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In this assessment, you are required to write a report which critically analyses the conceptual design phase of a systems engineering project. Projects might include designing a light rail network for a city, more environmentally-conscious buildings or a mine facility. You may not have been involved in the project personally, but some connection with the project would make the analysis more meaningful. Note that Assignment 2 extends this assignment, so bear this in mind when you choose your case study. The report is to analyse the following:

• Needs definition 
• Conceptual system design 

Environmentally-conscious architecture and design

The environmental commitments are changed into the noticeable architecture and helps in looking at the strategy approach has to broaden the ranking checklists outside. For the purpose of creating new solution in technical that may not get recognized but it push the performance operation beyond the desires and requirements (Architecture And Design, 2017). The newly solution provides the strong visible to others. This technology approach have to work through famous culture and using this recognisability and usability to the merits of the project. It is very useful and provides an improved human experiences. The report will explain the design concepts which acts as a green house and hence, controls the solar rays to flow. This main objective of the project is to critically analyse the design of the system by using the theory and principles. The definition, the conceptual design, the research skills, the analysis, recommendations will be discussed.

The project is to designing a report on an Environmentally-conscious building with sustainability (Burgess, 2012). The sustainable architecture is an architecture that seeks to decrease the negative atmosphere influence of building construction through moderation and efficiency in the use of material resources, energy and the implementation space as well as the ecosystem at big (Architectural heliostat system lights up One Central Park, 2017). The sustainable architecture is used for conscious method approach to environmental preservation and energy in the scheme of the built environments.

The building includes the two housing apartment towers. The towers are east and west in addition to a six level trade shopping centre at the base of the towers. The park integrates the two technologies (TILT, 2017). There are heliostats and hydroponics. The hydroponics consuming the reprocessed water from the black water dealing plans to irrigate plants that can produce on tower frontage facades in very high perpendicular green walls (Indesignlive | Daily Connection to Architecture and Design, 2017).

The heliostats technology make it probable to take programmable volumes of direct sun into the sheltered areas of the development for light and heat (Watpac.com.au, 2017). The infrastructure of the central park deploys direct relation to the location or site. The solar power system is contained of forty two sun tracking heliostats, each of which targets is 320 separate mirrors in the Fresnel reflector to the taller tower. There are connected to the particular target board zones on the earth or ground (Charter Township of Texas, 2017).           

Conceptual design

The conceptual design is an initial stage of the design process, in which the wide outlines of function and type of something are expressed and articulated (Churchill, 2012). It contains the interaction of design, processes, experiences and strategies. In real time example, the conceptual design involves a people needs and requirements and how to meet persons with services, products and processes. The general artifacts of conceptual design are models and sketches (Sarfaraz, 2012). The conceptual design is used for easy to understand and interpret. This design provides the clear idea of what going on the project and intended use of the product (Amaechi and Counsell, 2013). It determined the user view requirements. So, the outcome is very easier to achieve. The conceptual design illustrates the various users and their needs and avoids the recurring tasks.

The appearance of design opinion as a vehicle for industry and study development, more conventionally trained visual designers incorrectly been called upon to support workshop organization particularly to process development in the wrong hypothesis assumption that whole design plan is equal in this ability (Architectural Conceptual Design – the Sustainable Shopping Malls Structures, 2016). This has resulted in a high outline being direct over the task of design in industry development and implementation as well as problem being asked regarding the worth of a design as an appliance for business industry and study development. The conceptual design phase of a building construction can be commonly denoted as the stage wherever all the related data is grouped and accessed (Fitchburgwi.gov, 2017).

The main aim of the report is to explain the concept behind one of the conscious building called ONE CENTRAL PARK, Sydney (Tan, 2017). The design is created in such a way that the flow of the sunlight gets simplified. In this the following are involved. They are

  1. Sun
  2. Heliostats
  3. Secondary Reflectors
  4. Park Area

The major components needed are given below.

  1. Target zone
  2. Heliostat array
  3. Proposed Tower
  4. Secondary Reflector array

Prototypes of the Heliostats and Reflectors will be developed during the design phase (Antica, 2017). 

The Heliostats of the building are located on the roof top of tower that has 36 storeys. There are many general details of the Heliostat which is shown below.

General features of the heliostats are the following:

  1. The array of Heliostat has many number of heliostats individually. It has around 140 heliostats.
  2. The surface of the mirror is approx. 5 meters per every heliostat.
  3. The surface of the mirror is positioned and hence the rays of the sun rays are reflected to the secondary reflectors.
  4. Each and every Heliostat mainly aims at reflecting the secondary reflector. Moreover, the secondary reflectors reduces the number of components (Nouvel & Bessiel, 2014).

The surface of the mirror is polished in aluminum. The panel is light in weight and it has the surface which is unbreakable for the reflection of light (Town of Dryden, 2017). The frame structured in aluminum and the construction happens. The design ensures that the vibration of heliostats and the movement is very limited and is much suitable for performing operations.  The construction materials are selected according the standards. Some of the features which are under mechanical work are given below. They are

  • A mechanical drive system is used
  • Heliostats are motorized
  • To move the mirrored surface

Sustainable architecture and environmental preservation

The mirrored surface moves in both the elevation (up and down) and the azimuth (side to side).  To simplify the flow of sunlight.

The surface area of the park is approx. more than 1200 Square kilometers.  The proposed system of Heliostat helps in delivering approximately below 700 Square kilometers the rays of sunlight directly to the park. The resulting reflection intensity for the proposed system is in the order of 80% of the original sun light intensity. Each and Every components performs the maintenance best order for functioning. The most common needs are planned and implemented at the time of construction. Once the construction is over then comes the main phase called maintenance. In the maintenance process contains an evaluation and review of overall materials, physical items, powered items and completion of repairs as compulsory. The heliostats are to be washed by three months once. The maintenance of heliostats checks are to be carried by six months once. The maintenance process contains an every material resource coatings, structural things, mechanical things and conclusion of repairs as mandatory. The heliostat switch software checks provides the monthly remote error checking and updating windows tool mechanism.

All the elements of the entire system which has the Heliostat system are prototyped. It is then undergoes the process called testing. In the process of testing, many prototypes are checked that it has the resistance against the heavy wind and so on. The process of testing happens before it is committed to the process of production.

There are different types of prototypes are there. The following are the most important prototypes that are given below.

  • Structural
  • Aesthetic prototypes

These prototypes are under the Heliostats and also the Reflectors will be developed during the design phase.

Wind tunnel testing will be conducted in order to manage the effects of movement on the mirror arrays during low and high wind events. Understanding the impact of movement within the lighting system is important for structural engineering developments as well as considering public responses to the movement of reflected light.

It is well analysed that the design is reported in a clear way. The report explains the conceptual design entirely and it is made sure that the one central park is a conscious building (Pepe, n.d.).The building structure and the plan made sure that it implements green construction and there is a depletion in the resources that are non-renewable. The environment is maintained in clear manner ad there is a decrease in the pollution. The construction is made in such a way that the building and the materials of the building gains benefit economically (Burgess, 2012).  The rare many vertical green walls that makes the sun to directly flows. This helps in preventing the production of many new raw materials and finally it saves the entire ecosystem in a healthier way.

One Central Park: Design and Features

It is analysis that several issues present in the current system. The risks are appears when utilizing an organization system through solar energy drive potential. After analysing that, developing risk minimization strategies and control scheme in order to decrease the regularity and power of these issues is vital for the effective implementation (Sarp Yalç?n and Balanl?, 2016).

The more number of risk approaches are presently being utilized. There are given below:

  • Solar exposure
  • Mechanical failure
  • Electrical failure or software failure
  • Unusual responses

It analysis that the system design could not deliberate solar energy radiation at pulverized level. Every reproducing and reflecting surface are flat level and confirm that no light can be absorbed at earth level (Polymeric solar cells: materials, design, manufacture, 2011). It does not contain the multiple exposures and more than one reflector panel. Analysing that, the system organization will not generate improved solar exposure. After, a reproduction is bounded from a heliostat to a reflect indicator it losses accurately ten present of solar panel potential in ground apparent surface (Central Park, 2013).

It analysis that, incident of mechanical powered failure an alarm type will inform key suppliers and construction maintenance personnel in command to correct the problem. The powered failure happens when casing the heliostats through the supplied fabric cover protection will avoid the potential of lost reflections (One Central Park, and Park Lane and The Mark, 2017).

It analysis that, the event of electrical failure or mistakes in software system an alarm scheme will inform construction preservation personnel. The switch system will off the heliostats. Every units will look faintly down and southward as no indicate reflections are probable from this situation.

It analysis that, to remove the options of reflection under cyclical vibration might persuade an epileptic answer in the public community (El-Alfy, 2010).

  • It is recommended to implement Green construction everywhere (One Central Park Architectural Heliostats | TILT Industrial Design, 2017).
  • It is recommended to use more number of renewable resources than the non-renewable resources.
  • It is highly suggested to slow down the depletion of the sources that are non-renewable.
  • It is suggested to be prevent the usage of more number of non-renewable resources.
  • It is recommended to be environment friendly and to reduce the usage of efficient less construction materials.
  • It is recommended to use materials that are beneficial economically (Logi, 2017).
  • It is highly suggested to save the ecosystem that the building would be destroying.
  • It is suggested to follow the principles of Green engineering which is already verified that it is successful in many large buildings (King, 2017).
  • It is recommended to check the prototype to meet the actual site map of the building.
  • It is suggested to use the materials which is

Conclusion

The central park helps integrating the technologies as it has heliostats made it possible to get design in the best way possible. For the purpose of irrigating the plants black water is used. The area have good lifestyle that the infrastructure is good. The report says that the design for the construction works similar to the green house. All the incoming energy from the sun is controlled. This kind of technology has an approach which works as it has greenhouse. Using the feature named recognisability and the usability, the system designed with great care. There are more number of the merits in the project. It is much useful and it helps in providing the improvement in the experiences of human. The report explains the design concepts which acts as a greenhouse and hence, controls the flow of sunrays. This main objective of the project is to critically analyse the design of the system by using the theory and principles. The definition, the conceptual design, the research skills, the analysis, recommendations are discussed. 

References

Amaechi, A. and Counsell, S. (2013). Towards an Approach for a Conceptual System Design. Systems Research and Behavioral Science, 30(6), pp.780-793.

Antica. (2017). Conceptual designs. [online] Available at: https://antica.co/en/portfolio/conceptual-designs/ [Accessed 20 Aug. 2017].

Architectural Conceptual Design – the Sustainable Shopping Malls Structures. (2016). European Journal of Technology and Design, 14(4).

Architecture And Design. (2017). Architectural heliostat system lights up One Central Park | Architecture And Design. [online] Available at: https://www.architectureanddesign.com.au/suppliers/kennovations-product-design-and-engineering/architectural-heliostat-system-lights-up-one-centr [Accessed 20 Aug. 2017].

Burgess, S. (2012). A Backwards Design Method for Mechanical Conceptual Design. Journal of Mechanical Design, 134(3), p.031002.

Charter Township of Texas. (2017). Conceptual Park Designs - Charter Township of Texas. [online] Available at: https://www.texastownship.org/about-texas-township/parks-facilities/conceptual-park-designs/ [Accessed 20 Aug. 2017].

Churchill, D. (2012). Presentation design for “conceptual model” learning objects. British Journal of Educational Technology, 45(1), pp.136-148.

Colorado Landscape Architecture | Design Concepts. (2017). Design Concepts | Landscape Architecture | Denver Colorado. [online] Available at: https://www.dcla.net/ [Accessed 20 Aug. 2017].

El-Alfy, A. (2010). Design of sustainable buildings through Value Engineering. Journal of Building Appraisal, 6(1), pp.69-79.

Fitchburgwi.gov. (2017). Conceptual Park & Open Space Proposal | Fitchburg, WI - Official Website. [online] Available at: https://www.fitchburgwi.gov/723/Conceptual-Park-Open-Space-Proposal [Accessed 20 Aug. 2017].

Indesignlive | Daily Connection to Architecture and Design. (2017). 'SEA MIRROR' OPENS AT CENTRAL PARK - Indesignlive | Daily Connection to Architecture and Design. [online] Available at: https://www.indesignlive.com/home-slides/sea-mirror-opens-at-central-park [Accessed 20 Aug. 2017].

King, S. (2017). Steve King about Architecture. [online] Stevekingonsustainability.blogspot.in. Available at: https://stevekingonsustainability.blogspot.in/2013/06 [Accessed 20 Aug. 2017].

Nouvel, J. and Beissel, B. (2014). Case Study: One Central Park, Sydney. [online] ctbug.org. Available at: https://global.ctbuh.org/resources/papers/download/1836-case-study-one-central-park-sydney.pdf [Accessed 20 Aug. 2017].

Pepe, M., n.d. A conceptual model for designing recycled aggregate concrete for structural applications.

Polymeric solar cells: materials, design, manufacture. (2011). Materials Today, 14(5), p.230.

Sarfaraz, A. (2012). A Fuzzy Conceptual Design Selection Model Considering Conflict Resolution. International Journal of Engineering and Technology, 4(1), pp.38-45.

Sarp Yalç?n, A. and Balanl?, A. (2016). A conceptual process model for the sustainability of a healthy building. A/Z : ITU journal of Faculty of Architecture, 13(3), pp.67-78.

Tan, M. (2017). Sydney's One Central Park wins international best tall building award. [online] the Guardian. Available at: https://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/2014/nov/11/sydneys-one-central-park-wins-international-best-tall-building-award [Accessed 20 Aug. 2017].

TILT. (2017). One Central Park Architectural Heliostats | TILT Industrial Design. [online] Available at: https://www.tilt-industrialdesign.com/projects/one-central-park [Accessed 20 Aug. 2017].

Town of Dryden. (2017). Town Hall Property: Conceptual Park Design. [online] Available at: https://dryden.ny.us/departments/recreation/town-hall-property-conceptual-park-design/ [Accessed 20 Aug. 2017].

Watpac.com.au. (2017). One Central Park, and Park Lane and The Mark - Watpac Limited. [online] Available at: https://www.watpac.com.au/project/one-central-park-and-park-lane-and-the-mark [Accessed 20 Aug. 2017].

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[Accessed 01 March 2024].

My Assignment Help. 'Designing An Environmentally-conscious Essay: ONE CENTRAL PARK, Sydney.' (My Assignment Help, 2021) <https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/coit20275-systems-science-and-engineering/human-experiences.html> accessed 01 March 2024.

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