Discuss About The International Journal Of Business And Commerce.
Leadership actually a great deal of work which is done either by the leader or the managers of the organization (Bass, 2000). The chapter 1 and 2 gives the insight of the disciplines, ethical codes and other ingredients which are included in leadership. In my opinion, a leader should have the intention of leading the groups or the followers. He should be able to follows his responsibilities and integrity wisely. He should also be able to amend the changes which he or she is required to make. A leader also always supports his followers in his achievements and he also needs to have a good influence on the followers and also on other people. The styles of leadership are now changing due to the changing times. A few decades ago, the firms used to order the employees about their work which is to be done or they just let them know about the changes which were required to be done (Hao, 2015). But now days, the organizations do keep all the employees in the decisions and their ideas are also taken and supported in case of they are liked by the firm or the managers. With the help of the mutual understanding, the decisions are taken. Now days there are also the managers who are who are pushed to work as leaders and they are also expected to have the qualities that the leaders possess. This is so because they should be able to lead and manage both at the same time. In the earlier times, people used to follow a person as their leader if they were rich or even if when that person had some of the followers but now days a leader has to just follow all the duties and the required capabilities to become a leader.
In chapter 2, I learnt about the characteristics which are really significant in the leadership style involving features like intelligence which is able to differ from people to people and integrity which is spread and talked about the person. A leader is also generally always motivated and have the self confidence in himself for leading. I also learnt that there are different leadership styles. It is usually very significant of choosing at least one leadership style for a firm to follow according to the culture that firm possess. Every leadership has its pros and cons. There are some of the following leadership styles which is discussed in the chapter.
- Autocratic Leadership: In this type of leadership style, the leader has all the authority to take the decisions. Such leaders do not ever ask for help in any of the decisions(S, 2014).
- Democratic Leadership: This is the kind of leadership which is absolutely opposite to the autocratic leadership. This leadership allows the leaders for asking for advices or help in taking their decisions. The team members can also contribute their ideas in the new decisions to be made for the firm.
- Laissez-Faire Style: In this type of leadership style, the employees or the staff members do their work independently. Leader will always help their team members when they ask for their help. This type of leadership is loved by almost everyone in the firm due to the freedom it gives to the workers (N, 2015).
- Transformational Leadership: This leadership is also as good as democratic leadership style. It allows people to get motivated by their leaders and are also allowed to share their vision and on the basis of that the goals are made and resolved too. The leaders are empathetic and emotional towards his followers and the team members are also very productive in this type of leadership style.
- Transactional Leadership: This style makes the team members to follow their leaders and the rules make by their leaders. The team members in this style are literally obeying their leaders under the transaction. The staff is judged by the performances they give and the members also have limited access to creativity in this style(Maria, 2014).
- Bureaucratic Leadership Style: It is just like bureaucracy. The members will have to follow the rules made by their leaders. Less creativity and innovation seen from the team members. This style is only possible in the firms which required regularly routine tasks performances by the firm.
Importance of Good Communication Skills in Leadership
The total experience of mine while learning about this course and different leadership styles was a mind opening one. I knew that there are leaders for helping people in their lives but now I have also learnt that they require the academic studies for them to become successful leaders. The leaders in business are needed to be intelligent and show their expertise in great fields now days (Koech, 2012). This study has actually changed my mind towards the idea of leadership and also helped me in exploring my capabilities and my interests too. I also realise that these different leadership styles are also very apt and connect with the better leadership followed by the leaders. The leadership models which are followed by different kind of leaders also helps them to solve the obstacles they go through. There can be various situations which a leader has to go through and the studies of the leadership styles and leadership definitely will help the people to become good leaders and good leaders always help in growing the organization in the market (Oster, 2012). There are times when there have been leaders who actually tough with their team members and the firms have deteriorated in their performances. Hence, it is seems that leaders who are easy with their subordinates and those who allow lots of creativity and freedom to give to their subordinates, those leaders are more successful and popular with the firms as well as the team members also love them (Nawaz & Ahmed, 2016).
The necessary feature of being a leader is that one can lead others in making them achieve their own and firm’s goals. There is also one more characteristics of leaders and that is to build and maintain the relations with other people in the firm. For any growth of the firm, maintaining the relationship is the most effective element which the leaders should possess (Luthra & Dahiya , 2015). In the book, “The Leadership Challenge” an elaborative deep understanding of leadership is given. There only I came to know about the relationship of the leader and how to maintain it. It was very clear from that book that it is really significant to have good and effective relationships so that they are able to help in the development of the goals and unswerving purpose in order to put all the energies of the team and staff in directing towards achieving the goals. A great leader would be capable of focussing on the relationship building with the people whom they he leads or put simply his followers. It becomes evident to me that a leader in building good and effective leaderships, follow some simple steps with their team members. They are as follows:
- They listen very attentively what others are saying. They take proactive steps to remove any distractions so that conversations can be fruitful(Abbasi & Siddiqi, 2011).
- They give appropriate value to opinion of others.
- They always applaud and acknowledge the contributions of others.
Team Performance and Leadership
Leaders should always be good in communicating too. With good communication, they can easily connect with people and relate with them and make them achieve the goals not just in personal life but also in professional life. Leaders with good communication are always great in their work. They are always able to motivate the staff (Terek, Glušac, & Nikolic, 2015). They communicate in a nice way and always have a clear-cut point with what they want people to achieve. They have very specific ideas, goals, values and principles. For having these elements in a clear-cut way, the communication should be two way. There should be a good procedure for all this to happen effectively and to achieve the goals. The procedure which can have an effective communication involves:
- The goal and purpose of the exercise should be clear before initiating communication.
- The message needs to be clear and should convey proper meaning(Ai, 2008).
- It is important to maintain an open mind so that feedback should be effectively used for growth.
- After the communication, it is important to evaluate the effectiveness of the process.
- If needed necessary steps should be taken to improve the communication process.
There is a very significant learning which could easily be taken from the course is that the communication skills are really a significant element for a leader to possess (Karabay, 2012). With that the leader can become successful as well as can make the firm for which he works grow higher. It actually is the need in this modern time that the leader should be very compelling and effective communicator in order to sustain and attain the success and business. Leadership is actually an art in which others are influenced for performing in a better way so that the objective in the business is achieved. The leadership which is effective is very significant for accomplishing the goals of a given project. These projects can be worked upon single handed as well as in teams too. A person who can adapt to good communication skills can become good leaders and can also make their audience influence in a much better way and make them understand the nature and the elements of what exactly he is looking for from them. Becoming an actual communicator is not informal task and for most person’s it is not natural. The leaders are needed to practice such services frequently so that they can become an effectual talker (Ayub, 2014).
The firms are very huge these days and they employee thousands of people in them. For the firm to function effectually, there are teams in which all the employees work. Now the team should be able to perform effectively quarterly in order to achieve its goals by the end of the year. In order to attain the goals, this type of a good communicating leadership is needed. In all the firms, one can find a good team which is responsible for the success of that domain in the company and all this happens if there is a good leader who held that team. For attaining these goals, the leaders should first start developing the clear and easy visions for the team so that they can understand their goal clearly. Then they asses the current situation and lays down the course of action which the leaders want their teams to follow. It is clear that the success of the team is dependent on the leadership. The most vital leadership excellence is the control to connect efficiently (Bakker-Pieper). The presentation part of the assignment helped me to improve my communication skills. I value the experience of being part of the group and aim to put the skills I have learnt through this assignment into my practical and professional life.
Bass, B. M. (2000). The Future of Leadership in Learning Organizations. Journal of Leadership & Organizational Studies, 7(8).
Hao, M. J. (2015). How Effective Leadership can Facilitate Change in Organizations through Improvement and Innovation . Global Journal of Management and Business Research: A Administration and Management, 15(9).
S, N. T. (2014). Leadership styles. Advances In Management, 7(2).
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Maria, B. (2014). THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN LEADERSHIP EFFECTIVENESS AND ORGANIZATIONAL PERFORMANCE. Journal of Defence resource Management, 3(1).
Koech, P. M. (2012). The Effect of Leadership Styles on Organizational Performance at State Corporations in Kenya. International Journal of Business and Commerce, 2(1).
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Nawaz, A., & Ahmed, Z. (2016). Leadership Theories and Styles: A Literature Review. Journal of Resources Development and Management, 16.
Luthra, A., & Dahiya , R. (2015). Effective Leadership is all About Communicating Effectively: Connecting Leadership and Communication. International Journal of Management & Business Studies, 5(3).
Abbasi , M. H., & Siddiqi, A. (2011). Role of Effective Communications for Enhancing Leadership and Entrepreneurial Skills in University Students. International Journal of Business and Social Science, 2(10).
Terek, E., Glušac, D., & Nikolic, M. (2015). The Impact of Leadership on the Communication Satisfaction of Primary School Teachers in Serbia. Educational Sciences: Theory and Practices, 15(1), 73-84.
Ai, C. Y. (2008). Relationships between Leadership Communication Practices and Organisational Commitment in a Selected Higher Education Institution. Pertanika J. Soc. Sci. & Hum, 16(1), 15-29.
Karabay, M. E. (2012). The Effects of Leadership Styles and the Communication Competency of Bank Managers on the Employee Job Satisfaction : The Case of Turkish Banks . Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 58, 227-235.
Ayub, S. H. (2014). Leadership: Communicating Strategically in the 21st Century. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 155, 502-506.
Bakker-Pieper, A. (n.d.). Leadership = Communication? The Relations of Leaders’ Communication Styles with Leadership Styles, Knowledge Sharing and Leadership Outcomes. Journal of Business and Psychology, 25(3), 367-380.
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