Critical review reports helps in evaluation and summarizing a text of a chapter, journal article or book. A critical review encompasses detailed, reasonable, critical and fair evaluation of the selected texts. Various perspectives are applied for appraisal or critique of the relevant theories, approach, findings and analysis of the text. This report has selected four Australian journals of construction and building procurements and evaluated the aim and objectives of the paper. Methodological approach used for design is also evaluated. Outcomes of the paper are compared and contrasted along with implications assessments of the journals. Finally, quality of the papers in context of result, conclusion, writing styles and methods are critically appraised. Papers chosen for the critical review are ‘A conceptual model of psychological contracts in construction projects (Journal 1)’ by Y. Ke, P. Davis and M. Jefferies and ‘Construction procurement: modeling bidders’ learning in recurrent bidding (Journal 2)’ by B.L. Oo, F.Y.Y. Ling and A. Soo. Further two papers are ‘Evaluation framework for green procurement in road construction (Journal 3)’ by A.X. Sanchez, L. Lehtiranta, K.D. Hampson and R. Kenley and ‘Understanding the motivation and context for alliancing in the Australian construction industry (Journal 4)’ by D.H. Walker and B.M. Lloyd-Walker.
Review of ‘A conceptual model of psychological contracts in construction projects’
The aim of journal 1 is to describe unwritten behavior and agreements through adopting concept of Psychological contracts (PC) (Ke 2016). Main objective of the paper is to understand role of psychological relationship creating impact on agreements and contracts in construction projects.
Research method used for journal 1 is questionnaire for collection-testing hypothesis from conceptual model preliminarily and hence a quantitative research following primary research methods. 25 questions using scales are used for data collection and is analyzed using SPSS. The questions are formed in a way to analyze benefits of relations and its hypothesis constructed. Hence, the research methods used is very much appropriate. However, more accuracy could have been obtained by using more questions of open and closed type to test the hypothesis (Gastel 2016).
Total 53 valid responses were obtained in journal 1 where majority of male respondents were present and approximately 10% female respondents were found. According to Ke (2016), through the data collection, it was found that relational condition leads to unwritten agreements for parties contracting. Relational conditions and benefits also lead to higher unwritten contracts for parties contracting. Thus, the hypothesis was tested successfully using the research method applied.
An implication found in journal 1 is the previous relationships and characteristics of such relationships during procurement process that affects the psychological contract in construction projects. Managerial implications are also identified that arises from negative past relationship that creates a negative e impact on procurement partners. Intrinsic characteristics of relationship are very much essential in predicting behavior of contracting partners.
Writing style of journal 1 is very lucid and streamlined. Coverage of entire topic has been done with extensive data and statistics to support their point of views. Structure of the paper is very much appropriate with hypothesis has been clearly mentioned and tested through use of questionnaire. Overall presentation of the data is kept very simple and easy to follow that helps in achieving final testing of hypothesis. It also concludes in a very concise manner project depicting limitations of the survey, its implications and a possibility for future research (Bell 2014).
Review of ‘Construction procurement: modeling bidders’ learning in recurrent bidding’
According to Oo (2015), journal 2 aims at statistical modeling of individual bidder’s learning, which has no experience in the field, in full and partial information feedback condition of recurrent bidding.
Journal 2 follows a research methodology of experimental design allowing variable control. Due to insufficiency of field data feedbacks are obtained from inexperienced bidders. However, a qualitative data could also help the researcher to collect information from external sources using secondary research to gain detailed insight on the topic.
The findings of journal 2 are that full and partial information feedback creates an impact on bidders having no experience in recent bidding process. Lower average bids are also submitted to bidders that were having condition of feedback in full information.
As per Oo (2015), major implication in journal 2 is the less competitiveness of time periods after lower average bids are won that are usually subjected to condition of full condition feedback.
Although journal 2 has provided a data analysis with a linear mixed model comparing statistical data and graphical representation, the writing style is very complicated and not easy to follow. Extensive data has been provided to support arguments that helped to achieve accurate results.
Review of ‘Evaluation framework for green procurement in road construction’
According to Sanchez (2014), the purpose of journal 3 is to evaluate the green procurement practices in project lifecycle of road construction and application demonstration in Australian case study.
Journal 3 uses a research methodology through creating links with road construction projects phase lifecycle with mechanisms of incentives applicable. Assessment of the framework is executed by cases studies that cover Australia’s five largest road authorities of state. Interviews are conducted within a time of 30 minutes along with reviewing procurement and 90 documents of policy that includes templates, tender guidelines, strategy documents etc. This is very appropriate in the current research however, surveys conducted for primary data collection regarding the procurement documents and strategic action plans would help to evaluate the effectiveness of the process.
The result found in journal 3 evaluates procurement process to be a seven-fold process that highlights lifecycle deliveries of road construction process. Gaps were identified along with level of sustainable integration as well as reduction of emission for greenhouse gases in procurement practices (Bryman 2015).
Implications related to impact on future and present cost of environment at a global level is found and identified in journal 3. During evaluation process, gaps identified were difficult to assess from mere case study observations and procurement policy documents (Schmidt 2014).
Journal 3 has provided recommendations for procurement processes and stated that it can be used as incentive mechanisms (Wallace 2016). Hence, a new finding is developed with proper evaluation in monitoring periodically of Australian road authorities.
Review of ‘Understanding the motivation and context for alliancing in the Australian construction industry’
Journal 4 aims at explanation and exploration of circumstances that includes project delivery form of collaborative nature, as alliance is an appropriate choice of infrastructure project delivery (Walker 2016).
Journal 4 follows a research methodology of secondary research drawing on previously published on alliance that helps to collect insight from qualitative and quantitative data suggesting alliance delivery performance being high and it’s suitability in delivery of products. O’Reilly (2013) commented that the research method could have been primary research used for collecting quantitative and qualitative data using open and closed ended questionnaire and surveys as well as interviews to get an accurate account of the data and insights as well.
Deep motivation for collaboration is obtained because of journal 4 that is usually triggered with attributes, knowledge, skills and experience for collaboration at a level more deeply engaged.
Finally, implications of journal 4 shows evidence that the data used are for construction projects of large infrastructure. Examples drawn are from countries where collaboration is cultural and commonly accepted. Project delivery where primary context is high competition level, these optimal strategies does not hold good. Different rationale might be presented at a different context where professional services of project-based areas are presented.
Journal 4 has not provided enough evidence of alliance and its establishments. Implications during the experiment are identified clearly that will enable future researchers to carefully perform research minimizing errors.
It can be concluded that each papers has its own pros and cons and write up styles with different approach to coverage of the topic. The concept of psychological contract (PC) has been understood through developing and testing the hypothesis, using questionnaire, survey etc. Procurement design process in facilitating learning in contractors is clearly stated through the research in journal 2. Originality and value has been maintained through achievement of target and sustainability in journal 3. Finally, journal 4 provides deep insight regarding collaboration nature of the research and its project management research and huge demand for complex projects.
Bell, J., 2014. Doing Your Research Project: A guide for first-time researchers. McGraw-Hill Education (UK).
Bryman, A. and Bell, E., 2015. Business research methods. Oxford University Press, USA.
Gastel, B. and Day, R.A., 2016. How to write and publish a scientific paper. ABC-CLIO.
Ke, Y., Davis, P. and Jefferies, M., 2016. A conceptual model of psychological contracts in construction projects. Construction Economics and Building, 16(3), pp.20-37.
O’Reilly, M. and Parker, N., 2013. ‘Unsatisfactory Saturation’: a critical exploration of the notion of saturated sample sizes in qualitative research. Qualitative Research, 13(2), pp.190-197.
Oo, B.L., Ling, F.Y.Y. and Soo, A., 2015. Construction procurement: modelling bidders’ learning in recurrent bidding. Construction Economics and Building, 15(4), pp.16-29.
Schmidt, F.L. and Hunter, J.E., 2014. Methods of meta-analysis: Correcting error and bias in research findings. Sage publications.
Walker, D.H. and Lloyd-Walker, B.M., 2016. Understanding the motivation and context for alliancing in the Australian construction industry. International Journal of Managing Projects in Business, 9(1), pp.74-93.
Wallace, M. and Wray, A., 2016. Critical reading and writing for postgraduates. Sage.
Sanchez, A., Lehtiranta, L., D. Hampson, K. and Kenley, R., 2014. Evaluation framework for green procurement in road construction.Smart and Sustainable Built Environment,3(2), pp.153-169.