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ASD-Autism Spectrum Disorder

This particular paper has been able to show that there is not enough amount of literature in connection with factors related to autism disorder. It is an alarming fact that even after there has been a numerous amount of research that has been carried out on this particular topic, there is a vast amount of gap in the study. This study also helps us to understand that, there are people with autism and they constitute a white population group. Also, they tend to require a significant amount of attention and services from society. This paper dictates to us the ways in which the disciplinary field of architecture could also play an important role could give significant attention to this disorder. It has been specifically mentioned in this paper that the architects and also at the same time the urban planners have already realized that it is important to design structures without architectural barriers.

In simple words, it could be stated that enabling free mobility for individuals with physical disabilities should be the main aim of modern-day architecture. It is also been specified in this study that the concept of barriers should not have any connection with the use of the environment and the surrounding for people with cognitive or mental disabilities. Interestingly, it has been mentioned that creating a space that is calm, is properly ordered, and is significantly simple should be the first priority. The exact need to understand the ways in which such space could be created has been thoroughly discussed in this paper. It has also been recommended that it gets significantly important to advance in research in relevance to this particular matter. As stated by Kazakç?, in his article that innovation and designs which are imaginative in nature could be considered as a solution for the bigger problem. Thus, the connection between the two could be realized. It also gets stated in this paper that the cost and the difficulty of creating such space are extremely high and this could prove to be a major problem in our future. However certain studies tend to show that it is feasible to create such spaces systematically which will improve the experience that individuals with Autism Disorder have in their environment.

The key take aways from this paper are:|

  • Significantly more amount of research is required in relevance to this particular aspect of Autism Disorder, which will help in the development of desired architectures.
  • The specific design criteria have been mentioned with the exact needs of the individuals with Autism Disorder.
  • The concept related to Theory of Function has been skillfully crafted in this paper drawing relevance with the system of creating space that would be safe for people with various disabilities. Therefore, it could be identified that it is important to create space that is calm, is properly ordered, and is significantly simple should be the first priority

This presentation is about designing environments for Children and Adults with ASDI, has successfully pointed out the specifics of the designs. The initial part of the presentation talks about the colors that should be implemented and the factors that should not be implemented. This presentation should be considered as one of the most important aspects of designing, based on the fact that it has defined the entire method thoroughly which enables the readers with the understanding of the entire concept. The interesting fact that could be found is that it has been recommended multiple times that pattern floors should not be implemented. The primary reason that has been stated by Maria Luigia Assirelli is that the pattern floors tend to confuse the individuals with the disorder and therefore it will trigger anxiety in them. The presentation has also been able to talk about the ASD-friendly palette which gets selected by the children. To be more specific, it could be identified that passive and also at the same time the colors that were mixed with grey were favored by the children with autism. Apart from that, the presentation also enables the readers with the understanding that there has been a principal predilection for colors in the Blue/Green hue sectors that was notable.

Autism and the Built Environment

Based on this observation, it could be realized that there is a significant balance between colorfulness and greyness is seen to be prevalent. Post that the presentation has presented the ideas of color coding and the ways in which the light should be placed. Also, it has been mentioned that creating a space that is calm, is properly ordered, and is significantly simple should be the first priority Different factors related to ways of finding has also been discussed which tend to include factors such as curved walls, implementation of colors in order to differentiate walls, floors, and furniture as this will make it significantly easier to navigate. Maria Luigia Assirelli has also mentioned the importance of calm and simple spaces. One of the most important studies related to designing space for individuals with disorders states that creating simple and calm spaces helps individuals to stay composed and does not trigger their anxiety under any circumstances (Mentel & Bujniewicz, 2020).

The key takeaways that could be identified from this presentation are:

  • There should be a balance between grey and other color treatments while painting the rooms and the objects and also there has been the predominance of blue and green.
  • It could be identified that the shape of the room and also the lighting do have the ability to affect the color perception.
  • Lastly, it has been specifically mentioned in the presentation that the use of stimulating colors should be avoided under any circumstances.

To summarize, the very first claim that has been made in this paper is that the baby boomer generation could be considered as the fastest and the largest growing population that has age-related visual impairments. This entire paper has talked about the ways in which older people could be enabled with better vision opportunities. To be more specific certain strategies that have been mentioned in this paper are very relevant in the current day scenario. The recommendations that have been provided in this paper state that implementation of magnification, using contrasting colors, implementation of larger fonts are some of the strategies that have been recommended by the paper. Apart from that, based on the observation of the reasons behind visual impairments have been thoroughly discussed in this paper. Also, it has been specifically identified that, the manner in which light, in combination with cooler, tens to generally affect the overall visual sense of objects and space in the environment. The fact that also needs to be highlighted is that this reliance is specifically true for the elderly because age-related characteristics also influence how they perceive their surroundings.

The relying nature of the older adults on the environment in order to compensate for the amplifying sensory loss has been thoroughly discussed. The main idea has been formulated based on the fact that the more contrast created between the object and the background will help the older generation to identify objects in front of them. Adding to that implementation of bright colors will also help the older people to discriminate between the two present objects. The study that has been conducted in this paper hence with the understanding that the designers should specifically avoid the excessive use of low saturation blue. This claim has been made, based on the observation that the older generation is not able to see low saturation colors. It gets better for the younger generation to identify low saturation colors. Therefore, the ways in which color plays an important role in the concept of vision has been presented in a very skillful manner in this paper. Lastly, it has been stated that the relevant practitioners do need to take this study into consideration, and then only they will be able to make informed decisions in regards to the appropriate color specifications. This is only for one particular age group which is the elderly clients. The places in which the practitioners have to implement this knowledge tend to include interior environments such as health care, nursing homes, adult daycare, and also retirement homes.

Designing Environments for Children and Adults with ASD

The final takeaways from this study are:

  • Age-related changes in the perception of color should be considered as an important apprehension for entities functioning with older adults.
  • This should be considered as one of the most important aspects for the practitioners, based on the fact that color perception is vital for both aesthetic and visibility explanations.
  • The most important observation that has been made is that the designer must avoid the implementation and also at the same time the specification of low-saturation blue.

The study should be considered as significantly important as it helps the designers to understand the exact implementation of lighting in various areas. It has been identified that as an individual tends to grow older, the vision becomes significantly blurred. It is extremely frustrating not being able to see as an individual was used to before. This reading helps us to understand that lighting is as crucial as wearing glass for better vision. To be more specific the study states that the older generation tends to require light levels that are very much higher than the younger generation. This discrepancy is based on the fact of aging of eyes and also at the same time related to various eyes diseases. This enables us with the understanding that the quality of light is very much important and is equally important to the quantity of life. This particular reading has specified all the aspects that would help in looking at things in a much better way, literally. The changes that could be implemented in the present light conditions inside homes have been discussed. The light fixtures or implementation of additional electrical boxes has been recommended in this paper which will help the designers to understand the exact implementation of their skills.

Specific recommendations have been provided in this paper in relevance to good lighting as an individual ages. As stated by, Loomis, Klatzky & Giudice (2018) in their study that there is apparently more than one million optic nerve fibers for each eye which tends to transfer a significantly vast amount of information to the brain every second. Therefore losing vision could easily be connected with a decrement in performance of actions in relevance to spatial resolution. Apart from that, it has also been highlighted that implementing dimming switches to modify the light intensity and ambiance of the space; dimming also saves energy and increases the life of LED and incandescent lights. The recommendations that have been provided in this brochure are very much significant under the present day scenario. It includes recommendations such as lighting should be significantly uniform within a room and also from one room to another. The next recommendation that has been provided states that the light should be placed at a higher level so that it could eliminate the maximum area in the room. Apart from that implementation of glare-free light has been recommended in this paper.

Older Adults - Light and Color

The key takeaways from this study are:

  • It was extremely interesting to know that more than one million optic nerve fibers for each eye which tend to transfer a significantly vast amount of information to the brain every second.
  • The place in which the lighting is being placed plays a very important role in the entire setting.
  • The quality of light that is being used is as important as the quantity of light that has been used in the process. The vision of an individual is directly connected with the concept of lighting. 

There are multiple studies that significantly state that Light is crucial in maintaining circadian rhythm, the body's internal clock that tells us when to be alert and when to sleep. Light also has an impact on the generation of melatonin, a sleep-promoting hormone. In the very beginning, the study has mentioned that the lighting for the circadian system is significantly different from that of the traditional architectural lighting design. To be more precise, it needs to be stated that a circadian lighting system is essentially an artificial ‘sunrise to sunset' that goes through illuminance levels and color spectrums from a warm (2,700K) to brighter, colder (6,500K and higher), and back again. The main difference that has been identified between these two systems is that the architectural lighting design significantly focuses on visibility and such concerns which include cooler rendering, the appearance of the space, etc.  The part that gets significantly important to mention is that in relevance to the circadian system of lighting it is very much important to consider the level of the lights, the spectrum, and also at the same time the duration of exposure.

The study has scientifically proven the difference between the best ratio, the medium ratio, and the poor ratio of lighting. Interestingly in this paper, there has been mention of light therapy and also at the same time the health value connected to it. All the specific tips that have been provided in this paper will enable the designers to plan lighting patterns that will provide the prescribed amount of CS. Apart from that, this will also help in addressing all the traditional lighting issues. This will also create a very important connection of functionality along with aesthetics and health.

The key takeaways that could be identified in relevance to this study is that:

  • A circadian lighting system could be easily considered as an artificial 'sunrise to sunset' that goes through illuminance levels. Adding to that, it also goes through the color spectrums from a warm (2,700K) to brighter, colder (6,500K and higher) and back again.
  • Light is crucial in maintaining circadian rhythm, the body's internal clock that tells us when to be alert and when to sleep.
  • It gets important to mention that all the designers need to plan lighting patterns that will provide the prescribed amount of CS. 

It is already been identified that in the United States, healthcare industry only accounts for 9% of the energy used in commercial buildings. This paper has talked about the non-visual effects that lights tend to have on senior care facility. To be specific the concept of cherry land corridor has also been described in the study with proper relevance to the entire system. The findings of this paper, Specifies that the cherry land corridor on implementation of pollution system could be seen as enough light for daytime and nighttime. The various aspects of lights has been discussed in this paper along with its color properties. The key Equivalent melanosis elements as a concept has also been discussed in this paper. Therefore, the importance of light could be easily identified in every relevance of the study. It has also been identified in this paper that the contractors are still not familiar with tunable systems and controls in connection with light. It is also been recommended that this controls should be simple for processing. It gets extremely important to find the proper balance of automatic versus manual tuning of the spectrum. As stated in multiple studies that, dopamine deficiency causes the eye to become more elongated, resulting in nearsightedness.

Bright outside light, according to researchers, helps children's growing eyes maintain the proper distance between the lens and the retina, which maintains vision in focus (Hansen & Mathiasen, 2021). Also the intensity of the lighting is extremely challenging. Therefore it could be identified that Implementation of new lighting solution in connection with senior care facilities tends to require both ongoing and initial education for the caregivers and also at the same time for the residents.

The key takeaways of this paper tends to include factors such as:

  • It has been specifically identified that the night-lights installed near the floor may have limited effectiveness if located where other objects can be placed in front of them.
  • The concept of light therapy brings an entirely new concept. Also at the same time, the connection with the health system has also been discussed in this paper thoroughly.
  • It also gets important to mention that implementing new lighting solutions in senior-care facilities requires both initial and ongoing education for residents and caregivers.

References

Brodrick, J. (2022). Tuning the Light in a Senior-Care Facility [Ebook].

Figueiro, M. G., Gonzales, K., & PeDLer, D. (2016). Designing with circadian stimulus. Ld+ a, 8, 30-34.

Hansen, E. K., & Mathiasen, N. (2021, June). Dynamic lighting balancing diffuse and direct light. In ARCH19: Building for better health: Research & innovation in architecture & urban design for care & health (pp. 120-127). SINTEF Academic Press.

Hegde, A. L. (2011). Saturation based color contrast by older adults: what do they see?. International Journal of Science in Society, 2(1).

Hegde-Niezgoda,, A. (2022). LIGHTING YOUR WAY TO BETTER VISION [Ebook].

Kazakç?, A. O. (2013). On the imaginative constructivist nature of design: a theoretical approach. Research in Engineering Design, 24(2), 127-145.

Loomis, J. M., Klatzky, R. L., & Giudice, N. A. (2018). -sensory substitution of vision: Importance of perceptual and cognitive processing. In Assistive technology for blindness and low vision (pp. 179-210). CRC press.

Luigia Assirelli, M. (2022). Designing Environments for Children and Adults with ASD. Presentation, Ga architects.

Mentel, K., & Bujniewicz, Z. (2020, December). Designing for pupils with the autism spectrum disorder, case study of the Autism Centre in Muroor, Abu Dhabi. In IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering (Vol. 960, No. 3, p. 032003). IOP Publishing.

Sánchez, P. A., Vázquez, F. S., & Serrano, L. A. (2011). Autism and the built environment. Autism spectrum disorders-From genes to environment, 19, 363-380.

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My Assignment Help. (2022). Designing Environments For Individuals With Autism And Visual Impairments Is An Essay.. Retrieved from https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/id3325-interior-lighting-design/the-autism-spectrum-disorder-file-A1E084C.html.

"Designing Environments For Individuals With Autism And Visual Impairments Is An Essay.." My Assignment Help, 2022, https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/id3325-interior-lighting-design/the-autism-spectrum-disorder-file-A1E084C.html.

My Assignment Help (2022) Designing Environments For Individuals With Autism And Visual Impairments Is An Essay. [Online]. Available from: https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/id3325-interior-lighting-design/the-autism-spectrum-disorder-file-A1E084C.html
[Accessed 02 March 2024].

My Assignment Help. 'Designing Environments For Individuals With Autism And Visual Impairments Is An Essay.' (My Assignment Help, 2022) <https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/id3325-interior-lighting-design/the-autism-spectrum-disorder-file-A1E084C.html> accessed 02 March 2024.

My Assignment Help. Designing Environments For Individuals With Autism And Visual Impairments Is An Essay. [Internet]. My Assignment Help. 2022 [cited 02 March 2024]. Available from: https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/id3325-interior-lighting-design/the-autism-spectrum-disorder-file-A1E084C.html.

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