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Importance of Waste Management

Rural Cambodia is facing the issue of waste management due to the increasing volume of waste generated from households and improper disposal. In a region with no functional waste management plan, the responsibility of disposal falls upon individual households. Often individuals are not aware of the suitable methods to manage their waste. This can result in several other problems for the community of that region. A waste management system provides a strategic plan to minimize and prevent waste. In addition, a good plan can provide sustainable alternatives for disposal. Apart from improving the quality of life, the introduction of a waste management system can have a positive impact on the environment. Its major impact can be seen on climate change. Open landfills are found to be responsible for more than 90 percent of methane gas emitted from landfill waste disposal. The burning of trash also results in increases in harmful greenhouse gas that are the cause of temperature rise and global warming. Apart from the effect on the environment and ecosystem, it is hazardous to the health of the public.  Toxins and pollution from was can lead to numerous diseases like asthma, cancer, and cardiovascular diseases. Infants and young children are more likely to be impacted by the pollutants and toxins. Due to exposure to pregnancy, birth defects and low birth weight has been observed in children. It also weakens their immune system and makes them vulnerable to other illnesses. Efficient waste management practices have become more essential after the hit of the Covid-19 pandemic. The pandemic led to an increase in plastic and chemical waste. As plastic protection equipment was required for safety from the spread of the virus. The proper disposal of waste generated is also important.  Medical waste particularly needs proper disposal to make sure any remaining pathogens are completely destroyed [5]. Plastic waste can pollute the marine ecosystem as well. Implementation of the waste management project can moderate the release of pollutants. This can further help in the improvement of the health of the people of the region along with the ecosystem around them. The waste management plan consists of the regular collection of waste and its transportation to the next step of processing and disposal. Apart from these, the monitoring of the whole process is also essential.  Recycling as part of waste management can also help in significant cost reductions.

The goal of this project is to create sustainable and efficient waste management. It aims at solving the issues with the existing waste management system. In order to achieve that, the project will provide approaches for waste reduction and segregation. Along with that, it defines collection and disposal practices that can minimize the impact of waste on the environment and reduce greenhouse emissions. The project will also look into the treatment procedures for the waste collected. The project will also implement the 3 Rs ( reduce, reuse, and recycle) policy for waste management [6]. The first R is reduced which means reducing the waste from each household. Another aim of the project is to reduce waste generation from the communities of the region through awareness among them. This can help in achieving efficiency in the management system. In addition, this will make it easier to monitor the complete system and ensures the long-term implementation of the plan. The second R in the principle is reuse. A lot of waste can be reduced by utilizing and reusing rather than discarding them. It can also be considered a solution to reduce waste. The third principle of the 3 Rs policy is recycling. After the collection of waste, some of the items can be processed back into raw material and manufactured into new products.  This practice also reduces pollutants and harmful products. Materials that are difficult to dispose of or that release pollutant on disposal can be recycled [7]. Along with the 3 Rs policy, this project will follow the waste hierarchy for prevention and disposal.  This project will convey creative solutions that can also enhance the already established waste management system. To achieve this the project aims to incorporate technology into the waste management plan.  Apart from that, the project seeks to utilize advanced system designs.

The project will proceed in accordance with the waste management hierarchy. It will follow prevention, recovery, reuse, recycling, and lastly disposal [8].  Prevention involves making sure that people of the community obtain resources according to their requirements rather than wasting them. Various awareness plans will be implemented to spread knowledge about the subject. The reduction will be a part of this process. It can be achieved by,  promoting the reuSe of the goods. The recovery part includes energy recovery through gasification and pyrolysis.  The recycling of waste will be done through composting of organic waste, wood recycling, and paper recycling. To achieve this, the waste needs to be collected and segregated according to the various recycling procedures. It will be done during the collection of waste. A separate garbage bin for the collection of each type of waste will be set up. After this step, there are various treatment options for the waste. It consists of Anaerobic Digestion, vermicomposting, Incineration with energy recovery, and Reduce Derived Fuel (RDF).  The remaining waste will be disposed of in landfills or incinerated without energy recovery. The waste will go to a designed and controlled landfill site. It is essential that it is a properly designed sanitary landfill.

When will we know we are finished?

The project is finished when the objectives are achieved,i.e. when a sustainable and efficient waste management system is established.  The system should have the capacity to work regularly.

Milestone

Deliverable

Due date

 Discussion on the project

 Project charter  

 06/05/2022

Project Planning

 Information about budget and schedule

 15/07/2022

 Implementation of the project

Waste collection and disposal services

 12/11/2022

 Monitoring the implementation

 Progress report

 30/12/2022

What could go wrong

Chances of it happening

Impact if it does happen

What should be done about it

 Lack of cooperation or involvement of local communities.

 Medium

 Their lack of involvement will make the collection and waste segregation difficult.

 Awareness programs about the benefits of the waste management system should be organized.

 Insufficient Transportation facilities  

 Medium

 Transportation is important to take the collected waste to the site of disposal.

 Modern and safe transport will be used for logistic systems.

 Inefficient waste segregation

 Medium

 Improper and inefficient waste segregation can delay the process of recycling and disposal.

 Media and public programs will be utilized to help segregation before collection as well as for waste minimization.

Role

Name

When needed

For how long

 Management

 Manager

 The manager is needed during the implementation of the project. They are responsible for managing waste facilities and the staff members.

 They are needed till the program is active.

 Technology

 Civil engineer

 The engineer is needed during the planning, designing, and implementation of the project. They oversee the development of recycling programs and create disposal plans.

They are needed during project planning and initial implementation.  

Management and Accounting

 Project Accountants

 They are responsible for maintaining the budget o the project and approving expenses.

 The project accountant is needed till the completion of the project.

 Logistics

 Transport Manager

 The Manager is responsible for scheduling the transport for collection of the waste.

 They are needed during the implementation of the project.

Who needs to know

What do they need to know

Why do they need to know

When do they need to know it

How often do they need to know

How should the info be shared with them

 Manager

 The Progress of the project.

The manager can track the progress report to ensure the timely completion of the project.

 They need the progress report when planning and designing start.

 They need a weekly update on the report.

 It can be shared during a weekly meeting.

 Engineer

The risk assessment report.

 The civil engineer for the project requires a proper risk assessment report to rectify any faults in the design developed during planning. This can stop the project from failing at any stage.

 The risk assessment report is required after the implementation of the project starts.

 The report can be shared on monthly basis.

 The risk assessment report can be shared via email.

 Gannt Chart

References

[1] E. Creaser, J. Smith and A. Thomson, Perspectives of solid waste management in rural Cambodia, Journal of Humanitarian Engineering , 2018. 

[2]  A. Downs and R. Acevedo, "How Our Trash Impacts the Environment", Earth Day, 2019. Available: https://www.earthday.org/how-our-trash-impacts-the-environment/. [Accessed: 02- Apr- 2022].

[3]H. Yang, M. Ma, J. Thompson and R. Flower, "Waste management, informal recycling, environmental pollution and public health", Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, vol. 72, no. 3, pp. 237-243, 2017. Available: 10.1136/jech-2016-208597.

[4]J. Gutberlet and S. Uddin, "Household waste and health risks affecting waste pickers and the environment in low- and middle-income countries", International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health, vol. 23, no. 4, pp. 299-310, 2017. Available: 10.1080/10773525.2018.1484996.

[5]J. Klemeš, Y. Fan, R. Tan and P. Jiang, "Minimising the present and future plastic waste, energy and environmental footprints related to COVID-19", Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 127, p. 109883, 2020. Available: 10.1016/j.rser.2020.109883.

[6]K. Kabirifar, M. Mojtahedi, C. Wang and V. Tam, "Construction and demolition waste management contributing factors coupled with reduce, reuse, and recycle strategies for effective waste management: A review", Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 263, p. 121265, 2020. Available: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2020.121265.

[7]N. Wichai-utcha and O. Chavalparit, "3Rs Policy and plastic waste management in Thailand", Journal of Material Cycles and Waste Management, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 10-22, 2018. Available: 10.1007/s10163-018-0781-y.

[8]I. Mensah, "Waste management practices of small hotels in Accra: An application of the waste management hierarchy model", Journal of Global Business Insights, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 33-46, 2020. Available: 10.5038/2640-6489.5.1.1081.

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"Creating A Sustainable And Efficient Waste Management System In Rural Cambodia Essay.." My Assignment Help, 2022, https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/engin1001-professional-engineering/waste-management-plan-responsibility-file-A1E0FCF.html.

My Assignment Help (2022) Creating A Sustainable And Efficient Waste Management System In Rural Cambodia Essay. [Online]. Available from: https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/engin1001-professional-engineering/waste-management-plan-responsibility-file-A1E0FCF.html
[Accessed 17 July 2024].

My Assignment Help. 'Creating A Sustainable And Efficient Waste Management System In Rural Cambodia Essay.' (My Assignment Help, 2022) <https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/engin1001-professional-engineering/waste-management-plan-responsibility-file-A1E0FCF.html> accessed 17 July 2024.

My Assignment Help. Creating A Sustainable And Efficient Waste Management System In Rural Cambodia Essay. [Internet]. My Assignment Help. 2022 [cited 17 July 2024]. Available from: https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/engin1001-professional-engineering/waste-management-plan-responsibility-file-A1E0FCF.html.

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