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While we encourage and recommend you work in teams to research and collect data for this project. This is an individual submission and your work should show your individual work, thoughts and conclusions on the project.


E&BE Developments has approached your consultancy organisation to undertake a review of an existing development similar to a potential development proposal they wish to pursue. They require you to provide a report which includes the following information and addresses the following issues:


1. Context of the development. What was the background to the development and how does it fit with a local development strategy. 
2. What is the principal function of the development, and from your observations how successfully does the development facilitate that function. 
3. What other functions or uses does the development contain. From your observations are these functions part of the original design or have they resulted from other location, layout or opportunities presented. 
4. Select 2 features/areas/types of use or function from the development and focus on these for a more indepth study based around but extending deeper into the areas above.
5. Provide an appendix of your field notes (these should be the actual notes, not a tidied up reproduction of).


Throughout the report you will be observing a building in use and being used by people working in the development and members of the public using the facilities offered by the development. During your observations you should focus on observing how the building successfully facilitates for the smooth and easy execution of the function or use. Also take careful note of any aspects of the development that hinders or otherwise these.

Challenges Faced in Refurbishing the Station

E&BE Developments approached for considering a review over development of Birmingham New Street Station development. As per this report, the development context and principle development function is observed so that how the development is proceeding. Furthermore, the relevant functions are discussed for considering the original design (Bille and Sorensen 2016). Two features of the development function are realized and the study is conducted with in-depth analysis. Network rail and delivery partner Mace supported with Birmingham city council, Centro and department of transport. The transport department needs to implement the station so that Birmingham city residents could be happy and feel comfortable with proper transport services (Chen and Hall 2015). The transportation sustainability can be achieved with new street station implementation. However, the project included some shear challenges as refurbishment of 1960s structure while meeting modern day sustainability. Funding partners has faced objective for achieving the BREAM with minimum rating of ‘very good’ (Bassett et al. 2015). Therefore, the team knew about this station development that this project would not be a simple one. To achieve background of complex re-development, the team required to implement certain strategies.

New Street is most busy street outside of London and the in UK, this station was busiest with train leaving stations in every 37 seconds. Every project worker needs to know that without causing any disruption in the daily train the re-development should be conducted. Moreover, the live railway station should be kept as it was before; after the refurbishment of the new street station (Hoeven and Juchnevic 2016). In addition, the compliance of current legislation so that disabled access for substation can be developed with additional lifts along with escalators, and increasing capacities. Retail facilities were increasing significantly with specific energy requirements. Therefore, the increase in energy occurs for the same building for low or zero carbon development solutions.

The viable case with satisfaction of triple bottom line with sound yet economic, environmental, and social case along with safe project; so that this project can bring daily passengers’ comfort throughout the journey. The project was aimed at providing environmental suitability with converting the station with updated and energy intensive solution (Beatley 2016; Stratton 2015). The station should be environmentally sustainable with system of heating, cooling, and ventilation that was poorly maintained and controlled previously. The stations should be developed for making it modern, green, sustainable development with adhering to stringent rail and performance standards. For procuring and site management, the Network rail with partners considering major work with many external entities within the project (O'Connell 2016). The carbon trust, WRAP and NISP are considered for procuring the site management activities. Moreover, the project was developed for bespoke project materials with procurement policies.

Functions of the Development

The project bodies had considered supply chain management with certifications as ISO 14001 or BES 6001 equivalent. The project work was considered with operational railways and so that the project could not be proper challenge to the working process. Moreover, the project could provide accessible resources with project team using the transport materials with site availability (Orr et al. 2015). Moreover, the carbon intensive solutions are effective for developing the station at the city center. In every week, the train makes it way around the construction sites so that logistics can depot the Bordesley, outside the city. The location was kept for consideration of keeping 10,000 lorry off-journeys with Birmingham’s roads throughout the project life (Bartle, Baker and Rogers 2016). Moreover, the project work was closely engaged with supply chain management regarding waste recycling and reusing. The main waste contractor Weir Waste; used new local state of art facility for segmenting the recycling of waste materials.

Primarily, the new street station development incorporates two specific development features as waste recycling and energy monitoring. The functions are discussed as in following sections.

Waste Recycling: For waste recycling, in the station gourd, a clear space should be created for new station concourse with 7500 tons of concrete. As the concrete was removed from the unused car park near to the old station, all the waste concrete was considered for waste recycling facility (Thornes, Baker and Saborit 2016). The recycling facility is to be required for using it in this particular project. Among materials, 98% of them were taken from demolished Stephenson Tower (site located at the new John Lewis department store) and the demolished materials are recycled (Renne et al. 2015). Moreover, the project was aiming at providing environmentally sustainable solution with recycling or reusing average of 95% non-hazardous materials as minimum. The project team currently exceeded the recycled materials from demolition sites.

Energy Monitoring: Redevelopment activity for the new street station took consideration of installation of sub metering system with allowing accurate yet method of water level measuring. Moreover, the electricity, carbon usage across the construction site was to be estimated on daily basis (Glass 2016). The process of energy monitoring helped to set targets and reducing major energy consumption within the work. The energy monitoring solution required to consider around the work site and the canteen areas. BREAM rating was used for this energy monitoring as major measuring process to estimate whether the building energy performance and Network rail is up to standard best practices (Galera-Zarco, Bustinza and Fernandez-Perez 2016). Moreover, the sustainability of the measures is considered for possible outcomes. The development of new station could be tough journey with meeting the target for gaining positive BREAM rating with ‘very good’ at the design stage. The project team considered new monitoring process for ensuring that the rating of BREAM could be maintained with building and finishing station.

Waste Recycling

For making the project an energy efficient solution, the station concourse and additional lifts and escalators should meet doubling the amount of power as needed. In 2009, the Network rail commissioned the leading design and engineering consultancy for Low and Zero Carbon Study in the project (Chong, Swanson and Boies 2015). For major outcomes and suitable renewable technologies in the project, building fabric was identified as primary area of improvement. Moreover, the new areas are unveiled with building regulations. E&BE Developments drawn nearer to consider a survey over improvement of Birmingham New Street Station advancement. According to this report, the advancement setting and rule improvement capacity is watched so that how the advancement is continuing (Yaco et al. 2015). Moreover, the pertinent capacities are talked about for considering the first plan. Two elements of the advancement capacity are acknowledged and the review is led with top to bottom investigation. Organize rail and conveyance accomplice Mace bolstered with Birmingham city committee, Centro and division of transport (Moindrot 2016). The vehicle office needs to actualize the station so that Birmingham city occupants could be cheerful and feel good with legitimate transport administrations.

Maintenance of suitable and convenient Transportation: The transportation maintainability can be accomplished with new road station usage. In any case, the venture incorporated some shear challenges as renovation of 1960s structure while meeting cutting edge manageability (Chen and Hall 2015). Financing accomplices has confronted objective for accomplishing the BREAM with least evaluating of 'good'. Subsequently, the group thought about this station improvement that this venture would not be a basic one. To accomplish foundation of complex re-advancement, the group required to execute certain procedures. New Street is most bustling road outside of London and the in UK, this station was busiest with prepare leaving stations in at regular intervals (Bassett et al. 2015). Each venture laborer has to realize that without bringing about any disturbance in the day by day prepare the re-improvement ought to be led. Additionally, the live railroad station ought to be kept as it was before; after the renovation of the new road station. What's more, the consistence of current enactment so incapacitated access for substation can be produced with extra lifts alongside elevators, and expanding limits (Orr et al. 2015). Retail offices were expanding essentially with particular vitality necessities. Accordingly, the expansion in vitality happens for a similar working for low or zero carbon improvement arrangements.

Energy Monitoring

Fulfillment of Passenger Urgency of Transport: The reasonable case with fulfillment of triple main concern was identified to be sound yet financial, natural, and social case alongside safe venture. Therefore, this venture can bring day by day travelers' solace all through the voyage. The venture was gone for furnishing natural reasonableness with changing over the station with refreshed and vitality serious arrangement (Bartle, Baker and Rogers 2016). The stations ought to be produced for making it present day, green, manageable improvement with holding fast to stringent rail and execution gauges. For obtaining and site administration, the Network rail with accomplices considering significant work with numerous outer elements inside the venture (Thornes, Baker and Saborit 2016). In addition, the venture was created for bespoke venture materials with acquisition strategies. The venture bodies had considered inventory network administration with affirmations as ISO 14001 or BES 6001 proportional. The venture work was considered with operational railroads thus that the venture couldn't be legitimate test to the working procedure (Renne et al. 2015). Besides, the venture could give open assets extend group utilizing the vehicle materials with site accessibility. Besides, the carbon escalated arrangements are powerful to develop the station at the downtown area.

The area was kept for thought of keeping 10,000 lorry off-excursions with Birmingham's streets all through the venture life. In addition, the venture work was firmly drawn in with inventory network administration in regards to waste reusing and reusing. The principle squander contractual worker Weir Waste; utilized new nearby condition of craftsmanship office for sectioning the reusing of waste materials (Glass 2016; Galera-Zarco, Bustinza and Fernandez-Perez 2016). Principally, the new road station improvement joins two particular advancement highlights as waste reusing and vitality checking. The capacities are examined as in taking after segments. For waste reusing, in the station gourd, an unmistakable space ought to be made for new station concourse with 7500 tons of cement (Chong, Swanson and Boies 2015). As the solid was expelled from the unused auto stop close to the old station, all the waste cement was considered for waste reusing office. The reusing office is to be required for utilizing it in this specific venture. Among materials, most of them were taken from destroyed Stephenson Tower the site situated at the new John Lewis retail establishment and the devastated materials are reused (Yaco et al. 2015). In addition, the venture was going for giving earth maintainable arrangement reusing or reusing normal of 95% non-dangerous materials as least. The venture group at present surpassed the reused materials from obliteration locales.

Sustainability and Energy Efficiency

Redevelopment movement for the new road station took thought of establishment of sub metering framework with permitting exact yet strategy for water level measuring. Additionally, the power, carbon utilization over the development site was to be evaluated on regular schedule. The procedure of vitality observing sets targets and lessening real vitality utilization inside the work (Moindrot 2016). The vitality checking arrangement required to consider around the work site and the bottle zones. BREAM rating was utilized for this vitality observing as significant measuring procedure to gauge whether the building vitality execution and Network rail is up to standard prescribed procedures. In addition, the manageability of the measures is considered for conceivable results.

The improvement of new station could be extreme excursion with meeting the objective for increasing positive BREAM rating within the outline process (Glass 2016). The venture group considered new observing procedure for guaranteeing that the rating of BREAM could be kept up with building and completing station. For making the venture a vitality productive arrangement, the station concourse and extra lifts and elevators ought to meet multiplying the measure of energy as required. In 2009, the Network rail charged the main outline and designing consultancy for Low and Zero Carbon Study in the venture (Bartle, Baker and Rogers 2016). Furthermore, the computational fluid dynamics (CFD) modeling was carried out for ensuring the station could be developed with new atrium working effectively with proper cooling and ventilation of the station.

References 

Bartle, I., Baker, C. and Rogers, C., 2016. iBUILD Case Study Report Redevelopment of Digbeth: The Potential for Decentralised Infrastructure.

Bassett, R., Cai, X., Thornes, J.E., Rees, R. and Chapman, L., 2015. Urban climatic map studies in UK. The Urban Climatic Map: A Methodology for Sustainable Urban Planning, p.252.

Beatley, T., 2016. Birmingham, United Kingdom: Health, Nature, and Urban Economy. In Handbook of Biophilic City Planning and Design (pp. 85-91). Island Press/Center for Resource Economics.

Bille, M. and Sorensen, T.F., 2016. Elements of architecture: assembling archaeology, atmosphere and the performance of building spaces. Routledge.

Chen, C.L. and Hall, P., 2015. 20 High-speed trains and spatial-economic impacts: a British–French comparison on two scales: intra-and inter-regional. International Handbook on Transport and Development, p.301.

Chong, U., Swanson, J.J. and Boies, A.M., 2015. Air quality evaluation of London Paddington train station. Environmental Research Letters, 10(9), p.094012.

Galera-Zarco, C., Bustinza, O. and Fernandez-Perez, V., 2016, February. Adding value: how to develop a servitisation strategy in civil engineering. In Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers–Civil Engineering (Vol. 169, No. 1, pp. 35-40).

Glass, C.D., 2016. Assessing the role of bikesharing in transit-oriented development: A case study of Birmingham (Doctoral dissertation, The University of Alabama).

Moindrot, C., 2016. Movements of the Population in the Birmingham Region. Readings in the Sociology of Migration: The Commonwealth and International Library: Readings in Sociology, p.157.

O'Connell, M., 2016. Measuring value: the impact of information literacy and its evaluation. Journal of Information Literacy, 10(1), pp.115-116.

Orr, J.J., Pask, D., Weise, K. and Otlet, M., 2015. Birmingham Gateway: structural assessment and strengthening. Structural Concrete, 16(4), pp.458-469.

Renne, J., Listokin, D., Tolford, T., Mosby, K. and Amdal, J., 2015. The Opportunities and Tensions of Historic Preservation and Transit Oriented Development.

Stratton, M., 2015. London's Termini: Finding a Balance between Conservation and Redevelopment. ICOMOS–Hefte des Deutschen Nationalkomitees, 27, pp.43-47.

Thornes, H., Baker, C. and Saborit, D., 2016, May. Air quality in enclosed railway stations. In Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers-Transport (pp. 1-9). Thomas Telford Ltd.

van der Hoeven, F. and Juchnevic, K., 2016. The significance of the underground experience: Selection of reference design cases from the underground public transport stations and interchanges of the European Union. Tunnelling and Underground Space Technology, 55, pp.176-193.

Yaco, S., Jimerson, A., Anderson, L.C. and Temple, C., 2015. A web-based community-building archives project: a case study of Kids in Birmingham 1963. Archival Science, 15(4), pp.399-427.

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