Importance of Enhancing Job Quality for Part-Time Workers
Discuss about the Quality Part Time Work in Australia.
The selected article emphasizes on the significance of the role of human resource management for ensuring an appropriate working environment for the part time workers in Australia. The articles also include compares and contrasts between the past and present human resource policies thereby, highlighting the possible changes required in the future for the Australian part time workers.
The aim of the research is to list methods and processes used in the hospitality industry by the human resource management. The article also emphasizes on the past and present policies developed by the human resource management in the hospitality industry to provide appropriate opportunities for the part time workers. The hospitality has several international students working as part time workers.
In the case of this research, the research methods include reviewing various relevant journals and articles to analyze the changes in the human resource policies over the past years in terms of the part time workers in Australia. Moreover, qualitative research approach has been used for gathering data from the senior executives of the hospitality industry. The senior executives of the large hotels were interviewed.
The scope of the research includes the verifying the practices that are suitable for ensuring an appropriate working environment for the part time workers in Australia. Moreover, the research also emphasizes on the involvement of the managers of the hospitality industry that play a crucial role in recruiting the part time workers. Additionally, the scope of the research also highlights the role of the human resource management along with the policies and rules for providing training to the part time workers and providing equal working opportunities.
The research is useful as this highlights that the part time employees need to be considered while ensuring a suitable working environment for them. Moreover, the article helps in evaluating the various changes in the human resource management over the years and the impact on the part time workers in Australia.
The potential limitation of the research is that the paper is based on a literature review and includes a large area for conducting the research. The research only emphasizes on the of the large international hotels that have potentially less number of part time workers compared to the SME’s in Australia.
Therefore, it can be concluded in the research that as the part time work force is a growing labor force for the Australian organizations, the human resource management has to make suitable amendments for favoring the part time workers. Therefore, the organizations and the management need to provide suitable and equal opportunities to the part time workers as they provide to the full-time workers.
Past and Present Policies of Human Resource Management
The part time workers do not signify that they are casual about the work and career but signify that the employees need to have the ability to manage their life appropriately. Therefore, the human resource management needs to develop policies that provide flexible working hours to the part time employees as this sector contributes largely to the economy of the country.
This article reviews the quality of work between the part time and full-time workers of the Australian organizations. Moreover, the article also sheds light on the various features of the part time workers that differs from the full-time workers. Therefore, the required changes in the human resource policies of the organizations providing part time work are considered for this research article.
The aim of the research is to evaluate the quality of service between the part time and full time working environments and worker in Australia. It can be seen that the number of part time jobs has been increasing in Australia but the quality of part time is not similar in terms of full-time employment. Therefore, the research aims towards evaluating the major reasons for the inequality of services between part time and full-time workers.
For conducting the research, the researcher has reviewed various relevant literature that have helped in gathering suitable information in terms of the difference of quality. Moreover, qualitative research methods were used that allowed the researcher to interview 40 part time employees of the Australian public sector.
The scope of the research is that it will list the potential challenges and concerns encountered by the part time workers in Australia. In the majority of the researchers, only the pay scale in terms of part time work has been evaluated but no research with the 24 attributes of part time jobs has been considered. This research emphasizes on more than 11 characteristics of job quality thereby, determining major concerns.
The research is useful, as this helps in emphasizing on the various characteristics of ensuring suitable job qualities. The research provides clear variables that are the major concerns hampering the quality of the part time jobs. This research also highlights how the part time working sector is contributing towards the increasing labor force of Australia thereby, requiring quality enhancement.
One of the significant limitations of the research includes the characteristics of the sample that compares the description of the part time and full time works. Another limitation of the research is that not complete 24 characteristics of enhancing job quality are considered while conducting the research thereby, limiting the scope of development.
Quality of Work Comparison - Full-Time vs. Part-Time
Some real concerns in terms of part time job quality include security of the employment along with adhering to the equity principles. Moreover, lack of flexible working policies is also a major concern for the part time workers in Australia. Additionally, in spite of being capable, the part time workers are not provided suitable opportunities of career growth such as promotion in Australian organization.
Individuals are enrolled as part time workers as this provides an opportunity for them to manage education and personal life along with earning a livelihood. Part time work does not suggest that the individuals lack enthusiasm and urge for pursuing a career. Therefore, security of employment, flexible working policies, and career growth needs to provided as provided for the full-time workers.
The article introduces the relationship between the part time workers and the working hour satisfaction among the workers in Australia. The reason for selecting this is that the article considers both male and female preferences of being employed as part time workers. As a result, the percentage of male and female part time workers and their work puzzle are analyzed.
The aim of the research is to investigate the relationship between part time workers and partnered well being in terms of job satisfaction, life satisfaction, and working hour satisfaction. From the previous researchers, it can be found that equal opportunities are not provided to the part time workers as they are less engaged with the organization. Therefore, the research aims towards well-being between the partners due to part time working.
The research method includes reviewing various journals to gather relevant information about part time work and job satisfaction among men and women in Australia. Moreover, men and women working as both part time and full-time workers have been surveyed that helped in considering the viewpoint of men and women. The survey was conducted by men and women from waves 6-13 of the British Household Panel Survey (BHPS).
The scope of the research includes the practices that need to be considered for ensuring good quality work within the Australian organizations. As a result, the human resource management needs to make required changes that will increase the level of job satisfaction among the women part time workers in Australia. This includes the role of the human resource management in allowing flexible working policies and career growth for the part time workers.
The research is useful, as no research in this field has been done previously. The research emphasizes on the level of job satisfaction among the men and women part time workers along with evaluating the role of human resource management in enhancing the quality of the part time workers. The research also highlights the policies and procedures undertaken by the human resource management to enhance the quality of part time work in Australia.
Australia is a huge population with a huge number of male and female part time workers. Moreover, the part time workers include both immigrants and natives of Australia. Therefore, considering only waves 6-13 of the British Household Panel Survey (BHPS) is a relatively small proportion. The data collection method will allow the researcher to consider the viewpoint only a restrictive population of Australia but not the entire Australia.
According to the findings, it can be concluded, men have better level of satisfaction in terms of working hours as they are mostly working as full-time workers. On the other hand, women are less satisfied in terms of the working hours as part time workers do not have suitable opportunities such as flexible working hours and career growth.
Part time work contributes largely towards the labor workforce of Australia and they undertake part time employment facilities for managing work and education simultaneously.
Booth, A.L. and Van Ours, J.C., 2008. Job satisfaction and family happiness: the part?time work puzzle. The Economic Journal, 118(526). ftp://ftp.iza.org/RePEc/Discussionpaper/dp3020.pdf
Davidson, M.C., McPhail, R. and Barry, S., 2011. Hospitality HRM: past, present and the future. Management, 23(4), pp.498-516. https://s3.amazonaws.com/academia.edu.documents/33947188/Hospitality_HRM-_past__present_and_the_future.pdf?AWSAccessKeyId=AKIAIWOWYYGZ2Y53UL3A&Expires=1505112524&Signature=eEdVdUNfp9CW8PRw0Rxat1JMDLM%3D&response-content-disposition=inline%3B%20filename%3DHospitality_HRM_past_present_and_the_fut.pdf
McDonald, P., Bradley, L. and Brown, K., 2008. ‘Full-time is a Given Here’: Part-time Versus Full-time Job Quality. British Journal of Management, 20, pp.143-157. https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Kerry_Brown/publication/27483390_'Full-Time_is_a_Given_Here_Part-Time_versus_Full-Time_Job_Quality'/links/0deec5219f79be726a000000.pdf
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