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The aim of this assessment is for students to develop an awareness of strategic planning in the local government context through a case study analysis and to develop writing and presentation skills. 
1. Choose a local government area (LGA) (Council) in metropolitan Sydney that you are familiar with. Do not choose a Council that has recently been amalgamated as their plans are not upto-date.
2. Prepare a review report containing the following information
A.District Plan 
Provide an overview of the LGA in the context of the relevant district plan, noting: 
• Which district plan applies to the LGA 
• The key actions or priorities affecting the LGA and what will Council need to include in their LEP? Include a short assessment of the advantages /disadvantages of district planning?
B.Community strategic plan
Provide an overview of the Community Strategic Plan affecting the LGA. Include the following information
The vision for the LGA
The strategic objectives
The strategies for achieving these objectives
Comment on the relationship between the Community Strategic Plan and the District Plan for your chosen LGA.
C. Component plans/strategies for the LEP
Provide an overview of up to four current strategic planning strategies/plans in the LGA e.g. housing, employment lands study, rural lands study or economic development strategy, noting:
The name of the strategy and why it was developed
How it affects development within the LGA? How it informs the LEP and/or what issues would need to be considered in a planning proposal to amend the LEP?
Use a SWOT analysis to help you examine the environmental, social and economic considerations for the developer, the Council, the community, and the environment.
Include a diagram that demonstrates the hierarchy of the different plans and policies

District Plan for the Eastern District

The Greater Sydney with respect to metropolis of 3 cities- Central River, western parkland, eastern harbor city. Eastern district is upcoming with innovative and globally moderate, carrying out employment for young people from the Asia region. The vision has been to improvise the lifestyle of Local government area. The eastern city encompasses Burwood, Canada Bay, Strathfield and local government areas. This is a twenty year plan that has been prepared with regard to the management of economic, environmental and social matters. The aim is to bridge the gap between local planning and regional planning. The district plan has been established with a purpose of drawing strategic planning and community strategic policies (Vadas, 2009).

1. District Plan

The formulation of district plan has been done to give impetus on the metropolitan of the three big cities that are applicable for making up this city. The Sydney government commission has undertaken the work of preparing and finalizing the district plans. According to the Environmental Assessment and Planning Act 1979, this requires to identify the planning priorities, implementation of the plan, and the finalization of the plan. The commission needs to get engaged with councils, state agencies and community. This requires the submission of regional plans and revision of draft plans. There are a number of opportunities that are realized with greater effectiveness, while implementing the plan. Local strategic plans must be in coordination with the local, state and district levels.

The local government area (Council) needs to have regard towards the environmental, social and economic matters. This can be achieved through the assessment of data and analysis. A transparent decision making body is required that does the assessment across all the three levels. One of the main constituents of this framework is strategic planning. The local government body needs to identify the priority areas that are applicable to the community plan. Local planning has been massively supported through the NSW government. This is being funded for the purpose of infrastructure and further implementation (Fitzpatrick, 2003).

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The government needs to accelerate the planning process that is streamlined with growth of the local area. At the same time, provision must made in the productive, sustainable and livable city. The infrastructure planning at all levels requires the management of complete city. This requires alignment of transportation programs and environmental plans. The local infrastructure plans must be provided through the council government. It is essential to respond to the major needs of the community like health, transport and education at a district and state levels in a planned way. There has been a rapid change in the technological innovations in the planning and delivery levels. The reorganization of infrastructure is necessary and therefore enhancing its capacity to support the entire community. The planning priorities must be done at the each stage. This involves planning for the city that supports the infrastructure and working through cooperation (Jackson, 2018).

Local Government Responsibilities

The city district is indispensably important to prosperity and success of Greater Sydney. The city must be globally competitive and most welcome the skilled people around the globe. The district is a capital of creative ideas and prosperous place at all the different levels. The population of the city has been growing by the 1.32 million in the upcoming 20 years. The government body needs to plan for the jobs and health related essential services. The governing body must be prepared for the demographic changes. The international trade must be enhanced and deliver the lifestyles rather than new homes. Well-designed new homes must be included in the new infrastructure. This requires open space and must be utilized effectively. The tourism, cultural and artistic needs must be given high value for the economic and social contribution (Abramsson and Andersson, 2015).

The infrastructure must be planned at district, local and metropolitan levels and delivered for meeting with the needs of the new city. The transport facilities must be interconnected, and new centers must be safeguarded for the future investments. This includes the connections between the eastern and north along with south districts. The significant areas must be dedicated to growth and rapid change. This requires investment in cultural and art facilities and there is room for growth. The government needs to identify the infrastructure priorities. This requires giving priorities to the infrastructure and funding of new housing schemes and social housing plans along with augmentation of various utilities (Marom and Carmon, 2015).

Advantages and Disadvantages of District Planning


The local opportunities must be enhanced through the decisions. This requires infrastructure provisions and results through a network service (Gao et al., 2013).

A service approach must be adopted and this can be achieved through the alignment of infrastructure planning. The government needs to identify the different scenarios for the purpose of land usage and development of new infrastructure facilities.

The different studies undertaken at different state, district and regional levels must be undertaken for the identification of relevant costs and development benefits. The new development initiatives must create benefits and understand the costs associated with the same. This will have a lot of impact on the infrastructure delivered through the local bodies. A greater coordination is required by local bodies.

The greater collaboration is required at planning levels and the development of new jobs and great places is essential for realizing the benefits of growth.

Infrastructure Planning


The information is not shared openly at all the levels. There must be consistency in collaborative areas. The views of everyone are not taking into consideration.

There is greater involvement of stakeholders throughout the completion procedures. There is higher exploitation of resources. The local government body needs to understand all the angles before rushing to the conclusions. The best approaches are required for identification of projects and deliver the vision (Vale, Shamsuddin and Kelly, 2018).

All the elements are not documented in the strategic plan. There is a greater need to identify the roles of local councils, state agencies a government arrangements. The proper actions must be undertaken for delivering the desired outcomes.

All the outcomes are not reflected in the district plan and this does not provide the clarity on priority areas. A greater emphasis must be laid on the private sector and the creation of policies and creation of medical research processes.  

1. The Vision for the LGA

The vision for the LGA can be enumerated below-

Planning must be recognized at the changing composition of demographic groups. This must be achieved at the local groups and services must be provided at the community levels.

The social infrastructure must meet with the changes through the different stages. This can be achieved through the collaboration and integrated planning. All the provisions for outcomes and services must be disclosed at the community levels.

Population projections must be visible on all the demographic groups and this can accommodate thirty percent of total population growth of the district. This must be completed within 20 years.

The greater emphasis must be on recreation and sport facilities. The aim must be to meet with the growth and increased demand.

Residents must be provided with the right mix of programs, services along with social infrastructure and this must be socially connected to provide active and healthy lives (James, Atiles and Robb, 2011).

The strategic objectives involve creating opportunities for flexible use of facilities, creative spaces and sport facilities. It is essential to respond to the local needs of the people.

Interconnected and multipurpose facilities are key access to all the infrastructure developments. This is inclusive of social housing and opportunities must be provided for infrastructure optimization (Field and Layard, 2017).

The needs of different population groups are required for integrated delivery of infrastructure and services.

Local health and accessible health infrastructure like hospitals are necessary for people across the different levels of the district. There must be the aim of delivering the health communities with health services. This includes promotion of healthy environments and health-related services.

Advantages and Disadvantages of District Planning

The different strategies for achievement of the above objectives are enumerated below-

The child and education care environment policy is a necessity for the building of new facilities and also improvising the present facilities. This also includes the universities, schools and other providers of different community services (Stouten, 2007).

The strategic plan for young children and people includes providing different opportunities in legislated three year plan. This includes important opportunities for vocational training and territory education. The people can gain employment skills and connect with the community. Universities must be seen as employment hubs for knowledge intensive communities.

The strategic objectives include the key aspects of building environment for supporting the healthy lifestyles and outcomes. This includes physical activities and access to food.

The management and architecture of the streets and housing communities must act as preventative outcomes. This will also have an impact over the 35 percent of the population.

The eastern local district area is home to more than 50 percent of community people who speak other than English language. The strategy must be built to welcome the refugees and celebrate diversity in culture (Diappi and Mele, 2014).

The relationship between the Community Strategic Plan and the District Plan

The relationship between the community strategic plan and district plan is of place based planning. There must be an engagement plan that recognizes how people engage with each other. There are certain bodies that needs to devise the specific linguistic and support enhanced participation. It is essential to have a better understanding of the people economic and social goals. There are specific needs that can be achieved through the participation and engagement plans and deliver the health outcomes (Shopati, Mitonga and Aipinge, 2018).

Housing strategy-

The social bodies provide a plethora of opportunities for connecting the people with one another. There are vast community facilities, community initiatives and social enterprises that must share trust and create value and develop resilience towards stress.

Economic development strategy-

The government must devise the economic development strategy and focus towards the cultural and high provision for education and learning. The place based planning for enhancing the social connections should be focused. There are local centers for improving the economic participation. There is a great need for the determination aboriginal communities through consultation and engagement programs. It is essential for supporting the social and economic aspirations that are with regard to the land planning. There must be facilitated opportunities for artistic expression and creative participation. A cultural enterprise and creative arts facilities should be built (Rush, 2010).

Strategic Objectives for the LGA

Employment land study-

The employment opportunities must be acknowledged at each level. This requires the opportunities that require enhancements through up gradation to schools, transport and sporting facilities. Accessibility to jobs must be provided and this can be generated through the strategic centers. Accessibility to local transport connections can expand the people tendency of having more employment opportunities.

Rural land study-

New housing facilities must in the appropriate place for meeting with the housing demands, tenure, referred location and architecture. The rural land study must be effectively coordinated with the local infrastructure for the creation of cycle-friendly, livable neighborhood. There are certain areas that are apt for the additional housing facilities. There must be transitioned areas that can implement renewal practices and promote healthy lifestyles. There must be proximity to local transport. The position is for the purpose of investing in to the medium concentration opportunities. The council should consider the various rules and regulations. There must be twenty year strategic plan and identification of contributing to strategic supply (Brinckmann and Kim, 2015).

Housing has an economic and communal role across the different areas of Sydney. The government needs to meet with the changing demographics. This ensures stability for a greater period of time. Housing has the bigger economic role through the provision of housing choices. This requires the research of different bodies and offering the housing outcomes diversity. These developments will have a prolonged impact on LGA. This requires planning services and public transport access is necessary (Blankenship, 2016).

The issues considered-

The rental housing, the environmental planning scheme provides development projects that must be flexible for a ten year. The household scheme must be available for low to moderate income households. The joint commission will investigate the different ways through which housing facility can be applied (Gorman et al., 2001).  

There is a need to draft the affordable rental housing schemes. The environment and planning scheme must develop the different mechanisms through which proposed affordable delivery of housing targets can be achieved.

There are a number of opportunities for supporting the housing affordability and this is inclusive of diversity measures too. The government needs to create the compact housing scheme that is built on the small proportions (Daddi et al., 2017).

These must be provided for the moderate income and especially key workers must be targeted for different employment areas. These include education and health areas. Flexible development of apartments is a crucial aspect (Weber, 2013).    

Strategies for Achieving the Objectives


The local bodies have the capacity for delivering the housing schemes in appropriate locations.

The priority areas like education, employment schemes and their delivery is achieved that is relevant to local government bodies.

The examination of employment opportunities is streamlined with investment plans at the district and regional infrastructure levels.

The role of the state and district centers is to primarily support the local bodies.


The government needs to focus on providing the open space and co-locate social infrastructure and facilities (Arnold, 2007).

The local government needs to focus on the public transport, cycling, walking connections including the greater Sydney grid.

The integration of creative enterprises and support arts facilities is necessary aspect that cannot be ignored.

Interpretation of heritage values and cultural facilities should be done at all the levels.


The housing strategies must address the 5 to 10 year housing, electricity, water supply targets. This must be done at the local government bodies.

The government should have the capacity to underwrite the twenty years strategic housing ambitions at the district level.

Housing strategy requirements must be outlined with Sydney regions.

 The local government needs to create the places that reflect the shared values, culture and communities. This will attract the workers, enterprise, investors and residents.


Getting engaged with the community in the planning process for understanding the European and aboriginals.

Conserving and interpretation of the natural heritage, European and aboriginal for fostering local places (Lane and McDonald, 2005).


The vision for new local area development seek for development of the productive region. This can be achieved through by analyzing the opportunities for jobs, business and investment growth. The local area government needs to support the economic diversity. It is essential to support the internationally competitive sections. This requires re-balancing the eastern economic focus and benefits through growth. The well-connected Sydney will subsidize the productivity through enhancing the efficiency in supply chain management are large businesses. This comprises of forming the Eastern central portion and providing more than 70 percent of people with the Sydney Jobs. This will help in the generation of economic activity. This is the financial capital and it has a major connection with the globe and provides the different range of services, attractions and activities.


Abramsson, M. and Andersson, E. (2015). Changing Preferences with Ageing – Housing Choices and Housing Plans of Older People. Housing, Theory and Society, 33(2), pp.217-241.

Arnold, T. (2007). Planning for Environmental Justice. Planning & Environmental Law, 59(3), pp.3-12.

Blankenship, J. (2016). SCAI's future: The 2016 strategic plan. Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions, 87(2), pp.183-187.

Brinckmann, J. and Kim, S. (2015). Why We Plan: The Impact of Nascent Entrepreneurs' Cognitive Characteristics and Human Capital on Business Planning. Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal, 9(2), pp.153-166.

Daddi, T., De Giacomo, M., Frey, M. and Iraldo, F. (2017). Analysing the causes of environmental management and audit scheme (EMAS) decrease in Europe. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, pp.1-20.

Diappi, L. and Mele, C. (2014). Multicriteria Evaluation of Urban Regeneration Plans for Social Housing Neighbourhoods. SCIENZE REGIONALI, (1), pp.23-45.

Gorman, M., Mannion, J., Kinsella, J. and Bogue, P. (2001). Connecting environmental management and farm household livelihoods: The Rural Environment Protection Scheme in Ireland. Journal of Environmental Policy & Planning, 3(2), pp.137-147. (2018). About the Plan | Greater Sydney Commission. [online] Available at: [Accessed 29 Aug. 2018].

Field, M. and Layard, A. (2017). Locating community-led housing within neighbourhood plans as a response to England’s housing needs. Public Money & Management, 37(2), pp.105-112.

Fitzpatrick, R. (2003). Developing housing options for prison leavers: A link worker scheme for those with mental health and multiple needs. Housing, Care and Support, 6(4), pp.10-13.

Gao, X., Asami, Y., Zhou, Y. and Ishikawa, T. (2013). Preferences for Floor Plans of Medium-Sized Apartments: A Survey Analysis in Beijing, China. Housing Studies, 28(3), pp.429-452.

Jackson, A. (2018). Barriers to Integrating New Urbanism in Mixed-Income Housing Plans in Chicago: Developer, Housing Official, and Consultant Perspectives. Housing Policy Debate, pp.1-32.

James, R., Atiles, J. and Robb, C. (2011). Homeownership Plans Among Hispanic Renters: Ethnic or Geographic Differences?. Housing and Society, 38(2), pp.191-209.

Lane, M. and McDonald, G. (2005). Community-based Environmental Planning: Operational Dilemmas, Planning Principles and Possible Remedies. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 48(5), pp.709-731.

Northern Beaches Council. (2018). Strategic Framework. [online] Available at: [Accessed 29 Aug. 2018].

Marom, N. and Carmon, N. (2015). Affordable Housing Plans in London and New York: Between Marketplace and Social Mix. Housing Studies, 30(7), pp.993-1015.

Rush, C. (2010). From Strategic Plan to Sustainable Program: One College's Journey. Community College Journal of Research and Practice, 34(11), pp.913-915.

Shopati, A., Mitonga, K. and Aipinge, L. (2018). Factors affecting strategic plan execution process in public healthcare. International Journal Of Community Medicine And Public Health, 5(2), p.474.

Stouten, P. (2007). Sustainable urban regeneration and floor plans of housing. J. of Design Research, 5(4), p.490.

Vadas, G. (2009). The Housing Subsidy Scheme and Households' Wealth in Hungary: Urban Legends and Facts. European Journal of Housing Policy, 9(1), pp.1-24.

Vale, L., Shamsuddin, S. and Kelly, N. (2018). Broken Promises or Selective Memory Planning? A National Picture of HOPE VI Plans and Realities. Housing Policy Debate, pp.1-24.

Weber, A. (2013). How are public transaction costs in regional agri-environmental scheme delivery influenced by EU regulations?. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 57(6), pp.937-959.

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