smith, (2016).
  • The Economic Corridor will collaborate to serve the Greater Sydney Region Plan in that it will improve transport in accordance to the New South Wales Government’s Future Transport Strategy 2056. It will also help conserve the rural culture which is a tourist attraction and also protect the rural areas for food protection and protected areas like army land and natural resources since it will divert traffic from such areas. Kilbane, Weller, Hobbs (2017).

Conclusion

According to me and the evidence given in the report, the plan complies with the UN Urban Planning Guidelines. For example, the UN Guide emphasizes the use of existing infrastructure and by linking roads and the South-North railway makes sure that resources are linked and hence using the existing infrastructure. It also emphasizes protection of the environment and on conservation of rivers and the WSDP has this as one of its agenda.  Developing cycling and walking paths are also key in reducing the environmental hazards caused by automotives like air and noise pollution. Also both the WSDP and Greater Sydney plan will create jobs as the guideline emphasizes in promotion on economies of scale. Despite protecting the rural area due to their role in food production, it also seeks to connect the rural areas with the urban areas.

References

Badland, H., Mavoa, S., Boulangé, C., Eagleson, S., Gunn, L., Stewart, J., David, S. and Giles-Corti, B., 2017. Identifying, creating, and testing urban planning measures for transport walking: Findings from the Australian national liveability study. Journal of Transport & Health, 5, pp.151-162.

Collits, P. and Rowe, J.E., 2015. Re-imagining the region. Local Economy, 30(1), pp.78-97

Gregory, R.G. and Smith, R.E., 2016. 15 Unemployment, Inflation and Job Creation Policies in Australia. Inflation and Unemployment: Theory, Experience and Policy Making, p.325.

Hamamci, S.F., Dogru, A.O., Sari, D., Ozkurt, N. and Seker, D.Z., 2017. DETERMINING CHARACTERISTICS OF LANDS AFFECTED BY NOISE POLLUTION OF AIRPORTS. FRESENIUS ENVIRONMENTAL BULLETIN, 26(1), pp.69-74.

Hooper, P., Knuiman, M., Bull, F., Jones, E., & Giles-Corti, B. (2015). Are we developing walkable suburbs through urban planning policy? Identifying the mix of design requirements to optimise walking outcomes from the ‘Liveable Neighbourhoods’ planning policy in Perth, Western Australia. International journal of behavioral nutrition and physical activity, 12(1), 63.

Jones, H.A. and Byrne, M., 2014. Changes in the distributions of freshwater mussels (Unionoida: Hyriidae) in coastal south?eastern Australia and implications for their conservation status. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 24(2), pp.203-217.

Kilbane, S., Weller, R. and Hobbs, R., 2017. Beyond ecological modelling: ground-truthing connectivity conservation networks through a design charrette in Western Australia. Landscape and Urban Planning.

Shen, D. and Cao, Y., 2016. Aerotropolis formation and evolution: insights from new economic geography. International Journal of Sustainable Development, 19(3), pp.246-256.

Sorensen, T., 2015. Regional development in an age of accelerating complexity and uncertainty: Towards survival strategies for a sparsely settled continent. Local Economy, 30(1), pp.41-52.

Young, G., 2016. Reshaping planning with culture. Routledge.

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