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Calculate the total cost per unit of purchasing from Original Wire

A Detroit-based company producer of subassemblies for the automotive market, Autolink has asked Sheila Austin, a buyer, to quote a quotation of different companies for a product, wiring harness. Two of the four suppliers who made quotes are willing to negotiate with the company. The companies willing to negotiate are Original Wire, a local-based from Auburn Hills, Michigan, 20 miles from Autolink headquarters and an international company, Happy Lucky Assemblies of Guangdong Province. The calculations below show their comparison of the costs which would be incurred if either of them is chosen.

  1. Calculate the total cost per unit of purchasing from Original Wire.

Assumption: Austin work with Original wire for one year

Demand per month: 5000 units

Yearly demand per year:           5000X12         = 60000

Yearly packaging Cost:              60000X$0.75 = 45000

Cost of units supplied per year:  60000X$30    = 1800000

Tooling cost:                                                      = 6000

Yearly Freight Cost:                   6000X$5.2     = 31200

Total = 1882200

Unit Cost = Total yearly cost/Total yearly units

= $31.37

The total cost per unit of wiring harnesses purchased from Original Wire is $31.37

  1. Calculate the total cost per unit of purchasing from Happy Lucky Assemblies

Assumption: Austin work with Happy Lucky Assemblies for one year

Cost                                                Calculation                                                               Total

Unit price:                                       5000195097500                                                       19.50

Tooling:                                           $3000 one-time fixed charge    $3000/60000          0.05

Packing Costs:                                                                                                                   2.00

Inland Transportation:                     200/ container                           ($200X3)/5000        0.12

Freight Forwarder’s Fee:                 $100/shipment                          $100/5000)              0.02

Ocean Transport:                             $4000/container                        ($4000X3)/5000       2.40

Marine Insurance:                            $0.50 per $100 of shipment      $487.5/5000            0.10

U.S. Port Handling Charge:             $1200/container                        ($1200X3)/5000       0.72

Customs duty:                                  5% of unit cost                          0.05X19.50               0.98

Customs broker fees                         $300/shipment                          $300/5000                0.06

Transportation (Seattle to Detroit)   $1.86/hundred pounds             $0.186X10                 1.86

Warehousing                                    $1.00/cubic foot per month      $1.00X1                    1.00

Cost of hedging currency                 $400/shipment                         $400/5000                 0.08

Administrative time                         4 hrs/shipment @$25/hour       $100/5000                 0.02

Visits to China twice a year                                                              $20000/60000           0.33

                                                                             =    $29.24

The total cost per unit of wiring harnesses purchased from Happy Lucky Assemblies is $29.24

  1. Based on the total cost per unit, which supplier should Sheila recommend?

Based on the overhead costs of unit calculations only, Sheila should recommend Happy Lucky Assemblies for wire harnessing decision because the wiring harness from Happy Lucky Assemblies costs $29.24 and the one, which is similar, from Original Wire costs $31.37. This cost per unit is lesser by $2.13 even though all the costs of importing from China are considered.

  1. Are there any other issues besides cost that Sheila should evaluate?

Besides the cost per unit, Sheila should keenly evaluate each option's advantages and disadvantages. As seen that Original wire is hungry for business, Autolink and Original wire may collaborate and gain more by reducing the cost despite the purchase cost being higher. Another issue is consideration of the vicinity; Original wire is located 20 miles away from Autolink. This is advantageous in that access is easy for working together for example transport cost is cut (1). On the side of Happy Lucky Assemblies, purchase costs may be lower, but considering other costs like the foreign exchange and transport, both shipping and inland transportation costs go high.

5.Based on this case, do you think international purchasing is more or less complex than domestic purchasing? Why? Is it worth the additional effort?

International purchasing is more complex than domestic purchasing because of the additional costs that come in hand, for example, the warehousing and shipping costs. International purchasing may inconvenience working together because of the relationships of the two parties, the buyer and the seller, as time goes by. There have been findings or rather data in the world market that the top participants in the world market, in this case, an example of Happy Lucky Assemblies from China supplying to businesspersons economically (2). International purchasing is worth it because, with access to information, the buyers can find good prospective buyers.

Conclusion

Based on the above calculations and oversight, I believe Sheila Austin chose to work with Original Wire. This is because of the company's geographical location, just 20 minutes away from Autolink headquarters. This favors a very easy collaborative business (3) together where other opportunities may open up because Original Wire are eager to continue to work together for more.

References

  1. Khan SA, Yu Z. Strategic supply chain management. AG: Springer International Publishing; 2019 May 30.
  2. Fidansoy A?. Minimization of tardiness in after-sales production of wire-harness in automotive industry with high product variety(Master's thesis, Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü).
  3. Chai Z, Nie T, Becker J. The Centennial Automotive Industry and the Looming Transformation. InAutonomous Driving Changes the Future 2021 (pp. 1-15). Springer, Singapore.
Cite This Work

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My Assignment Help. (2022). Essay: Cost Comparison For Two Wiring Harness Suppliers.. Retrieved from https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/b122-supply-chain-and-operations-management-program/business-economically-management-file-A1DC0F6.html.

My Assignment Help (2022) Essay: Cost Comparison For Two Wiring Harness Suppliers. [Online]. Available from: https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/b122-supply-chain-and-operations-management-program/business-economically-management-file-A1DC0F6.html
[Accessed 25 February 2024].

My Assignment Help. 'Essay: Cost Comparison For Two Wiring Harness Suppliers.' (My Assignment Help, 2022) <https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/b122-supply-chain-and-operations-management-program/business-economically-management-file-A1DC0F6.html> accessed 25 February 2024.

My Assignment Help. Essay: Cost Comparison For Two Wiring Harness Suppliers. [Internet]. My Assignment Help. 2022 [cited 25 February 2024]. Available from: https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/b122-supply-chain-and-operations-management-program/business-economically-management-file-A1DC0F6.html.

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