Overview of Malaysian Retail Industry
Discuss about the Investigation of Determinants of Customer Satisfaction.
Malaysian Retain Industry is considered as one of the major industries in the country contributing effectively towards the Malaysian economy. Malaysia is considered as the middle class income county (Mohamed and Borhan 2014). The Malaysian retain industry has been well maintaining its momentum; the main drivers of the growth of this industry are economic as well as social development along with growth in population, rise in the purchase power of the consumers, trend in the needs of the customers and penetration of international retail companies in the industry. The presence of many large retain corporations can be seen in this industry (Mohamed and Borhan 2014). It has been speculated that there will be a growth of CAGR of 11% in the retail market of Malaysia from the year 2013 to 2018.
The research is based on 7-Eleven Malaysia Holdings Berhard, a leading retain company in the Malaysian retain industry. 7-Eleven Malaysia Holdings Berhard is considered as the owner and operator of the stores of 7-Eleven in Malaysia (7eleven.com.my 2018). The company was established in the year of 1984 and it has become the single largest retain and convenience store chain in Malaysia having more than 1905 stores in Malaysia that are serving more than 900,000 customers on daily basis (7eleven.com.my 2018).
The main purpose of this research is the investigation of the key determinants or the factors that contribute towards the customers satisfaction in the Malaysian retail industry. It can be observed that there are various crucial factors that help the retail companies to gain satisfaction from the customers. Investigating about these factors is the main purpose of this research.
The retail companies of Malaysia have to face many obstacles for gaining customers’ satisfaction. It can also be observed that the retail companies of Malaysia operate under a highly competitive environment in the presence of many national as well as international companies. Thus, the problem of this research lies in the identification of the main determinants of customer satisfaction by the Malaysian retail companies. The result of this research will help the retail companies to retain their customers by satisfying them with products and services.
This research will play a significant role in the identification of the key determinants of the customer satisfaction in the retail industry of Malaysia. On a more precise note, the retail companies of Malaysia will be able to identify and analyze the factors that will help them in retaining their customers by fulfilling their satisfaction with various aspects like products, services and others. After the identification of these determinants, the retail companies will be able to put more focus on improving these determinants or factors for gaining customer satisfaction.
7-Eleven Malaysia Holdings Berhard: Leading Retail Company
The present study aims towards the identification of the major determinants of customer satisfaction in the retail industry of Malaysia. The business organizations are required to be customer oriented as a result of the increasingly competitive business environment. In the modern business environment, customer satisfaction is considered as a major base for the performance of the business organizations and there is not exception of this fact in case of the Malaysian retail industry. The following discussion includes the discussion of the four major determinants of the retail industry in Malaysia.
From the above discussion, it can be observed that there are different determinants or factors that contribute towards customer satisfaction in the retail industry of Malaysia. Among all these determinants, the quality of retail products and services can be considered as two of the major factors for customer satisfaction. For the customers, quality of the retail products is regarded as a single measure for judging the products of the companies (Singh 2013). For the customers, quality is less about the artifact itself and about the brand of the company. One a more specific note, the retail products of the companies must be of good quality so that they can be able to fulfill the needs of the customers. For this reason, it can be seen that there is a positive conncetion between the qualities of the products and customer satisfaction. At the same time, deep connection can be seen between the aspects of customer satisfaction and the service quality offered by the retail companies in Malaysia. It can be observed that there is a direct connection between the attitude of the customers related to the service quality of the stores and their intention to select that store for their retail shipping needs (Al-Ali, Bazin and Shamsuddin 2015).
It can be observed that the large retain companies create major influence on the changing preferences of the customers. For example, the large retail corporations like 7-Eleven provides the customers with the quality products and services in order to satisfy their needs related to the retail products. One important aspect in this context is that the customers do not always prefer the quality of the products alone as the also compare the quality in relation to the price of the products (Paul, Sankaranarayanan and Mekoth 2016). It implies that the large retail organizations are required to provide the quality products in affordable price as this is a major aspect for gaining the satisfaction of the customers. For this reason, quality and price both play dominant part in the satisfaction of the customers.
Purpose and Objectives of Research
It is needed for the retail companies in Malaysia to maintain superior level of the quality of services as it is considered as a major determinant for retaining the customers; and it is possible for the companies to retain customers when they are able in satisfying the needs of the customers. The service quality in the Malaysian retail sector largely depends on the functional as well as technical qualities of the retail companies (Hill and Brierley 2017). The functional qualities put concentration on the behavior of the customers along with the delivery of the products and services. On the other hand, the technical qualities largely depend on the outcome as well as delivery of the products and services (Annamalah et al. 2013).
For all these reason, the idea to provide pre and post sale services is regarded as a winning factor for the retail companies in Malaysia. With the help of different kinds of services, it become possible for the companies in the Malaysia retail sector to attract and retain the customers by satisfying the needs of them in a well manner (Raja et al. 2013). In the recent business era, customers use the service of the retail companies for distinguishing between the qualities of two or more than two retail companies. There are five major dimensions that can be used for measuring the service quality of the retain concerns; they are assurance, empathy, responsiveness, tangibility and reliability. In the presence of quality services, it is possible for the retail companies in Malaysia to get the necessary competitive edge that helps them to satisfy the needs of the customers in the most effective manner (Amin et al. 2013).
In the presence of all of these factors, the perception of quality service has a core connection with the customer satisfaction (Khan and Fasih 2014). Thus, it can be mentioned that the quality products and quality services are the threshold factors in the retail industry of Malaysia for maintaining the satisfied customers. The main reason is that quality products and services increases the satisfaction as well as convenience of the customers that lead them to purchase and repurchase the products of the companies (Khan and Fasih 2014). For this reason, it is one of the major needs for the retail companies in Malaysia to take into consideration these two aspects for increasing the satisfaction of their customers as both of these aspects helps the customers to get the comfort from the products and services of the business organizations. This is the main reason of preferring the modern retail outlets as they can get both quality products as well as quality services from those retail stores (Suki 2014).
Major Determinants of Customer Satisfaction
Retail business organizations in Malaysia consider customer satisfaction as a major tool for the development of business strategies as it is a key driver for the business profitability in the long-run. In today’s business era, the customers are satisfied with the products and services of the company and they become also satisfied with the social activities performed by the retail companies (Hassan and Nareeman 2013). For this reason, the customers not only put their focus on the products and services of the companies, but also on the procedures and activities by which the companies involve themselves in the socio-economic activities. For this reason, after the quality of products and services, the CSR activities of the retail companies is considered as a major determinants of customer satisfaction (Suki, Suki and Azman 2016). For this reason, several researchers have been paying major attention to the CSR activities of the retail industries in Malaysia. At the time of the measurement of the CSR activation or notions of the retail companies, the companies are required to detach themselves from the economic accountability as they are required to view this aspect from the perspectives of the stakeholders. In this context, it needs to be mentioned that the growing demand of the customers towards the environment friendly products and services has make CSR as driving forces of customer satisfaction n the retail industry of Malaysia (Yusof et al. 2015).
In the presence of all of these aspects, CSR in retail industry has attracted the attention of many scholars all over the world as a major determinant of customer satisfaction. This aspect has put the obligation on the retail companies of Malaysia to engage them into the CSR practice for customer satisfaction (Abdullah and Aziz 2013). The CSR activities have created major positive influence on the customers of retail sector as it provides assistance to them to face the growing customer expectations along with gaining the required completive edge. For this reason, the retail companies of Malaysia can attract and retain large number of customers with the help of their CSR activities as the customers will be satisfied with the CSR initiatives of those companies (Nareeman and Hassan 2013). This aspect is also helpful in increasing the loyalty of the customers. It can be observed that the retail companies have to spend large amount of resources for engaging themselves in the CSR actions and this aspect creates a positive image of the company to the customers (Abdullah and Aziz 2013). For this reason, CSR activities can be considered as a key determinant for the customer satisfaction in the Malaysian retail sector.
Quality of Products and Services
Apart from the above factors, there are two other crucial determinants of customer satisfaction in the retail industry in Malaysia; they are customer trust and customer loyalty. There are many studies that have put their emphasis on the importance of trust for satisfying the needs of the customers as it has strong influence on the customer satisfaction aspect in the retail industry (Abd-El-Salam, Shawky and El-Nahas 2013). For this reason, there is required to be trust between the customers and companies in the retail sector. The trust factor has major impact in the behavioral intention of the customers that is related to the purchase as well as repurchase of the products of the retail companies. There are certain factors in the business organizations that lead to the development of trust for the customers; they are identity of the brand, brand image, corporate reputation of the retail companies and others (Osman and Sentosa 2013). Thus, trust can be considered as a major determinant of customer satisfaction in the retail companies of Malaysia.
Another major determinate of customer satisfaction in the Malaysian retain industry is customer loyalty. Customer loyalty can be considered as the concept that is developed from the associated benefits that the customers can obtain from the products and services of the companies (Thomas 2013). For this reason, the retail sectors of the Malaysia can well use customer loyalty in order to gain the required competitive advantage in the presence of growing expectation of the customers. Customer loyalty can be considered as the situation where the customers buy the products and services again from one company rather than buying them from other companies (Jan and Abdullah 2014). The intention to remain loyal to a particular organization is constant in case the products and services of the companies provide satisfaction to the customers. Thus, on a more simple note, customer loyalty can be defined as the behavior of the customers to re-purchase the products of a single company in the presence of positive influence on the intention of the customers towards the same brand (Peng and Moghavvemi 2015).
In this context, it needs to be mentioned that the positive attitude of the customers towards the company does not always lead to the re-purchase the products of the products of the company as the company is required to fulfill the needs of the customers with their products and services. In the presence of all these aspects, customer loyalty can be regarded as the key factor for satisfying the needs of the customers as the loyal customers are less sensitive to the price fluctuation in the price of the products and this aspect increases the purchase power of the customers (Hassan and Nareeman 2013). One aspect is required to be mentioned that the profitability of the retail organizations can influence the loyalty of the customers.
Price and Quality of Products
Apart from the above-discussed three factors, there is another major determinant of customer satisfaction that is store quality image. It needs to be mentioned that the positive image of the retail store along with the good value merchandise are considered as the key factors for the Malaysian retail companies to gain the customer satisfaction and this aspect helps them in sustaining their position in the market (Hosseini, Jayashree and Malarvizhi 2014). Customer can get the chance to differentiate one retail company to another retail company in the presence of effective image of the quality of store. It can be observed that the most of the customers use the image of the quality of the store to as a major criterion in the decision-making process related to the purchase of products or services from any particular retail company (Neupane 2015). The name of the retail store and quality of merchandise has major influence on the perceived image of the retail company. Apart from this, higher estimation of the quality of the store image creates positive effects on the customers to purchase the retail products from the company. Apart from this, it can be observed that the store quality image has major positive effects on the brand and personal labels of the retail companies. There are many studies that have indicated that there is a positive relation between the store quality image and perceived quality of the customers as it leads to the satisfaction of the needs of the customers (Hosseini and Jayashree 2014).
In this context, it needs to be mentioned that the main aim of this research involves in the identification of the key determinants of customer satisfaction in 7-Eleven Malaysia Holdings Berhard. For this reason, the researcher will consider four factors or determinants; they are quality of product and services, CSR, store image quality and customer trust and loyalty. However, there is wide scope of doing further research where the researcher can take into consideration some of the other determinants of customer satisfaction like atmosphere or ambiance of the retail store and others. Apart from this, the questionnaire does not provide the respondents to give their answers in more elaborated manner as the questions limit the respondents in answering within the provided options. These are the major areas of further research on this research topic.rhard satisfy the needs of the customers?
- Can Corporate Social Responsibilities (CSR) be considered as a major determinant of customer satisfaction in 7-Eleven Malaysia Holdings Berhard?
- Are customer trust and loyalty major determinants of customer satisfaction in 7-Eleven Malaysia Holdings Berhard?
- Is store quality image a key determinant of customer satisfaction in 7-Eleven Malaysia Holdings Berhard?
These reserahgc questions will play an integral part for the identification of the key determinants of customer satisfaction in Malaysian retain industry.
Research objectives provide the researcher with the necessery direction to carry on the research program. The research objectives of this research are shown below:
- To conduct investigation on the aspects that how the quality of the services and products of 7-Eleven Malaysia Holdings Berhard contribute to customer satisfaction.
- To conduct an analysis on the effects and impacts of CSR of 7-Eleven Malaysia Holdings Berhard on customer satisfaction.
- To analyze the effects of customer trust and the loyalty program of 7-Eleven Malaysia Holdings Berhard on the satisfaction of the customers.
- To examine store quality image as the key determinants of customer satisfaction in 7-Eleven Malaysia Holdings Berhard.
From the above figure, it can be observed that the research framework involves four major aspects and these aspects can be regarded as the crucial determinants of customer satisfaction of 7-Eleven Malaysia Holdings Berhard. More specifically, the major aim of this research framework aims to investigate on the aspect that whether these four aspects are the major determinants of customer satisfaction in Malaysian retail industry and in 7-Eleven Malaysia Holdings Berhard.
7-Eleven Malaysia. (2018). 7-Eleven Malaysia. [online] Available at: https://www.7eleven.com.my/about [Accessed 14 Jun. 2018].
Abd-El-Salam, E.M., Shawky, A.Y. and El-Nahas, T., 2013. The impact of corporate image and reputation on service quality, customer satisfaction and customer loyalty: testing the mediating role. Case analysis in an international service company. Journal of Business and Retail Management Research, 8(1).
Abdullah, Z. and Abdul Aziz, Y., 2013. Institutionalizing corporate social responsibility: effects on corporate reputation, culture, and legitimacy in Malaysia. Social Responsibility Journal, 9(3), pp.344-361.
Al-Ali, M., BAZIN, N.E.N. and SHAMSUDDIN, S., 2015. KEY DETERMINANTS OF CUSTOMER SATISFACTION: EVIDENCE FROM MALAYSIA GROCERY STORES. Journal of Theoretical & Applied Information Technology, 74(3).
Amin, M., Yahya, Z., Ismayatim, W.F.A., Nasharuddin, S.Z. and Kassim, E., 2013. Service quality dimension and customer satisfaction: An empirical study in the Malaysian hotel industry. Services Marketing Quarterly, 34(2), pp.115-125.
Annamalah, S., Munusamy, J., Chelliah, S., Sulaiman, M. and Pandian, S., 2013. Service quality transformation and its impact on customer satisfaction and loyalty in Malaysian retail banking sector.
Hassan, Z. and Nareeman, A., 2013. Impact of CSR practices on customer satisfaction and retention: an empirical study on foreign MNCs in Malaysia.
Hassan, Z. and Nareeman, A., 2013. Impact of CSR practices on customer satisfaction and retention: an empirical study on foreign MNCs in Malaysia.
Hill, N. and Brierley, J., 2017. How to measure customer satisfaction. Routledge.
Hosseini, Z. and Jayashree, S., 2014. Influence of the Store Ambiance on Customers’ Behavior—Apparel Stores in Malaysia. International Journal of Business and Management, 9(10), p.62.
Hosseini, Z., Jayashree, S. and Malarvizhi, C., 2014. Store image and its effect on customer perception of retail stores. Asian Social Science, 10(21), p.223.
Jan, M.T. and Abdullah, K., 2014. The impact of technology CSFs on customer satisfaction and the role of trust: An empirical study of the banks in Malaysia. The International Journal of Bank Marketing, 32(5), pp.429-447.
Khan, M.M. and Fasih, M., 2014. Impact of Service Quality on Customer Satisfaction and Customer Loyalty: Evidence from Banking Sector. Pakistan Journal of Commerce & Social Sciences, 8(2).
Naina Mohamed, R. and Borhan, H., 2014. Exploring customer attachment behaviour to sustain the retail industry in Malaysia. World Journal of Entrepreneurship, Management and Sustainable Development, 10(1), pp.69-76.
Nareeman, A. and Hassan, Z., 2013. Customer Perceived Practice of CSR on Improving Customer Satisfaction and Loyalty.
Neupane, R., 2015. The effects of brand image on customer satisfaction and loyalty intention in retail super market chain UK. International Journal of Social Sciences and Management, 2(1), pp.9-26.
Osman, Z. and Sentosa, I., 2013. Mediating effect of customer satisfaction on service quality and customer loyalty relationship in Malaysian rural tourism.
Paul, J., Sankaranarayanan, K.G. and Mekoth, N., 2016. Consumer satisfaction in retail stores: Theory and implications. International Journal of Consumer Studies, 40(6), pp.635-642.
Peng, L.S. and Moghavvemi, S., 2015. The dimension of service quality and its impact on customer satisfaction, trust, and loyalty: A case of Malaysian banks.
Raja, J.Z., Bourne, D., Goffin, K., Çakkol, M. and Martinez, V., 2013. Achieving customer satisfaction through integrated products and services: An exploratory study. Journal of Product Innovation Management, 30(6), pp.1128-1144.
Singh, A., 2013. Relationship between service quality and customer satisfaction in organized retail outlets. Browser Download This Paper.
Suki, N.M., 2014. Passenger satisfaction with airline service quality in Malaysia: A structural equation modeling approach. Research in transportation business & management, 10, pp.26-32.
Suki, N.M., Suki, N.M. and Azman, N.S., 2016. Impacts of corporate social responsibility on the links between green marketing awareness and consumer purchase intentions. Procedia Economics and Finance, 37, pp.262-268.
Thomas, S., 2013. Linking customer loyalty to customer satisfaction and store image: a structural model for retail stores. Decision, 40(1-2), pp.15-25.
Yusof, J.M., Manan, H.A., Karim, N.A. and Kassim, N.A.M., 2015. Customer's Loyalty effects of CSR Initiatives. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 170, pp.109-119.
To export a reference to this article please select a referencing stye below:
My Assignment Help. (2019). Determinants Of Customer Satisfaction In Malaysian Retail Industry Essay.. Retrieved from https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/investigation-of-determinants-of-customer-satisfaction.
"Determinants Of Customer Satisfaction In Malaysian Retail Industry Essay.." My Assignment Help, 2019, https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/investigation-of-determinants-of-customer-satisfaction.
My Assignment Help (2019) Determinants Of Customer Satisfaction In Malaysian Retail Industry Essay. [Online]. Available from: https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/investigation-of-determinants-of-customer-satisfaction
[Accessed 09 December 2023].
My Assignment Help. 'Determinants Of Customer Satisfaction In Malaysian Retail Industry Essay.' (My Assignment Help, 2019) <https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/investigation-of-determinants-of-customer-satisfaction> accessed 09 December 2023.
My Assignment Help. Determinants Of Customer Satisfaction In Malaysian Retail Industry Essay. [Internet]. My Assignment Help. 2019 [cited 09 December 2023]. Available from: https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/investigation-of-determinants-of-customer-satisfaction.