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Assessment 3 consists of an analytical problem that students need to solve and critique on individually. These problems have been designed to assess the students' capability in solving real world supply chain management problems. The maximum length of report shall be 4000 words including reference.

Choose any one of the below topic:

  1. Understanding supply chain excellence
  2. Why is planning and designing a closed and open loop supply chain/value network so hard?
  3. Supply Chain metrics – does that matter?
  4. Identify supply chains that demonstrate best practice
  5. Outsourcing vs insourcing
  6. Procurement policies and their management
  7. Supply chain integration, collaboration and alignment
  8. Service value networks and value co-creation
  9. Supply chain risk, complexity and disruption management
  10. Role of digital ubiquity in supply chains and data analytic tools
  11. Roleoftechnologyandecommerceinservicedelivery–especiallythelastmiletotheendconsumer
  12. Why should supply chains be sustainable, and the role of reverse supply chains and circular economy concepts in managing sustainable supply chains?
  13. How global and domestic partners can maximize efficiency and mitigate risks through leveraging 3PL for optimised services.
  14. How are businesses from different industry sectors consolidating their businesses and their supply chains in search of value creation.

Supply Chain Management Processes

Supply Chain is diagnosed to be the most essential aspect in any business especially dealing in goods (Stank, Paul Dittmann & Autry, 2011). With businesses getting globalized it has become the central focus for all businesses to enhance efficiency related to supply chain. Supply chain excellence has been lucid to measure that provides value chain for businesses. Leaders of supply chain define initiation point in order to improvise the overall processes relating to supply chain. Clarity of point of initiation entails effective operating strategy for a supply chain procedures. The process of Supply Chain has been diagnosed to be a complex system that dates back to almost 30 years. With non-linear relationships existing amongst its metrics, global companies can be analyzed best at the intersection points of such metrics.
While companies have defined their supply chain processes in order to enhance its effectiveness as well as efficiency. In actuality, only a handful of companies have been able to perform related to operating margins and inventory turnovers (Estampe et al., 2013). With rising complexity in supply chains and companies unable to attend to various variables in the line, supply chain excellence has become a matter of great importance. The current review of supply chain excellence reveals performance related to companies along with their efforts to attain excellence in supply chain performance. Various multinationals have been taken into consideration for the scope of this review in order to arrive at understanding variables that can control supply chain excellence.

Companies are trying their level best to cater to supply chain processes so as to maintain a smooth flow of goods from initiation point to point of final delivery to customers. Corporations around the world are facing a wide range of issues related to their supply chain (Priem & Swink, 2012). Effective supply chains are able to efficiently track raw materials movements for arriving at finishing products, for reducing costs and subsequently matching them across customer demands. Therefore through effective visualization over the logistical procedure for ensuring raw material availability, corporations can adopt efficient SCM processes. The years from 2007 through 2009 were remarkable for their financial unviability, reflected in the worldwide financial crisis along with the insecurity of client request and rapid development in variety of products, fuel, and warehouse costs. Store network officials were experiencing for becoming more proficient, client-driven supply chains while adapting imaginative endeavors for diminish costs and generating development across the entire supply chain processes. In the meantime, they were additionally being approached for the purpose of exploited from varied business opportunities which emerged from financial benefits. As though the biggest monetary emergency was not a sufficient examination within the inventory industry that are networked (Bigliardi & Bottani, 2010). Companies hurdled over themselves to manufacture electronic business portals for creating value chain in their businesses.

Importance of Supply Chain Excellence

Globalizations: In the first place, to diminish costs over the production network, ventures are moving their assembly based activities to underdeveloped nations which offer lower work costs, bring down duties, or potentially bring down expenses of transport for crude materials. China, Bangladesh and India have been serving as supply chain assembly for various companies. Mercedes Benz have their manufacturing units based in Pune, India. For a few organizations, outsourcing generation includes an underdeveloped nation, as well as a few nations for various parts of their own countries.

Be that as it may, outsourcing expands the creation procedure internationally, as well as the organization's acquisition arrange (Daugherty, 2011). Having providers in various geographic areas confounds the store network. Organizations should manage, facilitate, and work together with parties crosswise over outskirts in regards to assembling, stockpiling, and coordination. Besides, they need to expand or keep up quick conveyance lead times to clients who need to get their items on the plan in spite of the expanded multifaceted nature in the maker's supply chains. At last, they additionally need to keep up ongoing perceiving into their creation cycle — from basic materials to completed merchandise — to guarantee the productivity of their assembling forms.

As organizations extend deals into worldwide markets, restriction of existing items requires a noteworthy change in the store network as organizations adjust their items to various societies and inclinations. There is an inherent danger of losing control, perceiving, and legitimate administration overstock, particularly if undertaking applications are not incorporated. This requires overseeing various structures of information crosswise over topographies adequately.

Numerous producers in Asia still handle exchanging accomplice correspondences by means of fax and email while providers in North America and Europe have used EDI for a considerable length of time. As innovation develops, providers in developing markets may skip EDI inside and out and move to a more present-day Programming interface driven way to deal with correspondence similarly as creating nations have skipped arriving lines in support mobile phones.

Inventory network professionals need to inquire as to whether their venture innovation is set up to deal with these various types of correspondence that emerge from Globalization and assemble a business case to remain arranged.

Quality and Compliance: In addition to the impact of customer behavior, the network website shows the importance of good products. According to research by eMarketer, building wealth, reviews and criticism is the best way to make the social network affected by the online shop. The problem caused by the recent review of the products has been introduced, the online website offers customers the quality of their products. In addition, companies continue to deepen and produce good products that they can rely on. They can do this by focusing on the quality of each level of the grocery stores, for example, getting raw materials, making, mixing, copying and making a final delivery payment.

Current Challenges Faced in SCM

Businesses need to guarantee that they meet globalized measures in assembling, bundling, taking care of, and transportation of their items. Besides breezing through

quality control and security tests, endeavors are additionally required to get ready consistence records, for example, grants, licenses, and affirmation which can overpower them and their store network administration frameworks.

Developing capacities like IoT, Brilliant Bundling, and Blockchain are changing how consistency is authorized and estimated. Be that as it may, these developments will create floods of information that can't be dealt with the endeavor innovation of the previous 20 years. Supervisors ought to deliberately consider where these speculations bode well and inquiring as to whether the business is using stages in light of small-scale administrations and enormous information to help these overwhelming information lifting necessities.

Rapidly Transforming Markets: Marketed markets: According to EduCBA, the purchasing activity of social, community, individuals and brains is changing, and it is rapidly changing to new ideas at the international level as well. The web-site develops a new group of buyers for improvement by expanding multimedia data and responding to changing shifts as a complete and complex goal of keeping interest and importance.

As globalization, rapid changes in consumer and corporate ads, management products deliver weight: First, the product lifecycle is short because of a rapidly changing business loog. Integration suffers from the pressure to continue with the latest models and to produce new products by reducing their lower costs as they understand that the system will not continue traveling. This also applies to grocery stores that can be used in the future to collect different products and companies.

Second, with the exception of new objects, organizations must continually update the product. Things that need to be improved include efforts to improve their website to suit changes in products (Monczka et al., 2015). At the end of the development, the development of the pilot products shows new developments. The constant development of market changes in the looga needed to change into routine business must always take into account the interests of new products. Problems need to be done and continue to be connected to the appropriate network and respond positively to search and search and housekeeping and generation needs. Organizations ought to inquire as to whether they have every one of the information expected to settle on arranging choices to address challenges made by quick evolving markets. For instance, if expressed lead times from providers are longer than genuine circumstances, this will prompt higher stock levels that are really required and influence expensive choices around organize arranging and streamlining. Omni-channel retail has storehouses of offers information that must be mixed and blended to identify request flags prior to the arranging procedure too.


Supply chain excellence is a term that is generally referred to as alignment between the variables existing within the supply chain. The issues within supply chain performances that can be addressed once a corporate plans for supply chain excellence. Varied types of industries that have been able to gain benefits from supply chain excellence (Pettersson & Segerstedt, 2012). The supply chain operation reference model reflects the key components for arriving at supply chain excellence along with five basic blocks for the same.

The five aspects of deriving excellence from this model are centered around planning, sourcing, making, delivery and on return. All these aspects are connected to each other and SCOR (Supply Chain Operation Reference) has been aimed at 200 process elements, 550 metrics with 500 best practices. While planning the resources to demand need to be well-defined. Sources include acquiring or buying materials or services that can be matched for products or service deliveries of customers. In making processes conversion factor is provided greater importance. Then customer interaction for receiving final delivery of product and installation success is taken into account. Finally, return processes ensures successful backward flow through the supply chain.

Some of the key components of supply chain excellence have been discussed below.

Adaptation: it is obvious to me that the "best" supply chains are represented by the most impenetrable contract between general commercial procedures and the network inventory and implementation system (Myerson, 2012). Of course, achieving this arrangement is the goal of organizing offers and tasks, but it can go much further, for example, understanding the level of administration. The production network strengthens the activity. The best synchronized supply chains that help in the methodology and business objectives are at the highest executive load point, which indicates that the company itself may not work well or have an incorrect system.

Macro Dexterity: One of the few true sources of general corporate leadership is the ability to respond faster to circumstances and system changes compared to others. In this preparation there are two segments and one more permanent at the moment, which covers the segment of life (Meng, Sun and Jones, 2011). Many CEOs say they need their organizations to respond faster, announcing changes and opening. In the case of article organization, this usually means the speed of the production network response. I understand that this measure is nothing but difficult to measure, however it may be. After all, you know it when you see it.

Compliance and Quality Control

Strategic depth: extraordinary supply chains are described using detailed and "live" methodologies that are directly related to enterprise assistance. The methodology is a long-term arrangement for these subtle elements, what is why, how the production network and the sky are there from there (Estampe et al., 2013). Many organizations do not have a real store chain system. The quality of the system and how this technique is transformed into what the store chain really does are the basic components of the splendor of the production network. This also includes central options on what to do inside and what to outsource.

Customer satisfaction from the supply chain: it can be said that it should be number one, but it should finally be recognized that it should be adopted after the conclusion of the contract and the subsequent inventory network procedure. Regardless of when things become real, the storage network has to be transferred according to the client's wishes: this is the real point at which the production network should first be estimated. A decent part of this dimension is that it takes into account the general offer of the organization or price prop for many markets: the client's store network requirements must be varied depending on (for example competition versus profit),
Micro Agility: the opposite side of measuring adaptability is the ability to respond faster and brighter to changes in the closed period in the state of demand for supply and various problems identified during implementation. Numerous "buzz" ideas from the current store chain are identified with this adaptability in a miniaturized scale: detection of requests, continuous organization, administration of reactions and the sky is the limit. This area is slightly less demanding to measure than large-scale adaptation. The effects of both cost and income can be obtained thanks to this aspect of micro agility.

Supply chain network project: hardly anyone says it is a central part of the size of the store chain; however, it is the center of attention. The system configuration is linked to the hip with the inventory network procedure. This is the central point in which the exchange between costs, administration, adaptability and other needs to be monitored in an unambiguous or verifiable manner. In addition, specialists argue that the configuration of tables decides somewhere within 80% of the total costs of the store chain. The size of the production network is unequivocally determined by the nature of the system in which it operates.

Rapidly Transforming Markets

Talent management: It seems that it is difficult to compete with how well the organization oversees and develops its internal capacity is a key segment of how large the organization's production network is. Of course, many organizations thought that the pioneers of a chain of stores (eg Procter and Gamble, PepsiCo) constantly focus on this measurement, whether it leads them to accept the role of a ranch to other people who do not contribute to the resources the ability to improve. The management options have significant resources that has to do with how "feasible" is really the organization's chain of stores.

Joint effort Power: After a long time the organizations understand that the following normal way to strengthen the implementation of the production network, and the opposition is to strengthen the coordination and cooperation with the exchange of partners (Arzu Akyuz and Erman Erkan, 2010). Better coordinated organizations fight for better supply chains. However, for some, concentration still does not take place anywhere in the imagination.

Technology management: this is another area that is often neglected, but there is no doubt that there is a wide and varied methodology and results among organizations, regularly in a similar industry. It's not just about the amount that puts resources into innovation (when all is said in fact, it should be more relaxed compared to the enormous peaks and valleys), but much more important than the spending levels are the territories, as It is making good progress, often, earnings are equal to or higher than expected, how well total capacity is used, and this is just the tip of the iceberg (Van Looy, De Backer & Poels, 2011).

Culture of the supply chain: The distinction that can be seen in the organization of production networks over organizations is surprising in principle. Of course, this culture is determined in the best way, so the initiative is the most important factor. In any case, the different components include how to deal with the assumption of risks, the extent to which there is a "learning society" in the inventory network, how well the staff of the production network is valued, how to encourage promotion and the sky is beyond this limit.

In order to achieve success in supply chain management processes and build competence over the industry 5 distinct process need to be adhered to (Van Wassenhove & Pedraza Martinez, 2012). Build support for production network change, profile your key position, section showcase channels and organize supply chains. Research and identify the #1 vital execution property (inventory network unwavering quality, responsiveness, spryness, cost or resource administration) that key target markets expect world's best practice. Measure and critically break down need store network systems, activities, forms, material stream, innovation, and obligations, to recognize dangers,
Imperatives, focused execution holes, and change openings. Outline and configure adaptable, reasonable, effective and safe supply chains what's more, tasks that will empower the accomplishment of world's best practice in your #1 vital execution property (Söderberg & Bengtsson, 2010). Plan, execute and monitor your Production network System to change supply chains and tasks, and convey best practice in client benefit, cost control, and administration of hazard, connections, and information.
The leaders of the organization gave them the opportunity to adapt. They have been actively involved in the reduction of inventory costs and integration costs. Regardless of the fact that this is an improvement, experts nowadays take into consideration the long-term model of business model. a small workgroup, a science-based bio, stagflation and a plurality of troubles, a variety of work and ease of storage, and a knowledge of the commercial center channel: the measures to restore the recovery while responding to the new Omni standard states of the Omnipresent Technology and the support Legal assistance to network clients helped reduce the burden of satisfaction and prepare the supervisors for further advertising.

The strategies that organizations show to survive on a schedule. Accepting an example of organizations and commercial organizations based on applications including the current experiences of the interests and the development of programs (Christopher, 2016). In the foreseeable accuracy and availability of the response equipment will provide a complete and reliable risk assessment, for example, suppliers who are doing business, political changes and upheavals affect normal production. Organizations in the point can change the rating system and prioritize the program development, move on to a quicker part, promote revenue growth or expand the boundaries for the attractive part of the limited supply market.

The key is the ability to use normal product and monitoring for your own business as well. With the introduction and development progress in the production network in the clouds, organizations can see at present, where most of their reserves are stronger than the manufacturer.

Collect an integrated and compact store network with emergency organizations and coordinated implementation. When improved administrators can understand and develop the application and risk, they have to regulate their subsidies to change the opportunities and opportunities in the business sector (Chopper & Günter, 2010). Organizations should transfer the dynamic organizational skills and constantly think about their evolution, so that evolution needs to be considered.

An old sample was kept up until the end of the month or quarter, and it was preserved for the creation and creation of proposals and proposals. The new model requires regular networking requirements that respond quickly and show changes. This can limit or even kill the database. The results of a better understanding of the better are the joint efforts in the confidence chain that includes, and is not reliable and reliable, production, transport, storage and transaction; and the key progress with research and better support. At the market reactivity at that time, it's never been easy to get as it is today, with innovations in the clouds and the best opportunities for individuals, processes and innovations.

Improvement of articles and articles of production for the collection, collection and storage of products for speed up development (Trkman et al, 2010). Progress in the pre-election period should be progressing. For effective use of articles, articles should be displayed at the top of the articles above, which may appear in this article. Consultations should be simplified for supply, manufacturing and inventory systems. All costs associated with sending the transfer must be completed and correctly analyzed in the business.


The revelation of supply chain management issues in recent times provides enormous challenges to the growth of various industries. Organization pioneers first need to insert manageability as a center key part and capacity of their store network system. This implies joining it as a key necessity for overall store network forms. Organizations retain their power by warranting change by reviewing, managing, and managing their data. Integrity checks, best practices and benchmarks provide control systems for tasks supported by production networks and provide clarity on environmental impacts of certain activities.

The triple basic care of individuals, benefits and the planet has never been as important as today. Research shows that organizations that pursue social and natural conservation efforts have significant benefits, in particular as regards the professionalism of design, the managerial skills of suppliers and the participation of representatives. There are important open ports for support in inventory network operations. Subsequent formwork from end to end provides income targets, expenditure plans created late, are approved in the system from point to point, are based on work arrangements and are implemented in a flexible way. At the same time, the process includes arrangements for working with money-related objectives. A truly coordinated business organization - created for cloud-based innovation - combines the offers and tasks of organizing forms with the organization of corporate operations and enables organizations to achieve the correct adjustment of free market activities in conjunction with the most important business goals. It continuously acknowledges all key metrics for requests for progress, delivery, objects, threats and implementation through aggregation and an extended store chain. The following are effective solutions to the supply chain strategy.

Educate: All offices in your connection and all connections in your production network must have a typical understanding of the inventory network.

Criterion: see how managers think about their rivals, different efforts and the best in their class.
Evaluation: assessment. Understand the status of all offices within the connection and all connections in the trade network. Compare them with a network of six levels of inventory: level I, business as usual
level II, connection of perfection
Level III, visibility
about level IV, cooperation
about level V, synthesis
about level VI, speed

Priority and organization: Use comparative analysis and assessment data to determine specific aggregations for improvements in the storage network.
The weakest link: know that the fastest office in your connection and the weakest connection in your inventory network will cause execution.
Communicate in fact: even a conversation with everyone associated with your inventory network has ended, so that everyone can understand what, why, when, who, and when. There must be no curves.
Partnerships: Join partners in a chain of stores that are ready for a partner. Collaboration with a link that did not reach the Brilliance Level II link will not produce positive results.
Management: Each production network activity recognizes the best possible skills required to carry out the effort. It ensures transparency of parts and duties and social similarity.
Main competencies: emphasize them, pay attention to them and ask others. Decide on unique business forms that will make you effective, in this case, use an effective outsourcing process for different production capabilities.
Continuous improvement: A gradual process is needed to find an excellent production network. Press repeatedly to get to the next level of sowing.

Reference Lists

Arzu Akyuz, G. and Erman Erkan, T., 2010. Supply chain performance measurement: a literature review. International Journal of Production Research, 48(17), pp.5137-5155.
Bigliardi, B. and Bottani, E., 2010. Performance measurement in the food supply chain: a balanced scorecard approach. Facilities, 28(5/6), pp.249-260.
Christopher, M., 2016. Logistics & supply chain management. Pearson UK.
Daugherty, P.J., 2011. Review of logistics and supply chain relationship literature and suggested research agenda. International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management, 41(1), pp.16-31.
Estampe, D., Lamouri, S., Paris, J.L. and Brahim-Djelloul, S., 2013. A framework for analysing supply chain performance evaluation models. International Journal of Production Economics, 142(2), pp.247-258.
Estampe, D., Lamouri, S., Paris, J.L. and Brahim-Djelloul, S., 2013. A framework for analysing supply chain performance evaluation models. International Journal of Production Economics, 142(2), pp.247-258.
Meng, X., Sun, M. and Jones, M., 2011. Maturity model for supply chain relationships in construction. Journal of Management in Engineering, 27(2), pp.97-105.
Monczka, R.M., Handfield, R.B., Giunipero, L.C. and Patterson, J.L., 2015. Purchasing and supply chain management. Cengage Learning.
Myerson, P., 2012. Lean supply chain and logistics management. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Pettersson, A.I. and Segerstedt, A., 2012. Measurements of excellence in a supply chain. International Journal of Logistics Systems and Management, 13(1), pp.65-80.
Priem, R.L. and Swink, M., 2012. A demand?side perspective on supply chain management. Journal of Supply Chain Management, 48(2), pp.7-13.
Shepherd, C. and Günter, H., 2010. Measuring supply chain performance: current research and future directions. In Behavioral Operations in Planning and Scheduling (pp. 105-121). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
Söderberg, L. and Bengtsson, L., 2010. Supply chain management maturity and performance in SMEs. Operations Management Research, 3(1-2), pp.90-97.
Stank, T.P., Paul Dittmann, J. and Autry, C.W., 2011. The new supply chain agenda: a synopsis and directions for future research. International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management, 41(10), pp.940-955.
Trkman, P., McCormack, K., De Oliveira, M.P.V. and Ladeira, M.B., 2010. The impact of business analytics on supply chain performance. Decision Support Systems, 49(3), pp.318-327.
Van Looy, A., De Backer, M. and Poels, G., 2011. Defining business process maturity. A journey towards excellence. Total Quality Management & Business Excellence, 22(11), pp.1119-1137.
Van Wassenhove, L.N. and Pedraza Martinez, A.J., 2012. Using OR to adapt supply chain management best practices to humanitarian logistics. International Transactions in Operational Research, 19(1-2), pp.307-322.
Van Weele, A.J., 2010. Purchasing and supply chain management: Analysis, strategy, planning and practice. Cengage Learning EMEA.

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