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Go to the History of sport section.

Go to FNL paper section and finish oral history paper which is the final paper and biggest important part for this class.

If you go to FNL paper There a lot of information and guideline what u have to know as Rubric for Oral History Paper,Oral History Paper Example 1 and 2, and Oral History Paper Guidelines. Please take a look everything and finish succesfully

Background

The various kinds of sports can be broadly categorized into the genre of the recreational activities which has contributed much to not only improve the lives of the individuals from the different parts of the world but also helped them to indulge in more creative activities (Baker, 2012). Many experts are of the viewpoint that the improvement of the transport as well as the communication systems has greatly furthered the prospects of the various business enterprises (McLeod et al., 2013). However, it is seen that the improvements of these processes has significantly impacted the various kinds of sports as well. For example, the improvement of the communication as well as the transport system in the nation of the USA helped the people from the various states of the nation to indulge in various kinds of friendly games and tournament which provided a source of entertainment in their otherwise mundane lives (Wheeler, 2012). Furthermore, the majority of the people in the early part of the 19th as well as the 20th century in the nation of USA who turned to sports and other kinds of recreational activities were the people belonging to the black community as well as the indigenous ones (Wheeler, 2012). These people lead a very hard life and had to work for long durations on the various plantations of the nation for very long durations. Therefore, it would be apt to say that the various activities associated with the genre of sports provided them a window through which they could escape from the mundane realties of their lives for a short while (Kidd, 2013). Thus, it can be said that the various kinds of sports not only emerged as the binding forces which united the different people of the nation but at the same time provided the down trodden people of the society with the much needed source of recreation and entertainment. This paper will try to discuss about the way the various kinds of sports have evolved in the recent times with the help of an interview of a Red-Indian sportsman Gustavo Gomez.

Gustavo Gomez is a native Red-Indian of the nation of America who is an eminent sports person of the region and is known not only for helping the regional football for a number of matches but also at the same time also for providing effective training and guidance to the young emerging players. Mr. Gomez is in his mid 50s and thus it can be said that he is a generation older than the interviewer. The interviewer came to know about during the various games as well as the sporting activities in which he had taken part in the recent times. His ethical background was much of a challenge for him and on the basis of this particular factor he had to face much discrimination as well as stigmatization not only in the field of sports but in other walks of life as well. Therefore, an interview with him is not only likely to throw significant amount of light on the life as well as the time of this eminent sports person but at the same time throw significant amount of light on the cultural transformation which the society of the nation has undergone in the recent times. Furthermore, the interviewer will at the same time try to find out the way the various diverse kinds of sports and its related activities played a significant role in the lives of the people who have been marginalized and forced to live on the outskirts of the society. Moreover, the interviewer will also focus on the way the sports and its related activities were utilized by Mr. Gomez to overcome the stigma as well as discrimination which he and his family members have been getting from the contemporary society since the early years.

Interview with Gustavo Gomez

The Red-Indian are originally the native indigenous people of the nation who had been residing in the nation long before the discovery of America by Christopher Columbus and other explorers (Galaz, 2014). However, after these colonizers came to the nation these indigenous people were pushed to the fringes of the society and as a result had to face much discrimination (Galaz, 2014). The economic as well as other kinds of opportunities which these people get are very limited. Therefore, it can be said that the options available for people like Mr. Gomez are very limited. However, when asked by the interviewer about the way his family members reacted when they found out his inclination about the various kinds of sports he calmly says that,

“Initially my family members were very hesitant to allow me to play on a professional basis. In this particular context I would like to add that I was the oldest of their children and there were five more children thus my parents were finding it very hard to make both ends meet. Therefore, at a very early age I had to drop out of school and help my parents with their work. Thus, when they found out my passion for football they were not only worried but at the same very anxious as they were not sure how I was to fulfill my responsibilities towards the family.”

The various kinds of sports activities acted as a source of recreation for these people and offered them an opportunity to pass their leisure in a fruitful manner (Alexander, 2014). Thus, it is generally seen that the various indigenous children resort to various kinds of sports as a means to spend their leisure time. Thus, when asked about how he developed his passion for the various kinds of sports he says that,

“From an early age I used to accompany my parents to the various places where they used to work and help them in the kinds of way in which I could. However, there wasn’t much of work for me to do out there and most of the time I had to spend in an ideal manner. However, I soon found out that there were other kids as well out there and soon we started playing various kinds of games. These small kid’s games soon turned into friendly matches among us and it was by this particular means that I developed my love for the various kinds of sports.”

Passion for Sports

Another significant aspect about the various kinds of sports activities in which the diverse indigenous individuals usually indulge in provides a means to escape from the mundane as well as harsh realities of their daily lives. The indigenous people usually lead a very harsh life and most of them had to work in the agricultural sector and other industries as manual laborers and thus there is a much need for recreation for them (Wang & Huang, 2012). Thus, when the interviewer asked Mr. Gomez about the role which sports and its related activities played in his life and the lives of the similar kinds of people he says that

The various kinds of sports provided me with a window through which I could escape into the other worlds where the gulf between the expectation and reality was not this harsh. Moreover, when I used to play with my friends and later on regional level I used to forget about all the troubles of my life. Thus, I would like to say in this particular context that the various kinds of sports and sporting activities were a kind of escape route for me from the harsh mundane realities of my life”.

The educational opportunities which the nation of the USA provides to the students are very impressive and it is generally seen that students from the various parts of the world migrate to the USA for the completion of their studies because of the numerous benefits and scholarships which the nation provides to the students (Wang & Huang, 2012). However, the opportunities available to the indigenous people are very limited. Thus, when asked why he did not follow a traditional career to help the cause of his family Mr. Gomez says that,

“I belonged to a very poor and my parents could not afford to raise five children and at the same time educate them. Furthermore, we have very limited number of scholarship programs and others for the indigenous students. Thus, I think that the best option which was available to me at that point of time was to follow the thing which I thought that I passionate about.”

The genre of sports has undergone much transformation in the recent times. This can be seen as a reflection of the improvement of the communication system and the transportation system. Therefore, when the interviewer asked Mr. Gomez about the factors which has changed the condition of sports he concurs on this particular point and says that

Escape from Reality

“I believe that the improvement of the communication process and the transportation facilities had significantly changed the scenario. Earlier there was a time when we used to play only in our neighborhood and the adjoining areas and not far away from that. I still remember that we had to resort to walking when we had some matches far away or hitchhike.”

The factor of culture also plays a significant role for the development of the various kinds of sports and the various kinds of sports were used as uniting factors by the society. Thus, it is generally seen that at a particular sports event people from the various diverse cultural as well as social backgrounds flock together to enjoy the game (Tremblay et al., 2012). Therefore, it can be said that the various kinds of sports can be utilized to overcome the cultural differences between the individuals. Thus, when asked by the interviewer about the way culture impacts the various kinds of sports Mr. Gomez says that,

“The factor of culture indeed plays a significant role in the various kinds of sports. However, at the same time I am also of the opinion that the various kinds of sports can be used to overcome the cultural differences. Therefore, in the day-to-day life I had to face various kinds of discriminations however when I was playing on the field people used to support me and also cheer for me. This was something which I really enjoyed and as a matter of fact it motivated me to perform in a much better manner.”

Many experts are of the viewpoint that in order to pursue a sports career the individuals require a regular training and other kinds of facilities (Tremblay et al., 2012). Training is one of the most important aspects of the process of following sports as a profession. However, it is seen that the majority of the talented individuals fail to get these facilities. This becomes pertinent from the reply of Mr. Gomez

“I never received any professional training for the sports which I used to play. I tried to join the gym once however the kind of discrimination which I received at the gym deterred me from going there the next day.”

In the present times it is seen that the number of choices which are available to the people has increased significantly however in the earlier instances this was not the case. Thus, when asked why he chose the game of football he says that.

Limited Opportunities

“I did not select football as my favorite sports rather football chose me. I still remember that as a child I used to kick around coconut shells and sometimes one of my friends used to get a football with which we used to play. It was here that my love for the game of football grew.”

About the personal questions which the interviewer asked him Mr. Gomez relied in the following manner.

When asked about the things which he wants to do at the current age he replies with the words that,

“Right now I am no longer of the age when I can play and therefore I try to give training to the kids to come to me.”

When asked that does he think that the nature of the sports world has changed in the recent he says that,

“Yes I would say that the nature of the sports world has changed significantly in the recent times and the kind of opportunity which the players are

getting at the current moment is drastically advanced from the ones which were provided at his time.”

When asked what he would have liked to become apart from a professional football player he says that

“I would like to have become a musician if I hadn’t become a football player as music is another thing which has formed an important part of my life.”

To the question of the interviewer about the fact that why he did not sought to play at the international level since he was one of the best players of the region,

“The condition of family and my ethnicity were the major factors which acted as impediments to me. I personally believe that I would have been able to

achieve more success if the conditions of my life were different.”

Mr. Gomez replies in a confident manner about the future of the various kinds of sports with the words that,

“I personally believe that the sports industry has a very promising future and the people having passion for the various kinds of sports should go into this particular industry.”

Mr. Gomez furthermore replies to the question whether drugs should be used for the enhancement of the performance level of the players with the words that,

“No I personally think that the use of drugs is an unethical thing and under no condition the players should be allowed to use drugs for the enhancement of their performance.”

Transformation of Sports

To conclude, the changes in the present society have greatly changed the various kinds of sports. Furthermore, the improvement of the communication system and the transport system also has contributed much towards the development of various kinds of sports. However, it is seen that the cultural as well as ethnic factors also play a significant role within the particular context of the sports industry. Thus, the kind of opportunities which the players are getting in the present times is better than the ones which the players in the earlier times used to get. The interview with Mr. Gomez confirms this particular fact.

References:

Abrams, D. E. (2015). Concussion Safety in Children's Sports: A Central Role for the Power of the Permit. J. Bus. & Tech. L., 10, 1.

Alexander, L. D. (2014). Sports History: What's Next?. The Journal of American History, 101(1), 173-175.

Baker, W. (2012). From cultural awareness to intercultural awareness: Culture in ELT. ELT journal, 66(1), 62-70.

Galaz, G. A. (2014). An Overview on the history of sports nutrition beverages. In Nutrition and Enhanced Sports Performance (pp. 205-210).

Kidd, B. (2013). Sports and masculinity. Sport in Society, 16(4), 553-564.

Mikhailitchenko, A. G., Tootelian, D. H., & Mikhailitchenko, G. N. (2012). Exploring saturation levels for sponsorship logos on professional sports shirts: a cross-cultural study. International Journal of Sports Marketing and Sponsorship, 13(2), 2-16.

Stenling, C., & Fahlén, J. (2016). Same same, but different? Exploring the organizational identities of Swedish voluntary sports: Possible implications of sports clubs’ self-identification for their role as implementers of policy objectives. International review for the sociology of sport, 51(7), 867-883.

Tremblay, S., De Beaumont, L., Henry, L. C., Boulanger, Y., Evans, A. C., Bourgouin, P., ... & Lassonde, M. (2012). Sports concussions and aging: a neuroimaging investigation. Cerebral cortex, 23(5), 1159-1166.

Tremblay, S., Henry, L. C., Bedetti, C., Larson-Dupuis, C., Gagnon, J. F., Evans, A. C., ... & Beaumont, L. D. (2014). Diffuse white matter tract abnormalities in clinically normal ageing retired athletes with a history of sports-related concussions. Brain, 137(11), 2997-3011.

Valovich McLeod, T. C., Bay, R. C., Lam, K. C., & Chhabra, A. (2012). Representative baseline values on the Sport Concussion Assessment Tool 2 (SCAT2) in adolescent athletes vary by gender, grade, and concussion history. The American journal of sports medicine, 40(4), 927-933.

Wang, Q., & Huang, H. S. (2012). A New Interpretation of History of Sports Science in America——From the Perspective of Documents Co-citation Knowledge Mapping [J]. Journal of Beijing Sport University, 10, 007.

Wheeler, S. (2012). The significance of family culture for sports participation. International review for the sociology of sport, 47(2), 235-252.

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