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In order to successfully carry out a scheme like this there are numerous challenges which will need to be overcome.

Ensuring the grey nomads are comprehensively informed of the scheme and it is promoted through the relevant channels

o This includes providing clear maps of the relevant regions showing where Grand Tour events are being held and where accommodation can be found, as well as having information centres deployed across North Queensland.

o Roadcraft tips may also be important to prevent dangerous or disruptive situations on the road, such as large groups of caravans driving in convoy (Flint, 2015). Other motorists should also be made aware of the increased caravan traffic during this time

Social valuation and repeat visitation of grey nomads in regional Queensland of Australia

Understanding Senior Self-Drive Tourism in Australia Using a Contingency Behavior Model.

Comprehensively informing grey nomads of the scheme

In reference to the basic problem presented within the challenge, “increased tourists, small communities and conflicts puts forth a complicated dilemmic issue in decision making. Looking at the contribution of the increasing tourism in the small communities, they present both positive and negative impacts. It is however typical and substantial that the contribution of the tourists is much more positive as compared to the consequences. In other words, I hold a strong positive believe that the challenge at hand can considerably be solved. Nonetheless, there are persons who would have it as, being consequential on the impacts as compared to the advantages. In regard to other communities, it is distinctive that this challenge/ problem is already addressed and are being addressed in other communities (Rittichainuwat, 2013, p.121).

 We can therefore undoubtably have it that the problem or rather challenge in the small communities can be solved although it requires an extra ordinary perspective of handling the challenge. In addition, it is imperatively important to note that the examination, analysis and identification of the possible alternative and viable solutions requires a close and well-organized coordination of the stakeholders. In other words, the failure to have a collaborative coordination from the involved stakeholders may adversely affect the conflict resolution process and challenge addressing within the community and the game park in particular. The internal stakeholders for the conflict management will require the game park owners and its employees and the externa stakeholders will engage the community members who are considerably facing the negative consequences of the increasing tourists in the area.

  • Beginning

In recent days, tourism and hospitality industry in particular, has become one of the most important and substantial sector in the contribution of the total national income in several nations and due to its contribution to the total national income, Thailand has put a considerable effort in growing the tourists and hospitality sector/ sector (Martin & Assenov, 2015, p.117). This explains its extensive and significant reorganized growth for the last few decades.

The growth in the tourism industry as advocated by several stakeholders and authorities have however led to the emergence of other adverse consequences and its growth is affecting other populations and communities. This presents a dilemmatic debate of whether there should be a continuous growth or rather decreasing growth. The main dilemmatic decision and challenge comes as a result of the local communities oppressing an opposing of the continuous number of tourists visiting the locality. They base their opposition on the fact that the increasing number of tourists in the area is considerably affecting their freedom as the community locals. This is because, the availability of tourists attracts government security personnel who in turn limits their freedom of movement while making them to live under fear and yet even hunting of wild animals are prohibited (the act of poaching). Additionally, the local residents have the fear of being reallocated to other unfavourable places in attempt by the game park management to provide more space to cater and accommodate the growing number of tourist (Tavitiyaman & Qu, 2013, p.185).

Providing clear maps of relevant regions and information centres

On the other hand, the game park management in collaboration with other authorities are strongly advocating for the increase in the tourists and game park expansion to meet the increasing demand by the tourists. The game park management who are also internal stakeholders are more of law enforcers as guided and directed by the statutory body

As highlighted precedingly, there is an increasing number of tourists in the locality and thus it is also expected that there will be increase in the strain of the conflict due to the sequential increase in the traffic in the area (McDowall and Choi, 2010, p.55). With this, it is typical to anticipate that the local authorities will face much heavier and heftier challenge in solving and resolving the conflicts. This is continuously pausing more challenge and quest for the local authorities on whether to consider the needs of the local people by cutting down or closing down the tourist activity in the community or rather advocate for the continuation of the tourism activity with in the area.

  • Consider again

As a result of reanalysing and examining the situation, it can be imperatively argued that the main issue lies around the conflicting interests of the local community members and the game park stakeholders who are business oriented and also contribute tax to the government or the state. As it is described, the increasing number of the tourists’ visits leads to the increased congestion of the traffic jams as well as increased litter of the local area by the tourists. The litter/ garbage disposed by the tourists causes and worsens burdens to the local authorities as they have to clean the garbage left by the tourists. The tourists are in this case considered to be misbehaving which consequently affects the environment or else, leads to environmental degradation as the damped wastes are mostly polythene. In other words, the local council has a responsibility to play in observing hygiene, considering the well-being of the local community members and ensuring the effective running of the area. the maintenance costs of the local council as a result of the increasing tourists’ visits are maximized thus causing more expenses. On the other hand, the local council collects dues and taxes from the game park business run by the specific stakeholders which is a recommendation from the government as a potential source of income/ revenue to the nation (Polnyotee, & Thadaniti, 2015, p. 90).

Providing roadcraft tips to prevent dangerous situations on the road

With a sole re-evaluation of the challenge at, the decision of whether the game park and reverse should be closed or left to operate surely prolonged. The issue is stemmed from a series of factors among which include; the controversial interests of the community alongside the interest of the business organization and that of the state. This needs quest for further consideration with in the issue. Nevertheless, the issue could be handled by compromising the interest of the local community by continuously improving the tourist attraction as a way of enhancing development, revenues an international cooperation with other nations.

It is however important to note that though the interest of the local community will be compromised, there must be a strike of balance, by looking into ways in which the intensifying misbehaviours of the tourists can be minimized. Furthermore, the fear by the local community regarding their re-location to new localities should be addressed by confirming to them that they will, not be relocated and on any case related such or so, they will be compensated adequately (Claster, Cooper & Sallis, 2010, p. 90).

  • Definition of stakeholders

Firstly, we need to understand and establish a basic definition of stakeholders. In this essence, will refer to stakeholders as any individual or group of people who may have an impact on the operation and solving of the challenge in the community or may in any way (whether directly or indirectly) be affected by the challenge or challenge resolution. With the definition of stakeholders, we note that there are considerably many stakeholders in the conflict resolution. There are both internal and external stakeholders. The internal stakeholders are the ones who are directly involved in the decision making and execution of the reached decisions. On the other hand, the external stakeholders are the ones who may not directly be engaged in the decision making and execution of activities but may indirectly influence or be influenced the decisions reached by the council. The internal stakeholders include but not limited to local authorities and the local council, the local communities, the game park managers, and the tourists. On the other hand, the external stakeholders include the government, other surrounding community members, among others (Esichaikul, 2012, p.10)

As noted in stakeholders’ definition, they play a significant role in determining the type of decision to be reached as a conflict resolution strategy. It is therefore important and crucial to ensure effective coordination of the involved stakeholders both internal and external to ensure an appropriate channel usage during the process. This should be focused on the promotion of sustainable tourism and as well as promoting the well-being of the community members. In other words, it should focus on the harmonies and concurrent living of the community members with the tourism activities. This can further be realized as a result of introducing business opportunities and establishing direct engagement of the local community into the tourism industry. The locals may engage in trading, restaurants, art and craft making and educators of the tourists regarding the local area information which in turn may lead to financial benefits to the locals thus harmonious living and conflict resolution (Assenov & Khurana, 2012, p.225).

  • Explore assumptions

Raising awareness among other motorists of increased caravan traffic

A series of assumptions were undertaken as to evaluate the core issues prevailing in and among the community with the tourism activity. As highlighted earlier, it was noted that there has been increasing advocate and promotion of the tourism and hospitality industry, it was assumed that tourism is a potential and prospectus source of income to the government inform od revenue and taxes. It was further assumed that the tourism industry will help in enlarging and expanding the communities market for the goods and services.

Regarding the sustainability of the game park., an assumption was made that the game park would not sustain its existence for a long time if the community conflicts would be left to continue and prevail. The conflicts that is existing between the community and the game park was assumed to be causing more chaos as well as bad reputation to other nations more especially from the tourists’ origins. Furtherly, the majority or all the community members of the community did not want the game park to continue its existence and expansion which implied the majority community members help the same negative mind towards the existence and expansion of the tourism industry. Finally, it was assumed that the challenge that prevails is as a result of in-understanding of the direct and indirect stakeholders which resulted into conflicting interests (Prachanant, 2012, p.125).

  • Find information

For decades, the tourist industry has been one of the fastest and most important industries as it has contributed considerable revenues and income to government. The implementations of tourism policy measures with the aim of promoting hospitality and foreign exchange in Thailand in promoting and selling its name all over the world. different research studies have been conducted on regard to the contribution of tourists’ industry to a nation like Thailand. To a greater extend, the report has indicated that tourism has significantly help in the improvement of Thailand on the other hand however, there are research studies which indicate that the expansion of the tourists’ sector has an adverse effect in a country. A research conducted by Biggs, Hall & Stoeckl (2012) evaluated the resilience of informal and formal tourism enterprises. According to this study, it was reported that there had been a continued growth of the tourism sector due its positive contribution to the enterprises. It was highlighted that the prevalence of tourists with in the Thailand has acted as a boost to the business community. It was highlighted that the tourism industry is a way of intercultural integration as the locals tend to share with the visitors with in the cultural context Furtherly, the study also signposted that there are some sorts of contrary results from the activity (Heung, Kucukusta, & Song, 2011, p.125).

Understanding social valuation of grey nomads in regional Queensland

Some of the contrary fallouts included superiority complex by the visitors which have always tended to raise the hatred by the locals. Further fallouts came as a result of communication barrier. It is typically true and solid that most of the tourists to Thailand and Phuket in particular are from diverse cultures with different languages more especially English. The failure to have a common language of communication and interaction has been noticed as one of the crucial obstacles leading to local resistance towards the industrial sector in Phuket, Thailand. Prachanant (2012) report had a common view and result, that there existed a great barrier in communication among the tourists and the locals, including the employees of the game parks and national reserves. From the language (English) problem, the level of tourists’ satisfaction also crops into the issue. A failure of effective communication between the locals and the visitors undoubtably minimizes/ cuts down satisfaction.

While conducting an investigation of the characteristic behaviours of the tourists in different destinations, Dodds Graci, & Holmes (2010) examined whether the tourists’ really care or they do not. A comparison of tourists in tourists in Koh Phi Phi, Thailand and Gili Trawangan, Indonesia was analysed. This study showed a significant similarity of the tourists. There were points of misbehaviour, throwing and littering of the sites visited.

Bennett & Dearden (2014) examined the reasons as to why the local people did not support tourism and conservation of the environment. The study noted that conservation have always attracted government authorities and bodies which comes with a lot of limitations. According to this study, some of the areas facing such resistances were listed as indicated in the diagram below.

A report by a UK based newspaper, the telegraph indicated a negative outlay of the tourism future of Thailand due to the continuous persistent and unfavourable circumstances that have prevailed in the Thailand in relation to the tourism sector (

Source: Bennett & Dearden (2014)

With the preceding finding of the study, it is typical that the sustainability of the tourism sector/ industry requires a close watch and monitoring by the local authorities and the state at large. Additionally, it was noted that there are usual factors that depict the communities’ failure to support the tourism sector and thus, it is important to address such hinderances to promote a harmonious operation of the game park alongside the local communities.

  • Get the responsibility right

As it was noted in the earlier sections, there are internal and external stakeholders. In this essence, it is imperative for the internal stakeholders to have a direct engagement of the decisions and pronouncements to be put forth. In other words, there is need for direct involvement of the park owners, the community, the local council authority and mediators/ marketers of the tourists. All the involved stakeholders have different roles as well as resources to contribute towards the meaningful decision making of the issue. The powers and influence of the stakeholders also vary from one to another (Krutwaysho, & Bramwell, 2010, p.690).

Examining repeat visitation patterns of grey nomads

The local community have a high influence in the decision making of the stakeholders even though they may not have much powers over the issue. Based on the fact that issue is being presented by the community, it implies that they are the sole influencers of the tourism activity in Phuket, Thailand. It is typical for the locals to critically be informed of the potential benefits that can arise as a result of harmoniously supporting the tourism activity in Phuket. They should also present their challenges and upshots to be addressed by the park owners and the local council authorities (Marzuki, 2012, p.112).

As the name notes, the local council authorities are the final decision makers. They should however, try to strike a balance between the two stakeholders i.e., the park owners and the community. They should also try to address the issue regarding the misbehaviour of the tourist when they are in and around the game park (Biggs, et al., 2015, p.74). Finally, the game park enterprise owners also need to participate in the decision-making process as the decision reached will have a direct influence on them, either positively or negatively. During the negotiation and conflict resolution, it is important to extensively and comprehensively analyse situations and ideas presented by the different stakeholders to firmly and fairly come out with the most appropriate and harmonious solutions for the issues (Duffy & Moore, 2010, p.766)

  • Options

Based on all the findings more especially from the section of “finding information”, one of the most significant options of addressing the prevalent issue is by extensively enlightening the local community on how they can benefit from the tourism activity at Phuket, Thailand. As it was noted, English is one of the core barriers on intercommunication between the communities and the tourist. With this issue, a training facility can be set up by the park owners and the local council authority to help in enhancing e collaboration of the communities and the tourists. Business prospects and economic boosts are yet another factor that can be highlighted to the locals to help in embracing the sector (Untong, et al., 2010, p.21).

Further options for the issue can be the introduction of quota system to help in reducing the un-ending and increasing number of tourist. This option will only apply for circumstance where there is a total and strong disagreement from the local community. It is important to note that the failure to reach an agreement among the engaged stakeholders may root a more adverse effect beyond the prevalent issue.

  • Maximize outcomes

The dilemma of increasing tourism in small communities

From the preceding section, it can be noted that one option is more optimistic and applicable even though the last option can only act as a last resort. The first option is more feasible as it enhances the activity of tourism as well as addressing the issue of the community members. Financially and economically, all the stakeholders are dedicated to particular benefits. This is notable in the ability for the local communities to involve themselves in trade and commerce, and fourthly acting as educators of the tourists regarding the information of the locality (Sriprasert, Chainin & Rahman, 2014). On the other hand, the park owners will be able to receive more tourists which also in turn improves the turnover and performance of the enterprise. Consequently, the government and the local authorities are able to tax more from the park owners hence more revenue.


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