Coyne, Kame’enui and Carnine (2011) argue in chapter 1 of your course text that diverse learners are “greatly dependent on the quality of schooling if they are to break the pernicious cycles of illiteracy, innumeracy and invisibility” (p. 7). The authors argue against “watering down” of curriculum, advocate for the teaching of Core Standards (the equivalent of the ACARA Australian Standards) to all students and outline six major features of effective educational tools (see Figure 1?1, p.13).
Over the last five years in Australia there has been increasing interest in the Explicit Teaching model. (see Louden, 2015). Schools across different states, including Western Australia, have taken up this more instruction?centred approach to teaching. Explicit Direct Instruction: The power of the well?crafted, well? taught lesson (Hollingsworth & Ybarra, 2009) is one of a number of texts that has guided Australian educators to take up an explicit approach. In chapter two Hollingsworth and Ybarra (2009) argue that
“Teacher?centred direct instruction is more effective and efficient, especially for struggling students” (p.11) and outline eight lesson design components and four lesson delivery strategies (p.13).
Your task is to read Louden (2015) and both chapters: Chapter 1 Coyne, Kameenui and Carine (2011) and Chapter 2 Hollingsworth and Ybarra (2009) and reflect on the key messages about effective instruction raised by these authors. Use the headings below and keep your focus on the instructional strategies Louden reviews and the authors explain. Most marks are allocated to an explanation of Coyne et al’s “six major features” (see pp. 13?19) and the features of Hollingsworth and Ybarra’s lesson design and delivery (pp. 12?14) so you should ensure this is the focus of your discussion. Once you have done this you must compare and contrast the two chapters. What ideas do Coyne, Kameenui and Carine (2011) share with Hollingsworth and Ybarra (2009) and where are the points of difference? Which chapter will help you to support diverse learners in your classroom? Finally, how does Louden’s (2015) findings sit with your school context (if you are currently working in an educational context) or that experienced by you or your family/friends.